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June 1999, Issue no. 66
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs IPM for Small Plot Coffee Growing in Malawi Removal of subsidies for farming inputs has been the primary trigger for a significant reduction in chemical pest management methods used by small farms growing high quality "Arabica" coffee in northern Malawi, according to a recent survey and study. In "Coffee Pest and Disease Management Options for Smallholders in Malawi," R.J. Hillocks, et al, found that usage of both insecticides and fungicides steadily declined during the 1990's. The survey sample, while limited, revealed that small farm coffee production mainly had shifted to no pest management, or to physical means in the case of the primary insect pest, Anthores leucanotus (white stem borer), where a wire spoke is used to kill larvae in coffee plant stems.

Reporting in CROP PROTECTION, the authors note that, "The rationale in Malawi for adopting an IPM approach in small-scale coffee production has more to do with finding low-cost alternatives to commercial chemicals rather than to curtail excessive pesticide use." Even in the case of farmers able to purchase pesticides, there is need for guidance on correct application techniques to increase applicator safety and avoid environmental degradation, the article points out.

A formalized IPM strategy is being proposed involving scouting and other alternatives, plus collaboration among growers, research organizations, and a Smallholder Coffee Trust, as well as an expanded and strengthened extension component. The goal: design an overall integrated crop management system incorporating flexible pest management options contingent on fertilizer use and other cropping procedures.

FMI: R.J. Hillocks, Natural Resources Inst., Univ. of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK Fax: 44-1634-883379 E-mail: R.J.Hillocks@greenwich.ac.uk Website: www.nri.org/PMD/pmdframe.htm

excerpted from CROP PROT., 18(3), April 1999.

GLOBAL IPM NOTES ## A newly introduced variety of hard red spring wheat has the ability to slow the spread of Fusarium head blightor wheat scab, a costly fungal disease. Developed by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, the blight tolerant new variety, "McVey," retards the disease's impact on the plant's seedhead so fewer kernels are destroyed. > R.H. Busch, e-mail: busch005@maroon.tc.umn.edu Fax: 1-651-649-5058 Phone: 1-612-625-1975. ## "Serenade," a new biofungicide based on Bacillus subtilis, is said to control fireblight and scab on pome fruit, powdery mildew on apples and grapes, and bunch rot on grapes. The material, expected to be marketed in 1999, can stop plant pathogen spores from germinating, disrupt germ tubes, and inhibit attachment of the plant pathogen to a plant leaf by creating a zone of inhibition. > AgraQuest, e-mail: agraquest@aol.com Fax: 1-916-750-0153.

## The March-April 1999 issue of CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE reports on a trio of strategies biological, chemical, and mechanical with promising potential for managing the rapidly spreading weed Centaurea solstitialis, yellow starthistle. A seed head fly, the growth regulating herbicide clopyralid, and carefully timed mowing all successfully impacted the target weed. > CALIF. AGRIC., 53(2), 1999. E-mail: calag@ucop.edu Fax: 1-510-465-2659.

## "Over 525 insects and mites, 100 plant pathogens, 180 weed biotypes and 2 nematodes are reported to have developed resistance to pesticide control," according to a flyer released by a U.S. national committee concerned with the science and management of pesticide resistance.

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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. IPM MEDLEY general matters, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information Rodents = A Big Problem Globally Rodent pests, particularly rats, pose a significant field and stores problem in many of the world's crop-growing areas. Based on his extensive experience with a variety of approaches to pest control and management strategies, K. Gallagher a staff member of the Global IPM Facility at FAO, Rome recently described some general principles that seem to be common across the programs of farmer groups attempting to cope with rat control, whether in Asia, Africa, or elsewhere,. Dr. Gallagher has generously agreed to share his interesting observations with IPMnet NEWS readers. "Know thy enemy" seems to be very important. Farmer groups study the characteristics of rats longevity, fecundity, bait shyness, swimming ability, nest structure, local migration/movement trails, population levels with trap and release, teeth configuration, etc. This helps to demystify [the pest] and to make control plans easier. Apparently, different species have different bait preferences including taste, texture, and size of bait (e.g large blocks vs. smaller grains).

"Know thy territory" is another principle that comes with community mapping and marking of preferred living sites and movement. This practice should be conducted during various seasons as food resources and habitat change over the year.

"Prepare thy arsenal" with testing of traps, baits, digging, smoking, and barriers for fields and storage bins. This technical part seems to be where many programs begin, but it is only one aspect. One program in Sumatra developed a program called "One Million Traps" and communities literally made one million traps in the area! Be prepared to modify habitat to reduce nesting sites.

"Be smarter than the rats themselves" which is not easy! At least we people have organizational structures. Getting organized into "rat patrols" to prepare village sub-units to monitor, trap, bait, and dig holes on a regular long-term basis is important. Maintaining village records, maps, and reporting are part of the rat patrol job. One village person should be the "King Rat" (or some other socially appropriate name). Prepare a "Rat Manual" in the village for future reference on how it was all done for reference when rats emerge as a problem once again. These emerge as common points. The key to successful programs seems to be "prolonged organization." Rat campaigns give temporary relief, but rats spring back. Eradication is useless unless you live on an island. High tech, low tech, appropriate tech, and other techs are all ineffective without sustained action over time. FMI: K. Gallagher, Global IPM Facility, FAO, Rome, ITALY E-mail: Kevin.Gallagher@fao.org

excerpted from: Afrik-IPM Discussion List; e-mail: AFRIK-IPM@LISTSERV.VT.EDU

NRI: Engaged in International IPM The Pest Management Department of the U.K.-based Natural Resources Institute (NRI) at the Univ. of Greenwich has established a notable presence in international IPM research and development with programs in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. With a staff of 60, including a dozen currently on long-term overseas assignments, the Department is organized in four functional groups: chemical ecology, insect pathology, plant pathology & nematology, and radar entomology. Consulting services offered include research, development, and implementation of programs, all with an emphasis on environmentally-benign, socio-economic acceptability.

The operating definition of IPM for the Department notes that, "the IPM approach seeks to reduce pest induced losses by managing the agronomic, biological and socio-economic components and interactions of the entire system." IPM, and the combining of tactics in an overall strategy, is clearly the preferred context for NRI pest management activities.

Staff specialists find that pest management solutions may already exist, but require tailoring to specific local conditions. Often there is a need to train farmers, extension personnel, and commercial agents in IPM techniques. In some instances, fresh research may be required and NRI is equipped with modern laboratories, insectaries, and growing facilities to fully address all these needs.

FMI: R.J. Cooter, NRI, Central Ave., Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK E-mail: R.J.Cooter@greenwich.ac.uk Fax: 44-1634-883379 Phone: 44-1634-883204 Website: www.nri.org/PMD/pmdframe.htm.


IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication, or CD, related to, or focused on, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author/editor(s), and any other particulars or descriptive materials to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use), or returned if so requested.

IPM AND ORCHIDS With more than half its 96 pages devoted to IPM and specific pest management tactics, GROWING DENDROBIUM ORCHIDS IN HAWAII, PRODUCTION AND PEST MANAGEMENT GUIDE has far broader potential than its title implies. For instance, there is a discussion of IPM itself and specific examples of procedural changes made by growers to reduce reliance on pesticides. Editors K. Leonhardt and K. Sewake, along with other specialists, have produced a highly informative resource with extensive full color illustrations, all presented in a graphically glorious format. The soft cover, reasonably priced work also offers informative tables that are both visually appealing and easily read. FMI: CTAHR Publications, Gilmore Hall 119, 3050 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA E-mail: ctahrpub@hawaii.edu Fax: 1-808-956-5966 Phone: 1-808-956-7036 Website: www.ctahr.hawaii.edu. WEEDS AND RANGELAND The 1999 publication BIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF NOXIOUS RANGELAND WEEDS provides practical, science-based information related to sustainable rangeland weed management and restoration. Sections address topics spanning surveying techniques, detection, management, and economic components. Beyond theory, the 438-page softbound work edited by R.L. Sheley and J.K. Petroff profiles in detail 29 of the most serious weed species found in western North America identification, origin, history, distribution, invasive capability, and specific management options. Full color photos and distribution maps complement the text. FMI: Univ. of Arizona Press, 1230 N. Park Ave., Suite 102, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA E-mail: orders@uapress.arizona.edu Phone: 1-520-626-4218. PESTICIDE-LESS IPM ADVOCATED IPM the term and the conceptcoupled with reduced reliance on pesticides, is central to the message of a recent, though undated, 23-page booklet published by the UK-based Pesticide Trust on behalf of the European Commission. PROGRESSIVE PEST MANAGEMENT: CONTROLLING PESTICIDES AND IMPLEMENTING IPM espouses the need for "pesticide control" in developing countries as an integral element of expanded attention to IPM. The text's thrust is Afro-centric. A chart for "Developing an IPM Timetable" links closely with the FAO approach of farmer field schools, and suggests both offering incentives to adopt IPM (sans chemicals) and to "control pesticide advertising." FMI: The Pesticides Trust, Eurolink Centre, 49 Effra Road, London SW2 1BZ, UK E-mail: pesttrust@gn.apc.org Fax: 44-171-274-9084 Phone: 44-171-274-8895 Website: www.gn.apc.org/pesticidestrust. "CHRISTMAS" TREE HEALTH With over 130 full color illustrations, CHRISTMAS TREE DISEASES, INSECTS, & DISORDERS IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST: IDENTIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT serves as a practical reference manual with utility beyond its geographic focus. Editor G.A. Chastagner and a group of knowledgeable specialists present 156 pages of information in an IPM context and a graphically pleasing format, spiral-bound for ease of field use. The late-1997 work is Publication no. MISC0186, available from: Bulletin Office, WSU Extension, PO Box 645912, Pullman, WA 99164-5912, USA Website: caheinfo.wsu.edu Phone: 1-509-335-2857. Publication & CD Notes With more than 1,200 photos and drawings splashed across 960 pages, the second edition of AMERICAN INSECTS, A HANDBOOK OF THE INSECTS OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO, by R.H. Arnett, Jr., ranks as a comprehensive resource. The 1999 work provides complete family keys plus other useful information. FMI: St. Lucie Press, 2000 NW Corporate Blvd., Boca Raton, FL 33431-9868, USA E-mail: orders@crcpress.com Fax: 1-561-998-9114 Phone: 1-561-994-0555 Website: www.crcpress.com.

The Agroecosystems Research Group (AESRG) at Texas A&M Univ. recently announced availability of SCOUT MASTER FOR COTTON, version 3.0, on CD. Also available as a downloadable file from the AESRG website, Scout Master and a parallel program for maize/corn is a database management program that organizes both scouting and crop management information. The software includes numerous useful graphic options to help evaluate insect populations and thresholds throughout the growing season. FMI: Center for Biologically-Intensive IPM, 305 Heep Bldg., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843-2475, USA E-mail: lt-wilson@aesrg.tamu.edu Fax: 1-409-845-6305 Phone: 1-409-845-4355 Website: aesrg.tamu.edu.

Now available, proceedings of a 1998 OECD workshop, SUSTAINABLE PEST MANAGEMENT - SAFE USE OF NEW ORGANISMS, covers research, regulations, and registration of arthropods and microbial organisms, as well as other related topics including challenges and needs for the safe use of transgenic organisms. FMI: IPM Associates, Box 35009, Ottawa, ONT, K1Z 1A2, CANADA E-mail: ipmcanada@videotron.ca Fax: 1-819-772-1197 Phone: 1-819-772-1997. OTHER RESOURCES MITE SITE For a close-up view of, and background information about, numerous mite species, there is the "Mite Image Gallery" at: www.uq.edu.au/entomology/mite/mitetxt.html. The site is located on the Univ. of Queensland (Australia) server and is the result of work by D.E. Walter and colleagues. FMI: D.E. Walter, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: d.walter@mailbox.uq.edu.au Fax: 61-7-3365-1922 Phone: 61-7-3365-1564. ELECTRONIC IPM TEXT LAUDED A committee of professional entomologists and nematologists at the Univ. of Florida, USA, has awarded a coveted "Best of the Bugs" award to RADCLIFFE'S IPM WORLD TEXTBOOK website for providing "an excellent electronic textbook on Integrated Pest Management." The award is only given to those insect- or nematode-related websites judged to be among the top 5 percent. Radcliffe's site, partially sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection, is located at: IPMworld.umn.edu/textbook.htm MORE INSECT WEBSITES A scientist at the Univ. of Idaho (USA) has established several websites concerning insect identification and management. One info.ag.uidaho.edu/keys offers field keys to damaging stages of insects commonly attacking field crops in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. The information is also available as a publication and is soon to be released in CD format. FMI: R. Stoltz, Univ. of Idaho, PO Box 1827, Twin Falls, ID 83303-1827, USA E-mail: bstoltz@uidaho.edu Phone: 1-208-736-3618. IMPROVED WEB SITE The Berkeley, California-based Bio-Integral Resource Center, publisher of both the respected IPM PRACTITIONER and the COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL QUARTERLY, has revised its website to improve its user friendliness and increase the amount of information thereon. FMI: BIRC, PO Box 7414, Berkeley, CA 94707, USA E-mail: BIRC@igc.apc.org. EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS Classic Trap Updated Researchers at Virginia Polytechnic (VT)(USA) have developed a Malaise-type insect trap that is easily constructed, inexpensive, compact, portable, and effective for collecting certain insect groups. The Malaise trap (first designed by R. Malaise in 1937) is a passive flight intercept device that relies on instinctive insect behavior: strong-flying insects (dipterans and hymenopterans) attempt to escape the trap by flying upward towards light. That characteristic is employed to trap them in a container.

The VT version comprises a three-legged wooden frame fully covered on two sides with spunbonded polyester netting, and a short length of plastic pipe at the trap's apex leading to an inverted throw-away plastic milk container (screw cap facing down) which, with a strip of insecticide attached inside, functions as a specimen collector.

For construction details (including a photo and drawing) plus a report on performance, see: "An Easily Replicated, Inexpensive Malaise-type Trap Design," Platt, J., et al, JRNL. OF ENTOM. SCI., 34(1), 154-157, January 1999. FMI: J.S. Caldwell, Dept. of Hort., VPI, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0327, USA E-mail: caldwelj@vt.edu.

BYE, BYE BIRDIE - II Winner of the 1996 "Science into Practice Award" in the UK, the PEACEFUL PYRAMID birdscarer comprising a rotating, reflective pyramid driven by a small electric motor powered by a standard 12-volt automotive battery quietly discourages birds from landing in a field or other area. The revolving pyramid flashes reflected light upward at the reverse angle of the birds' approach which is said to "confuse the bird by overloading its visual sensory receptors so removing the impulse to land and feed." A light sensor switches the motor off during hours of darkness. Units are said to have an effective range of 4 ha (10 ac) and, with a fully charged battery, to be able to operate approximately 10 weeks. FMI: Peaceful Pyramid Birdscarer, Bacton Wood Mill Farm, Edingthorpe, North Walsham, Norfolk NR28 9SJ, UK Fax: 44-01-692-501032 Phone: 44-01-692-402213. EASY GRANULE APPLICATION No motor, no batteries, no moving parts. A new, light-weight, low-cost device relies on just the free force of gravity and a flick of the wrist to quickly and accurately dispense small, measured amounts of granular pesticides, fertilizers, or other materials. THE APPLICATOR, a plastic tube with a cone-shaped hopper at the upper end, is hand-held at a 45 degree angle to the ground surface causing material to flow from the hopper down the tube to the lower end and an angled internal baffle that measures and holds a set amount of material, released only when the operator rolls his/her wrist one way and back allowing material to pass the baffle and fall out of the unit's spout. Baffles come in two capacities. The device is said to handle a variety of application uses. FMI: GRG Innovations, Inc., 3571 N. 1700 E., Buhl, ID 83316, USA E-mail: info@theapplicator.com Fax: 1-208-326-5049 Phone: 1-208-326-4928 Website: www.theapplicator.com. SMALL DATA LOGGERS A new line of small, portable, battery-operated, lower-cost temperature and temperature/humidity data loggers is now available. Recorded data is stored on a unit's internal chip and can then be downloaded to a computer using a variety of operating systems. Free color catalogs are available. FMI: Dickson, 930 South Westwood Ave., Addison, IL 60101-4997, USA E-mail: info@dicksonweb.com Website: www.dicksonweb.com.
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS research/technical topics related to IPM. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the postal address for any first author mentioned in the listed titles that follow. Please direct requests for this information via e-mail to: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu. This Month's SELECTED TILES (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories).

General "Action Programmes for Pesticide Risk Reduction and Pesticide Use in Different Crops in Norway," Saethre, M-G., et al. CROP PROT., 18(3), 207-215, April 1999.

"Estimating the Economic Benefits of Alternative Pesticide Usage Scenarios: Wheat Production in the United Kingdom," Webster, J.P.G., et al. CROP PROT., 18(2), 83-89, March 1999.

"Slug Damage in Relation to Watering Regime," Speiser, B., and M. Hochstrasser. AGRIC., ECOSYST., & ENVIRON., 70(2-3), 273-282, October 1998.

"Yields, Weeds, Pests and Soil Nitrogen in a White Cabbage Living Mulch System," Brandsaeter, L.O., et al. BIOL. AGRIC. & HORT., 16(3), 291-310, 1998.


"BiocontrolRisky But Necessary?," Thomas, M.B., and A.J. Willis. TRENDS IN ECOL. & EVOLU., 13(8), 325-329, 1998.

"Enhancing Biological Control of Leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) by Sowing Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) in an Orchard," Stephens, M.J., et al. BIOCON. SCI. AND TECH., 8(4), 547-558, December 1998.

"Risk Assessment of an Exotic Biocontrol Agent: Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) does not Establish in Rainforest in South-east Queensland," Walter, D.E., et al. AUSTRLN. JRNL. OF ECOL., 23, 587-592, 1998.

"Understanding Natural Enemies: A Review of Training and Information in the Practical Use of Biological Control," Williamson, S. BIOCON. NEWS AND INFO., 19(4), 117-125, 1998.


"A Reliable Field-inoculation Method for Identifying Aflatoxin-resistant Maize," Zhang, Y.D., et al. CER. RESCH. COMM., 26(3), 245-252, 1998.

Weed Management "The Critical Period of Competition of Red Sprangletop, Leptochloa chinensis in Direct Seeded Rice," Pane, H., and M. Mansor. JRNL. OF PLANT PROT. IN THE TROP., 11(1), 1-14, June 1998. Entomology "Evaluation of a Water-soluble Bait for Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Control," Schroder, R.F.W., et al. JRNL. OF ENTOM. SCI., 33(4), 355-364, 1998. "Inherited Sterility in Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Effect of Substerilizing Doses of Radiation on Insect Fecundity, Fertility, and Control," Bloem, S., et al. ANN. OF THE ENTOM. SOC. OF AMER., 92(2), 222-229, March 1999.

"Interactions in Entomology: Enhanced Infectivity of Entomopathogenic Viruses by Fluorescent Brightners," Hamm, J.J. JRNL. OF ENTOM. SCI., 34(1), 8-16, January 1999.

Nematology "Evaluation of Methyl Iodide as a Soil Fumigant for Root-knot Nematode Control in Carrot Production," Hutchinson, C.M., et al. PLANT DIS., 83(1), 33-36, January 1999.
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

IV. CALENDAR a global listng of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) Information was collected from, and supplied by, various sources; IPMnet expresses appreciation to all. NOTE: this issue of the NEWS contains both Calendar 1, (events new to the Calendar, or listing revised information) and Calendar 2 (All Previously Listed Events). Additional information can be found at the website: www.IPMnet.org. New and Revised listings Previously Listed events See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar >

IPMnet Calendar 1. NEW=(N), or REVISED=(R) entries (only)

In 1999

(N) 21-25 June 31ST ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ORGANIZATION OF NEMATOLOGISTS OF TROPICAL AMERICA and 39TH ANNUAL MEETING OF APS-CD, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Contact: R. Vargas, PO Box 9162, Mayaguez, PUERTO RICO 00681-9162 E-mail: R_Vargas@rumac.upr.clu.edu Fax: 1-787-265-0860 Phone: 1-787-265-3859, ext. 2313 Website: www.uprm.edu/wciag/aps-cd/onta.html

(N) 24-28 August INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS IN CROP AND ANIMAL PROTECTION, Swansea, Wales, UK. Contact: T.M. Butt, School of Biol. Sci., Univ. of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK E-mail: t.butt@swansea.ac.uk Fax: 44-01-792-295447 Phone: 44-01-792-295374 Website: www.swansea.ac.uk/npg

(N) 10-12 November IOBC-WPRS WORKING GROUP, USE OF PHEROMONES AND OTHER SEMIOCHEMICALS IN INTEGRATED CONTROL, Hohenheim, GERMANY. Contact: J. Kienzle, Univ. Hohenheim, Institut 360, Otto Sander Str. 5, D-70593 Stuttgart, GERMANY Fax: 49-711-459-2408 E-mail: jkienzle@uni-hohenheim.de

In 2000

0 In 2001


IPMnet Calendar 2 PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries for 1999, 2000 and 2001 Current as of June 1999

1999 21-22 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE BEHAVIOR OF PESTICIDES IN SOILS, GROUND- AND SURFACE WATER, Darmstadt, GERMANY. Contact: P. Backhoff, Die Akademie Fresenius GmbH, Hauert 9, 44227 Dortmund, GERMANY Fax: 49-0-231-758-9670 E-mail: akademie-fresenius@t-online.de Website: www.uaf.de 28 June-1 July 11TH EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, Basel, SWITZERLAND. Contact: EWRS Symposium 1999, c/o FAW, CH-8820, Waedenswil, SWITZERLAND Fax: 41-62-868-6341 E-mail: Daniel.Gut@wae.faw.admin.ch Phone: 41-1-763-6111 Website: www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/ewrs/ewrs_symp.html

5-9 July 10TH BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF WEEDS INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM, Bozeman, MT, USA. Contact: N.R. Spencer, USDA/ARS, 1500 North Central, Sidney, MT 59270, USA Fax: 1-406-482-5038 E-mail: nspencer@sidney.ars.usda.gov Phone: 1-406-482-9407 Website: www.symposium.ars.usda.gov/

6-10 July SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS-AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PARASITOLOGISTS JOINT MEETING, Monterey, CA, USA. Contact: H. Ferris, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA E-mail: hferris@ucdavis.edu Fax: 1-916-752-5809 Phone: 1-916-752-8432

19-23 July INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA, Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO. Combined: 1st Meeting of the Entomological Society of Burkina Faso, and 13th Meeting of the African Association of Insect Scientists. Contact: D. Traore, Station de Farako-ba, 01 BP 910 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, BURKINA FASO E-mail: dtraore@fasonet.bf Fax: 226-97-09-60

25-29 July 4TH INTERNATIONAL CARIBBEAN CONFERENCE OF ENTOMOLOGY, San Juan, PUERTO RICO. Contact: L.G. Peterson, Dow AgroSciences, 1853 Capital Circle NE, Tallahassee, FL 32308, USA E-mail: lgpeterson@dowagro.com Fax: 1-850-877-7255 Phone: 1-850-877-6855

25-30 July 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PLANT PROTECTION, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Theme: "Plant Protection Towards the Third Millennium - Where Chemistry Meets Ecology." Contact: IPPC Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: ippc@kenes.com Fax: 972-3-514-0077 Phone: 972-3-514-0014 Website: www.kenes.com/IPPC

25 July-6 August 5TH ANNUAL IPM SHORT COURSE, East Lansing, MI, USA. Course follows "train the trainers" approach to team building, knowledge sharing and participatory learning, and provides "hands-on" experiences in various components of IPM. Contact: K.M. Maredia, Inst. of International Agric., 416 Plant and Soil Sciences Building, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, USA E-mail: kmaredia@pilot.msu.edu Fax: 1-517-432-1982 Phone: 1-517-353-5262

6-12 August JOINT MEETING OF THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETIES, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250

7-11 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY-CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY JOINT MEETING, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: F. Labatt, APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: flabatt@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

9-13 August 2ND WORLD CONGRESS ON ALLELOPATHY, "Critical Analysis and Future Prospects," Thunder Bay, ONT, CANADA. Contact: A. Malik, Lakehead Univ., Thunder Bay, ONT P7B 5E1, CANADA.

10-12 August 52ND NZ PLANT PROTECTION CONFERENCE, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: A. Rahman, Ruakura Agric. Research Centre, PB 3123, Hamilton, NEW ZEALAND Fax: 64-07-838-5073 E-mail: rahmana@agresearch.cri.nz Phone: 64-07-838-5280

16 August-8 October INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE IN RICE, College, Laguna, PHILIPPINES. Contact: The Director, National Crop Protection Center, Univ. of the Philippines at Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, PHILIPPINES E-Mail: ncpc@laguna.net Fax: 63-049-536-2409

22-27 August SOCIETY FOR INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY, 32ND ANNUAL MEETING, Irvine, CA, USA. Contact: B. Federici, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA E-mail: brian.federici@ucr.edu Fax: 1-909-787-3086 Phone: 1-909-787-5006

25-28 August SHADE TREE WILT DISEASES NATIONAL CONFERENCE, St. Paul, MN, USA. Contact: C.L. Ash, American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: cash@scisoc.org Fax: 1-651-454-0766 Phone: 1-651-454-7250 Website: www.scisoc.org

29-30 August NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON OPTIMAL USE OF INSECTICIDAL NEMATODES IN PEST MANAGEMENT, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Contact: S. Polavarapu, Rutgers Center, Chatsworth, NJ 08019, USA E-mail: polavarapu@aesop.rutgers.edu Phone: 1-609-726-1590

29 August-3 September VII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON JUVENILE HORMONES, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: S.W. Applebaum, e-mail: jhvii@indycc1.agri.huji.ac.il Website: www.agri.huji.ac.il/~jhvii

30 August-24 September BIOLOGICAL PEST MANAGEMENT SHORT COURSE, Egham and Ascot, UK. Contact: S. Groundwater, CABI Bioscience UK Centre (Egham), Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, UK E-mail: S.Groundwater@CABI.org Fax: 44-0-1491-829100 Phone: 44-0-1784-470111

12-16 September 12TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Hobart, Tasmania, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Conference Design, PO Box 342, Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7006, AUSTRALIA Fax: 61-03-6224-3774 E-mail: mail@cdesign.com.au

13-16 October 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ECOLOGY OF INVASIVE ALIEN PLANTS, La Maddalena, Sardinia, ITALY. Contact: G. Brundu, Dipartimento di Botanica ed Ecologia Vegetale, Univ. di Sassari, Via F. Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, ITALY E-mail: gbrundu@box1.tin.it Fax: 39-079-233600 Phone: 39-079-228611

17-20 October EVALUATING INDIRECT ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, IOBC Symposium, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: M. Montes de Oca, IOBC Symposium, Ave. Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, Cedex 5, FRANCE E-mail: iobc.symp@agropolis.fr Fax: 33-4-6704-7599 Phone: 33-4-6704-7530 Website: www.agropolis.fr/iobc/

25-29 October SPRAY OILS BEYOND 2000: SUSTAINABLE PEST & DISEASE MANAGEMENT, Sydney, AUSTRALIA. Contact: A. Frost, Hawkesbury Technologies, UWS Hawkesbury, PO box 415, Richmond, NSW 2753, AUSTRALIA E-mail: a.frost@uws.edu.au Fax: 61-02-4570-1520 Website: www.hawkesbury.uws.edu.au/events/sprayoils Phone: 61-02-4570-1690

1-4 November ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES AND EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS, San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: MBAO, 144 W. Peace River Dr., Fresno, CA 93711-6953, USA E-mail: gobenauf@agrc.cnchost.com Fax: 1-559-436-0692

15-18 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1999, WEEDS, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Phone: 44-171-228-8034 Website: www.BCPC.org

22-27 November 17TH ASIAN-PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONFERENCE, "Weeds and Environmental Impact," Bangkok, THAILAND. Contact: S. Chinawong, Dept. of Agronomy, Kasetsart Univ., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903, THAILAND E-mail: agrsbc@nontri.ku.ac.th Website: aggie.kps.ku.ac.th/APWSS/index.html

7-9 December 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PESTS IN AGRICULTURE, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: Association Nationale de Protection des Plantes (ANPP), 6, Blvd. de la Bastile, F-75012 Paris, FRANCE E-mail: anpp@anpp.asso.fr Fax: 33-1-43-44-2919 Phone: 33-1-43-44-8964 Website: www.anpp.asso.fr

12-16 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Atlanta, GA, USA. Contact: Z.B. Mayo, Dept. of Entomology, 202 Plant Industry Bldg., PO Box 830816, Lincoln, NE 68583-0816, USA E-mail: zmayo1@unl.edu Fax: 1-402-472-4687 Phone: 1-402-472-8703

2000 5-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Toronto, CANADA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax: 1-913-843-1274 E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com - - Phone: 1-913-843-1235 3-6 June XXII BRAZILIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: B.N. Rodrigues; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br

6-11 June III INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: J.B. Silva; e-mail sbcpd@cnpso.embrapa.br Web Site: www.foztur.com.br/iwsc

12-16 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY-MYCOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA JOINT MEETING, New Orleans, LA, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

20-26 August 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: D.L. Gazzoni; e-mail gazzoni@cnpso.embrapa.br Web site: www.embrapa.br/ice

Winter (2000) SHORTCOURSE: PEST MANAGEMENT FOR EVERGREEN TREES, Madison, WI, USA. Contact: C.L. Ash, American Phytopathological Society,3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: cash@scisoc.org Fax: 1-651-454-0766 Phone: 1-651-454-7250 Website: www.scisoc.org

2001 25-29 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETTING, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org

Please send information about future events or changes to: E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu, or to IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Prot. Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Fax: 1-541-737-3080

IPMnet's Sponsor IPMnet is a free global IPM information service sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP). The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 20 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

G.L. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, M. Kogan (Oregon State Univ.) is Vice chairman, A. Alvarez (Univ. of Hawaii) is Treasurer, and R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) is Executive Director.

The Consortium maintains its administrative office at: CICP, Univ. of Illinois, N417 Turner Hall, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801-4798, USA E-mail: CICP@uiuc.edu Fax: 1-217-244-1230 Phone: 1-217-333-7346.

IPMnet's Web page (www.IPMnet.org) and computer server are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.) E-mail: CIPM@ncsu.edu

The IPMnet NEWS .....is sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations or individuals in IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, nor any individual associated with CICP, nor any of its member institutions. Viewpoints expressed in the IPMnet NEWS do not necessarily reflect those of CICP. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted PROVIDED that IPMnet NEWS is duly identified as the source.

CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe: .... J.D. Harper, chair JAMES_HARPER@n csu.edu; A. Alvarez, D.W. Dickson; ex-officio, M. Kogan, and G.A. Schaefers.

IPMnet NEWS Editor / Coordinator: .... A.E. Deutsch, IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu.

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c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA

This World Wide Web version of IPMnet NEWS was prepared by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this document.
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