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January 2003, Issue no. 109
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS International IPM news and programs WAGING A LONG-TERM WEED BIOBATTLE The latest chapter in the ongoing pitched battle to control some of the worlds worst weeds in Australia through biological control recently received reinforcements. Two new insect foesa small beetle and a leaf-feeding mothhave been recruited to join a host of other bio- control agents attacking. Mimosa pigra (no common name that can repeated here).

The target is a fast spreading, thoroughly noxious plant that arrived in Australia from tropical America and, as is often the case in such introductions, took full ecological advantage of freedom from natural predators. M. pigra has thrived in tropical regions of Australia and thoroughly degraded thousands of hectares of land; one recent survey estimated that mimosa occupied 85,000 hectares in the Northern Territory alone.

A program to apply biocontrol to M. pigra in Australia began in 1979 with release several years later of two seed-feeding beetles. Since then, over a dozen biocontrol agentsten insects and two pathogenshave been identified, tested, and released. Some failed to live up to expectations, while others have been encouragingly successful in some locations.

The two newest biocontrol warriors, Malacorhinus irregularis (beetle) and Macaria palidata (leaf-feeding moth), were both identified on M. pigra in Mexicowhere there are an estimated 400 plus predators keeping the plant in checkthrough a collaborative effort between Mexico and Australia. The small, colorful beetle eats mimosa seedling leaves, while the moth savors both young and mature leaves. Together, the pair is capable of extensive defoliation, thus reducing the weed's competitive ability and significantly slowing its prolific seed production.

While prudently hesitant to predict the fate and impact of a bio-control tactic, Australian scientists are hopeful that the pressure of introduced biocontrol agents supplemented by other measures will begin to balance and eventually diminish mimosa's unchallenged expansion. *> T. Heard, CSIRO Entomology, Private Bag 3, Indooroopilly, QLD 4068, AUSTRALIA. E-mail: . Fax: 61-7-3214-2885. Phone: 61-7-3214-2843.

thanks to CSIRO information contacts for information.

GLOBAL IPM NOTES For rain-fed conditions, transplanting multiple maize varieties was a biologically efficient way to reduce Striga hermonthica infestation and yield loss. *> A. Oswald, . Metam sodium, alone and in combination with 1,3-dichloropropene plus 17-percent chloropicrin for transplant production, proved highly efficacious compared to methyl bromide. *> A.S. Csinos, . Three perspectives for evaluating weed management decision models are: biological accuracy; recommendation quality; and, ease of use. *> G.G. Wilkerson, . The U.S. National Wildlife Research Center plans to add several facilities to its existing complex including an invasive species research wing. *> NWRC, .
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

II. IPM MEDLEY General matters, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information PUBLICATIONS PERUSED AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS IPMnet NEWS welcomes mentioning any publication, or CD, focused on, or related to, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with full information to:

IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA

1. GENETICS AND SAFETY A 2002 title, GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS - ASSESSING SAFETY, risks being labeled oxymoronic in some circles, though it clearly states, "Safety is of paramount importance and the concerns of scientists and the public must be addressed." The 266-page, hardbound work sets out the advances made in agrobiochemical technology as well as the safety evaluation strategies that have been, and are being, developed and utilized. K.T. Atherton has edited the contributions of a 23-person mix of European and North American scientists and produced a contemporary monograph that covers a wide range of critical concerns. The initial six chapters discuss concepts and strategies while the last four chapters detail landmark case studies including herbicide tolerant crops and Bt-crops engineered for pest insect management. *> Taylor & Francis, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, UK. Fax: 44-0-20-7842-2298. Phone: 44-0-20-7583-9855. Web: www.tandf.co.uk

2. TWO COMPILATIONS FROM DEKKER1 Two useful, contemporary references published in 2002 by Marcel Dekker are:

Designed to summarize the status of various pest management aspects, PESTICIDES IN AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT explores the agricultural, economic, and regulatory factors that affect pesticide use, particularly in the USA. Editor W.B. Wheeler drew on the contributions of 18 experts to prepare this 342-page monograph which: opens with a chapter on (U.S.) federal IPM policy (a detailed chronicle of the scientific and technical development, mandates, and application of IPM); considers issues, elements, and risks of pesticide use; and concludes with an overview of how the crop protection industry has evolved. The hardbound work covers pesticides' range of impacts on food and human safety, water quality, wildlife, and air quality, as well as useful techniques for identifying potential problems.

A second title, BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF CROP DISEASES, analyzes bio-control agents utilized in IPM, and identifies effective, eco-friendly strategies for managing bacterial, fungal, and viral pathogens. S.S. Gnanamanickam has organized the bulk of this hardbound volume around biocontrol procedures for 12 major crops, and marshaled the material provided by an international group of 38 authorities. This 2002, 483-page treatise builds on the foundation established by a 1974 publication (BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PLANT PATHOGENS) by extensively discussing advances of the intervening three decades and the emphasis placed on increasing crop plant resistance to diseases through both site-related means as well as transgenics.

*> Marcel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, USA. Fax: 1-212-685-4540. Phone: 1-212-696-9000. Web: www.dekker.com

3. SMALL SMART SMUTS With nearly half again as many genera, the second edition of ILLUSTRATED GENERA OF SMUT FUNGI expands on the 15-year-old original, while maintaining its unique and informative character. Author K. Vanky has liberally graced the 252 pages of the 2002, softbound version with over clear 400 black/white illustrations, backed by a near exhaustive set of references, more than enough to warm the heart of even the staunchest smutophile. *> APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. E-mail: Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Phone: 1-651-454-7250. Web: www.apsnet.org

PUBLICATION & CD NOTES WEED MANAGEMENT PUBLICATIONS A dozen useful weed management workshop proceedings are available on-line from the Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management (Weeds CRC). The titles can either be downloaded (free) from: www.weeds.crc.org.au or ordered in hardcopy format from an easily accessed order form. Subjects range from bitou bush to wild radish with each workshop presenting material from multiple authors. *> Weeds CRC Publications, Fax: 61-8-8303-7311.

thanks to S. Lloyd for providing information.

PESTICIDE CD UPDATED Version 2.2 of THE e-PESTICIDE MANUAL on CD is the latest iteration and contains all the information from the hardcopy 12th edition of THE PESTICIDE MANUAL, plus an additional 19 pesticide entries since version 2.1, 14 being newly reported products. The information rich CD offers more than 5,000 current and 1,000 discontinued trade names, physiochemical details, and data for more than 400 companies. A demonstration of the CD's features can be downloaded from www.bcpc.org *> BCPC Publication Sales, Bear Farm, Binfield, Bracknell, Berks RG42 5QE, UK. Fax: 44-0-118-934-1998. Phone: 44-0-118-934-2727. E-mail: .

USEFUL MANUAL REPRINTED The 1997 MANUAL OF TECHNIQUES IN INSECT PATHOLOGY has been reprinted. The 409-page work, edited by L. Lacey, features step-by-step instructions for isolating, identifying, culturing, and storing major groups of entomopathogens, as well as much more detailed technical information related to the topic. *> Academic Press/Elsevier. Web: www.apnet.com

WEBSITE, VIDEO, & OTHER RESOURCES U.S. WEBSITE FOCUSES ON SCIENCE A recently inaugurated website "connects you to U.S. government science and technology" and offers a ton of links to various entities including IPM, pest management, biological control, and much more. Labeled "Science.gov" and located at www.science.gov the site offers a specific topic search engine as well as a "by topic" selector. Keying in "IPM" led to www.reeusda.gov the National IPM Network, among others. The site's rationale is to offer "a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by U.S. government agencies including research and development results." The site was created by an interagency working group of 14 scientific and technical information organizations from 10 major science-related agencies, or the "Science.Gov Alliance." The idea is to improve and enhance access to scientific information.

SITES PROVIDE UNIQUE HISTORY Two websites have posted chronologies directly related to the background of today's pest management processes. Both sites are highly informative as well as important records of the past, plus aids to a clearer under- standing of how contemporary pest management evolved.

(1) Bt - A Timeline and Primer. According to a recent account, Bt (the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis) was known to ancient Egyptians eons ago. Officially it was discovered in Japan in 1901; then, several decades later, it was developed into commercial insecticidal products for topical use, but only really came to the fore as an effective insect management tactic since 1996 and the emergence of transgenic crops. For a compact factual tour, see the website www.ippc.orst.edu for a brief history. Site authors W.I. Bajwa and M. Kogan offer extensive Bt-related material as well listing several other sites with additional Bt information.

(2) Insecticides and Application Processes. The pesticide information program at Clemson Univ. (USA) has pre- pared a website entitled "Fighting Our Insect Enemies," based on a "Chronological History of the Development of Insecticides and Control Equipment from 1854 through 1954" (first published by the U.S. government in 1954). The timeline traces usage (often crude, initially) of materials 150 years ago that were later dropped or banned. Some interesting factoids pop out, such as the first insecticidal residue tolerance being established in 1903. Now, some enterprising soul needs to expand this excellent start and bring the list up to present day. Website: entweb.clemson.edu

thanks to M.D. Shenk for information.

EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES ALLIANCE TO OFFER GLOBAL SERVICES Two international consulting firms that offer scientific, regulatory, and legal consulting on a wide range of topics recently announced formation of BioChemAlliance, a consortium said to provide a global perspective to registration support. EuroChemLink Ltd. and U.S.-based ChemReg International introduced the Alliance to answer needs of firms seeking a globalized approach, and an entity which will "satisfy multiple regional requirements," according to an Alliance spokesperson. The Alliance was established to provide regulatory support services to companies in the crop protection, biocide, microbial, life science, hygiene and public health control sectors. *> BioChemAlliance, www.biochemalliance.com

PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES CEO - WEED RESEARCH CENTRE Urrbrae, SA, AUSTRALIA * Serve as the chief executive officer of the Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management (Weeds CRC); provide full-scope leadership to ensure the Centre fulfills its role of bring- ing together national research and extension groups. * Requires: demonstrated and documented high level research background and research management skills; excellent interpersonal, communication, public speaking, and interview abilities; and, a thorough understanding of the rural industries and natural environmental issues in relation to plant ecology and weed management in Australia. * Contact: J. Kerin, Governing Board Chairman, Weeds CRC, PMB 1, Waite Campus, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, AUSTRALIA. Additional details and selection criteria are available from: J. Fair, . Fax: 61-8-8303-7311. Phone: 61-8-8303-6590.

RESEARCH BOTANIST, INVASIVE PLANTS Honolulu, HI, USA. * Lead the Plant Biocontrol Project; develop a state-of-the-art biocontrol-related research program for invading plants/weeds (grasses, vines, trees, shrubs, and herbaceous dicots) in Pacific Island ecosystems. * Requires: strong knowledge of the biology and ecology of invasive plants; ability to develop hypotheses and experimental designs for plant biocontrol; ability to develop tools and procedures for managing ongoing, and predicting, future invasions by non-native plant species and their impact on native species; ability to administer contracts with various entities. * Contact: C. Shahan, Personnel Office, USGS, 345 Middlefield Rd., MS-612, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. Phone: 1-650-329-4109. E-mail: . Web: jsearch.usajobs.opm.gov

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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS categories and topics related to IPM. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the postal address for any first author mentioned in the titles that follow. E-mail requests to: IPMnet@bcc.orst.edu. Featured Paper New Decision System Reduces Cost Brazilian and U.S. researchers seeking a strategy for combating postbloom fruit drop (PFD) in citrus caused by Colletotrichium acutatum modified an existing predictive model for fungicide appli- cation decision (FAD). The resulting PFD-FAD system, as reported by N.A.R. Peres, et al, in "A Fungicide Application Decision (FAD) Support System for Postbloom Fruit Drop of Citrus (PFD)," predicts the need for fungicide treatment based on: history of PFD in the grove; susceptibility of involved citrus species; bloom stage, as well as rainfall; leaf wetness duration following the rain; and, the grove's current inoculum levels. Field testing in 2001 showed that the PFD-FAD system, compared to other models and grower programs, reduced fungicide application frequency and generated a US per ha cost saving.

excerpted with thanks from PLANT HEALTH PROGRESS, 31 July 2002.

This Month's SELECTED TITLES (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories). General "Development of an Integrated Pest Management Program for Cotton. Part 1: Establishing and Utilizing Natural Enemies," Mensah, R.K. * INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 48(2), 87-94, April-June 2002. "Pollen-mediated Movement of Herbicide Resistance Between Commercial Canola Fields," Rieger, M.A., et al. * SCIENCE, 296, 2386-2388, June 2002.

Biocontrol "Are the Ecological Concepts of Assembly and Function of Biodiversity Useful Frameworks for Understanding Natural Pest Control?" Wilby, A., and M.B. Thomas. * AGRIC. AND FOR. ENTOM., 4(4), 237-243, November 2002. "Field-based Evaluation of Biopesticide Impacts on Native Biodiversity: Malagsy Coleoptera and Anti-locust Entomopathogenic Fungi," Ivie, M.A., et al. * JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 95(4), 651-660, August 2002.

Phytopathology Aphid-transmitted Potato Viruses: The Importance of Understanding Vector Biology," Radcliffe, E.B., and D.W. Ragsdale. * AMER. JRNL. OF POTATO RESCH., 79(5), 353-386, 2002. Note: the authors were co-winners of the 2002 Meritorious Service Award presented by the (U.S.) National Potato Council for research achievement. "Possibilities of Avoidance and Control of Bacterial Plant Diseases when Using Pathogen-Tested (Certified) or -Treated Planting Material," Janse, J.D., and M. Wenneker. * PLANT PATH., 51(5), 523-536, October 2002.

Weed Management "Critical Period for Weed Control: the Concept and Data Analysis," Knezevic, S.Z., et al. * WEED SCI., 50(6), 773-786, November 2002. "Yield Ranks of Glyphosate-Resistant Cotton Cultivars are Unaffected by Herbicide Systems," May, O.L., and E.C. Murdock. * AGRON. JRNL., 94(4), 889-894, July 2002.

Entomology "Insecticide Decision Protocols: A Case Study of Untrained Filipino Rice Farmers," Bandong, J.P., et al. * CROP PROT., 21(9), 803-816, November 2002. "Prolonged Dormancy in Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): A Ten-year Field Study with Implications for Crop Rotation," Tauber, M.J., and C.A. Tauber. * ENVIRON. ENTOM., 31(3), 499-504, June 2002.

Special Bt Sub-section: "Control of Resistant Pink Bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella) by Transgenic Cotton that Produces Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin Cry2Ab," Tabashnik, B.E., et al. * APPLD. AND ENVIRON. MICROBIO., 68(8), 3790-3794, August 2002.

Nematology "Management of the Peanut Root-knot Nematode, Meloidogyne arenaria, with Host Resistance," Starr, J.L., et al. * PLANT HLTH. PROG., November 2002. Electronic document at: www.plantmanagementnetwork.org

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IV. U.S. REGIONAL PEST MANAGEMENT CENTERS News, developments Website Details IPM Scouting A group at Michigan State Univ. has not only created a website for "Scouting for IPM in Michigan," but expanded the resource's content to include "Scouting for IPM in the North Central Region," and presented useful information for fruit, field crop, and vegetable production, plus other practical information.

For example, MSU specialists have prepared a "Seasonal IPM Check-list for Orchards," that, while aimed at the upper north central region of the U.S., offers 11 sections of specific, IPM-related activities ranging from preseason, through other various stages, to post-harvest, most of which could probably be adapted to almost any production situation; see www.msue.msu.edu

The useful, succinct material can be freely downloaded, printed, and utilized. Included links lead to numerous other useful sites and information sources. *> J.N. Landis, phone: 1-517-353-4951. E-mail: .

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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

V. IPMnet CALENDAR a comprehensive global listng of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, symposia, workshops, training courses, etc.) for 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 NOTES: This issue of the IPMnet NEWS lists only: (N)EW events that have not been previously cited; and, (R)EVISED events, with new information compared to an earlier listing in the IPMnet CALENDAR The complete IPMnet CALENDAR is e-mailed to all IPMnet e-mail subscribers once annually, but is kept up to date and may be requested any time from IPMnet ipmnet@bcc.orst.edu. It can also be found on the IPMnet website: www.ipmnet.org Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS at ipmnet@bcc.orst.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, a variety of sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation. New and Revised listings Previously Listed events See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar

IPMnet CALENDAR: (N)ew, or [R]evised entries only; current as of 31 December 2002. 2003 (N) 11-12 February * 19TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE of the ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY of ISRAEL, Bet-Dagan, ISRAEL. Contact: A. Harari, .

(N) 25-27 March * ANNUAL MEETING, JAPANESE SOCIETY OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY AND ZOOLOGY, Morioka City, Iwate Pref., JAPAN. Contact: Organizing Committee, e-mail: . Fax: 81-19-643-3509. Web: www.affrc

(N) 01-04 June * 3RD PAN PACIFIC CONFERENCE ON PESTICIDE SCIENCE, Honolulu, HI, USA. Contact: H. Ohkawa, Resch. Ctr. for Environ. Genomics, Kobe Univ., Rokkodai-cho 1-1, Nada-ku, Kobe City 657- 8501, JAPAN. E-mail: . Fax: 81-78-871-3617. Web: www.tilab.co.jp

[R] 10-12 November * New information * BCPC INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS, CROP SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 2003, Glasgow, SCOTLAND, UK. Contact: The Event Organisation Company, 5 Maidstone Buildings Mews, London SE1 1GN, UK. E-mail: . Fax: 44-0-20-7940-5361. Phone: 44-0-20-7940-5367. Web: www.bcpc.org (Replaces the BCPC Pests and Diseases, and BCPC Weeds conferences, last held at Brighton in 2002.)

(N) 01-05 December * 13TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE BIOLOGY OF ACTINOMYCETES, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Conference Strategy Pty. Ltd., PO Box 1127, Sandringham, VIC 3191, AUSTRALIA. E-mail: . Fax: 61-3-9521-8889. Phone: 61-3-9521-8881. Web: www.conferencestrategy.com.au Includes special interest Sub-symposia: * Potato Scab, contact: C. Wilson, . * Plant Pathogenic Actinomycetes, contact: I.T. Riley, .

2004 (N) 06-10 September * 14TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Wagga Wagga, NSW, AUSTRALIA. Contact: J. Kent, .

2005 No NEW or REVISED entries.

2006 (N) 09 May * 58TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Coupure Links, Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: K. De Jonghe, Dept. of Crop Protection, Univ. of Gent, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM. E-mail: . Fax: 32-9-264-6238. Phone: 32-9-264-6022.

(N) 06-11 August * 11TH IUPAC INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PESTICIDE CHEMISTRY, Kobe, JAPAN. Contact: IUPAC, c/o JTB Communications, Inc., Sankei Bldg. 6F, Umeda 2-4-9, Kita-ku, Osaka 530-0001, JAPAN. E-mail: . Web: www.iupac2006.jtbcom.co.jp

Please send information about future events or changes to: E-mail: IPMnetNUZ@bcc.orst.edu, or to IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Prot. Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Fax: 1-541-737-3080

IPMnet's Sponsor IPMnet is a free, global, IPM information service sponsored by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP) in close collaboration with the Integrated Plant Protection Center at Oregon State Univ. The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection/pest management, has been an international presence for over 25 years. Current members: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

J.D. Harper (North Carolina State Univ.) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, M. Kogan (Oregon State Univ.) is Vice chairman, D.P. Schmitt (Univ. of Hawaii) is Treasurer, and R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) is Executive Director.

The Consortium now maintains its administrative office at:

CICP, c/o IPPC, 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA. E-mail: CICP@uiuc.edu. Fax: 1-541-737-3080. Phone: 1-541-737-3541.

The IPMnet NEWS ISSN: 1523-7893 .....is sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations or individuals in IPMnet NEWS implies neither support nor criticism by CICP, or any individual associated with CICP, or any of its member institutions. Viewpoints expressed in the IPMnet NEWS do not necessarily reflect those of CICP. IPMnet NEWS is protected by copyright. Items in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted without permission, but only when IPMnet NEWS is clearly identified as the source.

CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe: .... J.D. Harper, chair, James_Harper@ncsu.edu, A. Alvarez, D.W. Dickson; ex-officio, M. Kogan, and R.E. Ford.

IPMnet NEWS Editor / Coordinator: .... A.E. Deutsch, IPMnet@bcc.orst.edu.

IPMnet Administrator / Director (Info Systems)(CICP): ....Waheed I. Bajwa, bajwaw@bcc.orst.edu.

Contributions to the IPMnet NEWS: .... the NEWS welcomes short articles describing research, or other IPM-related information, and opinions, as well as notices of events, publications, and materials or processes.

Subscribe / Unsubscribe: ..... send the message "subscribe" or "unsubscribe" to: IPMnet@bcc.orst.edu and include an e-mail address.

IPMnet NEWS Mailing List: ..... is a PRIVATE list and is neither rented, sold, nor authorized for use by any institution, organization, or individual beside the Consortium for International Crop Protection, which highly values the confidence, and respects the privacy, of its global readership.

To contact IPMnet NEWS:

E-mail: IPMnet@bcc.orst.edu (preferred method) Fax: 1-541-737-3080 Phone: 1-541-737-6275 Postal: IPMnet NEWS c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA
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