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IPMnet NEWS


September 2009, Issue no. 173
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM NEWS- Targeting Species for Biocontrol: A Scientific Approach

When money is scarce, weed species abundant, and biocontrol the optimal management strategy at hand, the process of establishing priorities for which weeds to target becomes a daunting exercise. That was the challenge facing a team of New Zealand scientists who undertook a project for the Australian government Land & Water Australia (LWA) agency's "Defeating the Weed Menace" program to devise a framework for prioritizing which of dozens of weed species to target for biocontrol while justifying allocation of scarce resources.

The intriguing story of the scientific process devised and conducted by the researchers is chronicled in "DECIDING WHICH WEEDS TO TARGET FOR BIOCONTROL, published in the May 2009 edition of the newsletter What's New in Biological Control of Weeds, no. 48, found at tinyurl.com The paper is a distillation of the full, January 2009 report, Improving Targeting of Weed Biological Control Projects in Australia, PN22434. Copies can be freely downloaded from the LWA website at tinyurl.com The team's initial step was to conduct an international review of ranking processes used in several other nations with active biocontrol programs. From the review there emerged three identifiable factors: importance of the weed target (how invasive, how it spreads, other effective control methods); effort required to undertake biocontrol research (biocontrol agent identification, possible importation, overall costs); and third, likely impact or success arising from effective biocontrol.

With the three factors in mind, the scientists formulated a series of tables that ultimately yielded a prioritized listing by weed species. The team noted, however, that "some pragmatic decision making should also always be used when deciding on a portfolio of targets for biocontrol." In other words, a framework is but a valid starting point and other factors need to be considered in the final selection process.

The framework and its base elements, while developed initially for weed conditions in Australia, could be utilized in other countries. The approach developed could be utilized and adapted for assessing and ranking pest insect species targetsor possibly vertebrates under consideration for biological control. -> Q. Paynter, Landcare Research, Private Bag 92170, Auckland 1142, NEW ZEALAND. Fax: 64-9-574-4101. Voice: 64-9-574-4100. PaynterQ@landcareresearch.co.nz. www.landcareresearch.co.nz. excerpted, with thanks, from What's New in Biological Control of Weeds, and from Land & Water Australia; thanks also to L. Hayes for information.

UK Sprayer Testing Scheme Gains Ground

The UK's National Sprayer Testing Scheme (NSTS) logged another record in that equipment tested and tuned up under the program accounted for over 80 percent of all the cropland treated last year, reported the NSTS manager recently.

Testing procedures ensure that spray equipment is properly set up and maintained and that the equipment's owner or operator has committed to careful farming practices. Conditions such as leaks or drips, faulty contents gages, or other safety-related item deficiencies are noted and corrected. A tested sprayer thus helps assure maximum application efficiency as well as ecological and economic benefits from reduced product usage, avoidance of overlaps, and decreased drifting.

Even though the increase in overall land area sprayed by tested machines was very slight compared to the previous year, the total of more than 13,200 sprayers tested by 554 examiners at 330 test centers qualified as "the most successful year in the scheme's history," proclaimed NSTS manager, D. Russell.

NSTS was launched in 2003 as an element of the "Voluntary Initiative" (VI) to assure that "following best practice protects the environment and helps stop a pesticide tax." VI also includes a National Register of Sprayer Operators, with membership dependent on adhering to a set of responsibilities including participation in the NSTS effort, as well as having access to a variety of training sessions. -> Voice: 44-0-845-644-8748. info@nsts.org.uk. www.aea.uk.com/sprayer/index.asp. excerpted, with thanks, from material prepared by R. Norris for Farmers Weekly Interactive.

Clean Orchards Mean Less Mango Disease

Keeping orchards "clean" can help reduce the incidence of disease in Mangifera indica (mango) by 20 percent, notes C. Akem, an Australian scientist with the Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries (QDPI).

In a statement given to ABC Rural, Dr. Akem said that removing and then burying all dead tissue, all panicles, and all the accumulated leaves on the orchard floor gets rid of potential disease sources and subsequently diminishes the eventual development of disease on the orchard's fruit.

QDPI trial results indicated that growers who kept their orchards clean can reduce the volume of pesticides needed as well as improve fruit quality within two years. Orchard sanitation is, asserted Akem, simply a matter of going back to basics. -> C. Akem, Chrys.Akem@dpi.qld.gov.au. excerpted, with thanks, from ABC Rural; thanks also to R. McFarlane for information.

GLOBAL IPM NEWS NOTES

* Soil incorporation of above- and below-ground residues of Brassica juncea helped to significantly suppress two soil-borne pathogens. -> N. Motisi, Natacha.Motisi@rennes.inra.fr.

* Several winter annual weeds, especially Lamium pupureum (purple deadnettle), often act as alternate hosts for Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode). -> V.A. Mock,VMock@purdue.edu.

* A report asserts that Latin America and the Caribbean invested US billion in ag research / development but 70 percent was spent in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. -> N. Beintema, N.Beintema@cgiar.org.

* The parasitic wasp Psyttalia cf. concolor_shows promise as a biocontrol against Bactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) in California olive groves. -> V.Y. Yokoyama, Victoria.Yokoyama@ars.usda.gov.

* An international team has developed a new method for identifying genes that can confer Phytophthora infestans resistance in potatoes. -> V.G.A. Vleeshouwers, Vivianne.Vleeshouwers@wur.nl.

II. IPM-RELATED INFORMATION RESOURCES - web, CD/DVD, video and shorter publications

IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, or invasives. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. {$} indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.

ALL ABOUT KNAPSACK-STYLE SPRAY EQUIPMENT

With extensive industry backing and input, two well known experts have prepared an informative document describing key elements for effective and safe use of hand-operated, backpack style spraying equipment. The 40-page treatise, Best Knapsack Spraying Practices, by T. Friedrich (FAO) and G.A. Matthews (International Pesticide Application Research Centre), utilizes numerous color illustrations and a compact layout to address topics ranging from pre-application procedures, to after spraying clean up, all with an eye toward "encouraging the recognition and adoption of the industry's best practices for better, safer crop protection product useworld wide and for all," as stated on the publication's cover. The contents list, on page 10 following a lengthy industry-generated introduction, notes inclusion of items such as transporting crop protection products (CPP's, also known as pesticides), handling and correct disposal of containers, as well as a useful glossary. The all-important aspect of pre-application calibration is touched on and includes a schematic drawing, which is too small to be easily read, and a narrative that lacks sufficient examples of typical in-field calibration calculations. In most of the illustrations showing knapsack sprayers in use, operators are wearing appropriate protective gearexcept for one glaring example where the operator lacks gloves and respirator. The "buyers guide" to elements to consider in purchasing a knapsack sprayer offers numerous points worth considering, but jammed together in the text. Critically important steps for following correct application techniques are shoe- horned onto a single page and would have been better if given much more emphasis and space in the layout, such as bulleted lines, illustrations, color, bold type face, or other means. Overall, the publication, online at tinyurl.com does add to the important literature already published on knapsack sprayer features, usage, and safe handling, but tends to bury that valuable information amidst sponsoring industry hoopla or condense key elements into easily skipped over paragraphs thus diluting some of its potential impact.

HOW TO BUILD IPM INTO NATIONAL POLICIES

In all too many instances, IPM may be considered a worthy idea, but is nationally relegated to a shelf and forgotten. A 2008 publication from the Systemwide Program on Integrated Pest Management (SPIPM) within the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research lays out an illuminated path for the critically important exercise of Incorporating Integrated Pest Management Into National Policies. The 32-page, softbound brief provides policy makers in developing nations with a clear and practical introduction to the nuts and bolts of inserting IPM into national policy leading to impetus for implementation. Prepared by the past and present SPIPM coordinators, B. James and I. Hoeschle-Zeledon, and produced by a professional publisher, the document addresses the need for IPM policy, describes the policy and regulatory 'tools' available, and discusses how to put those policies and regs into nationwide practice. The useful and important information of this report is embedded in an attractive and very readable format. -> SP-IPM Secretariat, IITA, Carolyn House, 26 Dingwall Rd., Croydon CR9 3EE, UK. I-Zeledon@cgiar.org. www.spipm.cgiar.org.

A GUIDE TO CONTAINMENT

The Information Systems for Biotechnology (ISB) group at Virginia Tech Univ. in the U.S. offers free copies of its publication, A Practical Guide to Containment: Plant Biosafety in Research Greenhouses. First published in 2001, the material was expanded and revised in 2008 to include information on containment strategies for research with exotics (non-native invasive species), pathogens, insects, and genetically engineered materials. The softbound work also addresses "high containment" for quarantined organisms. Included information came from regulatory agencies, literature, and many experienced individuals, as well as from experience gained from facility planning and construction, plus shared 'lessons learned' from the research community. Although the text refers to U.S. conditions and agencies, the provided information has far broader geographical application. The publication is described at www.isb.vt.edu/isb_publications.cfm where there is also a "Request for Print Copy" form (scroll down). -> ISB, Virginia Tech, 1900 Kraft Dr., Suite 103, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. isb@vt.edu. Fax: 1-540-231-4434. Voice: 1-540-231-3747.

THRIPIDAE PROFILED

The Centre for Biological Information Technology (CBIT) in AUSTRALIA has produced a new CD, Pest Thrips of The World, an identification and information tool covering 99 important pest species in the family Thripidae found worldwide. The disc, authored by G. Moritz, et al, is designed to provide assistance for identifying crop-damaging thrips and is a fully illustrated visual system focused on adult thrips together with a molecular system said to function equally well for immature stages including eggs as well as adults. The product has been produced in English, German, and Spanish versions. The CBIT web page at tinyurl.com describes this Lucid key's features, has links to screenshots, and displays purchase information. {$} Lucid Resources, CBIT, Level 6, Hartley-Teakle Bldg., Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA.

GE CROPS CONTINUE U.S. EXPANSION

Governmental agencies track U.S. national adoption of genetically engineered (GE) crops by growers. The data, collected from randomly surveyed growers across the country, reveal a steadily expanding acceptance and use of the various GE products beginning in 1996, and including 2009 information. The data cover both insect resistant and herbicide tolerant varieties, as well as those with multiple, or "stacked" traits. Both the National Agricultural Statistics Service and the Economic Research Service (ERS) are involved with collecting and analyzing data. A summary at www.ers.usda.gov/Data/BiotechCrops/ depicts GE crop growth, topped by herbicide-tolerant soybeans, at well above 80 percent of all hectares/acres represented in the surveys. -> J. Fernandez-Cornejo, ERS, JorgeF@ers.usda.gov.

6TH IPM SYMPOSIUM MATERIALS POSTED

Oral presentations and posters from the 6th International IPM Symposium convened in Portland, OR, USA, in March 2009 have been placed on the web and are freely available at www.ipmcenters.org/ipmsymposium09/abstracts.cfm. The Symposium organizing committee has stated its hope that this current material will be of interest and use. -> E. Wolff, 901 W. University Ave., MC-260, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Fax: 1-217-333-9561. Voice: 1-217-333-2880. Wolff1@illinois.edu.

ADVANCES IN BANANA CROP PROTECTION

The International Society for Horticultural Science has published proceedings of the International Symposium on Recent Advances in Banana Crop Protection for Sustainable Production and Improved Livelihoods, containing 44 papers from the 2008 event convened in SOUTH AFRICA. The 2009 publication, as edited by D.R. Jones and I. Van den Bergh, is available only as an ActaHort CD and not as a print document. {$} See: www.actahort.org/books/828/. -> ISHS, PO Box 500, 3001 Leuven 1, BELGIUM. infor@ishs.org. Fax: 32-1-622-9450. Voice: 32-1-622-9427.


III. IPM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS - books, other longer publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at end of this file). many thanks, Ed.

{$} indicates a publication can be purchased, or that the publisher may charge for handling and postage, or both.

A HOP DISEASE AND PEST RESOURCE

The hop plant, Humulus sp., has had a long association with humankind in a variety uses, though mainly used in brewing today, but with potential for other applications. A 2009 addition to the widely recognized American Phytopathological Society (APS) compendia series, Compendium of Hop Diseases and Pests, offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of hop with respect to the recognition and management of the pest species that attack it. Editors W.F. Mahaffee, et al, present a panoply of information to aid diagnosis of hop diseases and pests both in the field and lab, as well as expert advice on pest management. The softbound, 112-page volume contains over 140 full color illustrations along with peer-reviewed material describing in detail, with supporting visuals, specific problem symptoms and their causal agents. Along with infectious/biotic diseases, the text provides information about arthropod pests as well as postharvest disorders and diseases. A list of over 250 references, extensive glossary of technical and scientific terms, and a detailed index are included. Printed on high-grade paperstock, this volume conforms to the graphically pleasing compendia format and serves as a useful reference source for all individuals concerned with hop crop health. -> APSpress, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. tinyurl.com APS@scisoc.org.

ROOT FEEDERS IN PERSPECTIVE

Crop yield losses cause by underground herbivory, long a serious concern, recently broadened to gain a better understand of the biology, role, and impact of root-feeding of both vetebrate and invertebrate species. The concerns and management challenges were the focus of an earlier workshop in the UK and, based on that event's presentations, are now collected in a 2008 publication, Root Feeders, an Ecosystem Perspective, edited by S.N. Johnson and P.J. Murray. The 243-page volume includes 11 papers authored by an international group of specialists covering root herbivory under a variety of settings (agriculture, grassland, forest) as well as placing root feeders in a wider context such as linking above- and below-ground activity. One chapter is devoted to application of biocontrol against root feeders, while another examines the impact of climate change on root herbivores. Both a species index as well as a subject index are included in this hardbound monograph. {$} -> CAB International, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8DE, UK. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. Voice: 44-0-1491-832111. cabi@cabi.org. www.cabi.org.


IV. IPM MEDLEY - Professional Opportunities - Equipment, Products, Processes, & Services

| PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES | SUPERVISORY RESEARCH ENTOMOLOGIST, Stoneville, MS, USA * Lead a multi- disciplinary team of scientists conducting insect management research; conduct research for area-wide management of specific pest insects; develop a range of control tactics; locate and investigate resistant germplasm; serve in various roles as consultant, representative, and manager. * REQUIRES: advanced degree in entomology; knowledge of insect biology and ecology; familiarity with row crop production systems; ability to plan, conduct, and publish research; ability to give presentations at scientific meetings; high degree of managerial capability; excellent communication skills; U.S. citizenship. * See Announcement: ARS-X9S-0148 at: tinyurl.com for much more detailed information. * CONTACT: J.R. McAlpine, PO Box 0225, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA. Jimmy.McAlpine@ars.usda.gov. Fax: 1-662-686-5309. Voice: 1-662-686-3634.

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, Brussels, BELGIUM * Provide a range of leadership services for the International Biocontrol Manufacturers Association (IBMA); conduct strategic planning; evaluate programs; align staff and finances; speak at conferences and oversee all communications; plus other assigned tasks. * REQUIRES: experience in the industry; demonstrated managerial ability; leadership skills; willingness to travel; proximity to Brussels, BELGIUM; position requires a minimum of 20 hours/week; annual pay range euro 40k-60k/annum. See: www.ibma-global.org for more detail. * CONTACT: S. Chatham, IBMA, 17 rue de la Barthe, 64150 Mourenx, FRANCE. Sara-Chatham@orange.fr.

APPLIED ENTOMOLOGIST, Fort Collins, CO, USA * An assistantship leading to the M.S. or Ph.D. degree in applied ento- mology is available in the Dept. of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State Univ., USA; proposed research involves development of mass rearing and plant resistance screening methods for Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); other studies may be undertaken as the project evolves. For departmental information see www.colostate.edu/Depts/bspm/index.html. -> F.B. Peairs, Dept. of Bioag. and Pest Mgmt., 1177 Campus Delivery, Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO 80523-1177, USA. Frank.Peairs@colostate.edu. Fax: 1-970-491-6990. Voice: 1-970-491-5945. For admissions information contact Janet.Dill@colostate.edu.

POSTDOC, PLANT-INSECT INTERACTION, Denton, TX, USA * Study plant defense response using Arabidopsis defense against Myzus persicae (green peach aphid). * REQUIRES: PhD in molecular biology, entomology, or a related field; expertise in plant molecular biology; experience working with aphids; ability to design and conduct independent experiments; strong oral and written communication skills; ability to function in a team-based/collaborative research atmosphere. Position requisition #090681. See: www.jobs.unt.edu. * CONTACT: J. Shah, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Univ. of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle, #305220, Denton, TX 76203-5017, USA. Shah@unt.edu. Fax: 1-940-565-4136. Voice: 1-940-565-3535.


EQUIPMENT, PRODUCTS, PROCESSES, & SERVICES

TAPE AND DISPENSERS HELP DISRUPT CODLING MOTH

A recent addition to the array of pheromone dispensers designed to achieve mating disruption utilizes a 1 cm (0. 39 in.) wide continuous adhesive tape with 3 cm (1.2 in.) long dispensers spaced at 0.6 m (2 ft.) intervals along the tape's 500, or 625 m (1,640, or 2,050 ft.) length. The product, Ecotape FTF, is specifically aimed at disrupting mating of Cydia pomonella (codling moth), a major pest insect in pome fruit orchards, by emitting 2.5 mg of codlemone per dispenser. In their paper reporting on field trials (2004-2007) of the product F. Trona and colleagues noted that "attractiveness both in wind tunnel and in the field suggests that EcoTape dispensers may satisfy some of the prerequisites for producing a false trail following (FTF) effect on C. pomonella males." All-season long control efficacy was found to be comparable to conventional strategies involving pesticides and pheromones. -> Intrachem Bio Italia SpA, Via XXV Aprile, 44 - 24050 Grassobbio (BG), ITALY. Fax: 39-035-335-334. Voice: 39-035-335-313. Info@itrachem.it. excerpted, with thanks, from: MATING DISRUPTION OF CODLING MOTH WITH A CONTINUOUS ADHESIVE TAPE CARRYING HIGH DENSITIES OF PHEROMONE DISPENSERS, Trona, F., et al, Bull. of Insectology, 62(1), 7-13, 2009.

V. IPM-RELATED RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS - JOURNAL SPECIAL ISSUE
The July 2008 edition of Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (vol. 128 no. 1) is a 247-page special issue devoted to “International Symposia on Insect-Plant Relationships” offering more than 20 papers on the topic.

FEATURED PAPERS
Given "the conflicting stresses and strains of the modern agricultural environment," the long term prognosis for the sustainability of IPM programs is debatable, assert three Australian scientists in their overview paper, THE FUTURE OF IPM: WHITHER OR WITHER? M.P. Zalucki, et al , writing in the Australian Journal of Entomology, question 1.) whether or not IPM principles maintain consistency with market forces, and 2.) whether IPM approaches are effective when implemented at the field or farm (smaller scale). The aspects of cost-effectiveness and risk are cited, as well as the impact of a pest crisis on grower actions, and the tendency to often regress to former (non-IPM) practices is noted. The authors conclusively argue that future pest management practices for many systems will need to shift to landscape or area-wide approaches to maintain viability. -> M.P. Zalucki, M.Zalucki@uq.edu.au. excerpted, with thanks, from Aust. Jrnl. of Entom., 48(2), 2009; thanks to M.P. Zalucki for information. ................................................................................................

A 2005-2006 survey of growers in six agriculturally important U.S. states revealed several alarming observations concerning lax attitudes toward increasing weed resistance attributable to use of glyphosate-based herbicides associated with production of genetically engineered (GE) crops. Only 30 percent of the growers surveyed thought resistance was, or might become, a serious problem, according to a recent well documented article, "U.S. FARMER AWARENESS OF GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT WEEDS AND RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES," published in the journal Weed Technology. Moreover, note authors W.G. Johnson, et al, a majority of survey respondents believed that following glyphosate label recommendations was the most effective strategy for combating resistance while very few thought tillage and planting other than a glyphosate-resistant GE crop was the answer. A third area of concern was that growers' information sources, at least at the time of the survey, was found to be inconsistent in regard to glyphosate resistant weeds. The authors express their view that agriculture and weed science communities need to recognize the challenge of clearly, forcefully, and promptly addressing the economic and ecological threat involved. > M.D.K. Owen (corresponding co-author), MDOwen@iastate.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from Weed Tech., 23, 308-312, April-June 2009.

SELECTED TITLES
Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address and email, as available, for first authors of the following titles. Direct requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

Phytopathology """"""""""""""""""""" “Biological Control of Septoria tritici Blotch on Wheat by Trichoderma spp. Under Field Conditions in Argentina,” Perello, A.E., et al. * BIOCON., 54(1), 113-122, February 2009.

“Control of Seed-borne Pathogens on Legumes by Microbial and Other Alternative Seed Treatments,” Tinivella, F., et al. * EURO. JOURN. OF PLANT PATH., 123(2), 139-151, February 2009.

Weed Science """"""""""""""""" “Integrated Management of Vulpia in Dryland Perennial Pastures of Southern Australia, Tozer, K.N., et al. * CROP & PAST. SCI., 60(1), 32-42, January 2009.

“Weed Seed Predation in Organic and Conventional Fields,” Navntoft, S., et al. * BIOL. CONT., 49(1), 11-16, April 2009.

Entomology """""""""""""""" “Fitness Costs of Insect Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis,” Gassman, A.J., et al. * ANN. REV. OF ENTOM., 54, 147-163, 2009.

“Insect Frass as a Pathway for Transmission of Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits,” Mitchell, R.F., and L.M. Hanks. * ENVIRON. ENTOM., 38(2), 395-403, April 2009.

Transgenics """"""""""""""" “An Approach for Post-market Monitoring of Potential Environmental Effects of Bt-maize Expressing Cry1Ab on Natural Enemies,” Sanvido, O., et al. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 133(4), 236-248, May 2009.

“Setting the Record Straight: A Rebuttal to an Erroneous Analysis on Transgenic Insecticidal Crops and Natural Enemies,” Shelton, A.M., et al. * TRANSGENIC RESCH., 18(3), 317-322, June 2009.

“Transgenic Insecticidal Crops and Natural Enemies: A Detailed Review of Laboratory Studies,” Lovei, G.L., et al. * ENVIRON. ENTOM., 38(2), 293-306, April 2009.

General """""""""" “Evaluation of Farmers’ Field Days as a Dissemination Tool for Push-pull Technology in Western Kenya,” Amudavi, D.M., et al. * CROP PROT., 28(3), 225-235, March 2009.

“Incorporating Pest Management into the Design of Multiple Goal-oriented Cropping Systems,” Chellemi, D.O. * PHYTOPARA., 37(2), 101-103, April 2009.


VI. U.S. AID's IPM-COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH SUPPORT PROGRAM (IPM-CRSP)

IPM APPROACH BENEFITS UGANDAN TOMATO CROPS

A package of IPM practices developed by an IPM-CRSP research team over four years of investigation and application has helped small-scale tomato growers in one Ugandan district reduce pesticide application by 50 percent while increasing tomato fruit quality, quantity, and marketability.

The team's recommended practices include: growing a new tomato variety that is resistant to wilt; using locally available plant materials to form an organic mulch; staking and tying tomato plants rather than allowing them to spread on the ground; and a system for producing disease-free seedlings for planting.

Initially, most growers were unwilling to adopt the IPM practice (reducing pesticide applications to three per season) in fear of losing their entire tomato crop. A "farmer field school" approach was mounted as part of an effort to expand dissemination and adoption of the IPM package for tomatoes at this site. During a recent graduation ceremony 25 growers were presented with certificates of participation while three growers received special awards for adopting and most effectively applying the IPM package.

One adopting grower noted that using the IPM package he grew larger, firmer fruit while reducing the number of non-marketable (rejected) tomatoes in his field thereby increasing overall marketable yield. Additionally, vendors in a nearby market have begun offering a premium price that is roughly 2.5 times the value paid for a box of traditionally produced tomatoes after they learned that the larger, firmer fruit has a longer shelf life and has undergone fewer pesticide applications and thus is residue free.

-> M. Erbaugh, 113 Ag. Admin. Bldg., Ohio State Univ., 2120 Fyffe Rd., Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Fax: 1-614-292-1757. Voice: 1-614-292-7252. Erbaugh.1@osu.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from information developed by M. Erbaugh.

IN SOUTH ASIA A SIMPLE STEP REDUCES DISEASE INCIDENCE

Peanut bud necrosis virus (PBNV) aided in transmission by thrips presents a challenge to small-scale tomato growers in South Asia. The pathogen kills plants, decreases yield, and reduces the crop's nutritional quality. Growers typically apply multiple insecticide sprays even though results are generally uneven at best. The lack of PBNV-resistant cultivars as well as indiscriminate (and often unsafe) pesticide use have compounded the disease situation and triggered other problems.

Studies by IPM CRSP scientists revealed that PBNV and vectoring thrips are often introduced into tomato fields via transplanted seedlings grown by nurseries in screen houses. The infected seedlings serve as the initial source for the infecting inoculum that thrips then spread. A simple step during the transplanting processvisually identifying and discarding (or "roguing") those tomato seedlings showing signs of PBNVwas devised. In subsequent demonstration trials roguing seedlings has been shown to significantly reduce disease incidence up to 50 percent and vastly decrease, if not eliminate, need for viruscide application. The financial loss from discarded seedlings is more than canceled by lower out-of-pocket costs for viruscide, plus more sustainable tomato production that takes place year around. -> N.A. Rayapati, Hamilton Hall, Washington State Univ., Prosser, WA 99350, USA. Naidu@wsu.edu. Fax: 1-509-786-9370. Voice: 1-509-786-9215. thanks to N.A. Rayapati for information. AWARD APPLICATIONS SOUGHT

The IPM-CRSP program is looking ahead to extending both its Regional and Global Theme Programs from 01 October 2009 to 30 September 2014. In that pursuit, it's administrative wing, the Office of International Research, Education , and Development (OIRED) at Virginia Tech (USA), has released a Request for Applications (RFA). The focus of the RFA is development of IPM packages; integration of Regional and Global theme programs to reduce crop losses and pesticide use; and improvement of food security, health, and the environment. Applications are due August 10, 2009, for the approximately US$ 11 million in awards that will be made. For more detailed information, see "IPM RFA Announcement" at: tinyurl.com or contact: R. Muniappan, Program Director, IPM CRSP, OIRED, Virginia Tech, 26 Prices Fork Rd., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. IPM-dir@vt.edu. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Voice: 1-540-231-3516.

VII. U.S. NATIONAL IPM REGIONS

IPM for Key Potato Pest Species Solanum tuberosum (potato) is an important crop in the Pacific northwestern region of the U.S. In response, regional scientists have published 2008 Integrated Pest Management Guidelines for Insects and Mites in Idaho, Oregon and Washington Potatoes as a series of recommendations for effectively managing key pest species. The 62-page document at www.potatoes.com/pdfs/PNWPotatoIPM2008.pdf, can be freely accessed. The text presents the latest information specific to a range of pest species and includes a detailed section, with color photos, discussing use of yellow sticky cards to monitor Circulifer tenellus (beet leafhopper - BLH) a vector of several serious pathogens of potatoes. The concise guidelines focus on pest insects new to the region and posing "significant management challenges," in addition to other established and damaging potato insect pests. While targeted at a specific region, the materialespecially the IPM information of a general naturehas potentially far broader geographic utility.

In a related development the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture has granted US million to fund a four-year study of improved management of pests, emphasizing IPM, in the U.S. Pacific northwest's potato fields. The research will involve both state and federal personnel working collaboratively. -> A. Jensen, AJensen@potatoes.com.

VIII. IPMnet CALENDARUPDATE - recent additions and revisions (only) to a global listing of forthcoming IPM-related events, 2009-2013

NOTES:

1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate, lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events with new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) and B. Zelazny, ISPI's executive director. The site is designed with features intended for user convenience. The "IPMnet CALENDAR Update" appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS, at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 15 July 2009

2009

(N)

11-12 August * 5TH MID-ATLANTIC EXOTIC PEST PLANT COUNCIL CONFERENCE, "Complicating Factors in Invasive Plant Management: Circumstances Beyond Our Control?," Johnstown, PA, USA. Contact: S. Young, MA-EPPC, 5617 5th St. South, Arlington, VA 22204, USA. SteveYoung@aol.com. www.ma-eppc.org.

(N) 21-26 September * 8TH MEETING OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL SOCIETY OF EUROPE ON BIO-PESTICIDES, La Palma, CI, SPAIN. Contact: IPFRN. Ashtown Food Research Ctr., Ashtown, Dublin 15, IRELAND. Voice: 353-(0)-1-805-9500. tinyurl.com

13-16 October * 12TH INTERNATIONAL CEREAL RUSTS & POWDERY MILDEWS CONFERENCE, Antalya, TURKEY. Contact: M. Akkaya, Dept. of Chemistry, Middle East Tech. Univ., 06531 Ankara, TURKEY. AkkayaMS@metu.edu.tr. Voice: 90-312-210-3196. www.icrpmc2009.org.

(N) 19-20 October * 4TH ANNUAL BIOCONTROL INDUSTRY MEETING, Lucerne, SWITZERLAND. Contact: FiBL, Postfach, CH-5070 Frick, SWITZERLAND. Fax: 41-62-865-7273. Voice: 41-62-865-7272. www.abim-lucerne.ch.

(N) 19-23 October * 22ND ASIAN PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONFERENCE, "Judicious Weed ManagementRoad to Sustainability," Lahore, PAKISTAN. Contact: G. Hassan, secretarywssp@yahoo.com. Voice: 92-91-921-8206.

(N) 27-29 October * 6TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF MEDITERRANEAN GROUP ON PESTICIDE RESEARCH, Cairo, EGYPT. Contact: S.A. Gadalla, ARC, MALR, 7 Nadi El-Said St., Dokki, Giza, EGYPT. Qcap@link.net. Fax: 20-0-2-3761-1355. Voice: 20-0-2-3760-1395. tinyurl.com 01-04 November * 6TH CANADIAN WORKSHOP ON FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT, Ottawa, ONT, CANADA. Contact: L. Harris, organizer@cwfhb.org. www.cwfhb.org.

(N) 11-13 November * 12TH CONGRESSO DA SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DE MALHERB- OLOGIA, 19TH CONGRESSO DA ASOCIACION LATINOAMERICANA DE MALEZAS, and 2ND CONGRESSO IBERICO DE CIENCIA DE LAS MALEZAS, "Herbologia e Biodiversidade Numa Agricultura Sustentavel," Lisbon, PORTUGAL. Contact: Edite Sousa, editesousa@isa.utl.pt. Fax: 351-21-365-3238. Voice: 351-21-365-3188.

(N) 26-28 November * 2ND BIOPESTICIDE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE (BIOCICON-2009), Palayamkottai, TN, INDIA. Contact: K. Sahayaraj, CPRC, St. Xavier’s Coll., Palayamkottai-627002, TN, INDIA. biocicon2009@gmail.com. Fax: 91-0462-256-1765. Voice: 91-0462-256-0744.

(N) 01-02 December * 2ND INTERNATIONAL Phytophthora capsici CONFERENCE, Hawks Cay, Duck Key, FL, USA. Contact: P. Roberts, PDR@ufl.edu. Fax: 1-239-658-3469. Voice: 1-239-658-3400. www.conferences.dce.ufl.edu/pcap/.

(N) 07-09 December * 3RD INTERNATIONAL MEETING FOR DEVELOPMENT OF IPM IN ASIA AND AFRICA, Bandar Lumpung, INDONESIA. Contact: J. Lumbanraja, Lab. of Soil Sci., Univ. of Lampung, Jl. Sumantri Brojoegoro No. 1, Bandar Lampung 35145, INDONESIA. Lumban@unila.ac.id. Fax: 62-0721-70-2767.

2010

(N) 05-07 January * INTERNATIONAL ADVANCES IN PESTICIDE APPLICATION 2010, Cambridge, UK. Contact: Carol, AAB, Warwick Enterprise Pk., Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK. Carol@aab.org.uk. Fax: 44-(0)-1789-470234. Voice: 44-(0)-1789-472020. tinyurl.com 07-11 February * WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA and SOCIETY OF RANGE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Denver, CO, USA. Contact: J.J. Jachetta, JJJachetta@dow.com. Voice: 1-317-337-4686.

(N) 25-26 October * 5TH ANNUAL BIOCONTROL INDUSTRY MEETING, Lucerne, SWITZERLAND. Contact: FiBL, Postfach, CH-5070 Frick, SWITZERLAND. Fax: 41-62-865-7273. Voice: 41-62-865-7272. www.abim-lucerne.ch.

(N) 16-20 November * 18TH AFRICAN ASSOCIATION OF INSECT SCIENTISTS BIENNIAL MEETING AND AND SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE, Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO. * Contact: AAIS, PO Box 59862, Nairobi, KENYA. aais@icipe.org. Fax: 254-2-340-849. Voice: 254-2-802-2391.

2011-2013

No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.

About IPMnet IPMnet is a free, global, IPM information resource service produced in collaboration with the Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State Univ., USA, www.ipmnet.org, and underwritten by the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program tinyurl.com the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service www.csrees.usda.gov, and IPPC. IPMnet maintains working relationships with the International Society for Pest information www.pestinfo.org, and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences www.plantprotection.org.

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