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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


October 2003, Issue no. 118
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

Whitefly Studies Network Expands

The International Whitefly Studies Network (IWSN) officially launched its newly expanded scope via publication of the September 2003 edition of the IWSN NEWSLETTER, which formerly served as the voice of the European Whitefly Studies Network (EWSN).

The UK-based European group had established links with numerous active whitefly research programs worldwide, creating logic for adopting an international profile. The broadened rational is to globally report and disseminate whitefly-based information.

According to the introduction in the first issue of the IWSN NEWSLETTER, information flow from and among global whitefly research efforts is critical as increasing movement of plant material and produce between countries provides added opportunities and risks for whitefly and its associated viruses to spread to new areas.

IWSN intends to establish a viable forum for international whitefly information dissemination through a combination of the newsletter, a website (www.whitefly.org still in transition from EWSN as this was written), and organization of periodic international meetings. *> IWSN, c/o John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK. EWSN.organiser01@whitefly.org . Phone: 44-0-1603-450000. Fax: 44-0-1603-450045. GLOBAL IPM: BITS AND PIECES

Agronomists at the Univ. of Missouri (USA) warn that, since drought reduces the breakdown rate of soil-applied herbicides, the risk for carryover damage to subsequent crops increases under dry conditions. *> P.C. Scharf, ScharfP@missouri.edu. Scientists at the Asian Vegetable Research & Development Center have produced tomato lines that resist Phytophthora infestans (late blight), a major problem for the crop in the African highlands. *> AVRDC, AVRDCbox@netra.avrdc.org.tw. Canadian researchers think Aleochara bipustulata, a parasitic beetle, can biologically control Delia radicum (cabbage root maggot) in canola (Brassica spp.) within a decade and generate major savings. *> N. Holliday, Neil_Holliday@umanitoba.ca. Treating hybrid maize seed with insecticidally active ingredients affected germination, depending on soil type, but did not impact final emergence/growth. *> A. Jonitz, Jonitz@lufa.bwl.de. A two-year study of Trichogramma shipments from 12 U.S. commercial suppliers found high variation and inconsistencies in the organisms provided. *> V.B. Schmidt, EvSchmidt@juno.com. An updated fact sheet, "GM Crops in the United States" from the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology in August 2003, states that GM crops are grown on 58.7 million ha. (145 million ac.) worldwide. See at: PewAgbiotech.org .
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

PUBLICATIONS PERUSED (4 in this issue)

COVERING LANDSCAPE DISORDERS

For anyone challenged to understand, diagnose, or ameliorate disorders of plants used in landscaping or as amenity plantings, a new 248-page volume offers a decidedly practical, succinct, highly visual resource. ABIOTIC DISORDERS OF LANDSCAPE PLANTS, A DIAGNOSTIC GUIDE, is a peer reviewed compilation of more than 20 factors, ranging from herbicide and other chemical phytotoxicities to water and nutrient deficiencies, affecting hundreds of plant species. Authors L.R. Costello, et al, have packed their 2003 work with more than 300 clear full color photos as well as dozens of tables summarizing a wealth of useful information, all presented in a superb graphic format. The softbound volume (ANR #3420) includes practical strategies, techniques, and tools for diagnosing plant problems, common injury symptoms and their abiotic causes, as well as plant traits that can resemble abiotic disorders. Case studies are included, plus both an extensive glossary and reference list. *> ANR, Univ. of California, 6701 San Pablo Ave., 2nd. floor, Oakland, CA 94608-1239, USA. danrcs@ucdavis.edu . Phone: 1-510-643-2431.Fax: 1-510-643-5470. Web: anrcatalog.ucdavis.edu.

PESTY MOLLUSCS

"Molluscs," notes G.M. Barker, "have been largely neglected in the pest-control literature, and yet gastropod mollusc species currently constitute some of the most significant and intractable threats to sustainable agriculture." To fill the void, Dr. Barker has edited contributions of 32 international authorities resulting in MOLLUSCS AS CROP PESTS, a 476-page monograph that sets forth a global synopsis of mollusc species or species groups as pests and describes progress toward development of management strategies. Many of the 19 chapters in the 2002 hardbound work focus on specific crop/mollusc situations worldwide and cover elements of the problems and losses inflicted, as well as control tactics deployed and their outcomes. *> CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxford OX10 8DE, UK.CABI@cabi.org . Fax: 44-0-1491-833508.Phone: 44-0-1491-832111. Web: www.cabi

PLANT DISEASE RESISTANCE

A 2002 publication, BACTERIAL DISEASE RESISTANCE IN PLANTS, Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications, reviews in depth current research within an historical framework. Author P. Vidhyasekaran analyzes numerous studies and suggests how the outcomes can influence further investigation of molecular plant-pathogen inter-actions. A vast reference list comprises more than a quarter of the 462-page, softbound tome. *> Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghampton, NY 13904-1580, USA. getinfo@haworthpress.com . Phone: 1-607-722-5857. Web: www.HaworthPress.com.

ASSESSING WEED BIOCONTRO

In September 2002, the Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management hosted the Biological Control of Weeds Symposium and Workshop. The Proceedings from that event have been published in 2003 as IMPROVING THE SELECTION, TESTING AND EVALUATION OF WEED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS, comprising 10 thought provoking papers on the growing subject of weed biocontrol. Editors H.S. Jacob and D.T. Briese have melded the material into a notable document of 107 pages in which the included authors pose a number of questions concerning the need to improve procedures, take into account biological reality, and frame efforts within ecosystems. The softbound work is CRC Weeds Tech. Series no. 7. *> CRC for Australian Weed Management, Waite Campus, Univ. of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, AUSTRALIA. Kelly.Scott@adelaide.edu.au . Fax: 61-08-8303-7311. Phone: 61-08-8303-6590. Web: www.weeds.crc.org.au. thanks to S. Vidler for providing a review copy. PUBLICATION & CD NOTES

LATEST URGE TO PURGE SPURGE

A multi-pronged approach that includes a website and a free CD characterizes the intensive output from a group of U.S. researchers and others operating under the banner of Team Leafy Spurge, and dedicated to developing ecologically-based IPM strategies that landowners and land managers can deploy for effective, affordable control of Euphorbia esula L. (leafy spurge), a highly problematic weed. Primarily a U.S. Dept. of Agriculture funded effort, the team also has produced a 30-minute documentary, "Purge Spurge: Corralling an Ecological Bandit." The "Purge Spurge: Leafy Spurge Database" has been updated with release of version 4.0. Additionally, the team has published several "how-to" style manuals, including "Herbicide Control of Leafy Spurge," as well as a wide array of other materials ranging from taxonomy to economics. *> G. Anderson, NPARL, 1500 No. Central Ave., Sidney, MT 59270, USA. teamls@sidney.ars.usda.gov Fax: 1-406-433-5038.Phone: 1-406-433-2020. Web: www.team.ars.usda.gov. YORK'S IPM REPORT

Not only is the New York State IPM program active, so is its effort to communicate program outcomes and services to diverse audiences. The most recent example is a concise, informative 8-panel, full color brochure, "The Year in Review 2002-2003," high-lighting several programs as well as conveying important, if less scintillating, information on specific funded projects, an analysis on funds distribution, and a list of research performed, all in a tidy, readable package. *> NYS IPM Program, NYSAES, Cornell Univ., Geneva, NY 14456, USA. Fax: 1-315-787-2360.nysipm@cornell.edu . Web: www.nysipm.cornell.edu . WEB, VIDEO, & OTHER RESOURCES

PEST AND BENEFICIALS IN COTTON

Of the more than 1,000 insects and spiders found in Australia's cotton fields, only 50 or so ever become abundant and as few as 30 insect and mite species cause most of the crop damage. Coupled with the increasing application of area-wide pest management, ability to identify pest and beneficial species has become critically important. To that end, the Australian Cotton Cooperative Research Centre in tandem with other agencies has now developed a web-based COTTON INSECT PEST AND BENEFICIAL GUIDE at: www.cotton.pi.csiro.au providing a wealth of information. The resource offers full color close-up photos and links to other data sources. The 2002 site, developed by S. Deutscher and L. Wilson, also includes a specific IPM section with numerous additional links. *> S. Deutscher, Sandra.Deutscher@csiro.au .

SHORT IPM PUBLICATIONS

More than 20 short publications on a variety of IPM issues are available through the Univ. of Missouri (USA) Extension at the website: muextension.missouri.edu (scroll down to Integrated Pest Management). Topics cover scouting, diseases (maize and soybean), insects, weed science, and general matters. Clicking on a title brings up an abstract; for a full downloadable PDF version, click on "Portable Document Format" at the left side of the screen under "Extras."

BIOSECURITY PERIODICAL DEBUTS

The Western Australia Dept. of Agriculture has launched BIOSECURITY IN AGRICULTURE, a periodic newsletter and communication from the region's Agricultural Protection Board, designed to help safeguard rural industries and natural resources. The initial issue, September 2003, carries a variety of information concerning plant and animal health and related biosecurity matters. The free, lively newsletter is distributed via e-mail as a PDF file, and may be requested from: M. Bracks-Burns, MBracks-Burns@agric.wa.gov.au . *> Dept. of Agriculture, 3 Baron-Hay Court, South Perth, WA 6151, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-08-9474-2018. Phone: 61-08-9368-3411. thanks to S. Lloyd for information. PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES (several)

BIOPESTICIDE DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST; Conduct, publish and communicate research related to development of biological pesticide products aimed at major arthropod pests of tropical African farming systems; maintain an entomopathogens collection; provide technical backstopping to national program specialists and market-oriented biopesticide producers.

* REQUIRES: PhD in relevant field within last 3 years; proven experience in developing and formulating biopesticides; experience with biopesticide regulation and registration; ability to work independently and interact effectively within multi-disciplinary teams and with others; strong computer literacy; fluent in spoken English, with proficiency in French desirable.

GRASSHOPPER/LOCUST IPM SPECIALIST; Intl. Inst. of Trop. Agric. (IITA), Cotonou, REP. OF BENIN

Coordinate and manage "Program for Environmentally Sound GrasshopperControl in the Sahel," a multi-organization, multi-national collaborative program; conduct "hands-on" research on ecology and population dynamics of Sahelian grasshoppers and associated natural enemies; successfully promote existing technologies.

* REQUIRES: PhD in relevant field; minimum of 3 years work experience; superior communication skills; ability to perform in a multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural environment; strong analytical and computer skills; fluent in written and spoken English, with proficiency in French desirable; experience in entrepreneurship and commercialization is desirable.

Contact: V.Waiyaki, Human Resources, IITA, c/o Lambourn UK Ltd., Carolyn House, 26 Dingwall Rd., Croydon CR9 3EE, UK.Eml. V.Waiyaki@cgiar.org. thanks to W. Hoffman for information.



PLANT PATHOLOGIST; Plan, develop, and implement locally sustainable, appropriate technology, which provides effective, economical, and environmentally safe strategies for the identification and management of plant disease/disorders; half research, half extension; establish research programs; establish linkages with a variety of publics.

* REQUIRES: MS in plant pathology, mycology, plant health, or closely related field; 5 years of intensive lab and/or field experience; record of research and publication; evidence of team interaction; experience in international or tropical environment. Vacancy No. 03-065.

ENTOMOLOGIST; Northern Marianas College, Saipan, MP, USA.

Establish research (75 percent) and extension program (25 percent) priorities based on needs assessment; identify and diagnose important (insect) pest problems of local agriculture; participate in an IPM program; interact with a diverse clientele.

* REQUIRES: MS in entomology or a closely related field; 5 years of IPM experience (implementing IPM in vegetable crops); experience conducting applied research; knowledge of tropical or semi-tropical agriculture; grant development ex-perience; evidence of team interaction. Vacancy No. 03-064.

Contact: Human Resources, Northern Marianas College, PO Box 501250 CK, Saipan, MP 96950, USA. Fax: 1-670-235-3696. Phone: 1-670-234-5498.Web: www.nmcnet.edu. thanks to W. Liebregts for information.





ASSISTANT/ASSOCIATE/FULL PROFESSOR, ENTOMOLOGY; Individuals sought to develop a nationally and internationally recognized scholarly program in areas of: Field Crops Entomology, Turf-grass Pest Management, and Insect Biodiversity/Geospatial Science; level of emphasis between learning, outreach, and discovery will depend on departmental needs and the specific interests of those hired. * RE-QUIRES: PhD in entomology, or related field; excellent English written and oral communication skills; analytical capability; ability to work successfully in multi-disciplinary teams.

STATE AGRICULTURAL PEST SURVEY COORDINATOR, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA

Develop, enhance, and promote the Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey in the U.S. state of Indiana; administer and oversee annual survey; use outreach communications (websites, literature, and presentations) to accomplish goals; supervise data entry into a database; coordinate with regulatory agencies. * REQUIRES: MS in entomology, plant pathology, or related field; minimum 1 year of program management (or an equivalent combination of education and experience); field survey experience; scientific report and manuscript writing skills; knowledge of global information systems and computer programs.

Contact: S. Yaninek, Head, Dept. of Entomology, Purdue Univ., 901 West State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907-2089, USA. Phone: 1-765-494-4554.Fax: 1-765-494-0535. Steve_Yaninek@entm.purdue.edu. thanks to E.G. Rajotte and W. Hoffman for information.

EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES

FLOW MEASUREMENT DEVICES A recently founded Belgian firm either markets, or manufactures and markets, a range of flow measurement devices for liquid applications. Advanced Agricultural Measurement Systems (AAMS) offers flow rate meters, nozzle calibrators, nozzle testers, spray tables, patternators, and other specialized equipment for controlling, calibrating, and adjusting spray application equipment. Most AAMS units are designed for lab or workshop use, not in-field. Personnel are also available for organizing courses and instruction on applicable topics. *> AAMS NV, Baljuwstraat 21, 8970 Reningelst (Poperinge), BELGIUM. info@aams.be .Fax: 32-0-5736-0430. Phone: 32-0-5736-0581. Web: www.aams.be .
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES

General "IPM and Organic Agriculture for Smallholders in Africa," Hillocks, R.J. * IPM REVIEWS, 7(1), 17-27, 2002. "The Probabilistic Economic Injury Level: Incorporating Uncertainty into Pest Management Decision-making," Peterson, R.K.D., and T.E. Hunt. * JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 96(3), 536-542, June 2003. Phytopathology

"Fungicide Treatments Affect Yield and Moisture Content of Grain and Straw in Winter Wheat," Jorgensen, L.N., and J.E. Olesen. * CROP PROT., 21(10), 1023-1032, December 2002. "Factors Limiting IPM-Compatibility of New Disease Control Tactics for Apples in Eastern United States," Rosenberger, D.A. * PLT. HEALTH PROG. doi:10.1094/PHP-2003-0826-01-RV. 2003. See: www.plantmanagementnetwork.org . Weed Management "Site-specific Herbicide Decision Model to Maximize Profit in Winter Wheat," Young, D.L., et al. * PRECIS. AGRIC., 4(2), 227-238, June 2003. "Weed Control in Cereals in Jordan," Turk, M.A., and A.M. Tawaha. * CROP PROT., 22(2), 239-246, March 2003. Entomology "Envidor(R)A New Acaricide for IPM in Pomefruit Orchards," De Maeyer, L., et al. * PFLANZ.-NACH. BAYER, 55(2-3), 211-236, 2002. "Impact of Helicoverpa armigera Larval Density and Crop Phenology on Yield and Quality Losses in Processing Tomato: Developing Fruit Count-based Damage Thresholds for IPM Decision-Making," Torres- Villa, L.M., et al. * CROP PROT., 22(3), 521-532, April 2003. "Within-field Manipulation of Potato Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and Insect Predator Populations Using an Uncut Alfalfa Strip," Weiser, L.A., et al. * JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 96(4), 1184-1192, August 2003.

Special Bt sub-Section "Effect of Bt Corn for Corn Rootworm Control on Nontarget Soil Microarthropods and Nematodes," Al-Deeb, M.A., et al. * ENVIRON. ENTOM., 32(4), 859-865, August 2003. Nematology "Plant-parasitic Nematodes Associated with Hop Production in Tasmania, Australia," Hay, F., and S. Pethybridge. * JRNL. OF PHYTOPATH., 151(7-8), 369-375, August 2003.

Vertebrate Management "Use of Frightening Devices in Wildlife Damage Management," Gilsdorf, J.M., et al. * IPM REVIEWS, 7(1), 29-45, 2002.
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U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments

Stacked Genes Thwart Wheat Pest

Scientists at Purdue Univ. report a newly discovered gene that confers extended resistance in wheat to the highly virulent and widespread biotype L of Mayetiola destructor (Say) (Hessian fly), an economically severe pest. The new gene, H31, when pyramided with several other known resistance genes, was shown to significantly increase Triticum aestivum L. (common wheat) plants' ability to withstand M. destructor by extending "the durability of resistance against this pest," noted C.E. Williams, lead scientist on the research team.

The H31 gene was found on a different chromosome than previously known M. destructor resistance genes. According to Dr. Williams, that opens up the potential to crossbreed wheat plants with three stacked resistance genes, all with strong resistance characteristics, leading to wheat several times better able to fend off Hessian fly attacks than previous varieties. The crossbreeding utilized is a non-GMO, traditional agricultural technique. *> C.E. Williams, CEWilliams@entm.purdue.edu . Phone: 1-765-494-6763. Web: news.uns.purdue.edu .
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)


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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

(N)ew or [R]evised Entries (only)

2003

(N) 18-20 November * 3RD INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND THEIR BACTERIAL SYMBIONTS, "New Paradigms for In secticidal Nematodes," Eilat, ISRAEL. Contact: I.Glazer, GlazerI@int.gov.il . Web: www.bard 2004

(N) 20-22 February * SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FLORISTS ANNUAL PEST MANAGE- MENT CONFERENCE, San Jose, CA, USA. Contact: N. Lawler, Soc. of American Florists, 1601 Duke St., Alexandria, VA 22314, USA. NLawler@safnow.org . Fax: 1-703-836-8705. Phone: 1-703-836-8700. Web: www.safnow.org

(N) 26 April-02 July * TRAINING PROGRAM ON IPM AND FOOD SAFETY; also 10-21 May * PARTICIPATORY IPM EXTENSION COURSE; 24 May-18 June * IPM TOOL AND IMPLEMENTATION COURSE; 21 June-02 July * PESTICIDES AND FOOD SAFETY IN IPM COURSE; all of the above: at Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: H.A. I.Stoetzer, IAC, Wageningen UR, PO Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Fax: 31-317-495395. training.iac@wur.nl . Phone: 31-317-495353. Web: www.iac.wur.nl

(N) 04 May-08 June * FAO/IAEA INTERREGIONAL TRAINING COURSE ON THE USE OF THE STERILE INSECT AND RELATED TECHNIQUES FOR THE INTEGRATED AREAWIDE MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Contact: V.A. Dyck, Joint FAO/IAEA Div., PO Box 100, IAEA, Wagramerstrasse 5, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA. Phone: 43-1-2600-26164. V.A.Dyck@iaea.org . Fax: 43-1-2600-7.Web: www.iaea.org

(N) 07-10 June * 2ND LATIN-AMERICAN SHORT COURSE ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF WEEDS, Montelimar, NICARAGUA. Contact: J. Medal, Course Coordinator, Entomology and Nematology Dept., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Medal@ifas.ufl.edu .Fax: 1-352-392-0190. Phone: 1-352-392-9807. Web: biocontrol.ifas.ufl.edu

(N) 21-23 July * 2004 NATIONAL MEETING, ROYAL ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, York, UK. Contact: D. Chesmore, Dept. of Electronics, Univ. of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK. Phone: 44-0-1904-432394. edcl@ohm.york.ac.uk.

(N) 31 August-02 September * 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WEED BIOLOGY, Dijon, FRANCE. Contact: J. Gasquez, UMR Biologie et Gestion des Adventices, BP 86510, 21065 Dijon Cedex, FRANCE. Gasquez@dijon.inra.fr . Fax: 33-0-369-3262. Web: www.dijon.inra.fr

(N) 05-10 September * 20TH BRAZILIAN CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Gramado, RS, BRAZIL. Contact: CBE, CP 177, CEP 95.200-000 Vacaria, RS, BRAZIL. cbe@xxcbe.com.br . Web: www.xxcbe.com.br.

(N) 05-10 September * EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY MEETING 2004, "Discovery, Development and Delivery in Plant Pathology," Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. Contact: M. Dickinson, School of Biosci., Univ. of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK. meetings@bspp.org.uk . Phone: 44-0-115-951-3236.

2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008

No (N) ew or [R]evised events (above years) to cite in this issue.
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