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December 2008, Issue no. 167
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

"Global Principles, Local Practices" Embarked on a 16th year of IPM service publishing.

* This IPMnet NEWS email version uses "traditional" plain text, and Courier fixed-space type font. [IPMnet NEWS is working towards developing a PDF format to be introduced sometime in 2009. - Ed.]

* IPMnet NEWS is a freely available, global electronic IPM information resource published every 6 weeks (8 issues per annum). Next issue (#168) will be published circa 15 January 2009. ISSN:1523-7893.

IN THIS ISSUE: I. IPM News: - Use of Biopesticides Lagging in the UK > Global IPM Notes II. IPM-Related Resources III. IPM-Related Publications IV. IPM Medley > Professional Opportunities V. IPM-Related Research/Technical Papers: > Featured Title > Selected Titles VI. U.S. Regional IPM Centers: - IPM Image Database Expands VII. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) - IPM-CRSP Materials Database Operating VIII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate: > (N)ew or [R]evised Entries for the IPMnet CALENDAR

I. IPM NEWS international IPM news and programs Global IPM Notes

Use of Biopesticides Lagging in the UK
Because the UK’s pesticide regulatory apparatus was primarily devised for chemical products, it does not encourage development of biological pesticides and thus inadvertently hinders reduction of materials that could increase consumer confidence in the safety of fruit and vegetables, according to conclusions of a recent research report.

An academic team led by the Univ. Of Warwick’s W.P. Grant reported that concerns over even minuscule pesticide residues could undermine consumption of fresh produce forcing supermarkets to ban some approved pesticides. Biopesticides, noted Prof. Grant, could help to increase consumer confidence and “move away from a polarized and over-simplified choice between conventional and organic modes of production.”

The extensive research report, "Biological Alternatives to Chemical Pesticide Inputs on the Food Chain: An Assessment of Sustainability," noted that biopesticides could contribute to a more sustainable food chain. While action is underway to resolve existing issues, “the absence of a Europe-wide market for biopesticides is a significant obstacle to wider commercial availability,” the research team observed. A lack of mutual recognition between EU member states was cited as why the U.S. has a “much higher rate of biopesticide use,” the team asserted.

The study team offered several suggestions including that, “More understanding is required of how consumers perceive biopesticides with particular emphasis on giving them a generic name which would have less negative connotations.” The study was funded by an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) grant: see at tinyurl.com -> W.P. Grant, Department of Politics and International Studies, Univ. of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. W.P.Grant@warwick.ac.uk. Voice: 44-0-2476-523-720. -excerpted, with thanks, from an ESRC news release; thanks also to D. Moore for material.


* Trial results show that nematode-resistant Capsicum annuum(bell pepper) cultivars are viable alternatives to methyl bromide for managing Meloidogyne incognita(nematode) under sub-tropical conditions. -> J.A. Thies, Judy.Thies@ars.usda.gov.

* IPM strategies were found to be more effective and sustainable in rice fields under both conventional and indigenous knowledge-based systems. -> O.P. Sharma, OPSharmadelhi@rediffmail.com.

* Induction of systemic acquired resistance in Zea mays (maize) enhances the plant’s attractiveness to, and indirect defense against, herbivores. -> M. Rostas, Michael.Rostas@botanik.uni-wuerzburg.de.

* Tillage was found to have the potential for negatively affecting naturally occurring beneficial predators in an Australian vineyard. -> D.J. Sharley, SharleyD@unimelb.edu.au.

* We are evermore mouths to feed. See the World Population Clock “ticking” at www.census.gov

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II. IPM-RELATED RESOURCES web, CD/DVD, video and short publications

* IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop or amenity plant IPM. Please send a review copy of the material to the address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

{$} = indicates a publication can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.

The American Phytopathological Society (APS) now offers a DVD entitled 50 VIDEO CLIPS OF FUNGAL DISEASES OF CEREALS, a specially selected collection taken from the noted "Biology of Fungal Pathogens" video series originally edited by J-A. Vereet and H. Klink. Many of the intriguing ways that fungal parasites interact with their plant hosts are artistically magnified and brought to life in these clips. The format and professionally created videos are constructed so that bits of animation or other material may be imported for addition to teaching presentations or other uses such as extension presentations. A 55-page booklet, viewable at shopapspress.stores.yahoo.net accompanies the DVD-ROM to explain and aid in selecting specific topics or segments of interest for either viewing or import. {$} -> APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Voice: 1-651-454-7250. APSpress@scisoc.org. –excerpted, with thanks from the APS website; thanks also to G. Schumann for information.

The website "Progressive Pest Management in the Global South" has the objective of promoting "IPM with need-based and judicious use of strictly controlled pesticides as a last resort." The person behind the expanding site tinyurl.com is Swedish scientist G. Ekstroem, and a key feature of the site is a straightforward discussion of pesticide labeling and its critical importance, entitled "The Pesticide Label, Current, Future and Potential Features." A related article discusses "How to Interpret and Understand a Pesticide Label ... Even if it is Written in an Unfamiliar Language," provided in both English and Swahili versions. The text explains the importance of understanding a label as well as heeding its requirements, and refers readers to earlier published material. Text and pictograms are combined to increase viewer comprehension. -> G. Ekstroem, GeorgeEks@gmail.com.

The fourth largest crop produced in the U.S. is said to be Medicago sativa(alfalfa, lucerne). With emergence of genetically modified (GM) and organic alfalfa, along with so-called conventional production, concern over gene flow, or the exchange of genetic material between plants, has risen in intensity. To help address the potential conflicts, agronomist A.E. Van Deynze, and colleagues, have prepared a 30-page study, "Gene Flow in Alfalfa: Biology, Mitigation, and Potential Impact on Production." The new, 30-page special publication from the U.S.-based Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST) describes the biology and agronomic practices in commercial alfalfa production that should be considered for developing coexistence strategies allowing growers choices to produce for markets that specifically accept GM, conventional, or organic crops. Normal precautions, such as physical separation of fields, are among the steps cited. tinyurl.com SP28, {$}. Fax: 1-515-292-4512.
Info@cast-science.org. Voice: 1-515-292-2125.

Scientists at the Ayub Agricultural Research Institute in PAKISTAN are reported to have developed a new wheat variety, "Lasani," that is said to be resistant to wheat stem rust, "UG99 type," a potentially global threat to wheat production. The breakthrough is cited in both the Daily Times (Pakistan) on 26 September and on the Pakistan Biotechnology Information Center website dated 27 September 2008. No specifics were given. See: tinyurl.com and tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from CropBiotech Update, 03 October 2008.

The Associated Press, one of the globe’s large reporting groups, has taken a crack at a brief, though welcome, article apparently aimed at home gardening, "Tips on Handling Pesticides Safely – If You Must Use Them," an anonymous item published during July 2008 on the DALLASNEWS.com website, part of the DALLAS MORNING NEWS group. The narrative begins, "In an ideal world, pesticides would never be needed in the garden. In the real world, occasionally they are." The text addresses the need for strict adherence to labels, need for and use of personal protection gear, and other generally "smart" procedures. There is only an indirect reference about when not to apply pesticides (windy periods, other adverse conditions) and no discussion of proper methods for pesticide container disposal. tinyurl.com –thanks to T. Qondela for information.

The world has a new PEST, only this one is a colorful bimonthly independent magazine. PEST will begin publication with the January 2009 issue and highlight topics of interest to all who are involved in the non-crop pest management industry. The aim is to provide unbiased news, impartial advice, and technical information via articles prepared by informed sources. While emphasizing the UK market, PEST, and its alternating twin email version, PEST+, will likely be of broader geographical interest. Both PEST and PEST+ are entirely free, according to publishers, F. McKim and H. Ribby, both well known long time pest management communicators. For more information, as well as free sign up, see www.pestmagazine.co.uk. -> Foxhill Publishing, Foxhill, Stanford on Soar, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5PZ, UK. Editor@pestmagazine.co.uk. Voice: 44-0-1509-233219.

The July 2008 edition of ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA (vol. 128, no. 1) is a special issue to mark several landmarks: the 50th anniversary of the "International Symposia on Insect-Plant Relationships;" 50 years of the journal's existence; plus, the 300th birthday of Carl Linnaeus. See: tinyurl.com The AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE closes out 2008 with publication of a 126-page special issue (vol. 48, issue 12) devoted to "Invertebrate Pests of Grain Crops and Integrated Management: Current Practice and Prospects for the Future," comprising 12 papers covering emerging research topics including case studies on IPM systems, the role of beneficial invertebrates in IPM, and managing ecosystem services in broad-acre landscapes. The journal plans a relaunch in 2009 as ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE. The Special Issue is on-line at www.publish.csiro.au along with additional contact information. The 85-page October-December 2008 special edition of CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE (vol. 62, no. 4) focuses on "Wine Grapes Go Green, The Sustainable Viticulture Issue," and includes sections for "Dealing with Disease," and "Controlling Pests," among others. The journal can be freely accessed online at: CaliforniaAgriculture.ucop.edu where there is also contact and hard copy request information.

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III. IPM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS books, other longer publications

* IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop or amenity plant IPM, or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at end of this file). many thanks, Ed.
{$} = indicates a publication can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.

Predicated on the undeniable fact that accurate diagnosis of the cause of plant diseases is essential for devising and implementing successful management procedures, an unassuming, yet comprehensive publication provides a tour de force for developing the necessary basic skills. The 2008 publication from ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research), DIAGNOSTIC MANUAL FOR PLANT DISEASES IN VIETNAM, fairly bursts with dozens of full color photos and other illustrations while clearly describing step-by-step procedures, practical applications, and helpful suggestions. Authors L.W. Burgess,et alhave devised a thoughtful, 210-page reference that, while obviously intended for a specific national audience, has far greater potential relevance and use. The volume’s delivery of information benefits from superior graphic layout and a text calibrated for concise but respectful information delivery. In short, there is useful information here for anyone interested in broadening their plant disease diagnosing skill. The complete work, or sections, can be downloaded from www.aciar.gov.au or ordered as hardcopy. Monograph MN129. {$} (for hard copy). -> Communications, ACIAR, GPO Box 1571, Canberra, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-02-6217-0501. Aciar@aciar.gov.au. Voice: 61-02-6217-0500.

As the sterile insect technique (SIT) gains acceptance across the globe, a need developed for publishing information that describes the well tested procedures for moving sterilized specimens from production facilities to release sites. The result is GUIDANCE FOR PACKING, SHIPPING, HOLDING AND RELEASE OF STERILE FLIES IN AREA-WIDE FRUIT FLY CONTROL PROGRAMMES, a 2007 document from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, edited by SIT authority W. Enkerlin. This comprehensive, extensively illustrated and attractively presented 145-page publication describes procedures beginning at a mass rearing facility and enumerates (and helpfully illustrates) the numerous intermediate steps prior to actual release at a target site. The many full color photos and graphics complement both the text and the appended reports and other supplemental information. The document is FAO Plant Prod. and Prot. paper #190, and it can be freely downloaded (in either PDF or ZIP format) from tinyurl.com or ordered as a softbound hardcopy from the same site.

One of the later entries in the hardbound, lushly illustrated Manson Publications plant protection handbooks series is the 2007 version of PLANT NEMATODES OF AGRICULTURAL IMPORTANCE, A Color Handbook, as published by Elsevier/Academic press. The 152-page work is replete with dozens of clear full color photos and other illustrations, printed on coated paperstock, all adding impact and information to the narrative by authors J. Bridge and J.L. Starr. From plant nematode biology and parasitism right through six chapters addressing nematode threats to major crop groups, the handsome hardbound volume discusses the key relationships and main root-attacking microscopic parasites active in the soil. A concluding chapter usefully details "Collection, Extraction, and Preservation of Plant Nematodes for Diagnosis," explaining methods and procedures such as staining nematodes in plant tissue and identifying nematodes primarily based on morphological characteristics and morphometric measurements. A glossary and working bibliography round out the publication. {$} -> Elsevier/Academic Press, for more information see: tinyurl.com –thanks to R. Dodd for material.

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BIOCONTROL SCIENTIST, Apopka, FL, USA * Evaluate biocontrol for management of whiteflies in greenhouse-grown tomatoes; demonstrate IPM and biocontrol of pest insect species through use of papaya banker plants as a source of parasitic wasps; work with growers to refine developed systems; disseminate information by using a full spectrum of information vehicles. See: tinyurl.com * REQUIRES: PhD in entomology; applicable experience. * CONTACT: L.S. Osborne, MREC, 2725 Binion Rd., Apopka, FL 32703-8504, USA. LSOsorn@ufl.edu. Voice: 1-407-814-2034, ext. 163. Fax: 1-407-814-6186.

ENTOMOLOGY PROGRAM ASSOCIATE, Riverhead, NY, USA * Implement and deliver entomology programs focused on IPM education and environmentally sensitive methods of arthropod pest management; conduct applied research trials; coordinate day-to-day projects and related administration; direct efforts toward commercial agriculture and ornamental horticulture industries. * REQUIRES: BS (MS desirable) in entomology, pest management, or related sciences; minimum of one year relevant experience; willingness to travel and be flexible in work hours. counties.cce.cornell.edu * CONTACT: Entomology Program, Cooperative Extension, 423 Griffing Ave., Suite 100, Riverhead, NY 11901, USA. Voice: 1-631-727-7850, ext. 341.

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The potential of IPM to be a key element in reduction of crop losses and consequent increased productivity leading to alleviation of poverty and expanded food security, is far from being realized in most African agriculture, according to a recent paper by three African scientists. Writing in the July 2008 issue of ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA, 128(3), 355-363, F.E, Nwilene and colleagues observe that "few African countries have adopted IPM as the official national crop protection policy," and point to the fact that "there is no framework for allocation to support widespread promotion of research and training in IPM." The situation, from the perspective of Dr. Nwilene and co-authors, calls for "reshaping and revisiting a number of policies related to food production and agricultural development." The article, "Impact of Integrated Pest Management on Food and Horticultural Crops in Africa," concludes with a strong endorsement for both efforts to increase public awareness of the extensive costs attributable to crop pests, and official actions to emphasize the role that IPM can play all across the continent. -> F.E. Nwilene, F.Nwilene@cgiar.org.


Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address and email, as available, for first authors of the following titles. Direct requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

"A Rapid Technique for Screening Banana Cultivars for Resistance to XanthomonasWilt," Tripathi, L., et al * EURO. JRNL. OF PLANT PATH., 121(1), 9-19, May 2008.

"Phytophthora Database: A Forensic Database Supporting Identification and Monitoring of Phytophthora" Park, J., et al * PLANT DIS., 92(6), 966-972, June 2008.

Weed Science
"Evaluating the Post-release Efficacy of Invasive Plant Biocontrol by Insects: A Comprehensive Approach," Carson, W.P., et al * ARTHRO.-PLANT INTERACT., 2(2), 77-86, June 2008.

"Host Plant Resistance Against Broomrapes (_Orobanchespp.): Defence Reactions and Mechanisms of Resistance," Perez-de-Luque, A., et al * ANNS. OF APPLD. BIOL., 152(2), 131-141, April 2008.

"East Meets West: Adaptive Evolution of an Insect Introduced for Biological Control," Phillips, C.B., et al * JRNL. OF APPLD. ECOL., 45(3), 948-956, June 2008.

"Integration of Endemic Natural Enemies andBacillus thuringiensis to Manage Insect Pests of BrassicaCrops in North Korea," Furlong, M.J.,et al * AGRIC., ECOSYS. AND ENVIRO., 125(1-4), 223-238, May 2008.

"A Cognitive Vision Approach to Early Pest Detection in Greenhouse Crops," Boissard, P., et al * COMPUT. AND ELEC. IN AGRI., 62(2), 81-93, July 2008.

"Integrating Plant Essential Oils and Kaolin for the Sustainable Management of Thrips and Tomato Spotted Wilt on Tomato," Reitz, S.R., et al * PLANT DIS., 92(6), 878-886, June 2008.

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VI. U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS news, developments, programs

IPM Image Database Expands
A recent grant provides the wherewithal to expand and enhance a pest management images database and archive, the "Bugwood Network" housed at the Univ. of Georgia’s Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The collection began in 2001 and has steadily increased its holdings of searchable, high-quality photographs, other images, and information to assist with specimen identification and other uses. IPMImages, a subset of the overall database, was launched in 2005; it is this segment that will be expanded by 4,000 to 8,000 new images by dint of the recent grant. The network www.bugwood.org encompasses five other interconnected websites, in addition to IPMImages, spanning entomological, forestry, and regulatory fields. Center co-directors G.K. Douce and D.J. Moorhead, Bugwood originators, note that there are well over 30,000 images on hand and that the unique resource draws literally millions of annual visits to its website. -> G.K. Douce, KDouce@uga.edu, voice: 1-229-386-3298. –excerpted, with thanks, from a Southern IPM Center news release; thanks to R. Hallberg for information.

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news, developments

IPM-CRSP Materials Database Operating
The IPM-CRSP, over the multi-year span of its existence, has generated a very broad array of publications and allied materials. Now, in collaboration with the IPM Network’s IPM Information Global Dissemination initiative, virtually all the materials have been collected in a searchable database. The nearly 1,800 items in the database, as of mid-November 2008, include papers, presentations, web sites, refereed publications, and related materials. The database can be accessed at tinyurl.com Applying the search feature can lead users to some unexpected (perhaps peripheral) bits, and some of the surrounding search phraseology is idiosyncratic at best. -> R. Muniappan, IPM-CRSP Director, IAO, 526 Prices Fork Rd. (0378), Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Phone: 1-540-231-3516. IPM-dir@vt.edu. tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from an IPM Network’s IPM Information Global Dissemination website.

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VIII. IPMnet CALENDAR UPDATE recent additions and revisions (only) to a global listing of forthcoming IPM-related events, 2008-2013.


The IPMnet CALENDAR Update, lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events incorporating new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also available online at www.pestinfo.org courtesy of the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) and B. Zelazny, ISPI's executive director. The site is designed with features intended for the convenience of users. The "IPMnet CALENDARUpdate" appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS, at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 01 December 2008

No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for this year.

(N) 17 or 18 March * INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PEST INFORMATION MEETING, Goettingen, GERMANY. Contact: S. Vidal, ISPI, Dept. Of Crop Sci., Georg-August Univ., Grisebachstrasse 6, 37077 Goettingen, GERMANY. Fax: 49-0-551-391-2105. Ispi@pestinfo.org. Voice: 49-0-551-399744. www.pestinfo.org.

17-22 March * 25TH FUNGAL GENETICS CONFERENCE, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. Contact: mahoney@genetics-gsa.org. www.fgsc.net

31 May-03 June * IOBC WORKING GROUP "MULTITROPHIC INTERACTIONS IN SOIL," Uppsala, SWEDEN. Contact: C. Welch, voice: 46-709-32-2696. Christopher.Welch@maselab.se. tinyurl.com

22-26 June * new information * CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Winnipeg, MB, CANADA. Contact: J. Menzies, JMenzies@agr.gc.ca. Phone: 1-204-983-5714. www.cps

22-26 June * IOBC/WPRS WORKING GROUP "INSECT PATHOGENS AND INSECT PARASITIC NEMATODES," Pamplona, SPAIN. Contact: P. Caballero, voice: 34-948-16-9129. PCM92@unavarra.es.

(N) 19-23 July * 14TH CONGRESS ON MOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS, Quebec City, CANADA. Contact: mpmi2009@ulaval.ca. www.mpmi2009.ulaval.ca.

26-29 July * 10TH QUEENSLAND WEED SYMPOSIUM, Yeppoon, QLD, AUSTRALIA. Contact: tinyurl.com

31 August-04 September * 9TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THYSANOPTERA AND TOSPOVIRUSES, Sea World Resort, QLD, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Brown, Conf. Organizer, PO Box 108, Kenmore, QLD 4069, AUSTRALIA. Gerald.Moritz@zoologie.uni-halle.de. Fax: 61-7-320-12809. Voice: 61-7-320-12808. www.istt09.org.

21-24 September * NORTH AMERICAN WEED MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE, Kearney, NE, USA. Contact: K. Paul, kossweed@gpcom.net. www.nawma.org.

02-08 October * IOBC/WPRS WORKING GROUP "INTEGRATED PROTECTION IN FIELD VEGETABLE CROPS," Dubrovnik, CROATIA. Contact: R. Collier, Warwick HRI, Univ. Of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK. Fax: 44-24-7657-4500. Voice: 44-24-7657-5066. Rosemary.Collier@warwick.ac.uk.

(N) 07-08 October * 4TH VICTORIAN WEED CONFERENCE, “Plants Behaving Badly - In Agriculture and the Environment,” Geelong, VIC, AUSTRALIA. Contact: R. Shepherd, WSV, PO box 987, Frankston, VIC 3199, AUSTRALIA. Secwssv@surf.net.au. Voice/fax: 61-03-9576-2949. www.wsvic.org.au.

01-04 November * IOBC/WPRS WORKING GROUP "INTEGRATED PROTECTION AND PRODUCTION IN VITICULTURE," Staufen im Breisgau, GERMANY. Contact: A. Calonnec, INRA, BP 81, 33883 Villenave d’Ormon cedex, FRANCE. Calonnec@bordeaux.inra.fr. Fax: 33-05-571-22621. Voice: 33-05-571-22611. tinyurl.com

(N) 12-17 September * 8TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FRUIT FLIES OF ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, Valencia, SPAIN. Contact, L. Navarro, fruitfly2010@ivia.es.

No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.

(N) 25-31 August * 1OTH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, "The Role of Plant Pathology in a Globalized Economy," Beijing, CHINA.

* About IPMnet *
IPMnet is a free, global, IPM information resource service produced in collaboration with the Integrated Plant Protection Center at Oregon State Univ., USA, www.ipmnet.org and underwritten by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service, www.csrees.usda.gov and the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program tinyurl.com IPMnet maintains working relationships with the International Society for Pest information www.pestinfo.org and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences www.plantprotection.org.

*IPMnet NEWS* #167, December 2008. ISSN: 1523-7893.

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