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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


February 2005, Issue no. 134
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

OECD Vision: Pesticide Risk Harmonization

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has proposed an "OECD Member Countries' Vision for the Future: A Global Approach to the Regulation of Agricultural Pesticides," www.oecd.org an international concept, the vision anticipates that OECD member nations and relevant stakeholders will jointly formulate, accept, and implement by 2014 some sort of harmonized system for agricultural pesticides regulation. The goal is to be able to conduct independent assessments so as to minimize risk exposure to humans, animals, and the environment.

The OECD pesticide risk reduction project began in 1994 and aims at promoting reduction through a variety of collaborative activities. These range from organizing pesticide risk reduction for a to evaluating progress, assisting with communication, developing and publicizing the economics of risk reduction, and providing a general international matrix for the concept.

Some years ago OECD organized an international workshop on IPM and pesticide risk reduction that produced a report affirming linkage between IPM and risk reduction. It identified actions that could be taken by governments, farmers, and retailers. These form the basis of the current proposal. *> R. Sigman, Pesticide Programme, OECD, 2, rue Andre Pascal, F-75775 Paris, FRANCE. Fax: 33-1-452-48500.Richard.Sigman@oecd.org. thanks: Crop Protection Monthly and OECD for information. Australian Center will Focus on Plant Biosecurity

The Australian government, recognizing the need to enhance scientific efforts to help the nation's plant industries preempt, and thereby diminish the economic and environmental impact of "emergency" plant pests, has approved funding of A,500,000 over seven years for formation and operation of a Cooperative Research Centre for National Plant Biosecurity (CRC-NPB).

The Center's goal is to counteract the impact of invasive plant pests and diseases through application of new technology and by integrating approaches across agencies and jurisdictions. The CRC-NPB expects to build scientific capabilities to develop and deliver novel technologies to end users including producers, agribusiness, and governments.

Plant Health Australia (PHA) proposed the CRC-NPB concept and presented the formal application to government. PHA chairman A. Inglis hailed approval of the Center as "a major success for PHA and all those organizations that supported PHA in this proposal."

The CRC-NPB will undertake five programs with outputs that include new technologies to identify emergency plant pest incursions, to improve surveillance systems, and to reduce losses from incursions. The new Center will bring together PHA, three other rural CRCs, a variety of state and federal departments, CSIRO, and four universities. For more, click on "media releases" at: www.planthealthaustralia.com.au excerpted, with thanks, from a PHA media release; thanks also to: S.L. Lloyd and M. Bracks-Burns for information. GLOBAL IPM SNAPSHOTS

Arthropod abundance and diversity was found to be relatively similar in a comparison between fields of Bt and non-Bt cotton. *> M.S. Sisterson, MSSister@email.arizona.edu. @ Shifting from transplanted to direct seeded rice in Malaysia has magnified serious weed management problems in padi rice. *> I.B. Sahid, Ismail@pkrisc.cc.ukm.my. @ Australian senators recommended that importers of plants which become invasive weeds in Australia pay costs of controlling them. *> Sydney Morning Herald, 08 Dec. 04, www.smh.com.au. @ Applications of a granulovirus have potential for selective control of Cydia pomonella (codling moth) in organic apple orchards. *> S.P. Arthurs, SArthurs@yarl.ars.usda.gov. @ A 20 percent solution of Simple Green [R] (nontoxic household cleaner) effectively and economically controlled post-attachment Cuscuta gronovii (dodder) in Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry). *> H.A. Sandler, HSandler@umext.umass.edu.
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

Public Financial Support of IPM for Public Benefits

In crop production, applying IPM to reduce risks to both humans and the environment can result in benefits "for the common good" that are not always readily obvious to growers, as well as what may be viewed as increased financial burdens compared to traditional cropping methods in many cases. One very powerful tool to counteract both perceived higher costs for growers and build interest in IPM involves offering offsetting financial incentives.

In their recent paper, "The Case and Opportunity for Public-Supported Financial Incentives to Implement Integrated Pest Management," scientists mainly connected to the IPM Program at Michigan State Univ., present a strong, well-documented case for allocation of public funds as a stimulus to expanded IPM adoption.

Authors M.J. Brewer, et al, writing in the JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, suggest that incentives derived from redirection of funds from current federal programs could, "provide an important opportunity for growers to increase their use of IPM," leading to desired resource conservation and environmental benefits.

Use of government funds allocated to improve pest management are currently accepted, note the authors, though rarely aimed specifically at IPM adoption by growers. But that situation is changing. Further upstream, the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture supports a national portfolio of IPM research, development, and information dissemination programs coordinated through four active regional IPM centers {the Service also provides major funding support for the IPM newsletter you are reading). Output from the Centers enhances IPM technology, information flow, and ultimately grower awareness.

Dr. Brewer and colleagues conclude that because IPM tactics biocontrol, reduced-risk pesticide application, scouting, monitoring, use of economic thresholds, etc. benefit the public good, public-supported financial incentives to accelerate and aid grower adoption of IPM are clearly warranted. excerpted, with thanks, from JRNL. OF ECON ENTOM, 97(6), 1782-1789, December 2004. PUBLICATIONS PERUSED

ULTIMATE BIOCONTROL REFERENCE

How does a well regarded, valuable biocontrol reference become even better? Expand, revise, and update it, rename it to be more inclusive of its contents and, voila! the result is the recently published (late 2004) 3rd edition of THE MANUAL OF BIOCONTROL AGENTS (formerly The BioPesticide Manual). Editor L.G. Copping has added over 100 entries, compared to the 3-year-old 2nd edition, while revamping the format to be more useful and reader friendly. The new hardbound, 752-page work contains 373 detailed descriptions of biocontrol agents used in producing over 1,400 commercial products. This world compendium offers four sections: micro-organisms; macro organisms; natural products; and semiochemicals. Entries for each agent list source, nomenclature, production, target pests, target crops, mode of action, application, biological activity, and toxicity, as well as other important information. Other sections cover common, trade, and superseded names, plus taxonomy, a glossary, and a directory of biocontrol agent producers. A separate section summarizes biocontrol requirements of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. Sample pages and specific information can be freely downloaded from the BCPC website www.bcpc.org *> BCPC Publications Sales, 7 Omni Business Ctr., Omega Park, Alton, Hampshire GU34 2QD, UK. publications@bcpc.org.Fax: 44-0-1420-593-209. Phone: 44-0-1420-593-200.

DIAMONDBACK MOTH MANAGEMENT UPDATED

As a major international event, the 4th international workshop on the management of diamondback moth and other crucifer pests (Melbourne, AUSTRALIA, late 2001,) offered a platform for sharing information which has lead to publication of a comprehensive proceedings, THE MANAGEMENT OF DIAMONDBACK MOTH AND OTHER CRUCIFER PESTS. Editors N.M. Endersby and P.M. Ridland have grouped nearly 60 papers into ten sections, spanning biology to IPM implementation, in the 415-page, softbound Proceedings, plus A.M. Shelton's keynote address, "Management of the Diamondback Moth: Deja Vu all Over Again?" *> N.M. Endersby, DPI-Vict., Private Bag 15, Ferntree Gully Del. Ctr., VIC 3156, AUSTRALIA. Nancy.Endersby@dpi.vic.gov.au. Fax: 61-3-9800-3521.

AGROECOLOGY TENETS REVIEWED

A biologist and a weed ecologist have jointly edited NEW DIMENSIONS IN AGROECOLOGY, an exploration of developments in the emerging field of agroecology. The 562-page work presents 20 papers by (predominantly north American) scientists and specialists under the broad theme of minimizing the impact of agriculture on the environment and fostering utilization of sustainable practices. In their opening chapter, editors D.R. Clements and A. Shrestha list ten "new dimensions added by agroecology" compared to traditional agronomic approaches, ranging from "systems thinking" to "a new philosophy of agriculture [which] integrates biological and cultural knowledge to strive for economic, social, and environmental sustainability." The 2004, softbound publication suggests some new areas worthy of consideration, but comes across as somewhat lagging behind the forefront of today's science and technology-based, evermore environmentally aware agriculture. *> Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice St., Binghampton, NY 13904-1580, USA. orders@HaworthPress.com. Fax: 1-800-895-0582. Phone: 1-800-429-6784.Web: www.haworthpress.com WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES

WORLD THRIPS KEY OFFERED

A recently completed CD-based pest identification aid, PEST THRIPS OF THE WORLD, is intended to provide ready assistance for identifying 99 important pest species of the family Thripidae encountered worldwide. This latest thrips key, by G. Moritz, et al, is offered in English, German, and Spanish language versions. Details can be found at www.cbit.uq.edu.au new resource includes: a Lucid key using numerous microscope images to illustrate descriptions of character states and detailed images of morphological characters for each species; a molecular key to 55 of the included species; a link to a web site for up-to-date molecular diagnostic information; a number of "about" sections regarding the background, development, and scope of thrips keys in the last decade; a section on thrips tospovirus interactions; and a glossary on thrips terminology.

The publisher/marketer, the Centre for Biological Information Technology at the Univ. of Queensland, AUSTRALIA, suggests that this CD key product will be of value to quarantine identifiers, plant health officers, virologists, and others concerned with the threat that thrips pose to agricultural and horticultural crops. *> Ctr. for Biological Information Tech., Level 6, Hartley-Teakle Bldg., Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-7-3365-1855. enquiries@cbit.uq.edu.au.

BIOPESTICIDE WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS

Proceedings from a May 2003 workshop, REGISTRATION FOR BIOCONTROL AGENTS IN KENYA, contain 17 papers arranged in four groups covering a series of relevant topics such as horticultural industry demand, research, and registration issues. As edited by M.N. Wabule, et al, the event's thrust suggests that research and application of biopesticides have outdistanced the legislative and regulatory structure needed to ensure sustainable development and commercial usage. The proceedings can be freely downloaded from the website www.cpp.uk.com either as the complete document, or as separate sessions and annexes. *> P.J. Silverside, NR International, Park House, Bradbourne Lane, Aylesford, Kent ME20 6SN, UK. Fax: 44-0-1732-220497. P.Silverside@nrint.co.uk. thanks to P.J. Silverside for information.

DIAGNOSING CROP PROBLEMS

A plant pathologist in NEW ZEALAND has had a major role in developing DIAGNOSIS FOR CROP PROBLEMS (formerly Diagnosis for Crop Protection), a computer-based tool for helping teach the techniques and elements of crop problem analysis. "Diagnosis" is a shareware multimedia software, three-program package. The latest version encourages users to devise their own scenario of crop conditions and problems. The program's readily navigated website www.diagnosis.co.nz provides details, free downloads, and assistance. Of the three programs, two are freeware and one is offered for purchase. *> T.M. Stewart, Inst. of Natural Resources, Massey Univ., Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, NEW ZEALAND. T.Stewart@massey.ac.nz. Fax: 64-6-356-5679. Phone: 64-6-356-9099, ext. 7941. thanks to T.M. Stewart for information.



INVASIVES BOOKLET REDONE

The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) has updated and reprinted the booklet 100 OF THE WORLD'S WORST INVASIVE SPECIES, and also recently produced Spanish and French versions of the same publication as: 100 DE LAS ESPECIES EXOTICAS INVASORAS MAS DANINAS DEL MUNDO, and 100 DES PIRES ESPECES EXOTIQUES ENVAHISSANTES DU MONDE. Species were selected for the list based on: 1) their serious impact on biological diversity and/or human activities; and 2) their illustration of important issues of biological invasion. Files for the English and Spanish versions can be downloaded respectively from: www.issg.org and www.issg.org Hard copies of any of the three are available through ISSG. *> ISSG, School of Geog. and Environ. Sci., Univ. of Auckland, Pri. Bag 92 019, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND. Fax: 64-9-373-7042. issg@auckland.ac.nz.

GMO BIOSAFETY MEETING PROCEEDINGS

The 322-page Proceedings of the 8TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE BIOSAFETY OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS, an event held at Montpellier, FRANCE, in September 2004, is available on line at: www.isbr.info PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

PLANT PATHOLOGIST, Davis, CA, USA.

*Conduct research, outreach, and instruction on sustainable strategies for minimizing plant disease impacts on agricultural or natural ecosystems; develop research leading to insights into plant disease dynamics; teach undergraduate and graduate courses. * REQUIRES: PhD in plant pathology, or closely related discipline; experience and interests reflecting microbial ecology and plant disease development in populations; background in quantitative analysis. See: plantpathology.ucdavis.edu CONTACT: R.L. Gilbertson, Plant Pathology, 354 Hutchison Hall, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Phone: 1-530-752-3163.RLGilbertson@ucdavis.edu. EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES

NEMATICIDES: SHIFTING PICTURE

A new commercial report, THE U.S. MARKET FOR NEMATICIDES 2004, predicts that, in the next decade, the market for liquid chemical and fumigant nematicide treatments in the U.S., currently estimated at ore than US0 million, will decrease substantially. Despite the decline, the report suggests the same market-shrinking factors are also "converging to create an underserved one, and pesticide suppliers may find an opportunity to extend the use of their existing products into this secondary application."

The recent study covers five crop categories and 21 crop and noncrop markets to assess the extent of recognized nematode damage, identify important nematode species, and examine the degree to which the problem is fought with cultural practices versus chemicals and fumigants. The study provides sales and market share data by active ingredient for 2002 or 2003 for each crop market, as well as estimates of active ingredient consumption and application rates.

The report's authors note that ongoing research is aiming to develop or enhance genetic resistance to nematodes in key crops like potatoes, tomatoes, and cotton. By 2013, nematode resistance mainly introduced via traditional plant breeding methodswill have "a major impact on nematicide chemical use for more than half of the 21 crop types examined for this study," the report concludes.

A broader analysis of the major regional markets for nematicides outside the United States is currently under consideration. *> M. Cyr, Kline Group, 150 Clove Rd., #410, Little Falls, NJ 07424-6262, USA. Fax: 1-973-435-6291.Mancer_Cyr@klinegroup.com .Web: www.klinegroup.com
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES

Phytopathology "Common and Newly Identified Foliar Diseases of Seed-producing Lucerne in France," Leyonas, C., et al. * PLANT DIS., 88(11), 1213-1218, November 2004.

Weed Science

"Weed Seedbank Dynamics in Three Organic Farming Crop Rotations," Teasdale, J.R., et al. * AGRON. JRNL., 96(5), 1429-1435, September-October, 2004.

"Zone Herbicide Application Controls Annual Weeds and Reduces Residual Herbicide Use in Corn," Donald, W.W., et al. * WEED SCI., 52(5), 821-833, September 2004.

Entomology

"Tactics for Management of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in Tomato," Riley, D.G., and H.R. Pappu. * JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 97(5), 1648-1658, October 2004.

"The Effects of Soil Fertility and Other Agronomic Factors on Infestations of Root Maggots in Canola," Dosdall, L.M., et al. * AGRON. JRNL., 96(5), 1306-1313, September-October, 2004.

Bt Sub-section "Monitoring Native Non-target Lepidoptera for Three Years Following a High Dose and Volume Application of Bacillus thuringiensis Subsp. Kurstaki," Boulton, T.J., and I.S. Otvos. * INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 50(4), 297-305, October-December 2004.

General "Spatial Sampling to Detect Slug Abundance in an Arable Field," Archard, G.A., et al. * ANN. OF APPLD. BIOL., 145(2), 165-173, October 2004.
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U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments

The Next "Roundup Ready" Candidate

Crop plants imbued with resistance to the herbicide glyphosate, known as "Roundup Ready" (RR) varieties, are well known in the U.S. for soybean and cotton production. However, the nation's third most economically valuable crop, Medicago sativa (alfalfa, lucerne), has yet to be commercially released in RR form, but is scheduled to pear in 2005, contingent on regulatory approval and logistics.

A recent 12-page paper published by the Univ. of California, "Roundup Ready Alfalfa: An Emerging Technology," presents a comprehensive review of RR alfalfa attributes as well as potential issues and impacts of this technology on both production systems and markets.

Authors A. Van Deynze, et al, address the importance and particular challenges of weed management in both seedling and established alfalfa, a premier forage crop where weeds can substantially reduce the feed value for alfalfa hay fed to dairy herds. Glyphosate applied at the appropriate growth stage was found to generate at least 95 percent weed control of nearly all weed species invading alfalfa.

The publication, pub. #8153, also cites the major concerns associated with RR technology such as weed species shifts, weed resistance, possible gene outflow to feral alfalfa, stand removal, and market acceptance for export. Strategies to address these issues are discussed. Several full color illustrations and figures are included. The document can be freely downloaded in PDF format from: anrcatalog.ucdavis.edu excerpted, with thanks to the authors and publisher.
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)


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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

(N)ew or [R]evised Entries (only)

2005 (N) 15-16 March * NORTHEAST (U.S.) REGIONAL COMMUNITY AND URBAN IPM CONFERENCE, Manchester, NH, USA. Contact: L. Thomas, eml: EGT3@cornell.edu. Phone: 1-315-787-2626. Web: northeastipm.org 09-13 May * INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AREA-WIDE CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS: INTEGRATING THE STERILE INSECT AND RELATED NUCLEAR AND OTHER TECHNIQUES, Vienna, AUSTRIA. Contact: J. Hendrichs, FAO/IAEA, PO Box 100, WagramerStr 5, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA. J.Hendrichs@iaea.org. Phone: 42-1-2600-21628. Fax: 43-1-2600-7. Web: www 16-19 May * 11TH WILDLIFE DAMAGE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Traverse City, MI, USA. Contact: R.T. Sterner, USDA/APHIS/WS/NWRC, 4101 LaPorte Ave., Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA. Fax: 1-970-266-6157. Ray.T.Sterner@aphis.usda.gov .

(N) 01-03 June * ECOLOGICAL IMPACT OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS, Meeting of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "GMOs in Integrated Plant Production," Lleida, Catalonia, SPAIN. Contact: J. Romeis, Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Reckenholzstr. 191, 8046 Zurich, SWITZERLAND. Joerg.Romeis@fal.admin.ch . Web: www.eigmo.udl.es 10-13 July * 15th CONGRESS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN AFRICA, Grahamstown, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: M.H. Villet, Dept. of Zool. & Entom., Rhodes Univ., Grahamstown, SOUTH AFRICA. M.Villet@ru.ac.za. Fax: 27-46-622-8959. Phone: 27-46-603-8527. Web: www.ru.ac.za 08-12 August * 12TH INTERNATIONAL AUCHENORRHYNCHA CONGRESS and 6TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON LEAFHOPPERS AND PLANTHOPPERS OF ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Contact: A.H. Purcell, 201 Wellman MC3112, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3112, USA. Phone: 1-510-642-7285. Purcell@nature.berkeley.edu. Web: nature.berkeley.edu 05-08 September * 5TH EUROPEAN VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Budapest, HUNGARY. Contact: K&M Congress Ltd., Podmaniczky u. 75, H-1064 Budapest, HUNGARY. Fax: 36-1-301-2001. info@kmcongress.com. Phone: 36-1-301-2000. Web: www.kmcongress.com 25-29 September * INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF APHIDS AND COCCIDS, Tsuruoka, JAPAN. Contact: H. Yasuda, Dept. of Agriculture, Yamagata Univ., 1-23, Tsuruoka, Yamagata, 997-8555, JAPAN. HYasuda@tdsl.tr.yamagata-u.ac.jp. Fax: 81-235-28-2851. Web: www.bf.jcu.cz 05-08 October * 5TH MEETING, IOBC/WPRS WORKING GROUP, INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION IN SOFT FRUIT CROPS, Stavanger, NORWAY. Contact: C. Linder, eml: Christian.Linder@rac.admin.ch. Web: www.iobc 13-15 October * ASSOCIATION OF NATURAL BIO-CONTROL PRODUCERS ANNUAL MEETING, "Beneficials without Borders," Guadalajara, MEXICO. Contact: M. Burt, ANBP, 2230 Martin Dr., Tustin, CA 92782, USA. execdir@anbp.org. Fax/phone: 1-714-544-8295. Web: www.anbp.org. * 2010

No (N) ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.
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