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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


August 2005, Issue no. 140
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

U.K. Moves to Reduce Pesticide Impacts

The U.K. is serious about reducing the environmental impact of pesticides. In 2000, proposals for levying a pesticide tax to achieve environmental benefits riveted the attention of farmers, farm product suppliers, manufacturers, and other vested interests. As a counter, groups joined together to propose a package of practices to achieve the same goals, but avoid the tax.

A signed agreement between the UK government and this group of key stakeholders was formalized in April 2001 and became known as the "Voluntary Initiative," a list of more than 20 specific measures to lower and improve the use of pesticides. The initiative is based on research, training, communication, and stewardship. Nearly 30 projects support the program's overall goals.

A recently published 2004 "Pesticide Survey Report," the second of such studies conducted by a contracted third party, estimated national pesticide practices on a wide range of elements. Findings indicate improvements and increased professionalism in pesticide usage. More than 90 percent of arable land is now under one or more crop assurance programs. Sprayer operators are better trained, if not all certified as yet, and more professional applicators are being contracted while fewer growers perform actual spraying. The overall number of operative spraying machines declined. Awareness of having spray equipment tested before being used increased.

However, the survey did reveal ongoing issues, such as filling sprayers too close to water courses, or confusion over best practices for washing or filling spraying equipment. Not surprisingly larger-scale growers with greater financial resources reflect higher adoption rates of initiative standards compared to their small-scale brethren. While observers overall found the reported results encouraging, evidence points to an ongoing need for improvement in grower and advisor effort. *> chairman@voluntaryinitiative.org.uk .Web: www.voluntaryinitiative.org.uk . excerpted in part, with thanks, from: CROP PROTECTION MONTHLY, June 2005.

International IPM Scientists Honored

B. James and N.S. Talekar, two long-time IPM scientists, received special awards for their meritorious international IPM efforts, as bestowed by the Systemwide Program on Integrated Pest Management (SP-IPM), an inter-institutional partnership program of the Consult-ative Group on International Agricultural Research.

Dr. James has served as coordinator of the SP-IPM since mid-2000, and is a senior scientist at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. Earlier he was FAO national plant protection expert for Sierra Leone. Through his manifold involvement and connections, he has worked to strengthen local and national capacity in all phases of IPM across Africa and to educate agencies and growers on the merits of IPM approaches.

During his long career at the Asian Vegetable Research Development Center, Dr. Talekar, a recognized world expert in vegetable IPM, has tirelessly researched and promoted IPM for small-scale vegetable growers throughout Asia. His work in developing pheromone-baited traps has helped minimize use of pesticides in several key crops. Talekar has been involved with establishment of a regional vegetable IPM network leading to changes with implications for improved environmental and economic conditions. excerpted, with thanks, from IAPPS (International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences) Newsletter, no. VI, June 2005, as published in CROP PROTECTION, 24, 2005. GLOBAL IPM SNAPSHOTS

Tests in the Philippines showed that direct seeded rice drilled in east-west oriented rows suppressed weeds better than other seeding systems. *-> M. Denich, M.Denich@uni-bonn.de. In 2005 Tanzanian scientists will begin the first field trials of a genetically modified crop: cotton structured to resist attack by insect pests, primarily Diparopsis castanea (red bollworm). Using a mechanical blower for releasing predatory mites reduced total costs by 50 percent and yielded improved coverage compared to manual distribution. *-> G.P. Opit, GOpit@gmprc.ksu.edu. A survey of cotton growers in the U.S. state of South Carolina found that 60-90 percent had adopted IPM strategies and realized economic gains. *-> G. Zehnder, Zehnder@clemson.edu . See: www.clemson.edu .
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

Network Notches Half-decade

A U.S.-based, multi-disciplinary online resource for applied plant science information and communication is celebrating five years of operation and exponential growth. The Plant Management Network (PMN), launched in 2000 as an outgrowth (non-fungal) of a joint effort of the American Phytopathological Society and several other groups, now involves nearly 50 partner scientific/professional societies, U.S. landgrant universities, and agribusiness firms as a result of an active promotional campaign.

The not-for-profit, non-commercial PMN publishes four peer-reviewed, citable journals; the network is designed to offer plant science practitioners electronic access to a massive database of resource material from PMN's partner organizations covering a wide range of plant science topics. Among numerous resources available to subscribers is a searchable database of more than 2,000 plant and agricultural images.

PMN, www.plantmanagementnetwork.org currently has subscribers in more than 70 nations. The dynamic network reportedly intends to further expand its stable of resource partners internation-ally. *> M. Wimer, PMN, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., Saint Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. MWimer@scisoc.org . Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Phone: 1-651-454-7250. PUBLICATIONS PERUSED

IMPACT OF FIELD BOUNDARIES

Traditionally the bulk of pest management research attention has focused on crop fields or areas themselves. But fields obviously have edges boundaries that, while neglected in many instances, often play a pivotal role in respect to pest presence and behavior in the fields themselves. Papers presented on this important topic were presented at a 2002 symposium and now have been edited into a useful 2005 publication, FIELD BOUNDARY HABITATS Implications for Weed, Insect and Disease Management. The softbound work, volume 1 of Topics in Canadian Weed Science, expresses a wide array of viewpoints and insights by nearly 30 authors, as edited by A.G. Thomas. Chapters reflect the ecological diversity of field boundary habitats in Canada, information that at minimum can be projected to a much wider geographical range. The 234-page work from the Canadian Weed Science SocietySociete Canadienne de Malherbologie (CWSS-SCM) helps clarify the importance of understanding the impact and complexity of field boundaries related to pest management as well as environmental quality and wildlife habitat. *> CWSS-SCM, PO Box 222, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QUE H9X 3R9, CANADA. Fax: 1-514-695-2365. Phone: 1-514-630-4658.assistant@cwss-scm.ca . Web: www.cwss .

SAFETY FOR SPRAYER OPERATORS

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has published three versions (English, French, Spanish) of a new, illustrated booklet to improve the protection of crops by employing safe, effective means. The SPRAYER OPERATOR POCKET BOOK / MANUAL DE OPERADOR DE ASPERSORAS / LIVRE DE POCHE DE L'OPERATEUR is aimed at growers and those who advise them, and uses extensive line drawings along with terse, large font explanatory text to drive home the im-portance of safety in the use of knapsack-style pesticide application equipment (both manually pumped and power-driven). The softbound, 2004,publication(s) incorporates clear "how-to" line drawings along with useful tables and charts. Use of operator safety gear is emphasized, as are correct methods for pesticide container disposal. Right at the opening pages a unique graphic introduces "The winding road of integrated pest management" followed by a useful discussion of IPM. A pesticide label is depicted and explained as are the guidelines for choosing which pesticide to use if a pesticide is to be used. A straight-forward glossary rounds out the handy 79-page publication. *> T. Friedrich, Ag. and Food Engineering Tech. Svcs., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, ITALY. Fax: 39-06-5705-6798.Theodore.Friedrich@fao.org . Phone: 39-06-5705-5694.

RECENT TITLES FROM CRC PRESS Plant Pathology Demystified

Intentionally written to be rather informal, PLANT PATHOLOGYConcepts and Laboratory Exercises, is intended to serve as a primary text for introductory courses by presenting a broad overview, as well as important details, about the increasingly important arena of plant pathology. Editors R.N. Trigano, et al, have drawn upon the expertise of nearly 40 specialists to compile a practical text that ranges from historic views to advice on collecting, packaging, and mailing plant samples. The hardbound, 431-page work delves into the various pathogenic groups of organisms, as well as plant-pathogen interactions, and, importantly, epidemiology and disease control. Published in 2004, the volume not surprisingly includes a glossary, but goes on to provide a brief appendix on careers in plant pathology and another section, "Fantastic Plant Pathology Websites."

Global Invasive Species Profiled

Forty five contributors from six continents have provided well known entomologist/ecologist D. Pimentel with often dramatic information about invasive species, one of the world's burgeoning and most costly biothreats. The result is a hardbound, 2004 monograph edited by Dr. Pimentel, BIOLOGICAL INVASIONSEconomic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species, that confirms the diverse, broad, and unpredictable impacts that non-native species can inflict when they invade new (to them) ecosystems. From the U.K. to New Zealand and Brazil to South Africa, bioinvaders pose both environmental and economic threats, as chronicled in this 18 chapter, 379-page work. The bulk of the text addresses impacts and estimated costs with relatively sparse commentary on approaches for stemming the tide and working for sustainable management of invasive species, such as the serious steps being taken to contain and eliminate plant escapes and noxious species in Australia, or the recent organization of a national invasive species group within the U.S. government.

For both titles: *> K. Lewis, CRC Press/T & F Group, 600 Broken Sound Parkway, NW, Suite 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487, USA. KLewis@crcpress.com . Phone: 1-877-561-994-0555.Fax: 1-561-989-9732. Web: www.crcpress.com .

WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES

AQUATIC PLANT FEEDERS

A definitive, now out-of-print 2002 publication, INSECTS AND OTHER ARTHROPODS THAT FEED ON AQUATIC AND WETLAND PLANTS, now can be freely downloaded as an unabridged online version in PDF format. The 209-page manual www.ars.usda.gov highlights the importance of plant-feeding insects on the dynamics of aquatic and wetland ecosystems and explains the life cycles of more than 50 of the most common insects and mites found in aquatic environments. Information covers both common native (to the U.S.) species and those that are naturalized imported biocontrol agents. The work is organized alphabetically by plant common name and lists those species that attack them. Sections include histories for each species, its host plants, and its biology and ecology. A separate section, "Insects with broad diets," focuses on species that feed on a diverse array of plants, including aquatic. The liberally illustrated work (full color photos) was prepared by T.D. Center, et al, and is USDA-ARS Tech. Bull. #1870.

OF WEEDY WEBSITES

If an encyclopedia is (with a dollop of literary license) a book containing extensive information about many, or just one, field(s) of knowledge, then a website pre-senting voluminous information about those plants deemed to be weeds would, of course, have to be known as an "encycloweedia," at least in California terms. True. Those staid folks at the California Dept. of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) Plant Health and Pest Prevention Services (PHPPS) have taken a light-hearted approach to naming a highly informative website, that presents "notes on identification, biology, and management of plants defined as noxious weeds by California law." The group's Encycloweedia can be found at: www.cdfa.ca.gov .The site's Noxious Weed Gallery & Data Sheets section contains extensive listings by scientific or common name, country of origin, and pest rating. CDFA created and maintains the site with Univ. of California scientists collaborating on organizing and supplementing the listed information. All that and it remains to mention the quarterly newsletter, published by the CDFA's Integrated Pest Control Branch, uniquely named, "Noxious Times." True, again. The Times is published on behalf of the California Interagency Noxious Weed Coordinating Committee, who's members represent a wide swath of agencies concerned with the expensive business of controlling noxious weeds. Despite the title, the newsletter contains nuggets of serious information. See: www.cdfa.ca.gov

BLACKBERRY HATE AND LOVE IN OZ

Among the more recent products from the prolific Centre for Biological Information Technology (CBIT) in AUSTRALIA is an interactive CD ROM focused on Rubus, both the naturalized species in AUSTRALIA as well as R. fruticosus aggregate, and those plants that are loathed and labeled "weeds of national significance" in the island nation. The work, BLACKBERRYAn Identification Tool to Introduced and Native Rubus in Australia, contains a tutorial and two identification keys, plus a fact sheet with information and images for each species as well as links to additional information. The CD, authored by botanists R. Baker and B. Baker, also includes a background discussion for Rubus classification and geographic origins, a nomenclature list, information about the use of rusts as Rubus biocontrol agents in AUSTRALIA, a glossary, and related useful information. See:www.cbit.uq.edu.au . *> CBIT, Level 6,Hartley-Teakle Bldg., Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-7-3365-1855. enquiries@cbit.uq.edu.au . thanks to S. Keel for information.

IT'S A THICKET OUT THERE

The U.S. state of Minnesota's Dept. of Agriculture (MDA) operates an active IPM Program as well as a separate Weed IPM Project, both of which utilize sections of the MDA's website at www.mda.state.mn.us . In particular, the MDA's periodic webzine, "Thicket," is "a voice for in-tegrated weed management" and intended as a vehicle for people to share ideas regarding all aspects of pest management, according to editors J. Ciborowski and A.B. Cortilet (ipm@mda.state.mn.us). The latest edition of the colorful communication, vol. 4, no. 2, Summer 2005, has over 1,000 subscribed readers with potential to reach many others via the web. The MDA web incorporates links to other pest management activities and websites.

PARTHENIUM PALAVER

With a laser-like focus on Parthenium hysterophorus, widely considered one of the world's 10 worst weeds, the International Parthenium Research News Group (IPRNG) www.iprng.org has launched a Parthenium Management Discussion Group in.groups.yahoo.com .*> P. Oudhia, IPRNG Convenor, PankajOudhia@usa.net . thanks to E. Sellers for information. PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

IPM COORDINATOR, ORNAMENTALS

Ithaca, NY, USA * Facilitate statewide IPM practices demonstration and implementation for nursery and greenhouse crops and sod production; lead program of new approaches in IPM for ornamentals; extend IPM through a variety of methods; develop informational materials cooperatively with others; conduct independent, applied, multi-disciplinary IPM research. * REQUIRES: MS (PhD preferred) in a crop protection discipline; broad knowledge of, and experience in, IPM; previous extension or education experience desirable; capability to effectively interact and communicate with a various stakeholders and collaborators; ability to generate external funding. * CONTACT: J.A. Grant, NYS IPM Program, NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. Fax: 1-315-787-2360. JAG7@cornell.edu . Phone: 1-315-787-2353. Web: www.nysipm.cornell.edu .

AREA IPM EDUCATOR, ORNAMENTALS

Western NY, USA * Facilitate statewide IPM practices demonstration and implementation for nursery and greenhouse crops and sod production; lead program of new approaches in IPM for ornamentals; provide a focus for developing, implementing, and evaluating IPM educational programs for ornamentals; in collaboration with others conduct applied research, prepare grant proposals, design workshops, and communicate IPM information at local seminars and field events. * REQUIRES: MS in a crop protection discipline; professional work experience (3-4 years) in horticulture, ornamentals industry, IPM programs, or extension; excellent communication skills; understanding of conventional greenhouse and nursery production. * CONTACT: J.A. Grant, NYS IPM Program, NYSAES,Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. JAG7@cornell.edu . Fax: 1-315-787-2360. Phone: 1-315-787-2353. Web: www.nysipm.cornell.edu . EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES

NEW LURE TARGETS MEDFLY

A joint government-industry effort has led to development of a new lure to help manage_Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly). The device, known as the Biolure 3-Component Fruit Fly Lure, uses a mixture of three compounds in a trap such as a modified McPhail unit. The new lure-trap combination is said to capture more medflies, attract fewer nontarget insects, have higher consistency between batches, last four to eight times longer than older protein based baits, and attract predominantly female medflies, an important factor in areas where sterile male insect control programs are operating. Spanish plant health agencies have reported that mass trapping with the new lure is as effective as deploying insecticides, with the added benefits of avoiding residues and not harming beneficial species. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service collaborated with the firm of Suterra LLC in refining the lure and launching a marketing program. See: www.ars.usda.gov Suterra LLC (formerly Consep), 213 SW Columbia, Bend, OR 97702-1013, USA. Fax: 1-541-388-3705. Phone: 1-866-326-6737. Web: suterra.com. adapted, with thanks, from a USDA-ARS news release.
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES

Phytopathology "Determining the Efficacy of Disease Management Products in Organically-Produced Tomatoes," Wszelaki, A.L., and S.A. Miller. * PLANT HEALTH PROG., online, 13 July 2005, www.plantmanagementnetwork.org Diseases as a Possible Consequence of Biological Attack," Nutter, F.W., Jr., and L.V. Madden. * Chapt. 23, in: BIODEFENSE: PRINCIPLES AND PATHOGENS, Bronze, M.S., and R.A. Greenfield, Horizon Bioscience, April 2005.

Weed Science

"Taking Stock of Herbicide-resistant Crops Ten Years after Introduction," Duke, S.O. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 61(3), 211-218, March 2005.

"The Economic Value of Glyphosate-resistant Canola in the Management of Two Widespread Crop Weeds in a Western Australian Farming System," Monjardino, M., et al. * AGRIC. SYST., 84(3), 297-315, June 2005.

Entomology

"Moving Towards Ecologically Based Pest Management: A Case Study Using Perimeter Trap Cropping," Boucher, T.J., and R. Durgy. * JRNL. OF EXTEN., 42(6), December 2004. Online at: www.joe.org of the Codling Moth Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lep., Tortricidae) to Pesticides in Israel," Reuveny, H., and E. Cohen. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 128(9-10), 645-651, December 2004.

Bt Sub-section

"Is there a Role for Bt Cotton in IPM for Smallholders in Africa?" Hillocks, R.J. * INTERNAT. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 51(2), 131-141, April-June 2005. Vertebrate Management "Assessment of Rodent Control Projects in Vietnam: Adoption and Im- pact, Palis, F., et al. * ACIAR Impact Assess. Series, 64 pgs., 2004. Online: www.aciar.gov.au and the African Farmer," Eicher, C.K., et al. * MSU Ag. Econ. Dept. Staff Paper 2005-08, 52 pgs., June 2005. Online: (2-line URL) agecon.lib.umn.edu bin/pdf_view.pl?paperid16821&ftype.pdf.

"State-dependent Impulsive Models of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Strategies and their Dynamic Consequences," Tang, S., and R.A. Cheke. * JRNL. OF MATH. BIOL., 50(3), 257-292, March 2005.
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U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments

Western Front Reports In

The battle against pest organisms in the western U.S. gained a new information outlet with the 2005 launch of "Western Front" (as in, war on pests) a quarterly newsletter from the Western Integrated Pest Management Center, one of four federally funded regional IPM centers across the U.S.

The attractively designed communication (the May 2005 issue is found at www.wrpmc.ucdavis.edu provides the geographically wide-spread and ecologically diverse western area with a swath of pertinent information for staying current, ranging from pest alerts to politics (where there's funding, there's politics) as well as profiles of ongoing regional programs.

"Communication," notes Center director, R.S. Melnicoe, "is our most important component." Publication of "Western Front" expands the scope of information associated with a dynamic center responsible for coordinating a pallet of IPM activities in 13 states ranging from Alaska to New Mexico and from Wyoming to Hawaii. All four regional centers strive to respond promptly to both public and private sector information needs.

To that end, the Western Center's basic function hinges on developing and maintaining a pest management network aimed at contributing to environmentally and economically sound pest management decisions. The network goal is twofold: facilitate communication among pest management stakeholders; and, provide these stakeholders with broad access to vital pest management information.

The "Western Front" masthead blends a wheat field, a city skyline, and a serene stream, three elements representing the importance of IPMimplementation across a variety of situations. *> WIPMC, One Shields Ave., Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616-8588, USA.RSMelnicoe@ucdavis.edu. Fax: 1-530-754-8379.Web: www.wrpmc.ucdavis.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from the WRPMC website and documents.
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)


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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

* (N)ew or [R]evised Entries to the IPMnet CALENDAR

2005 (N) 16-18 September * NEW ENGLAND (U.S.) INVASIVE PLANT SUMMIT, Framingham, MA, USA. Contact: J. Deely, Joan-Deely@fws.gov . Phone: 1-413-863-0209, ext. 1. Web: www.newfs.org 06-08 October * CALIFORNIA INVASIVE PLANT COUNCIL SYMPOSIUM, Chico, CA, USA. Contact: Cal-IPC, 1442-A Walnut St., #462, Berkeley, CA 94709, USA. info@cal-ipc.org. Fax: 1-510-217-3500. Phone: 1-510-843-3902. Web: www.cal 25-26 October * 27TH JORNADAS DE PRODUCTOS FITOSANITARIOS, Barcelona, SPAIN. Contact: Inst. Quimico de Sarria, JPF, Via Augusta, 390, 08017 Barcelona, SPAIN. Barelles@iqs.edu.es. Fax: 34-93-205.6266. Phone: 34-93-267.2000. Web: fitos.iqs.es. 15-16 November * U.S. NATIONAL SOYBEAN RUST SYMPOSIUM, Nashville, TN, USA. Contact: American Phytopath. Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Phone: 1-651-454-7250. MBJerkness@scisoc.org . Web: www.apsnet.org .

2006

(N) 07-09 March * 23RD GERMAN CONFERENCE ON WEED BIOLOGY AND WEED CONTROL, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, GERMANY. Contact: Institute of Phytomedicine 360, Univ. of Hohenheim, Otto-Sander-Strasse 5, 70599 Stuttgart, GERMANY. weedscience@uni-hohenheim.de . Web: www.uni .

(N) 15-19 May * MEETING, IOBC/WPRS WORKING GROUP ON INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL IN PROTECTED CROPS, MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE, Murcia, SPAIN. Contact: C. Castane, IRTA, Centre de Cabrils, Carretera de Cabrils s/n, E-08348 Cabrils (Barcelona), SPAIN. Fax: 34-93-753-3954. Cristina.Castane@irta.es . Phone: 34-93-750-7511. Web: wsiam.carm.es .

(N) 16-20 October * INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PESTICIDE USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: ENVIRONMENTAL FATE, EFFECTS AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS, Arusha, TANZANIA. Contact: M.A. Kishimba, Chemistry Dept., Univ. of Dar es Salaam, PO Box 35061, Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA. Kishimba@chem.udsm.ac.tz . Phone: 255-22-241-0244.

2007-2010

No (N) ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.


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