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December 1997, Issue no. 48
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs Workshop: IPM Communication for Afric The IPM Information Partnership, a working group of international organizations with an interest in fostering global IPM, together with several other institutions, will organize an "IPM Communications Workshop: Eastern/Southern Africa (ICWESA)" during 1-6 March 1998, to strengthen links between existing IPM-relevant networking initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa and to develop plans of action and follow-up mechanisms for IPM information sharing and dissemination in the region. In announcing the workshop, scheduled for the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) near Nairobi, KENYA, M. Iles, IPMForum secretary and spokesperson for the IPM Information Partnership, pointed out that the Partnership believes "Integrated Pest Management can and should play a crucial role in African farming systems and sustainable agricultural development." IPM is a knowledge-based system which, by definition, requires readily available, site-specific informational resources for its successful implementation, Iles said. The key to making those informational resources available to IPM practitioners is effective communications.

Attendees will explore both the potential and limitations of electronic communications technologies as applied to IPM problem solving, technology transfer, and use. The goal is to identify and enhance networking opportunities for IPM and improved information sharing among IPM practitioners and transfer intermediaries in the context of sustainable agriculture initiatives within the region, Iles noted.

Iles also said that the Partnership would like to hear from any individual or organisation in the region with an interest in IPM and possible participation in the workshop. Information summarizing IPM activities and networks should be sent to: M. Iles, Secretary, IPMForum, NRI, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK E-mail: malcolm.iles@nri.org Fax: 44-1-634-883377 Phone: 44-1-634-883054

Brazil: Assessment Needed for Microbials The Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Resources (IBAMA) recently approved a decree specifying the potential environmental and health effects of a microbial pesticide that must be assessed before the material can be registered for commercial use. Required information, aimed at evaluating the risk of using a product, involves appraising its toxicity to mammals as well as its ecological impacts on non-target organisms. The promulgated requirements are based on international models.

One of the main outcomes of the new regulation is seen to be promotion of biopesticide usage and safety products in the Brazilian market. FMI: IBAMA-DIRCOF-DEAMB, Brasilia, BRAZIL E-mail: mcesar@sede.ibama.gov.br Fax: 55-61-225-0564

based on information provided by E.A. de Nardo

Goats Offer Effective Weed Management "Goats are an integral part of our weed management strategy" on a Western Australia "wheatbelt" farm growing wheat, barley, oats, lupines, field peas, and canola, notes farm owner K. Cole. Some years the summer rains can trigger germination of both native and introduced weed species which, if not controlled, cause operational problems in succeeding years. Cole found that the farm's sheep flocks were not interested in grazing many fast growing weedswhich then required application of herbicide.

Starting in 1985, Cole began a program of leasing a goat herd. He explained, "We found that by introducing goats into the system with the crop residue (stubble) and the summer weeds, the goats not only thrive themselves but control the troublesome weeds as well." FMI: K. Cole, Bruce Rock, WA, AUSTRALIA E-mail: rowanprk@ozemail.com.au Phone: 61-8-9064-7369

information generously provided by K. Cole and H. Rowan

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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. IPM MEDLEY general information, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information Expertise Databases Offer Contacts When the wheel was invented, humans benefitted; but repeated reinvention needlessly wastes valuable resources. In terms of developing IPM programs and given conditions of evermore limited support there is sound logic in applying the knowledge of someone who has already grappled with a pest, a crop, or a particular ecological complex and is willing to share that experience. It also makes solid sense for those working on the same problem to discuss issues with colleagues. Even before it launched IPMnet four years ago, the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP) developed a database of individuals with expertise in crop protection. Building on that useful activity, in 1993 CICP established an IPM EXPERTISE DATABASE, a searchable, open listing that now contains over 500 registrants from more than 50 countries. The concept was similar: to match expertise (in a wide variety of pests, crops, geographic areas, cultures, etc.) with needs so that an already invented IPM "wheel" could be promptly rolled into a new situation with minimal loss of time, energy, and cost.

More recently two other somewhat similar listings have begun, though with unique differences among them. Other lists/databases for IPM expertise also may exist. Some details:

* IPMnet EXPERTISE DATABASE A free, voluntary listing designed to help foster and improve worldwide development and adoption of IPM, CICP's expertise database offers contact opportunity for those willing to share their expertise, as well as those looking for individuals with specific experience and background, i.e., knowledge of crops, language capability, etc. Interested parties can search the database without registering, though by completing a registration form one adds yet another brick to the IPM structure. The database can be accessed on the web at: www.IPMnet.org, where a registration form can be filled in electronically. Hard copy registration forms are also available on request by: E-mail to: cicp@cornell.edu Fax: 1-315-787-2418 Phone: 1-315-787-2252 Postal channel: CICP, Cornell Univ., NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA.

* GLOBAL CONTACT DIRECTORY FOR PEST MANAGEMENT A new (1997) initiative from the U.K.-based Pest Management Resource Centre (PMRC), the listing is designed to be "the largest ever international, freely available directory of contact details for individuals involved in any aspect of pest management," according to the PMRC website, www.pestmanagement.co.uk/contact.html. Registration is free. Registrants can elect to have their contact details passed on to "reputable third parties," or not. FMI: P.K. McEwen, PMRC Manager, Pure & App. Biol., Univ. of Wales, Cardiff CF1 3TL, UK E-mail: McEwen@cf.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1222-388965 Phone: 44-0-1222-388952

* EMD - This is an E-mail Directory service to manage a community of users united by a common interest. It includes a Plant Protection list, currently with over 25 names/contacts; the "list keeper" is C.A.J. Putter, e-mail: toni.putter@fao.org. FMI: M.Marsela@omnicyber.org.

If not registered/listed, individuals with IPM experience are encouraged to consider investigating, then registering with one or more of these databases.

EDITORIAL Without fanfare, IPMnet recently began its fifth year by reaffirming unswerving commitment to worldwide information dissemination that encourages development and adoption of integrated pest management. The sponsoring Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP) structured IPMnet as a pioneering, multi-faceted effort to locate, organize, and deliver IPM information employing e-mail and the burgeoning worldwide web. CICP also established web-based avenues for sharing the vast pool of IPM expertise represented by hundreds of individuals, providing fora for discussing issues critical to IPM, and in other ways broadly fostering IPM.

However, strip away the electrons and computers and IPMnet stands as an effort propelled by people, channeled through institutions, and supported by both generous private sources and governments. All share a goal: a world in which sufficient food and other crucial crops can be grown without traumatizing the environment and non-target species, and where increasing concerns and awareness translate into ecologically benign, socio-economically acceptable production strategies.

As with any viable network, participants create the substance that has helped IPMnet emerge as a major informative and cooperative global communication conduit for IPM and related disciplines and professions. Since IPM and the results its broad adoption can achieve impact nearly everybody, IPMnet's participants, supporters, and sponsor have clearly embarked on a vital initiative, one well worth pausing to briefly recognize and salute before digging in for another four years of IPM progress.

A.E. Deutsch, for CICP

IPMporium ..... Scientists at the West African Rice Development Association rated combatting weeds as the most important research initiative for regional rice production with a staggering payoff estimated at an additional 1.5 million tons of rice annually. ..... Research on resistance to tree defoliating insects, particularly the cottonwood leaf beetle (Chrysomela scripta Fabricius) has, two main goals: develop and test transgenic trees with Bt toxin genes; and, study genetic and ecologic factors important to resistance management.

..... Among 100 of the largest U.S. ag-chem dealerships polled by FARM CHEMICALS in 1996, 46 reported farmer requests for IPM and biocontrol increased in 1996, 45 reported requests stayed level, and just two said interest decreased.


IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication related to, or focused on, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author/editor(s), and any other particulars or descriptive materials to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use), or returned if so requested.

Plowing Ahead If the term "MWC" is meaningless now, it will become amply clear after reading STEEL IN THE FIELD, A Farmer's Guide to Weed Management Tools. The 128-page, 1997 book focuses on "mechanical weed control" and promotes the concept that utilization of mechanical cultivating and weeding including flaming when integrated into a carefully crafted overall weed management approach, can significantly reduce reliance on herbicides and increase grower profits. The book's goal, says its publisher, is to provide information about how each of the many classes of implement works in the field and in sustainable weed management systems. Editor G. Bowman has drawn on the experience of over 20 successful growers and a knowledgeable group of specialists to describe and illustrate a wide range of rotary hoes, various mechanical weeders, cultivators, flamers, and related equipment. Clear line drawings illustrate the equipment considered. A reasoned discussion covers the cons as well as the pros of MWC. This is an eminently readable, informative, and useful book. FMI: A. Clark, c/o AFSIC, Room 304, NAL, 10301 Baltimore Aveune, Beltsville, MD 20705-2351, USA E-mail: san@nal.usda.gov Fax: 1-301-504-6409 Phone: 1-301-304-6425 Website: www.ces.ncsu.edu/san/ ORNAMENTAL PLANT DISEASES With more than 400 full color photos, FOLIAGE PLANT DISEASES: DIAGNOSIS AND CONTROL provides a comprehensive visual reference for disease-related problems of ornamental plants. Author A.R. Chase offers extensive text, as well das iscussing signs and symptoms of major plant species from Aeschynanthus to Yucca in this large format, handsome hardbound volume published by the American Phytopathological Society in 1997. Tables of nomenclature, phytotoxicity of certain foliage plants to some products, and other non-disease conditions causing plant problems are also useful information. 168 pgs. FMI: APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250 THE INSECT PHEROMONE STORY Usage of pheromones for insect mating disruption and capture is an expanding technology and a key tactic in the IPM arsenal. A team of three specialists an insect behaviorist, a chemist, and a biologist joined forces to author an authoritative and useful treatise on this branch of chemical ecology. INSECT PHEROMONES AND THEIR USE IN PEST MANAGEMENT by P.E. Howse, et al, presents both chemical and behavioral background as well as numerous examples of practical applications of pheromones and other semiochemicals. The 1998, 375-page softbound work includes extensive line drawings and, of course, plentiful references. FMI: Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, UK E-mail: info@chaphall.com Website: www.chapmanhall.com REVISED SOURCE LIST FOR BENEFICIALS A revised, 1997 edition of SUPPLIERS OF BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS IN NORTH AMERICA lists 130 organisms available from 142 suppliers in Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. The 32-page booklet, compiled by C.D. Hunter, provides full contact information for each supplier. Additionally, indexes include: 1) an alphabetical listing by scientific name of all the beneficial organisms used for biological control that are commercially available in North America; and, 2) a compilation of beneficials listed in 13 categories such as, "Predatory Mites," "Aphid Parasites and Predators," and "Parasites and Predators for Greenhouse Pests." Single printed copies of the booklet are available free from: California Dept. of Pesticide Regulation, Attn: Beneficial Organisms, Room 161, 1020 N Street, Sacramento, CA 95814-5624, USA Fax: 1-916-324-4088 E-mail: chunter@cdpr.ca.gov Phone: 1-916-324-4100 Website: www.cdpr.ca.gov Publication Notes * The U.S. Agency for International Development-supported "Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program" recently published its THIRD ANNUAL REPORT 1995-96, covering a wide range of activities and accomplishments. The report is posted on the website: ipm-www.ento.vt.edu:8000/crsp/. A limited number of print copies of the nearly 400-page document are available from: IPM CRSP, OIRD, 1060 Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061-0334, USA Fax: 1-540-231-3519 Phone: 1-540-231-3513 * The Southern African Weed Science Society (SAWSS) publishes a lively NEWSLETTER containing weed science information focused on southern Africa and beyond. FMI: SAWSS, PO Box 27552, Sunnyside, Pretoria 0132, SOUTH AFRICA.

* BIOPESTICIDES & TRANSGENIC PLANTS, New Techniques to Improve Efficacy, Safety, and Profitability, is based on material presented at a January 1977 conference. FMI: IBC, Inc., 225 Turnpike Road, Southborough, MA 01772-1749, USA Fax: 1-508-481-7911 Phone: 1-508-481-6400

* Revamped, 1997 editions of the INSECT CONTROL GUIDE and the WEED CONTROL MANUAL are available from: Meister Publishing Co., 37733 Euclid Avenue, Willoughby, OH 44094-5992, USA E-mail: icg_circ@meisterpubl.com Fax: 1-216-942-0662

OTHER RESOURCES BIOCONTROL COURSE ANNOUNCED The International Institute of Biological Control (IIBC) and CAB International Bioscience colleagues have announced their 5th Annual International Training Course, "Biological Control of Arthropod Pests & Weeds," starting 13 July 1998 at IIBC facilities in Silwood Park, Ascot, UK. The 4-week course will stress the principles of biological pest control as the core component of an IPM program. Participants will learn how to conserve native predators and parasites in farmers' fields, how to introduce natural enemies from the native habitat of exotic pests, as well as how to culture arthropod and microbial biological control agents for field release. The course also involves participation in information gathering exercises and group presentations. FMI: S. Williamson, Training & Information Officer, IIBC, Silwood Park, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7TA, UK Fax: 44-1344-875007 E-mail: s.williamson@cabi.org Phone: 44-1344-872999 U.S. HERBICIDE FIRMS' GENEALOGY The dizzying pace of mergers, acquisitions, and name changes for companies marketing herbicides in the USA prompted a weed scientist to develop a "genealogy" chart showing the history of the firms still operating, a sort of "who's who." The chart is posted on the web at: www.css.orst.edu/herbgnl/descr.html. FMI: A.P. Appleby, CSS, OSU, Corvallis, OR 97331-3002, USA E-mail: Arnold.P.Appleby@orst.edu Fax: 1-541-737-3407 Phone: 1-541-737-5894 EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS NEW DESIGN FOR INSECT REARING Six snap-together transparent panels form a 30 cm (11.8 in.) cubic insect rearing cage, the "BugDorm-1," that is chemically inert to most organic solvents and can be easily disassembled for cleaning. An empty unit weighs 930 gm (2 lbs.) and is suitable for use in a temperature range of 15-85 deg. C. There is a mesh entry/exit sock on one side. Units can be joined to form a larger space. FMI: MegaView Science Education Services Co., Ltd., No. 12, Lane 122-29, Sec. 2 Tai Chung Kang Road, Taichung, TAIWAN E-mail: megaview@ms2.hinet.net Fax: 886-4-254-2585 Phone: 886-4-254-2586 PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES (Appointments * Consulting * Research * Technology) * EXTENSION IPM COORDINATOR, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Maryland, USA. Provide leadership for the development, coordination, and implementation of the Univ. of Maryland's Extension IPM program; develop state reports for administrators, legislators, agency personnel, and the general public; solicit funding for IPM activities; coordinate needs assessments, surveys, and accomplishment reporting; and represent Maryland's IPM interests at the state and national levels. Position works closely with Extension specialists from all disciplines involved in IPM and with related programmatic units such as the Pesticide Education and Assessment Program and the Minor Use Pesticides Program. M.S. or Ph.D. in any agriculturally related discipline with course work and/or professional experience in IPM. Training in entomology is desirable, as is an ability to understand and utilize electronic communication and computer applications within the framework of Extension program development, delivery, and management. FMI: G.P. Dively; e-mail gd7@umail.umd.edu fax 1-301-441-2949 phone 1-301-441-1083
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS research/technical topics related to IPM. Featured Papers In THE NETHERLANDS, new national environmental policies mean that arable crop farmers eventually will need to modify their current pest management strategies to reduce application of pesticides. In one study, a research team investigated a range of factors costs, risks, attitudes involved with the farmers' perceptions and propensity to adopt different techniques. Findings suggest that behavioral economics and acquisition of knowledge will be critical for any significant transition away from current practices. "Farmers Perceptions of Weed Control Techniques in Sugarbeet," Wossink, G.A.A., et al. AGRIC. SYST., 55(3), 409-423, November 1997.

A current paper by S.C. Gordon, et al, "Arthropod Pests of Rubus in Europe: Pest Status, Current and Future Control Strategies," includes sections on: pest species of raspberry, blackberry, and hybrid berries; host range shifts and potential new pests; potential entomological problems associated with protected cultivation; pesticide usage and application in cane fruit crops; new strategies for control of pest species; integrated pest management; organic production; mechanical harvesting and fruit contamination; and an extensive reference list. Published in: JRNL. OF HORT. SCI., 72(6), 831-862, November 1997. This Month's SELECTED MATERIALS (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories) IPMnet can provide addresses for any of the journals listed. General "Airborne Off-target Losses and Deposition Characteristics from a Self-propelled, High Speed and High Clearance Ground Sprayer," Grover, R., et al. CAN. JRNL. OF PLANT SCI., 77(3), 493- , July 1997.

"Control of Soil-borne Plant Pests Using Glucosinolate-containing Plants," Brown, P.D., and M.J. Morra. Pg. 167-232, in: ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, 61, 1997, D.L. Sparks, ed.

"Pesticide Application: Current Status and Further Developments," Matthews, G.A. PHYTOPARA., 25(supp.), S11-S20, 1997.

"Some Important Diseases and Pests of Sugarcane in Nigeria and their Control," Wada, A.C. OUTLK. ON AGRIC., 26(2), June 1997.

"The Role of Decision Support Systems in Integrated Crop Protection," Knight, J.D. AGRIC., ECOSYS. & ENVIRO., 64(2), 157-164, July 1997.

"When Can Reduced Doses and Pesticide Mixtures Delay the Buildup of Pesticide Resistance? A Mathematical Model," Birch, C.P.D., and M.W. Shaw. JRNL. OF APPL. ECOL., 34(4), 1032-1042, August 1997.


"Biosurfactants: Their Identity and Potential Efficacy in the Biological Control of Zoosporic Plant Pathogens," Stanghellini, M.E., and R.M. Miller. PLANT DIS., 81(1), 4-12, January 1997.

"From Researcher to Farmer: the Use of Extension Programs to Transfer Biological Control Technology in Developed Countries," Mahr, D.L. ENTOMOPHAGA, 41(3-4), 375-386, 1996.

"Past and Current Attempts to Evaluate the Role of Birds as Predators of Insect Pests in Temperate Agriculture," Kirk, D.A., et al. Chapter 5 in: CURR. ORNITHOL., v.13, V. Nolan and E.D. Ketterson, eds. 1996.

"Rearing Beneficial Insects for Biological Control Purposes in Resource Poor Areas of Africa," Conlong, D.E., and C.F. Mugoya. ENTOMOPHAGA, 41(3-4), 505-512, 1996.


"A Model of Plant Virus Disease Epidemics in Asynchronously-planted Cropping Systems," Holt, J., and T.C.B. Chancellor. PLANT PATH., 46(4), 490-501, August 1997.

"Nitrogen Fertilisation and Chemical Protection of Winter Wheat Against Disease in IPM Experiments in Poland," Glazek, M., and J. Pietryga. JRNL. OF PLANT PROT. RESCH., 37(1/2), 117-122, 1997.

"Role of Plant Pathology in Integrated Pest Management," Jacobsen, B.J. ANN. REV. OF PHYTOPATH., 35, 373- , 1997.

Weed Management "The Effects of Minimum Tillage Weeds and Yield of Durum Wheat in Central Ethiopia," Tadesse, N., et al. TROP. AGRIC., 73(3), 242-244, July 1996. Entomology "Effect of Insecticides on Pest Incidence in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in Hill Zone of Assam," Borah, R.K. IND. JRNL. OF AGRIC. SCI., 67(8), 332- , August 1997. "Granular Feeding Baits Based on Bacilllus thuringiensis Products for the Control of Lepidopterous Pests," Navon, A. PHYTOPARA., 25(supp.), S101- , 1997.

"The Effects of Pesticides on Species of Non-target Heteroptera Inhabiting Cereal Fields in Southern England," Moreby, S.J., et al. PEST. SCI., 51(1), 39-48, September 1997.

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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

IV. CALENDAR a global list of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) Information was collected from, and supplied by, a variety of sources, for which IPMnet expresses appreciation. See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar

IPMnet Calendar I. NEW (N), or REVISED (R) entries

In 1998

(N) 23-24 February INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSGENIC PLANTS, Advances in Value Added Plant Technology & Commercialization, Washington, DC, USA. Contact: IBC, 225 Turnpike Road, Southborough, MA 01772-1749, USA E-mail: reg@ibcusa.com Fax: 1-508-481-7911 Website: www.ibcusa.com/conf/transgenic

(N) 1-6 March IPM COMMUNICATIONS WORKSHOP: EASTERN/SOUTHERN AFRICA (ICWESA), International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, KENYA. Contact: M. Iles, Secretary, IPMForum, NRI, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK E-mail: malcolm.iles@nri.org Fax: 44-1-634-883377 Phone: 44-1-634-883054

(N) 8-12 March IV CONGRESO ARGENTINO DE ENTOMOLOGIA, Mar del Plata, ARGENTINA. Contact: A. Gonzalez, Fac. de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, 1900 La Plata, ARGENTINA E-mail: algonzal@isis.unlp.edu.ar Fax: 54-21-232327

(N) 15-18 March INTERNATIONAL PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS, 13TH BIENNIAL WORKSHOP, Memphis, TN, USA. Contact: J. Foster, Dept. of Entomology, 202 Plant Industry Building, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0816, USA Fax: 1-402-472-4687 E-mail: entm011.unlvm.unl.edu Phone: 1-402-472-8686 Website: www.ianr.unl.edu/ianr/entomol/announce/ipri.htm

(N) 31 May-2 June ALTERNATIVE PARADIGMS FOR COMMERCIALIZING BIOLOGICAL CONTROL WORKSHOP, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Contact: M. Wilson, e-mail wilsonmj@rci.rutgers.edu Website: www.rci.rutgers.edu/~insects/biopesticides.htm

(N) 13 July-7 August 5TH ANNUAL IIBC INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE, "Biological Control of Arthropod Pests & Weeds," Silwood Park, Ascot, UK. Contact: S. Williamson, Training & Information Officer, IIBC, Silwood Park, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7TA, UK E-mail: s.williamson@CABI.org Fax: 44-1344-875007 Phone: 44-1344-872999

(N) 4-8 August 2ND INTERNATIONAL RICE BLAST CONFERENCE, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: CIRAD (Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement), Secretariat IRBC 98, UR-Phyma, Bat. 2, BP 5035, 34032 Montpellier, FRANCE E-mail: IRBC98@cirad.fr Website: www.cirad.fr/irbc98/irbc98.html Fax: 33-4-67-615603

(N) 14 September ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF RIPARIAN WEEDS WORKSHOP, Loughborough, UK. An AAB 1-day event for those involved in the management of stream, river, or canal banks, and waterbody shores. Contact: M. Wade, Intl. Centre of Landscape Ecology, Dept. of Geography, Loughborough Univ., Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK E-mail: p.m.wade@lboro.ac.uk Fax: 44-01509-223931 Phone: 44-01509-223030

(N) 21-24 September SCENTS IN ORCHARDS, IOBC-WPRS meeting on behaviorally active compounds of plant and insect origin, especially from orchard environments, Munich, GERMANY. Contact: P. Witzgall, SLU, Box 44, SE-230 53, Alnarp, SWEDEN E-mail: peter.witzgall@vsv.slu.se

In 1999

0 In 2000

(N) 3-6 June XXII BRAZILIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: B.N. Rodrigues; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br

(N) 6-11 June III INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: J.B. Silva; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br Web Site: www.foztur.com.br/iwsc

(R) 20-26 August * E-mail change * 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: D.L. Gazzoni; e-mail gazzoni@cnpso.embrapa.br Web site: www.embrapa.br/ice

IPMnet Calendar II. PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries. 1997 14-18 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Nashville, TN, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Suite 300, Lanham, MD 20706, USA E-mail: MEET@entsoc.org Fax: 1-301-731-4538 Phone: 1-301-731-4535 Website: www.entsoc.org 1998 1-5 January 1ST BRAZILIAN MEETING ON BOLL WEEVIL IPM, "Boll Weevil and Plant Protection in South America," Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL, organized by the Brazilian Boll Weevil Studies Group (Grupo de Estudos Sobre o Bicudo). Contact: D.C. Costa Filho, e-mail: dcosta@pobox.com Fax: 55-85-287-1115 Website: pobox.com 5-8 January ADVANCED TURFGRASS IPM SHORT COURSE, College Park, MD, USA. Contact: J. Lyons-Carter, Dept. of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sci. Building, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA Phone: 1-405-3913

12-16 January ADVANCED LANDSCAPE IPM SHORT COURSE, College Park, MD, USA. Contact: J. Lyons-Carter, Dept. of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sci. Building, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA Phone: 1-405-3913

18-20 January ANNUAL CONFERENCE, ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED INSECT ECOLOGISTS (AAIE), "Scents, Cents & Sense - Issues in Modern Pest Management," Pacific Grove, CA, USA. Contact: AAIE, 1008 10th Street, Suite 549, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA E-mail: PlainAAIE9@aol.com Phone/ fax: 1-916-441-5224 Website: www.AAIE.com

4-6 February URBAN BIRD PEST MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, Cardiff, Wales, UK. Contact: P. Haskell, Univ. of Wales, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TL, UK E-mail: insect@cf.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1222-388965 Phone: 44-0-1222-388952

9-12 February Contact change WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Chicago, IL, USA. Contact: E. Stoller, W-321 Turner Hall, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Phone: 1-217-333-9654 E-mail: ewstoller@uiuc.edu

22-27 February PLANT HERBIVORE INTERACTIONS (Gordon Research Conference), Ventura, CA, USA. Contact: D. Bowers, Campus Box 334, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA E-mail: bowers@spot.colorado.edu Fax: 1-303-492-8699 Phone: 1-303-492-5530

23 February-1 March INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PESTICIDE USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: IMPACT ON HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT, San Jose, COSTA RICA. Contact: Y. Astorga, Univ. Nacional, Apdo. 86-3000, Heredia, COSTA RICA Phone: 506-277-358 Fax: 506-277-3583 E-mail: PPUNA@irazu.una.ac.cr Web: www.una.ac.cr/ambi/ppuna

2-5 March 18TH VERTEBRATE PEST CONFERENCE, Costa Mesa, CA, USA. Topics cover all aspects of vertebrate pest management and control. Contact: W.P. Gorenzel, DANR-North, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA Fax: 1-916-754-8489 E-mail: wpgorenzel@ucdavis.edu Phone: 1-916-752-2263 Web site: www.mother.com/~vpc/98conf.html

2-7 March 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON TRICHOGRAMMA AND OTHER EGG PARASITOIDS AND QUALITY CONTROL OF MASS REARED ARTHROPODS, International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), Cali, COLOMBIA. Contact: S. Hassan, BBA Institute, Heinrichstr. 243, D-64267 Darmstadt, GERMANY E-mail: S.Hassan.biocon trol.bba@t-online.de Fax: 49-6151-407290 Phone: 49-6151-407223

10-12 March 19TH GERMAN CONFERENCE ON WEED BIOLOGY AND WEED CONTROL, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, GERMANY. Contact: H.U. Haas, Inst. of Phytomedicine (360), D-70593 Stuttgart, GERMANY E-mail: haashu@uni-hohenheim.de Fax: 49-711-459-2408

22 March-4 July. INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, "Strategies to Control Diseases and Insect Pests," International Agricultural Centre (IAC), Wageningen, NETHERLANDS. Contact: H.A.I. Stoetzer, IPM Course Coordinator, IAC, P.O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, NETHERLANDS E-mail: h.a.i.stoetzer@iac.agro. nl Phone: 31-317-490353 Fax: 31-317-418552 Website:

23 March-3 April SHORT COURSE: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF TROPICAL WEEDS, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. Provides an understanding of theory and practical exposure to procedures in biocontrol of weeds. Contact: Short Course Coordinator, CRC for Tropical Pest Management, Gehrmann Laboratories, Univ. of Queensland, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: cours es@ctpm.uq.edu.au Fax: 61-7-3365-1855 Phone: 61-7-3365-1851

29 March-1 April NORTH AMERICAN CONFERENCE ON PESTICIDE SPRAY DRIFT MANAGEMENT, Portland, ME, USA. Theme: "Building Better Applicators, One Neighbor at a Time." Contact: J. Dill, UMCE Pest Management Office, 491 College Avenue, Orono, ME 04473-1295, USA Fax: 1-207-581-3881 E-mail: JDILL@umce.umext.maine.edu Phone: 1-207-581-3880 Website: www.state.me.us/agriculture/drift1.htm

5-9 April INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: THE FUTURE OF FUNGI IN THE CONTROL OF PESTS, WEEDS & DISEASES, Univ. of Southampton, Southampton, UK. Aim: identify problems and opportunities affecting research on fungal biocontrol agents, and outline strategies for the successful development of these organisms as sustainable, environmentally benign agents for crop protection. Invited presentations and offered papers in six subject areas. Contact: C.W. Jackson, School of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Southampton, Basset Crescent East, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK E-mail: C.W.Jackson@soton.ac.uk Phone: 44-1703-59-3205

13-15 May EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY MEDITERRANEAN SYMPOSIUM 1998, Montpellier, FRANCE. Four sessions, simultaneous translation. Contact: J. Maillet, c/o UFR Biol. & Patho Veg. ENSA M., Place Viala, F. 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, FRANCE E-mail: maillet@ensam.inra.fr Fax: 33-046-754-5977 Phone: 33-049-961-2516

16-23 May 12TH INTERNATIONAL REINHARDSBRUNN SYMPOSIUM, "Modern Fungicides and Antifungal Compounds," Reinhardsbrunn, GERMANY. Contact: H.-W. Dehne, Institute for Plant Diseases, Univ. of Bonn, Nussallee 9, D-53115, Bonn, GERMANY E-mail: HW-Dehne@uni-bonn.de Fax: 49-228-732442 Phone: 49-228-732444 Website: www.ifgb.uni-hannover.de/extern/dpg/meeting/mfaac.htm

May TROPICAL PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE, Ascot, UK. A 4-week practical training course on safe and efficient use of pesticides within Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Contact: IPARC, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK E-mail: Hans.Dobson@nri.org Fax: 44-1344-294450

5-10 June 3RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MOLECULAR INSECT SCIENCE, Snowbird, UT, USA. Contact: Center for Insect Science, 225 Life Sciences South, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA E-mail: insects@ccit.arizona.edu Fax: 1-520-621-2590 Web site: www.arl.arizona.edu/cis/symposium

7-12 June 2ND INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON BEMISIA AND GEMINIVIRAL DISEASES, San Juan, PUERTO RICO. Specific topics concerning whiteflies and geminiviruses plus sessions of interest to entomologists, virologists, and IPM specialists. Contact: D. Guy, USDA-ARS, 2120 Camden Road, Orlando, FL 32803-1419, USA E-mail: rmayer@ix.netcom.com Fax: 1-407-897-7337 Phone: 1-407-897-7304

15-20 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, "Theory & Practice, Developing Sustainable Agriculture," Guangzhou, CHINA. English language only. Contact: G. Mingfang, Guangdong Entomological Soc., Xingang West Road 105, Guangzhou 510270, CHINA Fax: 86-20-841-91709 E-mail: gzgeii@publicl.gungzhou.gd.cn Phone: 86-20-841-99129

June 1998. LOCUST-GRASSHOPPER CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES COURSE. Designed to "Train the Trainers" so participants can return to their country and provide national courses in their own language, this 2-week course offers practical training in techniques for ground and aerial application of insecticides to control hopper bands and swarms. Contact: IPARC, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK E-mail: Hans.Dobson@nri.org Fax: 44-1344-294450

(N) 2-7 August 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PESTICIDE CHEMISTRY, "The Food-Environment Challenge," Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, Westminster, London, UK. Sponsored by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the Royal Society of Chemistry. Contact: J.F. Gibson, RSC, Burlington House, London W1V 0BN, UK E-mail: iupac98 @rsc.org Fax: 44-171-734-1227 Phone: 44-171-437-8656 Website: //chemistry.rs c.org/rsc/9_iupac.htm

9-16 August 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, Edinburgh, UK. Contact: ICPP98 Congress Secretariat, c/o Meeting Makers, 50 George Street, Glasgow, Scotland G1 1QE, UK E-mail: icpp98@meetingmakers.co.uk Fax: 44-141-552-0511 Phone: 44-141-553-1930

17-21 August 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ADJUVANTS, Memphis, TN, USA. Contact: A. Underwood, FISAA, c/o Helena Chem. Co., 6075 Poplar Ave., Suite 500, Memphis, TN 38119, USA Fax. 1-901-761-2640 Phone: 1-901-537-7260

23-28 August 6TH INTERNATIONAL MYCOLOGICAL CONGRESS, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: mycol@kenes.ccmail.compuserve.com Fax: 972-3-5175674 Phone: 972-3-5140014

24-28 August 3RD INTERNATIONAL FOREST VEGETATION MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE. Contact: IFVMC #3, Bio-Forest Technologies Inc., 105 Bruce Street, Sault Ste. Marie, ONT. P6A 2X6, CANADA E-mail: ifvmc3@nrcan.gc.ca Fax: 1-705-942-8829 Website: www.cif-ifc.org/cifweb/ifvmc3/ifvmc3.html Phone: 1-705-942-5824

23-26 September 4TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON OROBANCHE RESEARCH, Albena, BULGARIA. Contact: K. Wegman, Waldhauserstrasse 37, D-72076 Tubingen, GERMANY Fax/phone: 49-707-164-658

29 September-2 October 6TH AUSTRALASIAN APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Brown, ICTE Conferences, Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: sally.brown@mailbox.uq.edu.au Phone: 61-7-3365-6360 Website: www.ctpm.uq.edu.au

8-12 November AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC. and ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC. OF AMERICA JOINT MEETING, Las Vegas, NV, USA. Contact: C.S. Dacus, APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250 E-mail: corie@sc isoc.org

9-12 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1998, PESTS & DISEASES, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SW11 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-0-171-924-1790 Phone: 44-0-171-228-8034 Web site: www.BCPC.org

1999 8-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax: 1-913-843-1274 E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com Phone: 1-913-843-1235 28 March-10 July. INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, "Strategies to Control Diseases and Insect Pests," International Agricultural Centre (IAC), Wageningen, NETHERLANDS. Contact: H.A.I. Stoetzer, IPM Course Coordinator, IAC, P.O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, NETHERLANDS E-mail: h.a.i.stoetzer@iac.agro.nl Phone: 31-317-490353 Fax: 31-317-418552 Website: www.iac-agro.nl

25-30 July 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PLANT PROTECTION, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Theme: "Plant Protection Towards the Third Millennium - Where Chemistry Meets Ecology." Contact: D. Loebl, Congress Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: dloebl@kenes.com Fax: 972-3-514-0077 Phone: 972-3-514-0057

6-12 August JOINT MEETING OF THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETIES, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. E-mail: aps@scisoc.org i Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250

29 August-3 September VII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON JUVENILE HORMONES, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: S.W. Applebaum, e-mail: jhvii@indycc1.agri.huji.ac.il Website: www.agri.huji.ac.il/~jhii

2000 5-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Toronto, CANADA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax: 1-913-843-1274 E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com Phone: 1-913-843-1235

Please send information about future events or changes to: E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu, or to IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Prot. Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Fax: 1-541-737-3080

IPMnet's Sponsor IPMnet, a free Global IPM Information Service, is sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP). The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 20 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, J.D. Harper (N. Carolina State Univ.) is Vice chairman, G.L. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) is Treasurer, and G.A. Schaefers (Cornell Univ.) serves as Executive Director. B.D. Russell is Assistant to the Director. he Consortium maintains an administrative office at:

CICP, Cornell Univ., NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. E-mail: CICP@cornell.edu Phone: 1-315-878-2522 IPMnet's Web page and computer server are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.) E-mail: CIPM@ncsu.edu

The IPMnet NEWS .....is sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in the IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, nor any individual associated with CICP, nor any of its member institutions. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted PROVIDED that the IPMnet NEWS is fully identified as the source.

CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe

J.D. Harper, chair JAMES_HARPER@ncsu.edu; A. Alvarez, and D.W. Dickson; M. Kogan, and G. Schaefers (ex-officio).

IPMnet NEWS Coordinator/Editor - A.E. Deutsch

Contributions to the IPMnet NEWS ..... short news items describing experiences, successes, problems, and solutions, also viewpoints (pro and con), and IPM-related opinion statements from individuals, organizations, and institutions engaged in any aspect of crop protection especially IPM are welcome.

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This World Wide Web version of IPMnet NEWS was prepared by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this document.
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