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March 1999, Issue no. 63
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs Group Calls for Increased Banana IPM Activity Participants from across Africa, as well as Asia and Europe, met for three days in South Africa during November 1998 to develop action plans needed to accelerate small farm banana IPM research and information dissemination. Rationale for the event arose from the realization that many technologies for banana pest insect and disease control are ready and available for on-farm testing, but often are being developed and applied only for single constraints, according to the International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP), one of the session's lead organizers. Strategies for on-farm testing emerged as a key objective, primarily aimed at small-scale, resource constrained farmers.

A collective call issued for increased banana IPM research related to the crop's importance as a food staple and source of cash for farmers. Participants also urged that all stakeholders become involved in the process of testing and refining appropriate IPM for small farm banana production.

Working groups were formed to consider management of weevils, nematodes, and diseases, and to outline avenues for incorporating a range of tactics involving biocontrol, use of semio-chemicals, resistance breeding, and cultural management techniques. Other groups reviewed integration of available technologies currently aimed at a single segment of pest management.

In addition to INIBAP, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, the Institute of Tropical and Subtropical Crops, and the Banana Research Network for Eastern and Southern Africa co-organized the meeting, utilizing funding from a group of international donors.

FMI: S. Sharrock, INIBAP, Parc Scientifique Agropolis II, 34397 Montpellier Cedex 5, FRANCE E-mail: s.sharrock@cgiar.org Fax: 33-4-676-10334 Phone: 33-4-676-19818 Website: www.cgiar.org/ipgri/inibap/

based on material generously provided by INIBAP

U.S. Budget: More Funds for Pest Management The USA's proposed national budget for fiscal year 2000 (which starts 1 October 1999) includes an additional US million over current funding levels for pest management programs, according to recent government information released on the Internet. An accompanying highlight statement notes that the increased funding is proposed to, "Ensure the availability of environmentally acceptable pest management strategies for agricultural producers." Developing interim alternative pest controls for fruit and vegetable crops will be emphasized, along with long-term pest management systems for all crops grown on large areas. Effort will also be directed toward minimizing pesticide residues in food products, and in surface and ground water.

Research, the statement pointed out, "will focus on developing pest biology, impact, and control technologies to be used in effective and sustainable pest management programs for weeds and other plant pests."

The proposed budget, which was delivered to the U.S. Congress, is the opening gambit in what is expected to be a long and contentious process of review and adjustment prior to final agreement.

based in part on U.S. governmental material

Anti-locus Mycoinsecticide Registered A decade-long, multi-organizational effort to harness the capabilities of the naturally occurring fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum for control of locusts and grasshoppers recently culminated with commercial registration of the fungus-based mycoinsecticide in South Africa. The product, labeled "Green Muscle," will be available on the market this year. According to information from CABI Bioscience, one of the prime movers among the international group that collaborated on development, Green Muscle becomes "the first environmentally friendly non-chemical insecticide for locust control" that is expected to be highly beneficial to "millions of people, their livestock, and the environment." Green Muscle is a virulent strain of M. anisopliae that specifically infects and kills locust. It is said to be non-toxic to humans and to leave other non-target organisms unharmed.

The fungus is normally kept in check by the absence of moisture needed for germination in the arid zones frequented by locusts. CABI scientists discovered that formulating the fungus in oil maintains its ability to infect and kill locust even in a dry environment. In extensive field tests, Green Muscle proved more effective against locusts than other frequently used insecticides such as fenitrothion. The formulated fungus, which takes 6 to 21 days to kill locust depending on local conditions, is applied at ultra low volume.

Green Muscle's registration is seen as a significant step for moving locust control "away from the use of persistent, non-specific and sometimes harmful chemicals towards more sustainable strategies incorporating biological control techniques," a CABI official noted. FMI: J. Harris, CABI Bioscience, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7PY, UK E-mail: j.harris@cabi.org

excerpted from material generously provided by CABI Bioscience.

GLOBAL IPM NOTES ** CILBA, Le Complexe International de Lutte Biologique Agropolis / International Biological Control Complex Agropolis, claims to be the world's first center devoted to biological control. Located in southern France adjacent to several international agricultural research institutions, CILBA has links with several overseas partners. CILBA lists improved IPM strategies as a key research aim. > CILBA, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, FRANCE Fax: 33-67-61-2695 E-mail: aeschlim@agropolis.fr ** A 1998 summary chart of "What's Coming to Market? An update on commercialization of genetically engineered crops and microorganisms," lists over 40 items. Reports suggest there are many more under development. > THE GENE EXCHANGE, 1616 P St., NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA E-mail: genex@ucsusa.org

** IPM will be on the program during the 4TH WORLD AVOCADO CONGRESS, a major gathering scheduled for 17-22 October 1999, in the State of Michoacan, MEXICO. The event will include symposia, discussion panels, oral and poster presentations, and commercial exhibits. > E-mail: dteliz@colpos.colpos.mx

** Results from recent experiments found that transgenic Zea mays L. (sweet corn) expressing a synthetic cry gene for production of a Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki (Berliner) insecticidal protein, successfully resisted attacks by several lepidopterous pest insects. In a paper published in the JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, R.E. Lynch, et al report that, "Btk sweet corn hybrids appear to be ideal candidates for use in integrated pest management programs." The researchers also address a key concern: resistance development. They note that it is highly unlikely, if appropriate cultural practices are followed, that Btk sweet corn will contribute to resistance development because of the high toxicity of the cry proteins expressed, coupled with harvest of sweet corn ears and removal from the field before larvae can complete development. > JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 92(1), 246-252, February 1999

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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. IPM MEDLEY general matters, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information Pest Management Programs Garner Awards An element of a U.S. multi-state area-wide pest management program is among 28 innovative projects that together were awarded more than a total of US0,000 in 1999 by the State of California to help support projects "that promote environmentally-friendly pest management techniques." The area-wide effort is evaluating mating disruption techniques, that interfere with insect pest life cycles, with the aim of reducing conventional insecticide usage in the state's highly damage-sensitive apple and pear orchards.

Grants ranging from US,000 to 30,000 were awarded to a wide spectrum of projects including those developing alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation for nurseries and strawberry production, as well as educating urban residents about pest control techniques that should help reduce the risk of pesticide runoff from homes and gardens. More than 70 proposals were submitted this year.

The awards marked the fourth round of California's Creative Pest Management grant program aimed at promoting reduced-risk pest management strategies, developing least-toxic methods, and increasing protection for Californians and the environment. FMI: D. Supkoff, California Dept. of Pesticide Regulation, 830 K St., Sacramento, CA 95814, USA E-mail: dsupkoff@cdpr.ca.gov Website: www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/pressrls/pmgrant.htm

excerpted from information generously provided by the CDPR.

VIEWPOINT IPM in Developing Countries: Only a Dream Without Proper Policy? "Experiences in developing countries have shown that agricultural innovations meet with the desired level of acceptance once they lead to a rise in gross margin of around 30 percent. Increases of this magnitude in the gross margin are achieved only seldom with the introduction of IPM.

In the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, pesticide expenditure accounts for less than 5 percent of the gross margin for up to 50 percent of the fruit farmers, while for another 40 percent, pesticide expenditure is only between 5 and 20 percent of their gross margin. This is due to the low costs of pesticides and the relatively high gross margins.

To introduce IPM in high value fruit crops is even more challenging compared to rice, for instance. Unless governments support IPM through developing policies on limiting importation of highly toxic chemicals, and encouraging import and use of selective chemical pesticides and biopesticides, any long-term effort to develop and gain acceptance of an IPM program for crops such as fruit is bound to fail."

P. Van Mele, Vietnamese-Belgian IPM in Fruit Production Project, Cantho University, Can Tho, VIETNAM E-mail: paul@hcm.vnn.vn Fax: 84-71-830-814 Phone: 84-71-832-290 PUBLICATIONS AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS

IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication, or CD, related to, or focused on, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author/editor(s), and any other particulars or descriptive materials to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use), or returned if so requested.

ALL ABOUT TRICHOGRAMMA Providing a current review, THE TRICHOGRAMMA MANUAL, by entomologist A. Knutson, offers 42 pages of practical information distilled from experience. The 1998 work is subtitled, "A guide to the use of Trichogramma for biological control with special reference to augmentative releases for control of bollworm and budworm in cotton." Color plates, line drawings, lists of protocols, and useful sample forms are all included in a graphically friendly, spiral bound format. Cite: publication B-6071. FMI: A. Knutson, TAES, 17360 Coit Rd., Dallas, TX 75252-6599, USA E-mail: a-knutson@tamu.edu Fax: 1-972-952-9632 Phone: 1-972-952-9222 New from the American Phytopathological Society (APS) Second in economic importance only to fungi-caused plant diseases, viral crop diseases have proved much more difficult to manage. A massive, new 704-page work, PLANT VIRUS DISEASE CONTROL, compiles a vast amount of diverse and scattered information concerning the various strategies for controlling plant virus diseases. A. Hadidi and colleagues have marshalled inputs from 99 contributors covering resistance, vector control, and other procedures, as well as detection techniques. The last section of this hardbound, 1998 work summarizes the present status of control for economically important viruses.

As an expanded, modernized version of a 1984 volume, TROPICAL PLANT DISEASES, 2nd ed, offers a practical overview of diseases affecting the main, lowland tropical crops from beans to tea, and is intended as an entre to existing tropical crop pathology literature, according to author and tropical plant disease specialist H.D. Thurston. The 1998 work mentions numerous specific facts to highlight the differences between tropical and temperate plant diseases. The softbound title's 208 pages include 63 black and white photos. FMI: APS Press, Attn: J.M. Mustful, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: jmustful@scisoc.org Fax: 1-651-454-0766 Phone: 1-651-454-7250 Website: www.scisoc.org A BIOPESTICIDE OVERVIEW U.S. scientists F.R. Hall and J.J. Menn, in the preface to their 1999 publication, BIOPESTICIDES: USE AND DELIVERY, note that "Biopesticides are a key component of integrated pest management (IPM) programs," with a market projected to rapidly out-distance chemical pesticides. The two editors, drawing on an array of international contributors, summarize the status of biopesticides in agriculture including monitoring and management of pest resistance, plus numerous other aspects of biopesticide development, production, and use. The hardbound, all-text monograph's 626 pages provide a definitive, contemporary overview. FMI: Humana Press, 999 Riverview Dr., Suite 208, Totowa, NJ 07512, USA E-mail: wehn@humanapr.com Fax: 1-973-256-8341 Phone: 1-973-256-1699 Website: humanapress.com (note: no "www" used) PLANT DISEASE EPIDEMIOLOGY A distinguished international list of contributors collaborated in 1998 on an up-to-date summary of research resulting in an extensive new monograph, THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PLANT DISEASES, edited by D.G. Jones. The 475-page, hardbound work's 21 chapters cover an array of topics including population dynamics, diagnosis, and modelling, as well as disease resistance and management strategies. FMI: Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 989, 3300 AZ Dordecht, THE NETHERLANDS E-mail: gloria.verhey@wkap.nl CONTEMPORARY WEED SCIENCE One of the more thoughtful and extensive overviews of weeds and their management now has been expanded and made current with FUNDAMENTALS OF WEED SCIENCE, 2nd edition. Weed scientist R.L. Zimdahl maintains an overall ecological approach in this hardbound text covering all forms of weed management, though devoting proportionally more space to herbicide-based systems. This 1998 monograph uses its 556 pages to probe the world of weeds and discuss in a realistic fashion the multi-faceted challenge of their management and the attendant implications for both agriculture and the environment. FMI: Academic Press, 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA E-mail: ggonzales@acad.com Fax: 1-619-699-6380 Phone: 1-619-231-0926 Website: www.apnet.com COVER CROPPING AND PEST MANAGEMENT The important pest management information provided in a 1998 publication justifies mention here. The 162-page COVER CROPPING IN VINEYARDS: A GROWER'S HANDBOOK, published by the Univ. of California, offers a reasoned treatise on why to plant, what to plant, and how to effectively manage a cover crop for vineyards, yes, but with far broader application. C.A. Ingels and 21 co-editors filled this softbound work with more than 100 color photos plus many more black/white illustrations. Approximately 35 percent of the text focuses on pest management divided into subsections covering arthropods, weeds, nematodes, and vertebrates. In keeping with its thrust as a practical reference, this publication devotes a section to practices of actual growers. Publication 3338, from: DANR, Communications/Publications, 6701 San Pablo Ave., 2nd Floor, Oakland, CA 94608-1239, USA E-mail: danrcs@ucdavis.edu Fax: 1-510-643-5470 Phone: 1-510-642-2431 Website: danrcs.ucdavis.edu Publication & CD Notes BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, an international journal focused on the latest developments in the biological pest (insect), weed, and disease control fields, is available in both hardbound and online versions. FMI: Carfax Publishing Ltd., PO Box 25, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3UE, UK Fax: 44-0-1235-401550 Phone: 44-0-1235-401000 E-mail: sales@carfax.co.uk Website: www.carfax.co.uk

The 1999 version of TURF & ORNAMENTAL REFERENCE FOR PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS is available from: C&P Press, 888 Seventh Ave., 28th Floor, New York, NY 10102-1316, USA E-mail: bronz@cppress.com Fax: 1-212-399-1122 Website: www.cppress.com

The JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION IN THE TROPICS, published by the Malaysian Plant Protection Society (MAPPS), is well, thriving, and offering a complimentary copy of its latest issue (June 1998) containing seven papers. FMI: P.S. Durai, PO Box 12351, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA E-mail: sivasam@mardi.my Fax: 60-3-948-7639 Phone: 60-3-943-7439 Website: www3.jaring.my/mapps/mapps.htm

The 29 October 1998 issue of PHILOSOPHIC TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, issue 353 (no. 1376), entitled "Insecticide Resistance: From Mechanisms to Management," contains over a dozen insightful papers. OTHER RESOURCES BROCHURE: IPM IS A WINNER A new full color brochure from Quebec Province, CANADA, "Integrated Pest Management, Everybody Wins," describes IPM as a six-step process to: Identify friend and foe; Monitor and evaluate the situation; Use action thresholds; Manage the ecosystem; Integrate control methods; and, Evaluate the efficiency and consequences of actions. Prepared by a team of specialists, the short document proclaims that, "Not only is Integrated Pest Management effective, but it will become, in the near future, an indispensable marketing tool." FMI: R-M. Duchesne, Coordinator, Strategie Phytosanitaire, Direction de l'environment et du developpement durable Fax: 1-418-528-0405 E-mail: raymond-marie.duchesne@agr.gouv.qc.ca EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS BYE, BYE BIRDIE One non-lethal strategy for discouraging pest birds from defacing or nesting in/on buildings and other structures involves using strips of pre-formed, dense, transparent, pointed spikes to discourage landing/roosting on surfaces. The polycarbonate spikes are fabricated in 12in. (30.5cm) long sections which can be joined together and affixed to flat, round, or irregular surfaces using a variety of methods: glue, nails, screws, clamps, or wire. The spike system can be applied to cables, signs, bells or domes, statues, and many other surfaces. FMI: Bird-X Inc., 300 N. Elizabeth St., Chicago, IL 60607, USA Fax: 1-312-226-2480 E-mail: birdxinc@aol.com Phone: 1-312-226-2473 Website: www.bird-x.com

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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS research/technical topics related to IPM. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the postal address for any first author mentioned in the listed titles that follow. Please direct requests for this information via e-mail to: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu. This Month's FEATURED PAPER Arthropods, pathogens, weeds, vertebrates, and nematodes all can significantly depress both crop yield and quality of the legume, Medicago sativa L., (alfalfa, lucerne, etc.), a prized forage grown worldwide. In an organized and comprehensive article, "Integrated Pest Management in Forage Alfalfa," in a recent issue of INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT REVIEWS, C.G. Summers reviews the major strategies developed to date for managing many M. sativa pests. Strategies include: host plant resistance; cultural controls (harvest strategies, irrigation management, sanitation, planting schedules, and crop rotation); mechanical and physical controls; chemical controls; and biological tactics. The author examines the importance of multi-pest interactions and the difficulties arising from potentially conflicting pest management strategies. Several useful tables capsulize various management approaches and cross index competing actions. Electronic sources for M. sativa pest management information are included. excerpted from: IPM REVIEWS, 3(3), 127-154, September 1998.

This Month's SELECTED TILES (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories).

General "Pests and Disease of Hot Pepper (Capsicum spp.) in Tropical Lowlands of Java, Indonesia," Vos, J.G.M., and H.D. Frinking. JRNL. OF PLANT PROT. IN THE TROP., 11(1), 53-72, June 1998.


"Biological Control of Forest Pests: A Biotechnology Perspective," Palli, S.R., and A. Retnakaran. Pgs. 267-286, in: FOREST PRODUCTS BIOTECHNOLOGY, Bruce, A., and J.W. Palfreyman, eds., 1998.

"The Effect of Release Size on the Probability of Establishment of Biological Control Agents: Gorse Thrips (Sericothrips staphylinus) Released Against Gorse (Ulex europaeus) in New Zealand," Memmott, J., et al. BIOCON. SCI. AND TECH., 8(1), 103-116, March 1998.

"The Potential for Manipulating Crop-Pest-Natural Enemy Interactions for Improved Insect Pest Management," Verkerk, R.H.J., et al. BULL. OF ENTOM. RESCH., 88(5), 493-502, October 1998.


"A Comparison of Six Methods to Control Take-all in Wheat," Gardner, P.A., et al. AUSTRAL. JRNL. OF AGRIC. RESCH., 49(8), 1225-1240, 1998.

"Integrated Management of Sclerotinia Blight in Peanut: Utilizing Canopy Morphology, Mechanical Pruning, and Fungicide Timing," Butzler, T.M., et al. PLANT DIS., 82(12), 1312-1318, December 1998.

Weed Management "Chemical Control of Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) in Glasshouse Grown Tomato," Qasem, J.R. CROP PROT., 17(8), 625-630, November 1998. "Emergence Depth of Triazine Susceptible and Resistant Solanum nigrum Seeds," Kremer, E., and L.A. Lotz. ANN. OF APPL. BIOL., 132(1), 277-288, February 1998.

Entomology "Action Thresholds for the Management of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Cotton," Naranjo, S.E., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 91(6), 1415-1426, December 1998. "Movement of Corn Rootworm Larvae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Between Border Rows of Soybean and Corn in a Strip Intercropping System," Ellsbury, M.M., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 92(1), 207-214, February 1999.

"Reduced Attack of the Olive Moth (Prays oleae) Following Application of Artificial Food to the Olive Tree Canopy," McEwen, P.K., and T. Morris. JRNL. OF APPL. ENTOM., 122(2-3), 89-92, May 1998.

"Response of Soybean Insect Communities to Row Width Under Crop-residue Management Systems," Lam, W.K.F., and L.P. Pedigo. ENVIRON. ENTOM., 27(5), 1069-1079, October 1998.

"The Implications of Predicted Climate Change for Insect Pests in the UK, with Emphasis on Non-indigenous Species," Cannon, R.J.C. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOL., 4(7), 785- , October 1998.

Nematology "Plant Parasitic Nematodes Associated with Crops Grown by Smallholders in Mozambique," vandenOever, R., et al. FUND. AND APPL. NEMA., 21(6), 645-654, November-December 1998. Vertebrate Management "A New Era of Vertebrate Pest Control? An Introduction," Fall, M.W., and W.B. Jackson. INTL. BIODETER. & BIODEGRAD., 42(2-3), 85-92, September-October 1998.
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

IV. CALENDAR a global listng of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) Information was collected from, and supplied by, various sources; IPMnet expresses appreciation to all. NOTE: this issue of the NEWS contains both Calendar 1, (events new to the Calendar, or listing revised information) and Calendar 2 (All Previously Listed Events). Additional information can be found at the website: www.IPMnet.org. New and Revised listings Previously Listed events See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar

IPMnet Calendar 1. NEW=(N), or REVISED=(R) entries only

In 1999

(N) 21-22 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE BEHAVIOR OF PESTICIDES IN SOILS, GROUND- AND SURFACE WATER, Darmstadt, GERMANY. Contact: P. Backhoff, Die Akademie Fresenius GmbH, Hauert 9, 44227 Dortmund, GERMANY Fax: 49-0-231-758-9670 E-mail: akademie-fresenius@t-online.de Website: www.uaf.de Phone: 49-0-231-758-9650.

(N) 16 August-8 October INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE IN RICE, College, Laguna, PHILIPPINES. Contact: The Director, National Crop Protection Center, Univ. of the Philippines at Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, PHILIPPINES E-Mail: ncpc@laguna.net Fax: 63-049-536-2409

(N) 13-16 October 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ECOLOGY OF INVASIVE ALIEN PLANTS, La Maddalena, Sardinia, ITALY. Contact: G. Brundu, Dipartimento di Botanica ed Ecologia Vegetale, Univ. di Sassari, Via F. Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, ITALY E-mail: gbrundu@box1.tin.it Fax: 39-079-233600 Phone: 39-079-228611

(R) 17-20 October New data ** EVALUATING INDIRECT ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, IOBC Symposium, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: M. Montes de Oca, IOBC Symposium, Ave. Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, Cedex 5, FRANCE E-mail: iobc.symp@agropolis.fr Fax: 33-4-6704-7599 Phone: 33-4-6704-7530 Website: www.agropolis.fr/iobc/

In 2000

0 In 2001


IPMnet Calendar 2 PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries for 1999, 2000 and 2001 Current as of March 1999

1999 8-10 March INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN IPM: CONCEPTS, RESEARCH, AND IMPLEMENTATION, Raleigh, NC, USA. Aim: to provide a forum for examining emerging technologies and discussing constraints to their development, implementation, and integration into IPM programs. Contact: T. Sutton, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Box 7616, NCSU, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA Website: ipmwww.ncsu.edu E-mail: turner_sutton@ncsu.edu Phone: 1-919-515-6823 15-18 March 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLANT PROTECTION IN THE TROPICS, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Contact: I. Hashim, c/o C.I.P.U., RRIM Exp. Station, 47000 Sg. Buloh Selangor, MALAYSIA E-mail: drismail@lgm.gov.my Fax: 60-3-6576745

16 March MANAGING BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS IN PRACTICAL INTEGRATED CROP MANAGEMENT, London, UK. Will review the use, management and acceptance by growers, food processors, and supermarkets of beneficials in practical systems. Contact: SCI, 14/15 Belgrave Square, London, SW1X 8PS, UK Fax: 44-171-235-7743 E-mail: conferences@chemind.demon.co.uk Phone: 44-171-598-1563

16-19 March LATE BLIGHT: A THREAT TO GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY, Quito, ECUADOR. International conference organized by the Global Initiative on Late Blight (GILB). Contact: GILB, CIP, Apartado 1558, Lima 12, PERU E-mail: m.kearl@cgnet.com Fax: 51-1-349-5638 Web: www.cipotato.org

18-19 March SYMPOSIUM ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN THE TROPICS, Serdang, Selangor, MALAYSIA. Organized by the National Council for Biological Control Malaysia, in collaboration with CAB International. Contact: Symposium Organizing Committee, MARDI, PO Box 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA E-mail: anwar@mardi.my Fax: 60-03-948-7639 Phone: 60-03-943-7432 Web: www.mardi.my

18-19 March CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL RISK INDICATORS FOR PESTICIDES, Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS. Results from the European group, "Concerted Action on Pesticide Environmental Risk indicators" (CAPER). Contact: B. de Groot, e-mail: beadegroot@clm.nl

21 March-3 July 28TH INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: International Agricultural Centre, PO Box 88, 6700AB Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS Fax: 31-317-418552 Phone: 31-317-490353 Web: www.iac-agro.nl

22-27 March INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN PROTECTED CULTIVATION, International Postgraduate Course, Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: International Training Centre, WAU, POB 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS Fax: 31-317-426547 E-mail: geralda.fonteijn@secr.phlo.wau.nl Phone: 31-317-484092

23-25 March CROP PROTECTION IN NORTHERN BRITAIN 1999, Univ. of Dundee, UK. Contact: D.H.K. Davies, CPNB, Crop Systems Dept., SAC, Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian EH26 0QE, UK E-mail: k.davies@ed.sac.ac.uk

30 March-23 April INSECT PATHOLOGY SHORT COURSE, Egham, UK. Contact: S. Groundwater, CABI Bioscience UK Centre (Egham), Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, UK E-mail: S.Groundwater@CABI.org Fax: 44-0-1491-829100 Phone: 44-0-1784-470111

6-7 April IPM IN OREGON: ACHIEVEMENTS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS, Corvallis, OR, USA. Includes two U.S. national IPM leaders: H. Coble, weed scientist and former National U.S. IPM Coordinator M. Fitzner, National U.S. IPM Program Leader. Contact: Integrated Plant Protection Center, Oregon State Univ., 2040 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA E-mail: shenkm@bcc.orst.edu Fax: 1-541-737-5080 Phone: 1-541-737-3541

12-16 April 7TH SYMPOSIUM ON PLANT VIRUS EPIDEMIOLOGY, Aguadulce, Almeria, SPAIN. Contact: A. Fereres, CCMA-CSIC, Serrano 115 dpdo, 28006 Madrid, SPAIN E-mail: ebvaf22@fresno.csic.es Website: www.staff.uiuc.edu/~afereres/epicong.html Fax: 34-1-564-0800

4 May 51ST INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: P. De Clercq, Dept. of Crop Protection, Univ. of Gent, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM E-mail: Patrick.DeClercq@rug.ac.be Fax: 32-0-9-264-6239 Website: allserv.rug.ac.be/~hvanbost/symposium/index.html

19-21 May WORLD NEEM CONFERENCE (and Tradeshow), Vancouver, CANADA. Contact: M.B. Isman, Dept. of Plant Science, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, CANADA E-mail: isman@unixg.ubc.ca Fax: 1-604-822-8640

23-26 May 34TH CONGRESS OF THE MEXICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Aguascalientes, Ags., MEXICO. Contact: J. Padilla-Ramirez, ENEP-Iztacala, Laboratorio de Zoologia, Av. de los Barrios S.N., Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Edo. de Mexico, MEXICO E-mail: jorgepr@servidor.unam.mx Fax/Phone: 52-5-623-1212 Website: www.geocities.com/RainForest/Vines/7352/

21-22 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE BEHAVIOR OF PESTICIDES IN SOILS, GROUND- AND SURFACE WATER, Darmstadt, GERMANY. Contact: P. Backhoff, Die Akademie Fresenius GmbH, Hauert 9, 44227 Dortmund, GERMANY Fax: 49-0-231-758-9670 E-mail: akademie-fresenius@t-online.de Website: www.uaf.de

28 June-1 July 11TH EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, Basel, SWITZERLAND. Contact: EWRS Symposium 1999, c/o FAW, CH-8820, Waedenswil, SWITZERLAND Fax: 41-62-868-6341 E-mail: Daniel.Gut@wae.faw.admin.ch Phone: 41-1-763-6111 Website: www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/ewrs/ewrs_symp.html

5-9 July 10TH BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF WEEDS INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM, Bozeman, MT, USA. Contact: N.R. Spencer, USDA/ARS, 1500 North Central, Sidney, MT 59270, USA Fax: 1-406-482-5038 E-mail: nspencer@sidney.ars.usda.gov Phone: 1-406-482-9407 Website: www.symposium.ars.usda.gov/

6-10 July SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS-AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PARASITOLOGISTS JOINT MEETING, Monterey, CA, USA. Contact: H. Ferris, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA E-mail: hferris@ucdavis.edu Fax: 1-916-752-5809 Phone: 1-916-752-8432

19-23 July INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA, Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO. Combined: 1st Meeting of the Entomological Society of Burkina Faso, and 13th Meeting of the African Association of Insect Scientists. Contact: D. Traore, Station de Farako-ba, 01 BP 910 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, BURKINA FASO E-mail: dtraore@fasonet.bf Fax: 226-97-09-60

25-30 July 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PLANT PROTECTION, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Theme: "Plant Protection Towards the Third Millennium - Where Chemistry Meets Ecology." Contact: IPPC Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: ippc@kenes.com Fax: 972-3-514-0077 Phone: 972-3-514-0014 Website: www.kenes.com/IPPC

25 July-6 August 5TH ANNUAL IPM SHORT COURSE, East Lansing, MI, USA. Course follows "train the trainers" approach to team building, knowledge sharing and participatory learning, and provides "hands-on" experiences in various components of IPM. Contact: K.M. Maredia, Inst. of International Agric., 416 Plant and Soil Sciences Building, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, USA E-mail: kmaredia@pilot.msu.edu Fax: 1-517-432-1982 Phone: 1-517-353-5262

6-12 August JOINT MEETING OF THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETIES, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250

7-11 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY-CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY JOINT MEETING, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: F. Labatt, APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: flabatt@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

9-13 August 2ND WORLD CONGRESS ON ALLELOPATHY, "Critical Analysis and Future Prospects," Thunder Bay, ONT, CANADA. Contact: A. Malik, Lakehead Univ., Thunder Bay, ONT P7B 5E1, CANADA.

10-12 August 52ND NZ PLANT PROTECTION CONFERENCE, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: A. Rahman, Ruakura Agric. Research Centre, PB 3123, Hamilton, NEW ZEALAND Fax: 64-07-838-5073 E-mail: rahmana@agresearch.cri.nz Phone: 64-07-838-5280

16 August-8 October INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE IN RICE, College, Laguna, PHILIPPINES. Contact: The Director, National Crop Protection Center, Univ. of the Philippines at Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, PHILIPPINES E-Mail: ncpc@laguna.net Fax: 63-049-536-2409

25-28 August SHADE TREE WILT DISEASES NATIONAL CONFERENCE, St. Paul, MN, USA. Contact: C.L. Ash, American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: cash@scisoc.org Fax: 1-651-454-0766 Phone: 1-651-454-7250 Website: www.scisoc.org

29-30 August NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON OPTIMAL USE OF INSECTICIDAL NEMATODES IN PEST MANAGEMENT, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Contact: S. Polavarapu, Rutgers Center, Chatsworth, NJ 08019, USA E-mail: polavarapu@aesop.rutgers.edu Phone: 1-609-726-1590

29 August-3 September VII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON JUVENILE HORMONES, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: S.W. Applebaum, e-mail: jhvii@indycc1.agri.huji.ac.il Website: www.agri.huji.ac.il/~jhvii

30 August-24 September BIOLOGICAL PEST MANAGEMENT SHORT COURSE, Egham and Ascot, UK. Contact: S. Groundwater, CABI Bioscience UK Centre (Egham), Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, UK E-mail: S.Groundwater@CABI.org Fax: 44-0-1491-829100 Phone: 44-0-1784-470111

12-16 September 12TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Hobart, Tasmania, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Conference Design, PO Box 342, Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7006, AUSTRALIA Fax: 61-03-6224-3774 E-mail: mail@cdesign.com.au

13-16 October 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ECOLOGY OF INVASIVE ALIEN PLANTS, La Maddalena, Sardinia, ITALY. Contact: G. Brundu, Dipartimento di Botanica ed Ecologia Vegetale, Univ. di Sassari, Via F. Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, ITALY E-mail: gbrundu@box1.tin.it Fax: 39-079-233600 Phone: 39-079-228611

17-20 October EVALUATING INDIRECT ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, IOBC Symposium, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: M. Montes de Oca, IOBC Symposium, Ave. Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, Cedex 5, FRANCE E-mail: iobc.symp@agropolis.fr Fax: 33-4-6704-7599 Phone: 33-4-6704-7530 Website: www.agropolis.fr/iobc/

25-29 October SPRAY OILS BEYOND 2000: SUSTAINABLE PEST & DISEASE MANAGEMENT, Sydney, AUSTRALIA. Contact: A. Frost, Hawkesbury Technologies, UWS Hawkesbury, PO box 415, Richmond, NSW 2753, AUSTRALIA E-mail: a.frost@uws.edu.au Fax: 61-02-4570-1520 Website: www.hawkesbury.uws.edu.au/events/sprayoils Phone: 61-02-4570-1690

15-18 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1999, WEEDS, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Phone: 44-171-228-8034 Website: www.BCPC.org

22-27 November 17TH ASIAN-PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONFERENCE, "Weeds and Environmental Impact," Bangkok, THAILAND. Contact: S. Chinawong, Dept. of Agronomy, Kasetsart Univ., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903, THAILAND E-mail: agrsbc@nontri.ku.ac.th Website: aggie.kps.ku.ac.th/APWSS/index.html

12-16 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Atlanta, GA, USA. Contact: Z.B. Mayo, Dept. of Entomology, 202 Plant Industry Bldg., PO Box 830816, Lincoln, NE 68583-0816, USA E-mail: zmayo1@unl.edu Fax: 1-402-472-4687 Phone: 1-402-472-8703

2000 5-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Toronto, CANADA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax: 1-913-843-1274 E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com - - Phone: 1-913-843-1235 3-6 June XXII BRAZILIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: B.N. Rodrigues; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br

6-11 June III INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: J.B. Silva; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br Web Site: www.foztur.com.br/iwsc

12-16 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY-MYCOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA JOINT MEETING, New Orleans, LA, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

20-26 August 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: D.L. Gazzoni; e-mail gazzoni@cnpso.embrapa.br Web site: www.embrapa.br/ice

Winter (2000) SHORTCOURSE: PEST MANAGEMENT FOR EVERGREEN TREES, Madison, WI, USA. Contact: C.L. Ash, American Phytopathological Society,3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: cash@scisoc.org Fax: 1-651-454-0766 Phone: 1-651-454-7250 Website: www.scisoc.org

2001 25-29 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETTING, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

Please send information about future events or changes to: E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu, or to IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Prot. Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Fax: 1-541-737-3080

IPMnet's Sponsor IPMnet is a free global IPM information service sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP). The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 20 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

G.L. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, M. Kogan (Oregon State Univ.) is Vice chairman, A. Alvarez (Univ. of Hawaii) is Treasurer, and R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) is Executive Director.

The Consortium now maintains its administrative office at: CICP, Univ. of Illinois, N417 Turner Hall, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801-4798, USA E-mail: CICP@uiuc.edu Fax: 1-217-244-1230 Phone: 1-217-333-7346.

IPMnet's Web page (www.IPMnet.org) and computer server are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.) E-mail: CIPM@ncsu.edu

The IPMnet NEWS .....is sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations or individuals in IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, nor any individual associated with CICP, nor any of its member institutions. Viewpoints expressed in the IPMnet NEWS do not necessarily reflect those of CICP. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted PROVIDED that IPMnet NEWS is duly identified as the source.

CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe: .... J.D. Harper, chair JAMES_HARPER@ncsu.edu; A. Alvarez, D.W. Dickson; ex-officio, M. Kogan, and G.A. Schaefers.

IPMnet NEWS Editor / Coordinator: .... A.E. Deutsch, IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu.

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c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA

This World Wide Web version of IPMnet NEWS was prepared by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this document.
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