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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


February 1996, Issue no. 26
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news, and application of IPM techniques and programs. IPM Lauded for Vegetable Weed Management Two experienced Middle Eastern weed scientists note that weed-caused losses are a significant problem for vegetable crop production in the Near East region, and promote an IPM approach as a fundamental means of improved weed management in the future. In "Components of Successful Weed Management with Special Reference to Vegetable Growers in the Near East," B.E. Abu-Irmaileh and A.R. Saghir explain that IPM, "creates a favorable environment for crop plants" through a combination of practices. The authors suggest a combination of methods that can help reduce weed problems in agro-ecosystems while also reducing negative impacts on workers and the environment. These include:

quarantine procedures to prevent entry and spread of exotic weeds; multiple pest-resistant, well-adapted varieties that resist weed competition and allelopathic effects; fertilizers and water management that give the crop a competitive advantage over weeds; early planting, thorough seed-bed tillage, proper seeding densities, and methods that accelerate germination and crop establishment as well as minimize weed growth; optimum crop plant numbers to maximize crop growth, yet provide soil shading early in the growing season; crop rotation and diversification; field sanitation; use of natural enemies for biocontrol; and, judicious use of chemical weed control practices. excerpted from: FAO PLANT PROT. BULL., 42(4), 191-200, 1994. Institute Emphasizes Crop Protection At the end of calendar 1994, The Plant Health Management Div. of The International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) at Ibadan, NIGERIA, had 36 crop protection projects underway related to seven tropical crops, plus special programs, in cooperation with over 50 institutions. IITA's recently issued 1994 Annual Report, a full color, 64-page publication, lists specific projects and cooperators. It also offers a perspective for the year in which L. Brader, IITA director general, observes that, "With our general mandate for sustainable agriculture, we cannot confine integrated pest management research to mandate crops alone. Pest problems need to be considered in their entirety."

Thus, in addition to IPM for mandated crops, IITA scientists are working on: biorational control of acridid pests; biocontrol of water hyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms]; as well as development of national biological control programs in 25 sub-Saharan nations. In 1994, IITA was designated the convening center to steer the implementation of the global IPM initiative among all CGIAR (multi-donor, international) agricultural research centers. A technical coordinating committee formed and met in The Hague, NETHERLANDS, in early 1995 to develop policy and establish intercenter projects.

Starting in 1995, all research activities in diagnosis and IPM implementation have been consolidated into six projects. Four are crop-based (banana/plantain, cassava, grain legumes, and maize). Biological control is considered a stand-alone project. And the sixth program focuses on attempting to manage the parasitic weed Striga.

FMI: IITA, PMB 5320, Ibadan, NIGERIA. Phone: 234-2-241-2626. Fax (INMARSAT): 874-177-2276.

excerpted from: IITA Annual Report 1994.

Project Set Up to Transfer Techniques "Pest and Pesticide Management Project Ukraine, PPMP" a multi-thrust program sponsored by the U.S. Agency for International Development, aims to "demonstrate and transfer appropriate pest and pesticide management techniques and regulatory approaches currently being followed in the U.S. and other countries," according to a recent announcement. The Office of International Research and Development (OIRD) at Virginia Tech (university) is coordinating PPMP, a cooperative effort involving the IPM Collaborative Research Support Program and a regional office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as other organizations.

The PPMP program is designed to improve farm worker safety, food quality, and environmental health, reaching national and oblast levels. Proposed interventions include: institutional strengthening of national pesticide agencies; creation of a national Crop Protection Association of Ukraine; and, oblast-level pesticide management and training centers.

Training will form a cornerstone of the two-year effort and be conducted at a variety of sites, both in the Ukraine and the U.S. Technical assistance will fulfill a supporting role for oblast level agencies and cover soil testing, on- and off-site monitoring, as well as methods for the transport, storage, and disposal of agricultural chemicals and containers.

FMI: S.K. De Datta, Director OIRD, 1060 Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Phone: 1-540-231-6338. E-mail: dedatta@vt.edu. Fax: 1-540-231-6741.

IPM Plays Role in Jordanian Program A joint German-Jordanian project has been launched to introduce ecologically and economically acceptable (sustainable) plant protection methods to Jordanian farmers through promotion of IPM technology. The cooperating agencies are the Jordanian National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer (NCARTT) and the German Association for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). The project emphasizes biocontrol, which is still not widely used in Jordan. In order to adapt various techniques to specific Jordanian conditions, the GTZ team leader, V. Hasse, would like to exchange information with other experts (regarding mass-rearing of beneficial insect species) on topics such as:

Biocontrol of Bemisia tabaci with Eretmocerus mundus: Dr. Hasse notes a very high rate of host feeding in the project's cultures, which makes mass-rearing of E. mundus virtually impossible, and asks for any publications or personnel communications about this phenomenon, and possible ways to overcome it.

Commercial mass-rearing of Diglyphus isaea against Liriomyza spp.: Here, also, any detailed information on successful mass-rearing of D. isaea would be welcome as the project intends to rear this parasitoid locally in order to provide it to Jordanian vegetable farmers. Please contact: V. Hasse, GTZ-Team Leader, E-mail: GTZ-IPM@nets.com.jo
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. IPM MEDLEY general information, publications of interest, and other information and resources related to IPM. Poll Reveals Extension IPM Program Variations A 1994 poll of IPM coordinators in the Cooperative Extension Service (CES) of the U.S. revealed that, among 45 respondents, there was a nearly even split between those who agreed and those who disagreed that the chief goal of an IPM-CES program should be to reduce pesticide use. There were several other intriguing responses in the survey, conducted by M.E. Gray and reported in AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST as, "Status of CES-IPM Programs: Results of a National IPM Coordinators Survey." A clear disciplinary imbalance emerged: nearly 70 percent of the coordinators had an entomology background, while only four out of 45 had a weed science/agronomy background. Dr. Gray points out the contradiction posed by the lack of weed science expertise in terms of the situations attributed to overuse/misuse of herbicides.

Gray concludes that the answer to his original concern, "Have CES-IPM programs delivered on many of the expectations of early supporters two decades ago," is "yes." However, he adds a caveat that unless funding continues and other issues are fully addressed such as stake-holder involvement, momentum can easily be lost.

excerpted from: AMER. ENTOMOL., 41(3), 136-138, Fall 1995.

Site is Right for Mite Fight Development and proposed field release of a genetically modified predator mite in the U.S. state of Florida, while moving IPM a step closer toward future release of enhanced predators and parasitoids with capability for effective pest biocontrol in agriculture, also has prompted an expression of concern among some observers and challenged the national governmental agency with responsibility for oversight. Entomologist M.A. Hoy and colleagues at the Univ. of Florida recently applied to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) for field release of Metaseiulus occidentalis (Acari:Phytoseiidae), a phytoseiid mite and predator of spider mites, that has been modified in that it carries an introduced bacterial gene. The gene is inactive and serves purely as a molecular marker or tag. The marker was inserted as a method for studying population dynamics and, according to Dr. Hoy, so that the transgenic mite could be evaluated in the field by:

monitoring dispersal; monitoring predator-prey interactions; evaluating climatic adaptation; and, determining whether a released population can be contained and, if necessary, eliminated. Hoy points out that M. occidentalis is native to western North America and has never become established in the eastern U.S., even though it has been mass produced commercially and released in Florida the past two decades as a biocontrol agent in certain crops. Thus, should the new strain disperse beyond experimental plots, it would be very unlikely to establish or persist. The Union of Concerned Scientists, through its periodical, THE GENE EXCHANGE, reported the mite application, but also called for a public meeting to assess implications. At least one other environmental group, and a noted anti-biotechnology activist, expressed concerns that approval of the Florida application will pave the way for releases of other genetically engineered arthropods.

The USDA's Biotechnology Permits (BP) unit is providing guidance to applicants both to address the specific issues associated with the release of transgenic arthropods and to facilitate the application and review process. It's World Wide Web home page is partly dedicated to "The Regulation of Transgenic Arthropods." It includes information about the formation and current activities of a Transgenic Arthropod Team, a bibliography associated with the introduction of transgenic arthropods, copies of recent applications, and discussions of regulatory authority, the permitting process, and issues associated with the release into the environment of transgenic arthropods. The page URL is:

www.aphis.usda.gov Comments are welcome, directed to: O.P. Young, Team Leader-Arthropods, USDA-APHIS-BBEP, 4700 River Road, Riverdale, MD 20737, USA. E-mail: oyoung@aphis.usda.gov Fax: 1-301-734-5992 Phone: 1-301-734-8565.

FMI on the transgenic mite program, contact: M.A. Hoy, Dept. of Entomology & Nematology, Univ. of Florida, PO Box 110620, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620, USA. Phone: 1-904-392-1901, ext. 153. E-mail: mahoy@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu Fax: 1-904-392-0190.

IPM Text Being Built on WWW Two entomologists at a U.S. university have begun a project to create an IPM textbook on the World Wide Web that will eventually contain more than 90 chapters written by experts in a variety of disciplines. The goal, notes co-editor E.B. Radcliffe, is "to broaden our coverage to be multidisciplinary and truly international in scope. We like to think that our site will become an important IPM resource." The other co-editor is W. Hutchison.

The project will be co-sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection and the National IPM Network. Professor Radcliffe points out that, "Eleven chapters have already been submitted and we anticipate the arrival of many more over the next few weeks." He said the concept has met with a tremendous response and that plans call for seeking additional funding to hire a scientific editor and provide much needed clerical and Web page design support.

The web site has been named "Ted Radcliffe's Gopher State IPM Site," and its URL is:

www.ent.agri.umn.edu FMI: E.B. Radcliffe, Dept. of Entomology, 219 Hodson Hall, 1980 Folwell Ave., Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108-6125, USA. Phone: 1-612-624-9773 E-mail: RADCL001@maroon.tc.umn.edu Fax: 1-612-625-5299.

Asian Study Catalogs Old Practices A few crop protection practices that today's extensionist or crop care consultant probably hasn't recommended recently are: pass a rope over a crop to disturb larvae and cause them to fall on the ground, followed by mechanical "plow in;" scatter boiled rice grains mixed with buttermilk to attract birds which in turn prey on insects; burn trash in fields at night to attract flying insects which then become trapped in the fire; or, sprinkle cow urine on chili plants and other vegetables at the flowering stage. These, and numerous other traditional crop protection methods, were and are practiced in areas of India, according to a fascinating article by M.V. Reddy, a senior plant pathologist at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Dr. Reddy and colleagues visited numerous remote farming villages in Andhra Pradesh to catalog long-used, low technology efforts at crop protection. He found that cropping system diversification is slowing yielding to monocropping and that breaks in the cropping cycle are declining. Also cited for pest buildup was reduced use of farmyard manure and increased reliance on improved crop varieties (requiring higher input levels).

In "Survey, Study, and Documentation of Traditional Methods of Plant Protection in the Semi-arid Tropics of Andhra Pradesh, India," Reddy presents descriptions of over 50 traditional methods of crop protection. Most are no longer practiced, but with the information collected, there may be situations when problems related to use of `advanced' methods suggest a reintroduction of the older techniques. Get that cow urine ready!

excerpted from: IPM AND IRM NEWSLETTER FOR LEGUME CROPS IN ASIA, 2, 14-17, September 1995.

IPMporium ..... Two U.S. governmental departments Agriculture and Energy recently signed a 5-year agreement to share scientific resources and collaboratively seek ways to reduce national agriculture's reliance on fossil fuels and usage of pesticides. ..... As a follow-up to the article "IPM Certification Program Expands," in IPMnet NEWS #25, January 1996, see also "Integrated Pest Management Certification: A Sign by the Road," C.S. Hollingsworth, AMER. ENTOMOL., 40(2), 74-75, Summer 1994.

..... In 1989 a corporate ranching company in the U.S. imported a few dromedary (one hump) camels from Australia to see if they would help control nuisance brush. It worked so well the company now has 40 camels on seven ranches effectively controlling woody weeds and brush and helping to significantly reduce herbicide application.

..... The California Agricultural Production Consultants Association now officially supports IPM as "a scientific and practical approach to the long-term systems management of pests of plants and animals," according to the group's recent brochure.





PUBLICATIONS AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS

IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication related to or focused on IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author(s), costs, and any other particulars or descriptive materials to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use) or returned if so requested.



IPM Program Reports Progress The Univ. of California's 15-year-old, widely acclaimed statewide IPM Project has published its 1995 ANNUAL REPORT in which project director F.G. Zalom remarks that IPM, once jokingly referred to as, "I Pay More, along with other more colorful terms," really has now come to mean, "It's Peace of Mind." The illustrated, 106-page work reports on progress of numerous IPM research and education projects across the state, as well as other related information including a series of competitive grants. A list of project staff, with addresses, is included. FMI: F.G. Zalom, Statewide IPM Project, U.C. Davis, Davis, CA 95616-8621, USA E-mail: fgzalom@ucdavis.edu Phone: 1-916-752-8350 Fax: 1-916-752-6004 Integrated Mite Control A new softbound publication containing numerous color photos is a practical guide to the theory and practice of integrated mite control. THE MITE MANAGEMENT MANUAL, A Practical Guide to Integrated Mite Control in Apples, offers information for identifying pests and predators, explains the use of chemicals, and covers a range of considerations for implementing control practices. Originally aimed at mite control in New South Wales and Queensland (Australia) orchards, the 1995 manual has much broader applicability. Authors C.C. Bower and W.G. Thwaite have incorporated a section on advising growers, and summarized 20 years of research and application. More information about the 50-page manual is available from: NSW Agriculture Publications, Locked Bag 21, Orange, NSW 2800, AUSTRALIA Fax: 61-63-913527 New Views of Biocontrol H.M. Hokkanen and J.M. Lynch have edited BIOLOGICAL CONTROL: BENEFITS AND RISKS, a 1995 addition to the "Plant and Microbial Biotechnology Research Series." Not only do the 29 chapters cover classical and augmentative biocontrol, contemporary issues are discussed in the section devoted to "Use of Genetically Modified Organisms." Coverage is also given to both economics and the registration processes. The hardbound, 304-page work is available from: Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Rd., Cambridge CB2 2RU, U.K. Pests of Ornamentals D.V. Alford's A COLOR ATLAS OF PESTS OF ORNAMENTAL TREES, SHRUBS AND FLOWERS, published in 1995, offers an extensive survey illustrated with more than 1,000 color photos. The 448-page work reviews the main features of major pest groups, the damage they can cause, and discusses recommended control practices. FMI: John Wiley & Sons. Conference Papers Published Volume 25, numbers 1 and 2 (April, August 1995) of the INDIAN JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY comprise a special issue devoted to reporting on the 1995 Global Conference on Advances in Research on Plant Diseases and their Management, convened in Udaipur, INDIA. FMI: R.P. Thakur, Rajasthan Coll. of Agric., RAU, PO Box 154, Udaipur 313 001, INDIA. Weed Biocontrol Workshop Papers The European Weed Research Society sponsored a 1995 Workshop on Biological Control of Weeds, held at Montpellier, FRANCE. Abstracts of the oral papers and posters presented at the Workshop are now available from: S. Hasan, CSIRO Biological Control Unit, International Campus of Baillarguet, 34982 Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex, FRANCE. Other Newer Titles BIORATIONAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS, FORMULATION AND DELIVERY, edited by Hall, F.R., and J.W. Barry, 1995, ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 595, 306 pgs, American Chemical Soc., Dept. 225, 1155 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. RECENT STUDIES ON PEANUT BUD NECROSIS DISEASE, edited by Buiel, A.A.M., et al, 1995, 76 pgs, proceedings of a meeting, ICRISAT, Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA. RESOURCES NEMATOLOGY LIST SET UP A new nematology mailing list (NEMA-L) has been established for discussion regarding all aspects of nematology (especially plant and insect parasitic nematodes). To join NEMA-L, send an e-mail message to:

listserv@unl.edu that says: "subscribe NEMA-L (Your Name)." A message from the listserv will confirm subscription. To post a message to NEMA-L, send the message to: NEMA-L@UNL.edu. NEMA-L is maintained by A. Szalanski (aszalans@unlinfo.unl.edu) and T. Powers (tpowers@unlinfo.unl.edu).

Thanks to S. Collman for this information.

PLANT VIRUS WORKSHOP Proceedings are now available for an April 1995 workshop that considered transgenic virus-resistant plants and new plant viruses. The American Institute of Biological Science (AIBS) was one of the event's sponsors. FMI, contact: AIBS, 1444 I Street, NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20005, USA. Phone: 1-202-628-1500, ext. 254. E-mail: washington@aibs.org Fax: 1-202-628-1509. excerpted from ISB NEWS REPORT, January 1996.

MATERIALS EQUIPMENT FREE IPM MATERIALS CATALOG A U.S. firm announces its new IPM supplies catalog, a 48-page, full color publication with over 500 products for plant and pest management. Featured products include magnifiers, field microscopes, sweep nets, sampling tools, diagnostic kits, books, weather monitoring products, software, and insect traps and lures for over 100 species of insect pests. This catalog is available free to any address worldwide. For a copy, contact: T. Green, IPM/Diagnostics Product Manager, Gempler's Inc, PO Box 270, Mt. Horeb, WI 53572, USA. E-mail: 103065.3001@compuserve.com Phone: 1-608-437-4883 Fax: 1-608-437-5383. LOW VOLUME, CDA HERBICIDE SYSTEM The well-known "Herbi" spinning disc, low volume, controlled droplet atomization herbicide applicator from the U.K., when mounted on a break-away boom fitted with shields and skirts, can provide contained, nearly drift-free post-emergence weed management in vine or tree rows and along berms. The system, named Herbashield, is also said to dramatically reduce spray application volume compared to conventional methods. A separate, wheel-mounted unit can simultaneously apply shielded low volume spray between rows. Herbashield is lightweight and can be mounted on a small all-terrain vehicle, truck, or small tractor. FMI, contact: Specialty Ag., 344 Dinuba Ave., Reedley, CA 93654, USA Fax: 1-209-638-4710 Phone: 1-209-638-3631. POSITIONS DANISH ORGANIZATIONS LOOKING Recruiting is underway for two positions with Danish Organizations. The Dept. of Plant Pathology and Pest Management at the Danish Institute of Plant and Soil Science seeks an entomologist to conduct a 3-year research program on biocontrol of aphids in cereals (with parasitic wasps). FMI: L.M. Hansen, Head of Dept., PO Box 23, DK-8830 Tjelc, DENMARK. Phone: 45-45-87-25-10 Fax: 45-45-87-10-28. A plant pathologist is sought to conduct research on the ecological consequences of plants becoming resistant to pathogenic attack. The position is No. 01522-0109, and informal inquiries can be directed to G. Kjellsson. Phone: 45-89-20-14-00 Fax: 45-89-20-14-14 At: National Environmental Research Institute, PO Box 358, DK-4000 Roskilde, DENMARK.


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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH REVIEW research and findings related to IPM. Pheromone Usage Evaluated for Codling Moth Recently summarized research data support the hypothesis that the emission rate of a pheromone required to disrupt sexual communication of the codling moth [Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus)] in an orchard environment is determined by both the insect's population density within the targeted orchard and the pheromone's concentration. Reporting in a recent issue of ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture scientist A.L. Knight suggests that efficacy of any pheromone distribution system should be "evaluated under the range of moth population densities that may occur across its geographical distribution."

In his paper, "Evaluating Pheromone Emission Rate and Blend in Disrupting Sexual Communication of Coding Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)," Dr. Knight notes that seasonal catches in pheromone-baited traps may exceed 500 moths in some regions while similar traps in a different area may catch only 10-100 moths per season. Under those conditions, using mating disruption as a control technique would be more difficult in the former situation than the latter.

Knight also calls for further efforts to establish economic thresholds perhaps based on moth catches in pheromone-baited trapsforC. pomonellain orchards using mating disruption so that supplementary controls can be applied if the population density is too high early in the season.

excerpted from: ENVI. ENT., 24(6), 1396-1403, December 1995.

This Month's Noted Research Papers "Adult Resting Sites as a Target for Chemical Control of the Cocoa Pod Borer, Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Malaysia," Grover, J., and L. Strong. BULL OF ENT. RESCH., 85(1), 53-58, March 1995. "Biochemical and Physiological Responses of Resistant and Susceptible Wheat to Russian Wheat Aphid Infestation," vander-Westhuizen, A.J., and Z. Pretorius. CEREAL RESCH. COMM., 23(3), 1995.

"Computer Models in Integrated Pest Management: A Case Study of the Grasshopper Integrated Pest Management Project," Berry, J.S. JRNL. OF AGRIC. ENTOMOL., 12(4), 229-240, October 1995.

"Control of a Population of Norway Rats Resistant to Anticoagulant Rodenticides," Quy, R.J., et al. PESTICIDE SCI., 45(3), 247-256, November 1995.

"Development of Preliminary Economic Thresholds for an Integrated Pest Management System for Soybeans in Java," Luther, G.C., et al. INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 41(3), 166-175, July-September 1995.

"Differential Sensitivity of Plant-associated Bacteria to Sulfonylurea and Imidazolinone Herbicides," Forlani, G, et al. PLANT AND SOIL, 176(2), 243-254, October 1995.

"Effects of Fungivorous and Predatory Arthropods on Nematodes and Tardigrades in Microcosms with Coniferous Forest Soil," Hyvonen, R., and T. Persson. BIOL. AND FERT. OF SOILS, 21(1-2), 121-127, 1996.

"Effects of Flame Weeding on Weed Species at Different Developmental Stages," Ascard, J. WEED RESCH., 35(5), 397-412, October 1995.

"Evaluation for Multiple Pest Resistance in European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis; Resistant Maize Accessions from Peru," Wilson, R.L., et al. JRNL. OF THE KANSAS ENT. SOC., 68(3), 326-331, July 1995.

"Evaluation of a Resistant Parasitoid for Biological Control of Weevils in Insecticide-treated Wheat," Baker, J.E., and J.E. Thorne. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOMOL., 88(6), 1570-1579, December 1995.

"Evaluation of an Onion Thrips Pest Management Program for Onions in New York," Hoffmann, M.P., et al. AGRIC., ECOSYST., & ENVIRON., 55(1), 51-61, August 1995.

"Fungi Associated with Gorse and Broom in New Zealand," Johnson, P.R., et al. AUST. PLANT PATH., 24(3), 157-167, 1995.

"Host Plant Affects the Interaction Between the Russian Wheat Aphid and a Generalist Predator, Chrysoperla carnea," Messina, F.J., et al. JRNL. OF THE KANSAS ENT. SOC., 68(3), 313-319, July 1995.

"Influence of Parasitism on Spermatogenesis in the Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella L.," Brown, J.J., and M. Friedlander. JRNL. OF INSECT PHYSIO., 41(11), 956-964, November 1995.

"Influence of the Bioherbicide Phosphinothricin on Interactions Between Phytopathogens and their Antagonists," Ahmad, I., et al. CAN. JRNL. OF BOT., 73(11), 1750-1760, November 1995.

"Map Generation in High-value Horticultural Integrated Pest Management: Appropriate Interpolation Methods for Site-specific Pest Management of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)," Weisz, R., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOMOL., 88(6), 1650-1657, December 1995.

"Mexican Corn Rootworm Emergence from Corn Fields where Sorghum was Grown the Previous Season," Stewart, J.W., et al. SOUTHWESTERN ENT., 20(2), 229- , June 1995.

"New Sources of Resistance of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) to Striga gesnerioides, a Parasitic Angiosperm," Moore, T.H.M., et al. EUPHYTICA, 84(3), 165-174, 1995.

"Public Attitudes Toward Forest Herbicide Use and the Implications for Public Involvement," Ruse, L.J., et al. FOR. CHRON., 71(5), 596-600, September-October 1995.

"Relationships Between Weed Community and Soil Seed Bank in a Tropical Agroecosystem," Garcia, M.A. AGRIC., ECOSYST., AND ENVIRON., 55(2), 139-, September 1955.

"Spraying Advisability Index Using Field Weather Observations," Brown, R.B., et al. CAN. AGRIC. ENG., 37(3), 157-162, July-September 1995.

"Sticky Trap Catch of Winterform and Summerform Pear Psylla (Homoptera: Psyllidae) over Non-orchard Habitats," Horton, D.R., et al. PAN-PACIFIC ENT., 71(3), 176-189, July 1995.

"Successes in Breeding for and Managing Durable Resistance to Wheat Rusts," Line, R.F., and X.M. Chen. PLANT DIS., 79(12), 1254-1255, December 1995.


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U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments


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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)


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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

IV. CALENDAR a global summary of future events: meetings, seminars, conferences, and training courses that relate to IPM. Please send information about future events to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA. Fax: 01-541-373-3080 E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu # = new entry since the last issue of IPMnet NEWS. {+} = additional information. or changes.



See also Meetings and Conferences listed in the WWW Virtual Library for Agriculture.

1996 26-28 February 12TH BIENNIAL INTERNATIONAL PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS WORKSHOP, Savannah Marriott Riverfront Hotel, Savannah, GA, USA. Contact: O. Sosa, USDA-ARS, Star Route Box 8, Canal Point, FL 33438, USA Phone: 1-407-924-5227 Fax: 1-407-924-6109 27 February-1 March U.S. 3RD NATIONAL IPM SYMPOSIUM/WORKSHOP, Sheraton-Washington Hotel, Washington, DC, USA. Contact: B.J. Jacobsen, USDA IPM Coordinator, Ag Box 2220, Washington, DC 20250-2220, USA E-mail: bjacobsen@reeusda.gov Phone: 1-202-401-6627 Fax: 1-202-401-4888

4-7 March 17TH VERTEBRATE PEST CONFERENCE, Rohnert Park, CA, USA. Contact: T.P. Salmon, DANR-North Region, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616-8575, USA.

9-10 March MEETING, PEST MANAGEMENT NODE OF AGRICULTURE & AGRI-FOOD CANADA `TREE FRUIT NETWORK,' Kentville Research Centre, Kentville, N.S. Contact: R. Smith, AAFC, 32 Main St. Kentville, N.S., B4N 1J5, CANADA Phone: 1-902-679-5730 Fax: 1-902-679-2311 E-mail: SmithR@em.agr.ca

17-23 March 9TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON VIRUS DISEASES OF ORNAMENTALS, Herzlia, ISRAEL. Contact: G. Loebenstein, Dept. of Virology, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, ISRAEL Fax: 972-3-960-4180

# 1-4 April SHORT COURSE ON TRICHOGRAMMA, Departamento de Entomologia, ESALQ/USP, Piracicaba, SP, BRASIL. Contact: J.R.P. Parra e-mail: jrpparra@carpa.ciagri.usp.br; or, R.A. Zucchi e-mail: razucchi@carpa.ciagri.usp.br

8-12 April NORTH AMERICAN FOREST INSECT WORK CONFERENCE, "Forest Entomology - Vision 20:21," San Antonio, TX, USA. Interdisciplinary panels, workshops, and posters focused on forest health management in Canada, USA, and Mexico. Contact: R. Billings, PO Box 310, Lufkin, TX 75902-0310, USA.

16-18 April SIXTH INTERNATIONAL PARASITIC WEED SYMPOSIUM, Cordoba, SPAIN. Contact: M.T. Moreno, Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario, Apartado 4240, 14080 Cordoba, SPAIN Phone: 34-57-293833 Fax: 34-57-202721

22-25 April INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON MANAGING THE CITRUS LEAFMINER, Orlando, FL, USA. Invited talks and posters will provide information on CLM (Phyllocnistis citrella Staint): biology, monitoring, impact, research needs, developing integrated controls, and regulatory issues. Contact: M.A. Hoy, Dept. of Entomology & Nematology, PO Box 110620, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620, USA E-mail: mahoy@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu Phone: 01-904-392-1901, ext. 153 Fax: 01-904-392-0190

29 April-24 May 3RD INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF ARTHROPOD PESTS & WEEDS, Silwood Park, U.K. Contact: S. Williamson, IIBC, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7TA, U.K. E-mail: s.williamson@cabi.org Fax: 44-1344-875007 Phone: 44-1344-872999

24-26 April INTERNATIONAL PESTICIDES CONFERENCE: CROP PROTECTION TOWARDS 2000, KL Hilton International, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Co-organized by the Malaysian Agricultural Chemicals Assn., and the International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of Agrochemical Products. Sessions will cover a wide range of topics, including IPM. Contact: MACA Secretariat, Ticket Serahan, Tingkap No. 43, Damansara Jaya, 47409 Petaling Jaya, MALAYSIA Phone: 60-3-704-8968 Fax: 60-3-704-8964

24-28 April ECONOMICS OF AGRO-CHEMICALS, a symposium of the International Assn. of Agric. Economists, Wageningen International Conference Centre (WICC), Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: A. Wossink, Wageningen Agric. Univ., Dept. of Farm Management, PO Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS E-mail: Ada.Wossink@ALG.abe.wau.nl Phone: 31-317-484370 Fax: 31-317-484763

25-26 April AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION ASSOCIATION SPRING CONFERENCE, Crystal Gateway Marriott Hotel, Arlington, VA, USA. Contact: M. James e-mail: michellj@acpa.org Phone: 1-202-463-0474

7 May 48TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Univ. of Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: L. Tirry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM Phone: 32-0-9-264-6152 Fax: 32-0-9-264-6239

13-15 May 6TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON PESTICIDES IN SOIL AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK. Contact: AAP, c/o Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK. Phone: 44-1789-470382 Fax: 44-1789-470234

9-14 June 5TH SYMPOSIUM OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL (SICONBIOL), Rafain Palace Hotel, Foz do Iguacu (Iguazu Falls), Parana, BRAZIL. Contact: F. Moscardi, President-5th SICONBIOL, EMBRAPA - Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Soja, Cx. Postal 1061, CEP 86001-970, Londrina, PR, BRAZIL E-mail: moscardi@cnpso1.embrapa.anpr.br

23-28 June 11TH INTERNATIONAL BOTRYTIS SYMPOSIUM, Wageningen, NETHERLANDS. Contact: J.A.L. van Kan, Dept. of Phytopathology, WAU, PO Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, NETHERLANDS E-mail: jan.vankan@medew.fyto.wau.nl Phone: 31-8370-83126 Fax: 31-8370-83412

25-28 June 2ND INTERNATIONAL WEED CONTROL CONGRESS, organized by the International Weed Science Society, Copenhagen, DENMARK. Two concurrent sessions each day beginning with a keynote address on the session theme. Contact: ICS, PO Box 41, DK-2900 Hellerup, DENMARK; or IWSS, c/o IPPC, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Phone: 01-503-737-3541 Fax: 01-503-737-3080 E-mail: larsons@bcc.orst.edu

1 July-16 August INTERNATIONAL COURSE: BIOLOGY AND IDENTIFICATION OF INSECTS AND MITES OF IMPORTANCE TO MANKIND, London, UK. Contact: D. Agassiz, IIE, 56 Queen's Gate, London SW7 5JR, UK E-mail: d.agassiz@cabi.org Fax: 44-1715-811676

2-5 July 3RD SYMPOSIUM, EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF ACAROLOGISTS, Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS. Theme: "Ecology and Evolution in the Acari." Emphasis will be given to phylogeny, evolutionary ecology, and population dynamics. Contact: T. Korzilius, Population Biology, Univ. of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 320, 1098 SM Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS Fax: 31-20-525-7754 Phone: 31-20-525-7736 E-mail: korzilius@bio.uva.nl

2-7 July 3RD INTERNATIONAL NEMATOLOGY CONGRESS, Gosier, Guadeloupe, FRENCH WEST INDIES. Contact: A. Kermarrec, INRA, BP 1232, F-97185 Pointe-a-Pitre Cedex, Guadeloupe, FWI Phone: 590-255-940 Fax: 590-941-172

8-10 July INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INSECT PESTS IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT, Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, U.K. Contact: W. Robinson, Urban Pest Control Resch. Center., Dept. of Entomology, VPI&SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0319, USA.

8-19 July 4TH ANNUAL SUMMER INSTITUTE ON GLOBAL PEST RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT, East Lansing, MI, USA. Contact: M.R. Bush or M.E. Whalon, B-11 Pesticide Research Center, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824-1311, USA Phone: 1-517-355-1768 E-mail: bushm@pilot.msu.edu Fax: 1-517-353-5598

15-18 July 14TH SOUTH AFRICAN WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONGRESS, Lowveld Agric. College, Nelspruit, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: SAWSS, PO Box 27552, Sunnyside, Pretoria 0132, SOUTH AFRICA Phone: 27-12-4203-227 Fax: 27-12-3422-713

27-31 July AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC. ANNUAL MEETING, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Phone: 01-612-454-7250 Fax: 01-612-454-0766 E-mail: zzz6882@vz.cis.umn.edu

12 August-20 September. INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON THE IDENTIFICATION OF FUNGI OF AGRICULTURAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE, Egham, UK. Contact: S. Groundwater, International Mycological Institute, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TY, UK Phone: 44-1784-470111 Fax: 44-1784-470909 E-mail: s.groundwater@cabi.org

25-31 August 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Palazzo dei Congressi, Florence, ITALY. Science program includes 26 sections. Contact: O.I.C., Via A. La Marmora 24, 50121 Florence, ITALY Fax: 39-55-500-1912 Phone: 39-55-500-0631

(no date) August 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLANT PATHOGENIC BACTERIA, Madras, INDIA. Contact: A. Mahadevan, Centre for Advanced Study in Botany, Univ. of Madras, Guindy Campus, Madras 600 025, INDIA Fax: 91-4456-6693

# 1-7 September 29th ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY FOR INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY, and 3rd INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM ON BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS, Univ. of Cordoba, Cordoba, SPAIN. Contact: C. Santiago-Alvarez, Catedra de Entomologia Agricola y Forestal, E.T.S.I.A.M., Univ. de Cordoba, Apartado 3048, 14080 Cordoba, SPAIN E-mail: crlsaalc@lucano.uco.es Phone: 34-57-218475 Fax: 34-57-298343

9-11 September IOBC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, "TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL: FROM RESEARCH TO PRACTICE," Montpellier, FRANCE. Sponsored by The Council of the global International Organization for Biological Control. Contact: J.P. Aeschlimann, CSIRO Biological Control Unit, Campus de Baillarguet, 34980 Montferrier-sur-Lez, FRANCE E-mail: aeschlim@cypres.montpellier.inra.fra Fax: 33-67-599-040

9-11 September ADVANCES IN THE CHEMISTRY OF CROP PROTECTION, Cambridge, UK. Contact: Society of Chemical Industry, 14/15 Belgrave Square, London, SW1X 8PS, UK Phone: 44-171-235-3681 Fax: 44-171-823-1698

16-20 September 1ST WORLD CONGRESS ON ALLELOPATHY, Cadiz, SPAIN, International Allelopathy Soc. (newly formed, in INDIA, in September 1994). Contact: F.A. Macias, IAS, Dept. of Organic Chem., Fac. of Sci., Univ. of Cadiz, Apdo. 40, 11510 Puerto Real-Cadiz, SPAIN Fax: 34-56-834924 Phone: 34-56-830217 E-mail: famacias@galeon.uca.es

# 25-27 September COURSE ON MITES OF GREENHOUSES; IDENTIFICATION, BIOLOGY AND CONTROL, Internat. Inst. of Entomology, London, U.K. Contact: D. Agassiz, IIE, 56 Queen's Gate, London SW7 5JR, U.K. Phone: 44-171-584-0067 Fax: 44-171-581-1676 E-mail: d.agassiz@cabi.org

30 September-3 October 11TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Melbourne Univ., Melbourne, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Weed Sci. Soc. of Victoria, PO Box 987, Frankston, VIC 3199, AUSTRALIA.

5-9 October ANNUAL MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF CANADA, Lord Beaverbrook Hotel, Fredericton, N.B., CANADA. Contact: J. Sweeney, Canadian Forest Service-Maritimes, PO Box 4000, Fredericton, N.B., E3B 5P7, CANADA Phone: 1-506-452-3250 Fax: 1-506-452-3525 E-mail: JSweeney@FCMr.forestry.ca

14-16 October INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ECOTOXICOLOGY: PESTICIDES & BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS, Cardiff International Arena, Wales, UK. Contact: P. McEwen, Welsh Pest Management Forum, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TL, UK Fax: 44-222-450-538 E-mail: SABPKM1@cardiff.ac.uk

(no date) November AFRO-ASIAN SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS, 3RD INTERNATIONAL NEMATOLOGY CONFERENCE, Coimbatore, INDIA. Contact: U.K. Mehta, Dept. of Nematology, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641 007, INDIA Fax: 91-422-445611 Phone: 91-422-441179

4-6 December 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PESTS IN AGRICULTURE, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: ANPP, 6 Blvd. de la Bastille, F-75012 Paris, FRANCE.

8-12 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Galt House, Louisville, KY, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Suite 300, Lanham, MD 20706, USA Phone: 1-301-731-4535 Fax: 1-301-731-4538 E-mail: pubs@entsoc.org

1997 2-6 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Orlando, FL, USA. Contact: WSSA, 1508 W. University Ave., Champaign, IL 61821-3133, USA Phone: 1-217-352-4212 29-31 May INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ACREMONIUM/GRASS INTERACTIONS, Atlanta, GA, USA. Contact: N.S. Hill, Dept. of Agronomy, Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

20-23 July SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS MEETING, Tucson, AZ, USA.

9-13 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Rochester, NY, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Phone: 1-612-454-7250 Fax: 1-612-454-0766 E-mail: zzz6882@vz.cis.umn.edu

8-12 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Galt House, Louisville, KY, USA. Contact: D. Voegtlin, Illinois Natural History Survey, 607 E. Peabody, Champaign, IL 61820, USA. Phone: 1-217-244-2152.

(no date) 7TH INTERNATIONAL VERTICILLIUM SYMPOSIUM, Athens, GREECE. Contact: R.C. Rowe, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 44691, USA. E-mail: rowe.4@osu.edu. Fax: 1-216-263-3841.

IPMnet Sponsor IPMnet, a Global IPM Information Service, is sponsored, produced, and provided (without cost to recipients) by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP). The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 20 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, G. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) is vice chairman and treasurer, and G.A. Schaefers (Cornell Univ.) serves as executive director. The Consortium maintains an administrative office at:

CICP, Cornell Univ., NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. E-mail: cicp@cornell.edu. Phone: 01-315-787-2252.

IPMnet's Web page and computer server are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.). E-mail: CIPM@ncsu.edu.





The IPMnet NEWS .....is sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in the IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, nor any individual associated with CICP, nor any of its member institutions. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted providing the IPMnet NEWS is identified as the source.





CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe

J.D. Harper, chair - JAMES_HARPER@ncsu.edu A. Alvarez - ALVAREZ@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu D. Dickson - DWD@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu M. Kogan, ex-officio - KOGANM@bcc.orst.edu G. Schaefers, ex-officio - GAS1@nysaes.cornell.edu





Contributions to the IPMnet NEWS ..... are encouraged from individuals, organizations, and institutions engaged in any aspect of crop protection, and especially IPM. Short items describing experiences, successes, problems, and solutions are welcome. So too are questions, recommendations, viewpoints (pro and con), and IPM-related opinion statements.

A.E. Deutsch. IPMnet NEWS Coordinator/Editor





Communications to the IPMnet NEWS

..... may be sent to any of the following: E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu Fax: 1-541-737-3080 Postal: IPMnet NEWS

c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Phone: 1-541-737-6275



This mosaic version of IPMnet NEWS was marked up by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this document.
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