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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


January 2006, Issue no. 144
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

Will Insect Resistance Run Wild?

An analytical model addresses concerns that insect resistant (IR) transgenes inserted into genetically modified crops to protect against pest insect herbivory could "escape" and "take over" naturally occurring plant populations, making the latter unavailable to indigenous herbivores, and thereby trigger a negative food chain reaction due to decreased populations.

The model, notes author C.K. Kelly in "Risk Assessment for Insect Resistant Transgenes," (ISB NEWS REPORT, January 2006, www.isb.vt.edu targets ecological interaction between modified and unmodified plants and is based on temporal fluctuations (year to year variability in herbivory), long-term persistence of populations, and other factors.

The goal of the model, first reported in a 2005 paper, is to gain insight into the "importance of fitness in the interaction between individuals with and without IR alleles in nature," says Dr. Kelly. The model also has potential to be modified so as to include pathogens and organisms that attack seed, either on-plant or in seed banks. *-> C.K. Kelly, Colleen.Kelly@zoo.ox.ac.uk. excerpted, with thanks, from ISB NEWS REPORT.

Soybean Rust Symposium Results Posted

The Plant Management Network (PMN) website has posted, and made freely available, proceedings from the November 2005, first of its kind, (U.S.) National Soybean Rust Symposium, a 2-day event organized by the American Phytopathological Society (APS) that attracted more than 350 attendees.

The symposium was specifically designed to present current information and technical research data on Phakopsora pachyrhizi (soybean rust) as well as identify priorities for strategic responses and research planning in the areas of surveillance, reporting, management, and predicting.

At the website www.plantmanagementnetwork.org a mouse click on the green symposium icon at top right of the home page opens the symposium page where users can select any of 43 stand-alone presentations, as well as abstracts of 53 posters. Additionally, results from three smaller group discussions have been compiled and can be viewed. PMN is affiliated with APS. information excerpted, with thanks, from an APS announcement. ** NOTE: Another highly informative source is the Soybean Rust Information Site at www.usda.gov. sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Identification keys, disease information, and a national soybean rust pest alert (in both Spanish and English) can be found here. So too can links to several other sites and centers involved in the battle against P. pachyrhizi. GLOBAL IPM SNAPSHOTS

Combining three cultural measures deep planting, use of transplants, and shallow tillage strongly reduced Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. parasitism of a sensitive sorghum variety. *-> A. van Ast, Aad.vanAst@wur.nl.

Weed management integrating weed population dynamics knowledge with cultural tactics and long-term plans helped reduce herbicide use 50 percent. *-> R.L. Anderson, RAnderson@ngirl.ars.usda.gov.

The fungus Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) (angular leaf spot) was best managed by burying infested plant debris, rotating crops for two years, growing least susceptible varieties, and using fungicide. *-> M. Celetti, Michael.Celetti@omaf.gov.on.ca.

Researchers tested 19 "wildflower" seed packets and found 36 species considered invasive, and at least four known to be noxious weeds. *-> S. Hines, c/o, Reichard@u.washington.edu.

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IPM MEDLEY publications and other IPM information resources

PUBLICATIONS PERUSED

A BROAD PERSPECTIVE OF IPM

Beyond its ecological, environmental, and economic relevance, IPM can be viewed as bearing on the critical matter of ensuring food security. It is from this perspective that the 2005, 2-volume INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS has sprung. Author/editors A. Singh, et al, have tapped a contingent of India-based experts to address IPM and its many facets as "the cardinal principle of plant [crop] protection to minimize the indiscriminate and injudicious use of chemical pesticides in agriculture," as identified by the Indian National Agricultural Policy of 2001. The first of the twin volumes tackles "principles" [note: the second volume on "applications" was not in hand] in depth covering the main pest categories, as well as the basic underlying philosophy of encouraging natural enemies of pests of the major economically important crops. Dr. Singh introduces the 420-page, hardbound work citing agriculture as "not only the backbone of India's economy and food security, but also a way of life and anchor of the livelihood of Indian people," thus imbuing with nationalistic fervor the importance of fostering IPM . Seventeen chapters range from concepts to more prosaic aspects of regulation and evolutionary trends. Numerous full color plates placed throughout augment the text. *-> H.S. Poplai, CBS Publishers, 4596/1-A, 11 Darya Ganj, New Delhi 110002, INDIA. cbspubs@del3.vsnl.net.in. Fax: 91-11-232-76712. Phone: 91-11-232-89259. Web: www.cbspd.com.

WEED BIOCONTROL CHRONICLE

More than a century of weed biocontrol efforts in Australia's Queensland Province hark back to intentional introduction of a cochineal bug in 1903 and encompass the wildly successful biocontrol of prickly pear in the 1920's-1930's to more recent misadventures with the cane toad. These are but a handful of fascinating historical events artfully presented in RECLAIMING LOST PROVINCES, A CENTURY OF WEED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN QUEENSLAND, a 2005 volume published by the Queensland government. Author and pest management specialist C. Walton draws on extensive historical data to describe and evaluate biocontrol attempts aimed at some of the continent's most notorious weed species. The softbound, 112-page work is an engaging narrative of biocontrol believers and skeptics, a few victories some notably huge and numerous setbacks, all presented in a generously illustrated format blending historical and contemporary photos, both in color and monotone. Material also includes extensive notes and a table of current weed biocontrol agents. Researchers grappling with biocontrol of weed species worldwide should find this highly attractive work a useful addition to their literature collections. *-> C. Walton, GPO Box 2454, Brisbane, QLD 4000, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-07-3405-5551. Craig.Walton@nrm.qld.gov.au. Phone: 61-07-3405-5541. Web: tinyurl.com

BETTER Plutella BIOCONTROL

Since Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth) is a widely en- countered major pest insect of crucifers that resists many insecticides, research has increasingly turned to biological control, but with inconsistent results. An international symposium was convened in 2002, and from it has come IMPROVING BIOCONTROL OF Plutella xylostella, a 2004 publication incorporating key papers from, and the proceedings of, the symposium by a cohort of international experts. The softbound, 274-page monograph edited by A.A. Kirk and D. Bordat, discusses the status of Plutella and control measures used in various regions, as well as recommendations for improving the effectiveness of biocontrol. *-> C. Jacquet, CIRAD, TA 483/05, Ave. Agropolis, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, FRANCE. Christiane.Jacquet@cirad.fr. Phone: 33-04-676-16553.

KEEPING PESTICIDE RECORDS

Applying pesticides in the U.S. (and probably many other nations) involves keeping careful records of what was applied, when, by whom, and other details. A very handy, no-nonsense, adjunct for carrying out and organizing the necessary data logging is the RECORDKEEPING MANUAL FOR PRIVATE PESTICIDE APPLICATORS, a 52-page publication from the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture based on material originally developed by scientists W. Buhler and J.W. Burnette, Jr. In addition to explaining the record keeping process and rationale, this 52-page (mostly blank forms) publication includes a section on the all-important matter of sprayer calibration as well as a table of useful measurements. The 2004 manual is spiral bound so it lays flat for ease of use, and copies are free. *-> USDA Pesticide Records Branch, 8609 Sudley Rd., Suite 203, Manassas, VA 20110-4582, USA. Phone: 1-703-330-7826. amspesticide.records@usda.gov. WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES

PRODUCE, EXPORT, AND PESTICIDES

A new, extensive database provides fruit and vegetable growers, exporters, and importers with critical pesticide application information and regulations needed for successfully importing produce to many countries. Developed by the U.S. National Science Foundation Center for Integrated Pest Management (known as CIPM) at North Carolina State Univ., the online International Pesticide Application Database contains critically important information categories. By entering a target country, crop name, pesticide type, and post harvest interval in the pull-down menus, a user and the information is available to anyone obtains a list of pesticides labeled for use with that specific crop, as well as those suitable for export, plus associated pesticide application restriction (PAR) information. The continually updated system is based on pesticide label information, and pesticide maximum residue limit (MRL) data obtained from governmental agencies and international organizations. The database said to contain registration information for more than 1,100 pesticides, 20,000 MRL data entries, and 20,000 PAR listingsˇV-is at cipm.ncsu.edu *-> Y. Xia, CIPM, Box 7553, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27606, USA. Yulu-Xia@ncsu.edu. Fax: 1-919-513-1114.

WEEDS AND BIOCONTROL

The journal BIOLOGICAL CONTROL has devoted its December 2005 issue (vol. 35, issue 3) to the special topic, "Science and Decision Making in Biological Control of Weeds: Benefits and Risks of Biological Control." Issue editors R.I. Carruthers and C.M. D'Antonio have included 20 papers on a variety of pertinent topics ranging from biology through economics to legal implications, prepared by an international group of scientists and authorities. *-> R.I. Carruthers, RIC@pw.usda.gov.

PESTS AND BENEFICIALS

Entomologists D.A. Herbert, Jr., and S. Malone, with input from nearly two dozen collaborators, have put together MID-ATLANTIC GUIDE TO THE INSECT PESTS AND BENEFICIALS OF CORN, SOYBEAN, AND SMALL GRAINS, an extensively illustrated reference aimed at helping improve ready identification of key organisms in several front rank crops. With numerous full color, clear close up photos, the 36-page, pocket-sized [13.5x8 cm (5x3 in.)] guide includes illustrated keys and brief text comments. The handy 2005 publication (no. 444-360) is both spiral bound and printed on water resistant paperstock to facilitate field use. Single copies are free on request. *-> B. Swain, Ext. Dist. Ctr., 112 Landsdowne St., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. divot@vt.edu. Phone: 1-540-382-0903.

KIDS LIKE IPM TOO

Tomorrow's citizens (as well as today's) need to know about IPM, and the IPM Institute of North America has developed IPM Super Sleuth, a unique website, to (primarily) address the needs of an inquisitive younger audience www.ipminstitute.org The colorful site, edited by T.A. Green, uses word searches, crossword puzzles, matching and concentration games, and quizzes to introduce IPM concepts. Dr. Green has pulled together materials from a variety of sources. A complete 114-page IPM Super Sleuth document can be downloaded as well as individual activities. Teachers and parents seeking additional information resources related to IPM can find them in the annotated links section. *-> IPM Institute of North America, ipmworks@ipminstitute.org. Fax: 1-608-232-1530. Phone: 1-608-232-1528. thanks to A.S. Cooper for information.

CREEPER DOESN'T SLEEP

The latest issue of THE BRIDAL CREEPER, not a lurid, bodice-ripping mystery publication, but the illustrated, 4-color, 4-page newsletter of the Australian national asparagus weeds management committee, is vol. 1, no. 3, published in December 2005, and can be found online at: www.weeds.org.au *> D. Gannaway, GPO Box 2834, Adelaide, SA 5001, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-08-8303-9555. Gannaway.Dennis@saugov.sa.gov.au. Phone: 61-08-8303-9748. PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

RESEARCH SCIENTIST (INSECT TOXICOLOGY/MANAGEMENT), London, ONT, CANADA * Conduct research to advance knowledge and measure impact of new, reduced risk pest insect control agents; develop IPM strategies and sustainable agricultural practices; actively seek research opportunities and external funding; supervise staff; provide relevant information to others. * REQUIRES: PhD in toxicology, entomology, pesticide chemistry, pest management, or related discipline; extensive recent experience in toxicology/pest (insect) management; experience integrating laboratory research observations into operational integrated management programs for arthropod pests of horticultural and field crops; ability to publish peer reviewed papers; fluency in English. * CONTACT: all information listed at: www.jobs (scroll down to "research scientist").

PESTICIDE INFORMATION SPECIALIST , Corvallis, OR, USA * Provide objective, science-based information on a variety of pesticide-related topics to the public and professionals; develop fact sheets that promote a broader understanding of issues related to pesticide use; respond to inquiries; help maintain a pesticide incident database; develop and maintain knowledge of pesticides and related information. * REQUIRES: BS degree (MS preferred) in a pesticide related discipline; experience in a pesticide-related field; ability to communicate clearly and to provide factual, unbiased information. * CONTACT: Search Comm., NPIC, EMT Dept., 333 Weniger Hall, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331-6502, USA. Web: npic.orst.edu.

SCIENTIST (PLANT-NEMATODE INTERACTIONS) , Columbia, MO, USA * Perform functional analysis of (soybean) cyst nematode parasitism proteins and identification of interacting plant proteins. * REQUIRES: PhD in plant pathology, or related field; background and interest in molecular biology; experience working with protein is desirable. * CONTACT: M.G. Mitchum, 371H Life Sciences, Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. goellnerm@missouri.edu. Fax: 1-573-884-9676. Phone: 1-573-882-6152.

RESEARCH PLANT PATHOLOGIST, Ft. Pierce, FL, USA * Conduct a pesticide screening program evaluating non-ozone depleting chemicals for suppression of plant pathogenic fungi; use both vitro and in vivo assays; responsible for culture maintenance and characterization. * REQUIRES: PhD in plant pathology or related field; familiarity with pesticide screening; knowledge of microbial culture and inoculation methods for plant pathogens is desired. See: Job #RA-06-040H at www.ars.usda.gov * CONTACT: E. Rosskopf, USDA-ARS, 2001 S. Rock Rd., Ft. Pierce, FL 34945, USA. ERosskopf@ushrl.ars.usda.gov. Fax: 1-772-462-5986. Phone: 1-772-462-5887. EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES

A PLANTING AID FOR REFUGIA

IPM is gladly sharing the agricultural stage with another fast rising acronym, IRM (insect resistance management), symbolizing a stream of techniques aimed at staving off emergence of pest insect resistance to increasingly adopted, primarily Bt-based, biotech strategies, that have found favor with many growers seeking to reduce both pesticide use and travel across fields utilized for grain crops. A key IRM tactic is planting refugia, areas of non-Bt (or other genetically modified strains) in field blocks or strips adjacent to the Bt-modified crops. A refuge supports and fosters the survival and reproduction of Bt-susceptible insects. But refugia also mean that a grower has to separate and plant two kinds of seed often necessitating multiple passes across a field. To address this need a U.S. equipment manufacturer now offers a device that, when fitted to standard grain planting equipment, allows for simultaneous seeding of both Bt and non-Bt seed for creating strip refuges. The advantages are said to be increased operating efficiency: growers can plant more land with fewer halts to refill planting equipment and thereby cover more field area within planting "window" deadlines. In turn, this ability may serve to encourage increased inclusion of refugia in planting operations. *-> B.E. Nelson, John Deere, One John Deere Place, Moline, IL 61265, USA. NelsonBarryE@johndeere.com. Fax: 1-913-310-8394. Phone: 1-913-310-8324. Web: www.deere.com. excerpted, with thanks, from a John Deere news release. PREVIOUS ISSUE FOLLOW UP

In Section II of IPMnet NEWS #143, December 2005, under "WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES," an item titled "World Bank and Pest Management" mentioned that the World Bank had created a new online resource, the "World Bank Pest Management Guidebook." The item continued by noting the extremely long (over 130 characters) and onerous web address for the Guidebook.

Thanks to responses from IPMnet NEWS readers A.S. Cooper and S.R. Preston the NEWS was alerted to the existence of tinyURL.com a very handy free web site that (magically!) reduces a long web address to a short (i.e., "tiny") URLa sort of alias that is said not to break when inserted into email postings, and to never expire.

Thus, the World Bank Pest Management Guidebook web address, when filtered through TinyURL, presto change-o becomes the far more manageable tinyurl.com (24 characters).

IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS categories and topics related to IPM

THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES

Phytopathology "A Foliar Disease Model for Use in Wheat Disease Management Decision Support Systems," Audsley, E., et al. * ANNS. OF APPLD. BIOL., 147(2), 161-172, October 2005.

"Dynamic Relationships Between Soil Properties and Foliar Disease as Affected by Annual Additions of Organic Amendment to a Sandy-soil Vegetable Production System," Rotenberg, D., et al. * SOIL BIOL. AND BIOCHEM., 37(7), 1343-1357, July 2005.

"Influence of Soil Fauna on Fungal Plant Pathogens in Agricultural and Horticultural Systems," Friberg, H., et al. * BIOCON. SCI. AND TECH., 15(7), 641-658, November 2005.

Weed Science

"Even Useful Weeds are Pests: Ethnobotany in the Bolivian Andes," Bentley, J.W., et al. * INTERNAT. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 51(3), 189-207, July-September 2005.

"Predicting Longer-term Changes in Weed Populations Under GMHT Crop Management," Heard, M.S., et al. * WEED RESCH., 45(5), 331-338, October 2005. [GMHT genetically modified, herbicide tolerant. -Ed.]

"Symposium: Justification for Site-specific Weed Management Based on Ecology and Economics," Maxwell, B.D., and E.C. Luschei. * WEED SCI., 53(2), 221-227, March 2005.

Entomology

"Current Status and Prospects on the Use of Insect Pathogens as Biocontrol Agents," Kunimi, Y. * AGRICHEM. JAPAN, 86, 2-6, June 2005.

"Does the Cutting of Lucerne Medicago sativa Encourage Arthropod Pests and Predators into the Adjacent Crop?," Pearce, S., and M.P. Zalucki. * AUSTRAL. JRNL. OF ENTOM., 44(3), 219-225, August 2005.

"Modeling the Interplay Between Pest Movement and the Physical Design of Trap Crop Systems," Hannunen, S. * AGRIC. AND FOR. ENTOM., 7(1), 11-20, February 2005.

"Towards Eradication of Codling Moth in British Columbia by Complimentary Actions of Mating Disruption, Tree Banding and Sterile Insect Technique: Five-year Study in Organic Orchards," Judd, G.J.R., and M.G.T. Gardiner. * CROP PROT., 24(8), 718-733, August 2005.

Bt Sub-section "Simulating Effects of Transgenic Bt Crops on Specialist Para- sitoids of Target Pests," Sisterson, M.S., and B.E. Tabashnik. * ENVIRON. ENTOM., 34(4), 733-742, August 2005.

"Transgenic Bt Plants Decompose Less in Soil than Non-Bt Plants," Flores, S., et al. * SOIL BIOL. AND BIOCHEM., 37(6), 1073-1082, June 2005.

Nematology "Factors Affecting the Efficacy of Non-fumigant Nematicides for Controlling Root-knot Nematodes," Giannakou, I.O., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 61(10), 961-972, October 2005.

Vertebrate Management

"Caffeine for Reducing Bird Damage to Newly Seeded Rice," Avery, M.L., et al. * CROP PROT., 24(7), 651-657, July 2005.

General

"Alternative Soil Solarization Treatments for the Control of Soil- borne Diseases and Weeds of Strawberry in the Western Anatolia of Turkey," Benlioglu, S., et al. * JRNL. OF PHYTOPATH., 153(7-8), 423-430, August 2005. 12313"What Makes a Successful Biocontrol Agent? A Meta-analysis of Biological Control Agent Performance," Stiling, P., and T. Cornelissen. * BIOL. CONTROL, 34(3), 236-246, September 2005.

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U.S. Regional INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT CENTERS news, developments

IPM Symposia Highlight Progress and Promises

The term "integrated pest management" traces its roots back to the mid-1950s and concern amongst a handful of predominantly U.S. researchers concerning agriculture's growing reliance on pesticide- based pest management. Condensed to the acronym, IPM, this more ecosystem-centered approach integrating a range of actions implied a broad promise: less reliance on pesticides, increased use of other tactics, more effective pest management, and a healthier outcome.

Presentations slated for the Fifth (U.S.) National IPM Symposium (04-06 April 2006, at St. Louis, MO, USA) are geared to assess whether IPM really is "Delivering on a Promise." Event organizers have designed a format featuring a mix of mini-symposia, workshops, round-table discussions, and poster sessions; details are at the website www.ncipmc.org or see contact information below.

More than 30 years elapsed between articulation of "IPM" and convening of the first National (U.S.) IPM Symposium/Workshop in April 1989. One of the meeting's prime objectives was to create a forum where scientists engaged in IPM research could mingle with public policy makers, university and federal agency administrators, and others in decision-making positions. IPM pioneers strongly believed that there was a need to "spread the message that IPM was alive and well but in desperate need of more recognition and support" as expressed in the foreword to the second National IPM event.

Where 500 individuals attended the 1989 session, five years later over 600 participated in the second national IPM meeting, held in Las Vegas, NV, during April 1994. The event, eschewing the potential theme "Get Lucky with IPM," adopted the more meaningful "IPM Programs for the 21st Century: Food Safety and Environmental Stewardship."

Just two years later well over 600 people participated in the Third National IPM Symposium/Workshop, co-sponsored by two U.S. Department of Agriculture sub-agencies, held during 27 February-01 March 1996 in Washington, DC, USA, with a commitment to "better integrate social, environmental, and health scientists into IPM program design and evaluation." The event focused on the dual themes of "Putting Customers First" and "Assessing IPM Program Impacts." A 312-page Proceedings of the event, edited by S. Lynch, et al, was published (so, too, with both the first and second national symposia) and is found online at www.ers.usda.gov

The program for the Fourth National IPM Symposium/Workshop in April 2003 (Indianapolis, IN, USA) was labeled "Building Alliances for the Future of IPM," and attracted more than 700 research, education, government, industry, and environmental and health advocacy professionals representing 17 countries. Attendees paid attention to, commented on, and helped refine the recently stated National IPM Roadmap. A vast array of separate sessions complemented the plenary gatherings.

If attendance trends hold, the forthcoming fifth symposium can be expected to draw upwards of 700 interested and involved international participants. IPM in the U.S. clearly is well established with both federal and state level organizations and participation as exemplified by full operation of four regional IPM centers and numerous programs and publications. The question of whether the "promise" has been delivered will make for interesting dialogue. *-> E. Wolff, OCE, Univ. of Illinois, 302 E. John St., Suite 202, Champaign, IL 61820, USA. ipmsymposium@ad.uiuc.edu. Fax: 1-217-333-9561. Phone: 1-217-333-2880.

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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

Portfolio of IPM Programs Underway

This is the second in a series of brief introductions to the current portfolio of programs launched under the aegis of the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) administered through Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (VT). The multi-continental activities operate on a combined budget of over US million. A brief summary of three more of these programs follows with others to be included in future issues of IPMnet NEWS.

"Ecologically-Based Participatory IPM for Southeast Asia" will focus on IPM in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam countries with large agricultural sectors and ecological 'hot spots' for biodiversity losses. This project, led by M. Hammig of Clemson Univ., aims to develop IPM knowledge among smallholder farmers, enhance their capacity to produce and market high quality products, improve IPM communication and education, and build capacity in national institutions that support research and extension efforts in IPM. Target crops include tomato, eggplant, strawberries, cocoa, and rice/vegetable systems. MHammig@clemson.edu.

D.E. Mullins, an entomologist at VT, submitted a winning proposal for "West African Consortium of IPM Excellence," a program aimed at creating a regionally integrated IPM program involving Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Guinea, Mali, and Senegal. Among the program components are: 1) establishing quality assurance testing for high-value horticultural crops; 2) developing new whitefly management strategies in diverse agronomic settings across five countries; 3) testing virus management in tomato systems; and, 4) reducing losses due to storage pests. MullinsD@vt.edu.

Targeting a formerly isolated region, the project "Ecologically- Based Participatory and Collaborative Research and Capacity Building in IPM in the Central Asia Region" is designed to work through human resource development, networking, and training/exchange programs to strengthen the region's institutional IPM-training capability. K.M. Maredia, entomologist/ training programs coordinator at Michigan State Univ., will lead research efforts focused on landscape ecology, environmental quality and biodiversity, producing a line of bio- laboratories in Central Asia, networking for technology transfer and information exchange, fostering economic growth and trade, and building the next generation of leaders, scientists, and practitioners. KMaredia@msu.edu.

*-> IPM-CRSP, 2270 Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061-0334, USA. ipm-dir@vt.edu. Phone: 1-540-231-3516. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Web: www.ag.vt.edu thanks to M. Rich at VT for providing information.

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IPMNET CALENDAR recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global

(N)ew or [R]evised Entries to the IPMnet CALENDAR

2006 (N) 07-10 February * SYMPOSIUM ON MANAGEMENT OF VECTOR-BORNE VIRUSES, Patancheru, INDIA. Contact: P.L. Kumar, ICRISAT, Patancheru 502324, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA. secretary@mvbv2006.org. Fax: 91-40-307-13074. Phone: 91-40-307-13380. Web: www.mvbv2006.org.

(N) 06-09 March * 22ND VERTEBRATE PEST CONFERENCE, Berkeley, CA, USA. Contact: R.M. Timm, VPC, UC Hopland, 4070 University Rd., Hopland, CA 95449-9717, USA. RMTimm@ucdavis.edu. Fax: 1-707-744-1040. Phone: 1-707-744-1424. Web: www.vpconference.org

(N) 14-16 March * 59TH ANNUAL MEETING, WESTERN (U.S.) SOCIETY OF WEED SCIENCE, Reno, NV, USA. Contact: WSWS, PO Box 963, Newark, CA 94560, USA. Phone: 1-510-790-1252. Web: www.wsweedscience.org.

(N) 03-07 April * 15TH INTERNATIONAL MEETING, COUNCIL FOR THE STUDY OF VIRUS AND VIRUS-LIKE DISEASES OF THE GRAPEVINE, Stellenbosch, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: M. van der Ryst, PO Box 2092, Dennesig, Stellenbosch 7601, SOUTH AFRICA. sasev@arc.agric.za. Web: www.sasev.org. Fax: 27-21-889-6335. Phone: 27-21-809-3123.

(N) 15-19 May * BIOSAFETY II: PRACTICAL COURSE IN EVALUATION OF FIELD RELEASES OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS, Florence, ITALY. Contact: ICGEB, Padriciano 99, I-34012 Trieste, ITALY. courses@icgeb.org. Fax: 39-040-226555. Web: www.icgeb.trieste.it

(N) 15 May-04 June * PLANT PATHOLOGY TEACHING SYMPOSIUM, "Active Learning in Plant Pathology." International Society of Plant Pathology, web: www.ispp info@ispp-teaching-symposium.org.

(N) 29-31 May * WORKSHOP ON INVASIVE SOLANUM ELAEAGNIFOLIUM, Tunis, TUNISIA. Contact: S. Brunel, EPPO/OEPP, 1, rue le Notre, 75016 Paris, FRANCE. Brunel@eppo.fr. Fax: 33-1-422-48943. Phone: 33-1-452-07794. Web: www.eppo.org.

(N) 11-15 June * XII CONGRESS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL UNION, Rhodes Island, GREECE. Contact: E.C. Tjamos, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Agric. Univ. of Athens, Iera odos 75, Votanikos 11855, GREECE. ect@aua.gr . Fax: 30-210-529-4513. Phone: 30-210-529-4505. Web: www.mpunion.com .

(N) 18-23 June * 5TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON GRAPEVINE DOWNY AND POWDERY MILDEW, S. Michele all'Adige, TN, ITALY. Contact: D. Barbacovi, Safecrop Ctr., Istituo Agrario di S. Michele all'Adige, Via Mach 1, 38010, ITALY. Fax: 39-0461-650872. Phone: 39-0461-615239. pdmildew2006@iasma.it . Web: www.safecrop.org

(N) 28 August-05 September * INTERNATIONAL POWDERY MILDEW CONFERENCE, Monterey, CA, USA. Contact: W.D. Gubler, 460 Hutchison Hall, Dept. of Plant Path., Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. WDGubler@ucdavis.edu . Phone: 1-530-752-0304. Web: www.plpnem.ucdavis.edu . Fax: 1-530-752-5674.

(N) 25-28 September * 55TH DEUTSCHE PFLANZENSCHUTZTAGUNG, Gottingen, GERMANY. Contact: Deutsche Pflanzenschutztagung, Messeweg 11-12, 38104 Braunschweig, GERMANY. info@pflanzenschutztagung.de . Web: www.pflanzenschutztagung.de . Includes section on Information Networks. Also, INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PEST INFORMATION (ISPI) MEETING, contact: B. Zelazny, ISPI, Eulerweg 3, D-64347 Greiesheim, GERMANY. ispi@pestinfo.org. Phone: 49-61-558-80682. Web: www.pestinfo.org.

2007-2010

No (N) ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.


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