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October 1995, Issue no. 22
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news, and application of IPM techniques and programs Caribbean Workshops Urge IPM Adoption Participants at two Caribbean technical workshops concerned with crop protection formulated and endorsed a series of recommendations calling on area governments to adopt a series of IPM policies. Representatives from 12 nations in the Caribbean region attending the first workshop, and 14 at the second, called on regional governments to "explicitly adopt IPM as national policy for sustainable agricultural development." Among additional points the delegates urged were that:

IPM be developed as a commodity approach; training be implemented in integrated procedures; current IPM practices be inventoried and made available; IPM information, including profiles of key pests in the region, be developed as databases; and that, the "farmer participatory training" approach successfully developed and implemented in Asia be incorporated into any IPM program. The two workshops, organized and conducted by FAO in conjunction with local governments, took place in October 1994 and were primarily focused on vegetable production and weed management respectively. For more information, contact: Plant Protection Service, AGP, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, ITALY. Phone: 396-5225-4079. Fax: 396-5225-5271.

IPM Means Profits to Pecan Growers IPM helped growers in the U.S. state of Texas significantly raise yields of pecans (Carya illinoensis Koch) while increasing profits and reducing insecticides by 27 percent. The pecan, one of the most important native horticultural crops in the U.S., grows throughout the southern tier of U.S. states and is attacked by a complex of insects and diseases. Data from 1991 recorded that well over half the growers in Texas used regular insecticide and fungicide applications.

Texas A&M Univ. IPM scientists conducted 24 IPM workshops in six locations during a 2-year period to help producers with management of pecan pests. Participants, representing approximately 23 percent of the state's commercial pecan producers, were provided information about using computer prediction models, sampling for both pests and beneficial insects, and determining levels of pests present. They also learned which pesticides were least disruptive to natural enemies of insect pests.

According to a 1994 survey conducted after the workshop series, 63 percent of the attendees adopted an IPM approach and used insecticides only when pest insect populations exceeded threshold levels.

excerpted from information provided by T.W. Fuchs, Texas Agric. Extension Service.

Managing Pests in Mongolia In Mongolia, "There is tremendous potential to increase the productivity of cereals and potato by inducing technological changes in weed management strategy in these crops," according to a report published by the Asia and the Pacific Working Group for Improved Weed Management. In particular, farmers in Mongolia's extensive dryland areas have been slow to accept weed management techniques, reports R.K. Malik (India), even though they have "achieved a moderate breakthrough in increasing their productivity through new cultivars and a little fertilizer," he noted. The planning process in weed science has reached a point where new approaches and strategies are needed.


Heavy infestations of Brandt's voles and limited means for rodent damage control have caused severe depletion of Mongolia's vast grassland resources, reports D.L. Nolte, a specialist with the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Denver Wildlife Research Center, (DWRC) who assessed rodent problems during an FAO-sponsored visit.

As outcomes, DWRC will present a short course on vertebrate pest management in Mongolia and will assist Mongolian scientists with demonstration trials. FAO also plans to establish, with DWRC's assistance, a pest management laboratory in Mongolia, at Ulan Batar, and plans to help the country initiate a research program to improve the methods available for managing rodent caused damage to rangelands.


IPM Buoys Cranberry Producers IPM and use of organic fertilizers that are less likely to leach are helping cranberry producers in the U.S. state of Michigan reduce input costs and realize cost savings. In a four year study funded by Agriculture in Concert with the Environment (ACE), producers at five commercial cranberry bogs reduced herbicides and insecticides by more than half, fungicides by 44 percent (with two-thirds of the applications using more environmentally friendly copper-based compounds), and nitrogen fertilizer by 47 percent.

An improved water management strategy, intensive pest scouting, use of microbial insecticides, and other measures helped reduce crop damage from cranberry fruitworm (Acrobasis vaccinii Riley), cutworms, mites, and fruit rot, according to the ACE study.

The cooperative research involved growers, researchers, processors, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Results indicated that, depending on the interaction of weather and the water management practice, crop yields can decline by up to 10 percent in certain years. However, sustainable techniques can maintain overall profits through cost reductions and yield increases in other years.

For additional information, contact: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SARE), USDA, Ag Box 1910, Washington, DC 20250-0910, USA. E-mail: rmyers@esusda.gov. Phone: 01-202-720-6283. Fax: 01-202-720-4929.

excerpted from: SARE 1995 PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS

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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. FORUM / EDITORIAL viewpoints, opinions, and discussion of IPM issues. IPM and the Importance of Record Keeping A Viewpoint Pest managers, to make correct decisions, need good information about the status of pests and crops. However, simply increasing the volume and precision of information does not necessarily help managers make the correct decision. Collecting unnecessary information can bog down the system by increasing costs and the time it takes to make a decision. Information needs to be timely and directly linked to the management objectives of the cropping system. Sequential sampling plans that link pest, natural enemy, and crop phenology to decision making can facilitate the adoption of IPM in a cropping system. Although this approach has been successful for a variety of agronomic crops, it is unlikely to be used in the near future for ornamental crops; there are simply too many kinds of ornamental plants, pests, and management situations to allow development of individual sequential management schemes. Furthermore, the complexity of the ornamental system can make it difficult for pest managers to record and summarize scouting information.

Three tools have been developed that can improve information gathering and record keeping for ornamental crops. The first is a conceptual model for determining management objectives for an ornamental system. Although ornamental plants are valued for their appearance, individuals who produce plants have different objectives from those who manage them in the landscape. Ornamental crop producers are similar to agronomic producers in that they seek to optimize the balance between production costs and sales of plants. In contrast, landscape managers need to keep clients satisfied with plant appearance. In general most people are dissatisfied with a plant's appearance when 5-10 percent of its leaves are distorted, disfigured, or discolored. Recognizing differences between management objectives can help managers make decisions that are appropriate to their management situation.

The second tool is the more widespread use of degree days and phenological indicators to link scouting events to pest activity. Data pods that track accumulation of heat units have been widely used to help derive relationships between pest biology and weather conditions. For instance, in linkages made between the bloom time of common landscape plants and pest activity have been verified in several U.S. regions of the country.

Finally, computers are becoming available to help pest managers record and summarize scouting information in an organized manner. At Purdue Univ. (USA), software is being developed for nursery and landscape pest management that allows scouts to rapidly assess plant appearance, pest density, and the proportion of the crop at risk. Currently software for landscapers is available with a 90 page manual designed to guide individuals in the field and at the computer. A companion version for nurseries will be released in the next six months.

C. Sadof, Purdue Univ. cliff_sadof@entm.purdue.edu

Pest Management, Precision Agriculture, and Technology Advanced technology is being applied across society. A research scientist offers a thoughtful view of how it may impact pest management in relation to the practice of "precision agriculture." Ed. GIS (Geographic Information System) software and GPS (Global Positioning System) hardware are being used to develop and apply a wide range of new technologies to agriculture in the area of precision agriculture, including pest management.

In precision agriculture, inputs are applied to fields when, where, and in amounts needed. If chemicals are used, minimizing amounts and areas of application is particularly advantageous because this will minimize the environmental impact of the chemical. If biological control agents are used, precise application will minimize the cost of inputs.

GPS/GIS and variable rate application hardware is being offered by a number of agricultural equipment companies to apply many ag inputs in precise quantities to narrowly defined locations according to field maps. The problem lies in developing the maps that will identify exactly where the inputs are needed. For water and nutrients, maps can be based largely on soil samples and yield maps (yield monitoring equipment). Draft or torque sensors on tractors can give information about changes in soil texture to the depth being tilled.

For pests, the problem is more difficult. Topology maps (exact elevation of key species in a field) can offer valuable information about where problems are likely to occur. Soil borne pests tend to reappear in the same locations and spread out from there if not controlled. Thus, field surveys with a GPS can be used to precisely identify problem areas when the pests are visible. This is feasible for nematodes and wireworm for example.

If the pests affect the plant appearance in an area of at least 3 meters diameter, aircraft borne remote sensing equipment may be used to map problem areas. Viruses carried by aphids into potato are a good example. Research at the Univ. of Califorina, Davis, aims at identifying root louse infested areas in grapes with imagery taken from aircraft.

Tractor-mounted sensors that can identify shapes of weed leaves are also being developed. If the sensor identifies a weed, a squirt of herbicide could be applied to the exact spot as the sprayer behind the tractor passes over. The amount of chemical applied to a field would be a tiny fraction of that used in conventional spray treatments, and herbicides otherwise damaging to the crop could be considered, broadening the farmer's choices.

The next few years should see rapid changes in availability and costs of these technologies. Comments by farmers on what pests might be controlled by these technologies will be valuable to researchers and engineers developing new equipment.

T. Hodges, U.S.Dept. of Agriculture-ARS thodges@beta.tricity.wsu.edu

QUOTES From an announcement of an `Alternative Weed Management Conference' "Conference participants will learn how to identify and treat the root causes of weed problems." Right! How 'bout the stem or leaf causes?

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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH ROUNDUP research and findings related to IPM. Transgenic Biocontrol Needs Risk Assessment Molecular methods for genetically manipulating arthropods create opportunities for altering genomes of pest and beneficial organisms alike. However, these advanced techniques also impose significant new responsibilities and hurdles for both research and regulation, contends research entomologist M.A. Hoy. In her paper, "Impact of Risk Analyses on Pest-management Programs Employing Transgenic Arthropods," Dr. Hoy observes that "deploying a transgenic arthropod in a pest management program will be an awesome challenge, requiring risk assessments, knowledge of the population genetics, [and] biology and behavior of the target species under field conditions."

Because of the potential risks, Hoy contends that releasing a relatively risk-free example initially may be the preferred course of action. Once the risk assessment issues of releasing a beneficial arthropod are evaluated, releases of transgenic pest arthropods might be more readily assessed. Both procedures continue to increase in terms of required time and the consequent costs.

Hoy also cites the need for, and importance of, "coordinated efforts between molecular and population geneticists, ecologists, regulatory agencies, and pest management specialists."

from PARASITOLOGY TODAY, 11(6), 229-232, 1995.

This Month's Noted Research Papers "A Broadened Perspective on Pest Management," Kidd, N., and M. Jervis. INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 41(1), 1-2 (editorial), January-March 1995. "Achieving Sustainable Food Production in Africa: Roles of Pestiicides and Biological Control Agents in Integrated Pest Management," Kaaya, G.P. INSECT SCI. AND ITS APPLIC., 15(2), 223-234, April 1994.

"Eradication or Control for Vertebrate Pests?," Bomford, M., and P. O'Brien. WILDLIFE SOC. BULL., 23(2), 249-255, Summer 1995.

"Estimation of the Pest Prevention Ability of the Import Plant Quarantine in Japan," Yamamura, K., and T. Sugimoto. BIOMETRICS, 51(2), 482-490, June 1995.

"Farmers' Cultural Practices and their Effects on Pest Control in Sweetpotato in South Nyanza, Kenya," Smit, N.E.J.M., and L.O. Matengo. INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 41(1), 2-7, January-March 1995.

"Fusarium Wilt of Oil Palm: 1. Possible Causes of Stunting; 2. Stunting as a Mechanism to Reduce Water Stress," Mepsted, R., et al. PHYSIO. MOLL. PLANT PATH., 46(5), 361-372 and 373-388, May 1995.

"Host Specificity of Insect Pathogens: Evaluation for Biological Control Programs," Solter, L.F., and J.V. Maddox. MIDWEST BIOLOG. CONTROL NEWS, II(9), September 1995.

"Influences of Trees on Abundance of Natural Enemies of Insect Pests: A Review," Dix, M.E., et al. AGROFOR. SYST., 29(3), 303-312, 1995.

"Integrated Pest Management of Cocoa Weevil Borer in the Northern Province of Papua Guinea," Hassan, E. JRNL. OF PLANT DIS. AND PROT., 102(3), 312-319, June 1995.

"Integration of Chemical and Biological Control Systems for Arthropods: Evaluation in a Multitrophic Context," Wright, D.J., and R.H.J. Verkerk. PESTICIDE SCI., 44(3), 207-218, July 1995.

"Life-table Analysis of Faba Bean Rust," Sache, I., and J.C. Zadoks. EURO. JRNL. OF PLANT PATH., 101(4), 431-440, July 1995.

"Market Effects of Cotton Integrated Pest Management," White, F.C., and M.E. Wetzstein. AMER. JRNL. OF AGRIC. ECON., 77(3), 602-612, August 1995.

"Pest Evaluation in Sustainable Cabbage Production Systems," Hoyt, G.D., and J.F. Walgenbach. HORTSCI., 30(5), 1046-1048, August 1995.

"The Effect of Herbivore Density on Host Plant Mediated Interactions Between Two Insects," Masters, G.J. ECOL. RESCH., 10(2), 125-134, August 1995.

"The Mycobiota of the Weed Lantana camara in Brazil, with Particular Reference to Biological Control," Barreto, R.W., et al. MYCO. RESCH., 99(7), 769-782, July 1995.

"The Potential of Parasitoid Strains in Biological Control: Observations to Date on Microctonus Spp. Intraspecific Variation in New Zealand," Goldson, S.L., et al. 1995 BCPC Symposium Proceedings No. 63: INTEGRATED CROP PROTECTION: TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY?, 49-58, September 1995.

"The Production of Chemicals by Biological Control Agents," (extended summary), Powell, K.A. PESTICIDE SCI., 44(4), 395-, August 1995.

"Weed Communities in Intensified Cereal-based Cropping Systems of the Northern Guinea Savanna," Weber, G., et al. WEED RESCH., 35(3), 167-178, June 1995.

"Weed Control in Cropping Sequence Based on Single and Mixed Crops," Prasad, K., et al. IND. JRNL. OF AGRIC. SCI., 65(8), 562-565, August 1995.

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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

IV. CALENDAR future events: meetings, seminars, conferences, and training courses that relate to global IPM. NOTE: sponsors and organizers are cordially encouraged to send information about future events to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA. Fax: 01-503-373-3080 E-mail: deutscha@bcc.orst.edu # = new entry since the last issue of IPMnet NEWS. {+} = additional information. or changes.

See also Meetings and Conferences listed in the WWW Virtual Library for Agriculture.

1995 6-8 November, 1995 INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES AND EMISSIONS REDUCTION, Red Lion Inn, San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: Methyl Bromide Alternatives Outreach (MBAO), PO Box 5377, Fresno, CA 93755, USA. Fax: 01-209-224-2610. Phone: 01-209-244-4710. 6-10 November XVIII CONGRESO NACIONAL DE CONTROL BIOLOGICO, and I CONGRESO AMERICANO DE CONTROL BIOLOGICO, VI CURSO DE CONTROL BIOLOGICO, ECOSUR, Tapachula, Chiapas, MEXICO. Contact: P.L. Fernandez, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Apartado Postal No. 36, 30700 Tapachula, Chiapas, MEXICO. Phone: 52-962-544-77. Fax: 52-962-608-15.

6-25 November, 3RD COURSE ON MICROBIAL INSECT CONTROL, promoted by CENARGEN/EMBRAPA, Brasilia, BRAZIL. Course objective: to treat the importance of entomopathogens in biocontrol of pest insects and vectors of diseases. The course will be offered to Argentinean, Brazilian, Paraguayan, and Uruguayan professionals. Contact: mfraga@cenargen.embrapa.br or, cabral@cenargen.embrapa.br.

14-16 November CONGRESS OF THE SPANISH WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY, Huesca, SPAIN. Contact: Secretaria del Congreso, Escuela Univ. Politecnica, Ctra de Zaragoza, Km 67, 22071 Huesca, SPAIN. Phone: 34-0171-629-3233. Fax: 34-0171-499-0900.

20-23 November BRIGHTON CONFERENCE, WEEDS 1995, Brighton, U.K. The premier international event dealing with weed control in crop protection. Contact: CAS Ltd./BCPC, 4 Cavendish Square, London W1M 0BX, U.K. Phone: 44-0-1714-900-900. Fax: 44-0-1716-293-233.

21-29 November MODERN CROP PROTECTION: DEVELOPMENT AND PER- SPECTIVES, Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: J.H. de Ru, International Training Center, Wageningen Agric. Univ., PO Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS.

26-29 November V SIMPOSIO INTERNACIONAL DE SANIDAD VEGETAL EN LA AGRICULTURA TROPICAL, Univ. Central de Las Villas, Santa Clara, CUBA. Contact: J.G. Sousa, CIAP, UCLV, Carretera de Camajuani Km 5 1/2, Santa Clara 54830, Villa Clara, CUBA. Phone: 53-422-81520. Fax: 53-422-81608

5-8 December 3RD INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE MANAGEMENT OF DIAMONDBACK MOTH AND OTHER CRUCIFER PESTS, AVRDC, TAIWAN/ ROC. Contact: N.S. Talekar, AVRDC, PO Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan 741, TAIWAN/ROC. Phone: 886-6-583-7801. Fax: 886-6-583-0009.

{} 17-21 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA Annual Meeting and Exhibition, "Transitions ྛ," Las Vegas Hilton Hotel, Las Vegas, NV, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Suite 300, Lanham, MD 20706, USA. Phone: 01-301-731-4535. Fax: 01-301-731-4538. E-mail: pubs@entsoc.org. At ESA Meeting, on 20 December, 1:30-5:30 PM: A Special Symposium, "The Transition of Biological Control from Technology to Science: The Role of Systematics and Ecology." Contact: A. Asquith, E-mail: adam_asquith@mail.fws.gov. Phone: 01-808-541-3441. Fax: 01-808-541-3470.

1996 21-26 January 9th INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF WEEDS. The program includes a full session on integrated control. Contact: J.H. Hoffmann, Zoology Dept., Univ. of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, SOUTH AFRICA. Fax: 27-21-650-3726. E-mail: hoff@botany.vct.ac.za. 6-9 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA, annual meeting, Marriot and Omni Hotels, Norfolk, VA, USA. Contact: WSSA, 1508 W. University Ave., Champaign, IL 61821, USA.

22 April-17 May 3RD INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF ARTHROPOD PESTS & WEEDS, Silwood Park, U.K. Contact: S. Williamson, IIBC, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7TA, U.K. E-mail: s.williamson@cabi.org. Fax: 44-1344-875007. Phone: 44-1344-872999.

# 22-25 April INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON MANAGING THE CITRUS LEAFMINER, Orlando, FL, USA. Invited talks and posters will provide information on CLM (Phyllocnistis citrella Staint): biology, monitoring, impact, research needs, developing integrated controls, and regulatory issues. Contact: M.A. Hoy, Dept. of Entomology & Nematology, PO Box 110620, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620, USA. E-mail: mahoy@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu. Phone: 01-904-392-1901, ext. 153. Fax: 01-904-392-0190.

24-26 April INTERNATIONAL PESTICIDES CONFERENCE: CROP PROTECTION TOWARDS 2000, KL Hilton International, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Co-organized by the Malaysian Agricultural Chemicals Assn., and the International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of Agrochemical Products. Sessions will cover a wide range of topics, including IPM. Contact: MACA Secretariat, Ticket Serahan, Tingkap No. 43, Damansara Jaya, 47409 Petaling Jaya, MALAYSIA. Phone: 60-3-704-8968. Fax: 60-3-704-8964.

# 24-28 April ECONOMICS OF AGRO-CHEMICALS, a symposium of the International Assn. of Agric. Economists, Wageningen International Conference Centre (WICC), Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: A. Wossink, Wageningen Agric. Univ., Dept. of Farm Management, PO Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. E-mail: Ada.Wossink@ALG.abe.wau.nl. Phone: 31-317-484370. Fax: 31-317-484763.

7 May 48TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Univ. of Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: L. Tirry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM. Phone: 32-0-9-264-6152. Fax: 32-0-9-264-6239.

9-14 June 5TH SYMPOSIUM OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL (SICONBIOL), Rafain Palace Hotel, Foz do Iguacu (Iguazu Falls), Parana, BRAZIL. Contact: F. Moscardi, President-5th SICONBIOL, EMBRAPA, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Soja, Cx. Postal 1061, CEP 86001-970, Londrina, PR, BRAZIL. E-mail: moscardi@cnpso1.embrapa.anpr.br.

25-28 June INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY, Copenhagen, DENMARK. Two concurrent sessions each day beginning with a keynote address on the session theme. Contact: ICS, PO Box 41, DK-2900 Hellerup, DENMARK; or IWSS, c/o IPPC, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA. Phone: 01-503-737-3541. Fax: 01-503-737-3080. E-mail: larsons@bcc.orst.edu.

2-5 July 3RD SYMPOSIUM, EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF ACAROLOGISTS, Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS. Theme: "Ecology and Evolution in the Acari." Emphasis will be given to phylogeny, evolutionary ecology, and population dynamics. Contact: T. Korzilius, Population Biology, Univ. of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 320, 1098 SM Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS. Fax: 31-20-525-7754. Phone: 31-20-525-7736. E-mail: korzilius@bio.uva.nl.

8-10 July INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INSECT PESTS IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT, Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, U.K. Contact: W. Robinson, Urban Pest Control Resch. Center., Dept. of Entomology, VPI&SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0319, USA.

15-18 July 14TH SOUTH AFRICAN WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONGRESS, Lowveld Agric. College, Nelspruit, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: SAWSS, PO Box 27552, Sunnyside, Pretoria 0132, SOUTH AFRICA.

27-31 July AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. Phone: 01-612-454-7250. Fax: 01-612-454-0766.

25-31 August 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Palazzo dei Congressi, Florence, ITALY. Science program includes 26 sections. Contact: O.I.C., Via A. La Marmora 24, 50121 Florence, ITALY. Fax: 39-55-500-1912. Phone: 39-55-500-0631.

9-11 September IOBC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, "TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL: FROM RESEARCH TO PRACTICE," Montpellier, FRANCE. Sponsored by The Council of the global International Organization for Biological Control, the event will be devoted to various aspects of biological control of pest organisms, emphasizing technology transfer, within the general frame of IPM, and cover all animals, plants, and microorganisms considered as noxious in terms of agriculture, horticulture, forestry, nature, and water reserves, as well as human and animal health. Contact: J.P. Aeschlimann, CSIRO Biological Control Unit, Campus de Baillarguet, 34980 Montferrier-sur-Lez, FRANCE. E-mail: aeschlim@cypres.montpellier.inra.fr.

30 September-3 October 11TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Melbourne Univ., Melbourne, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Weed Sci. Soc. of Victoria, PO Box 987, Frankston, VIC 3199, AUSTRALIA.

no date SIXTH INTERNATIONAL PARASITIC WEED SYMPOSIUM, Cordoba, SPAIN. Contact: M.T. Moreno, Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario, Apartado 4240, 14080 Cordoba, SPAIN. Fax: 34-57-202721.

V. IPM MEDLEY general information, publications of interests, and other information and resources related to IPM Biocontrol Promising for Widespread Weed Bugweed, Solanum mauritianum, is widespread, particularly in forestry, in the Natal and Transvaal areas of South Africa. Although susceptible to herbicides, the extent of infested area makes herbicide use financially prohibitive, according to T. Olckers, a scientists in the Weed Research Division at Cedara. Following a 1994 trip to South America to collect potential biocontrol agents, several species were imported, successfully cultured, and placed in quarantine. Special attention focused on six defoliating chryssomelid beetles. Initial results indicate that all six species are restricted to the Solanum genus, and further tests are continuing.

For more information, contact: Weed Research Div., c/o SAWSS, PO Box 27552, Pretoria 0132, SOUTH AFRICA.

excerpted from: SAWSS Newsletter #50.

IPMnet's WWW is Ready and Available As of January 1995, IPMnet became linked to the National (U.S.) IPM Network, a group of government, education, and other organizations dedicated to development and implementation of integrated pest management information delivery using the World Wide Web. A result of this linkage is that IPMnet and the IPMnet NEWS can now be accessed on the National IPM Network's World Wide Web system. The addresses to use are:

To link with IPMnet to leave a message, post news, complete an IPMnet electronic registration, as well as access other information using forms available at the IPMnet site: URL - ipmwww.ncsu.edu

Specifically to access files for IPMnet NEWS: URL - ipmwww.ncsu.edu any inquiries to: IPMnet Webmaster, Center for Integrated Pest Management, NCSU, 840 Method Rd., Unit 1, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA. E-mail: cipm@ncsu.edu. Phone: 01-919-515-1648. Pickle Peril Few people realize the deadly peril of the pickle. Consider: 99.9% of all people who die from cancer have eaten pickles; 99.7% of all those involved in air, auto, boat, and bike accidents ate pickles within the preceding 21 days; nearly all sick people have eaten pickles; among all people born in 1870, who later ate pickles, there has been 100% mortality. swiped from: ALBERTA AGRICULTURE


IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication related to or focused on IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author(s), costs, and any other particulars or descriptive materialsto:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the Center's extensive international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use) or returned if so requested.

Recent Pest Management Titles from ICRISAT The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics recently issued two new pest management publications: PANICLE INSECT PESTS OF SORGHUM AND PEARL MILLET: Proceedings of an International Consultative Workshop (1993), Nwanze, K.F., and O. Youm, eds, 320 pgs, softbound, 1995; participants from 12 countries assessed the economic importance of panicle insect pests worldwide.

SCREENING METHODS AND SOURCES OF RESISTANCE TO RUST AND LATE LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT, Subrahmanyam, P., et al, 24 pgs, Info. Bull. #47, 1995; describes simple and effective screening methods to identify genotypes with resistance to these diseases. For more information, contact: Communication Services, ICRISAT, Patancheru 502324, AP, INDIA. E-mail: ICRISAT@cgnet.com. Host Plant Resistance A new, 431-page work from CAB International presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests. The extensive text describes how plants can defend themselves naturally as well as insects' adaptation to overcome these mechanisms. The hardbound volume, by N. Panda and G.S. Khush, is said to be a major advanced textbook for entomologists, plant breeders, and all concerned with crop protection. For more detail, contact: CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, U.K., or through WWW: URL=www.cabi.org E-mail: webmaster@cabi.org.

Wildlife Center Report The Denver Wildlife Research Center (DWRC) has published an extensive HIGHLIGHTS REPORT, FISCAL YEAR 1994, describing a wide range of research, outreach, and other activities conducted by the Center and its field stations. One of the year's highlights was the symposium on contraception in wildlife management, co-sponsored by the Center and three other organizations, and attended by 200 representatives from eight countries. Presented papers covered numerous aspects of the theme.

DWRC has a new name, National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC), coincident with its relocation from Denver to new, stateof-the-art facilities on the campus of Colorado State Univ. at Fort Collins, CO. NWRC remains a part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

The report is miscellaneous publication no. 1530, illus., 34 pgs, published in July 1995. For further information, contact: Office of Communications, USDA, Washington, DC 20250, USA.

Caribbean IPM Workshops FAO has published two summary reports for technical IPM-related workshops held in the Caribbean in late 1994. They are: INTEGRATED PRODUCTION AND PEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR VEGETABLES; and, INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN. Both reports (identified as CULT-43, and PROVEG-34, respectively) summarize the various technical presentations and conclude with a list of recommendations. The first workshop was based on the fact that vegetable production in numerous Caribbean states depends heavily on pesticides which has led to pest resistance and other problems. The event was organized to consider the issues and propose new strategies for producers.

Copies of both documents can be obtained from: Plant Production and Protection Division, Attn: R. Labrada Romero, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, ITALY. Fax: 39-6-5225-6347. Phone: 39-6-5225-4079.

Plant Disease Tests The American Phytopathological Society (APS) announces vol. 10 of BIOLOGICAL & CULTURAL TESTS FOR CONTROL OF PLANT DISEASES, 1995, softbound, with 150 reports including a special report on "Data Transformation," by M.L. Gumpertz. From: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. Phone: 01-612-454-7250. Fax: 01-612-454-0766. Methyl Bromide Alternatives Methyl bromide (MBr), used for over two decades as a pesticide, particularly on "high value" crops, has been identified as a chemical that significantly depletes ozone. The U.S. plans to phase out all use of MBr by 2001. A 1995 title, ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE, TEN CASE STUDIES, published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), offers information on other methods to manage pests in situations that now rely on MBr. For more information, contact: Methyl Bromide Program, USEPA-6205J, 01 M Street SW, Washington, DC 20460, USA. Ozone Protection Hotline: 800-296-1996. E-mail: thomas.bill@epamail.epa.gov. Phone: 01-202-233-9179. Fax: 01-202-233-9577. Integrated Crop Protection The British Crop Protection Council (BCPC), in association with Sustainable Farming Systems, organized a symposium in September 1995 at Edinburgh, U.K., entitled "Integrated Crop Protection: Towards Sustainability?" As a result, BCPC Symposium Proceedings No. 63 reporting the event have been published. For information, contact: BCPC, 49 Downing St., Farnham, Surrey GU9 7PH, U.K. Southeast Asia Weed Control The proceedings of a 1994 international workshop held in Malaysia and jointly sponsored by FAO and CAB International have been published as APPROPRIATE WEED CONTROL IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, edited by S.S. Sastroutomo and B.A. Auld, 1994, 113 pgs., softbound. The volume presents 12 papers, predominantly focused on bioherbicides and integrated weed management. For information, contact: CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, U.K. Vegetable Crops Newsletter SJV VEGETABLE CROPS REPORT, a periodic newsletter from Cooperative Extension/Univ. of California personnel working in the intensely farmed San Joaquin Valley, emphasizes pest identification and management, along with other topics. For more information, contact: Cooperative Extension, USDA-UC, Oakland, CA 94612-3560, USA. RESOURCES INSECT RESEARCH AND INFORMATION Insect Investigations Ltd. (IIL), a subsidiary company of the University of Wales, Cardiff, UK, carries out research and development in pest management. IIL has established a World Wide Web site at: www.cf.ac.uk includes:

A comprehensive, up to date list of listservers for IPM; Details of the new Journal, INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT REVIEWS, including instructions to authors; A listing of insects for sale; and, Information about IIL, its personnel, publications, products, current research activities, and other details. For information by e-mail, contact: SABPKM1@cardiff.ac.uk, or P. McEwen, PABIO, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TL, U.K. Phone: 44-222-483861. Fax: 44-222-450538. INSECT PESTS, WEED ENEMIES Researchers at Cornell Univ. (USA) are in the process of transferring sections of the recent illustrated book, NATURAL ENEMIES OF VEGETABLE INSECT PESTS on the WWW, and adding other biocontrol agents for other commodities (fruit, field, etc.), as well as biocontrols for weeds. The URL is:


BIOLOGICAL CONTROL DISCUSSION LIST The report from the workshop on Risk Assessment of Biocontrol that was held in October 1994 in Winnipeg (Canada) will be published in September in the BULLETIN OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF CANADA, 27(3). It is also available on the British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks Integrated Pest Management Information System. The web address for it is: URL=pupux1.env.gov.bc.ca or, =pupux1.env.gov.bc.ca

MATERIALS & EQUIPMENT INSECT REPELLENT A U.S. firm produces a non-synthethic product registered as an insect repellent for crops both plants and trees. Guardian Spray is described as a biochemical pesticide generally, and specifically designated as an insect repellent and/or feeding depressant. It does not kill organisms. The product is manufactured from garlic (Alium sativum) utilizing a patent pending process. An enzymatic base is the active ingredient. The manufacturers have conducted extensive testing and, though unsure of the mode of action, suspect resulting improved plant nutrition combined with minute quantities of dimethyl sulfoxide and selenium provide the repellent effect. For more information, contact: American Biochemical Corp. /Guardian, PO Box 130, Paso Robles, CA 93447, USA. Phone: 01-805-239-7350. Fax: 01-805-237-0381.

AGRICULTURAL FILMS A line of agricultural plastic sheeting (film) is designed in a multiplicity of types, gauges, and sizes for weed management, insect management, solarization, and moisture conservation. Characteristics include varying colors (for wavelength selectivity), embossed and smooth surfaces, and duplexed (two different surfaces back-to-back). Under certain conditions, some films kill aphids and whiteflies on contact. All films in the line are said to withstand field conditions for 9-12 months. For more information contact: Polyon Agricultural Sheeting, Kibbutz Barkai, M.P. Menashe, 37860 ISRAEL. Phone: 972-06-387387. Fax: 972-06-372-047.

IPMnet Sponsors IPMnet, a Global IPM Information Service, was conceived by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP) and developed and implemented with guidance and support from the National Biological Impact Assessment Program (NBIAP) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in research, development, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 19 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) chairs CICP's Board of Direc tors, G. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) is vice chairman and treasurer, and G.A. Schaefers (Cornell Univ.) serves as executive director. The Consortium maintains an administrative office at:

CICP, Cornell Univ., NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. E-mail: cicp@cornell.edu. Phone: 01-315-787-2252.

IPMnet co-sponsor NBIAP was established to facilitate the applications of biotechnology in agriculture and the environment, and is funded by direct U.S. Congressional appropriation. The program operates a national communications system for biotechnology in the U.S. and is cooperating, through these resources, to assist CICP in globally extending IPM information.

The two IPMnet servers are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.), and D.M. King (Virginia Tech).

The IPMnet NEWS .....is co-sponsored by CICP and NBIAP/U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in the IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, NBIAP, nor any individual associated with either organization. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted providing the IPMnet NEWS is identified as the source.

A.E. Deutsch, IPMnet NEWS Coordinator/Editor

IPMnet Communication Advisory Committee

J.D. Harper, chair - jharper@ent.ncsu.edu A. Alvarez - alvarez@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu D. Dickson - dwd@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu M. Kogan, ex-officio - koganm@bcc.orst.edu G. Schaefers, ex-officio - george_schaefers@cornell.edu

Contributions to the IPMnet NEWS ..... are encouraged from individuals, organizations, and institutions engaged in any aspect of crop protection, and especially IPM. Short items describing experiences, successes, problems, and solutions are welcome. So too are questions, recommendations, viewpoints (pro and con), and IPM-related opinion statements.

Communications to IPMnet NEWS

..... may be sent to any of the following: E-mail: deutscha@bcc.orst.edu Fax:01-503-737-3080 Postal: IPMnet NEWS

c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Phone: 01-503-737-6275

This mosaic version of IPMnet NEWS was marked up by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this mosaic document.
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