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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


October 2009, Issue no. 174
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005


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I. IPM NEWS

A Chronicle of IPM in Turkey

Application of biological control in citrus orchards as an alternative pest management method during the early 1900's laid the foundation for the history of IPM IN TURKEY, as recounted in a recent issue of the IAPPS NEWSLETTER. The IAPPS (International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences) periodical document (no. X, October 2009) was published in CROP PROTECTION, 28 (10), 908-910, October 2009.

Contemporary IPM in Turkey was initiated much later in connection with a 1970's project focused on insect pests of cotton, followed by apple and hazelnut IPM projects in 1972, notes N. Yasarakinci in a chronological overview of Turkey's IPM activity. Programs in many other crops followed over the years.

A national meeting organized in 1994 led to a series of fundamental decisions promulgating national IPM policies and strategies such as: mandatory establishment of a national IPM network for each IPM project; treating crop protection research programs as being both IPM-based and nationwide; preparing a technical guide for each crop in which IPM is implemented. An IPM Central Commission was created to coordinate IPM programs nationwide.

Dr. Yasarakinci traces the evolution of IPM implementation and the organizational relationships between, and responsibilities of, the various governmental and grower-based entities involved. Prominent roles fall to IPM National Coordinators and university scientists and research personnel as well as experts at various institutes. A main focus for national IPM aims to empower growers to become "IPM specialists in their own fields, orchards, and vineyards."

Training, both formal and field-based, plays a prominent role in Turkey, as Yasarakinci points out. Technical instruction, brochures, and farmer field days are organized and delivered for each locality, as well as information programs prepared for mass media outlets to help build public awareness as well foster education.

The detailed overview concludes that, even with the extensive infrastructure and effort expended, there remain some crops for which an IPM thrust has yet to be designed, a lag mainly attributable to insufficient research. Additionally, Yasarakinci says that for some growers the concepts of scouting, sampling, and economic thresholds are complex notions that succumb to traditional procedures. -> N. Yasarakinci, NilgunYasarakinci@gmail.com. excerpted, with thanks, from IAPPS NEWSLETTER and CROP PROTECTION. NOTE: IAPPS seeks to provide a global umbrella for the plant protection sciences to facilitate and promote the application of the IPM approach to the world's crop and forest ecosystems. The association aims to provide a global forum for the purpose of identifying, evaluating, integrating, and promoting plant (i.e., "crop" Ed.) protection concepts, technologies, and policies that are economically, environmentally, and socially acceptable.

Weeds Lurk as a Menace to Food Production

It has been said before but needs to be said again: crop loss figures clearly show that weeds should be regarded as growers' No. 1 enemy. That comes as no surprise to weed scientists who agree with the observations of newly retired FAO weed scientist R. Labrada-Romero that weeds pose a huge problem and threat to global food production.

Consider, Dr. Labrada-Romero remarks, that smaller area farmers spend more than half the time in their fields performing weed control . Yet, if farms are going to increase productivity, one of the first things that must done is to significantly improve weed management.

"Droughts, insects and diseaseslike Swine Flu are attention grabbers because their effects are dramatic," Labrada-Romero points out. "Weeds are different. They play havoc quietly all year round, year after year." Little wonder weeds are dubbed a huge, largely unnotice "hunger-maker."

According to Land Care New Zealand, weeds are responsible for billion a year in lost food production globally, compared to billion for pathogens, billion for insects, and .4 billion for vertebrates (excluding human-caused losses). That billion loss translates into nearly 400 million tons of wheat, or more than half the world's production expected in 2009.

Perhaps nowhere are these losses more critical than in Africa where weeds have been identified as a major cause of stagnating yields and production. Labrada-Romero notes that "with only manual labor available, African smallholders need to weed every day and that means a family can't handle more than 1 to 1.5 hectares. Proper management would allow them to farm more land and grow more food."

In an interview for an FAO news article, Labrada-Romero mentions the need for applying more advanced technologies such as solarization, biocontrol, and herbicides, the latter only if absolutely necessary. "The fight against weeds," he insists," must go on, otherwise more people will starve." excerpted, with thanks, from an FAO news article; thanks also to R. Labrada-Romero.

Rothamsted Research Adds Informative Website

Rothamsted Research, the largest and arguably most venerable agricultural/biological research institution in the UK, has melded efforts of its eight defined departments into a network of five research centers, and created a new website www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/Research/Centres that lists each center's current projects and staff members.

Among the five groupings, the Rothamsted Centre for Sustainable Pest and Disease Management (PDM) has taken on the mission to provide the scientific basis for novel and improved pest and disease management practices, and transfer of proven technologies into wide commercial practice. The overall thrust emphasizes effective and lasting approaches to reducing the impacts of pests and diseases.

Within the PDM a large contingent of Rothamsted scientists30 project leaders and other staff under the guidance of scientific director J. Pickettis engaged in work on nearly 20 projects ranging from a new generation of insect resistant crops, to targeting symptomless pathogen growth to control fungal plant diseases.

Practical targets for the center include: reducing the need for spraying agrochemicals; exploring and exploiting natural processes of plant defense; impeding the emergence of new pest species; and, providing early warning and risk assessment systems. As well, the PDM has established a list of scientific targets involving greater understanding of plant signaling pathways as well as events in pathogen recognition by host and non-host plant species.

PDM projects fall under one or more defined strategies such as integrative biology (both for plants and for animals), sustainable agriculture, plus tools and technology. Other approaches relate to corporate policy and strategy, and to bioscience for industry. Clicking on an individual project name opens a window containing extensive details about the activity including the research being conducted, the involved personnel, and collaborating or sponsoring organizations.

The overall website is user friendly: attractive, easily navigated, and informative. -> J. Pickett, Harpenden, Herts. AL5 2JQ, UK. Voice: 44-(0)-1582-763133, ext. 2321. John.Pickett@bbsrc.ac.uk. excerpted, with thanks, from the Rothamsted Research main and PDM websites.


GLOBAL IPM NOTES

* A survey of cereal growers in the UK found that: many utilize a suite of IPM techniques; IPM influences insecticide application frequency; and, strategies are most often dictated by farm characteristics and governmental policies. -> A.S. Bailey, A.Bailey@kent.ac.uk.

* Weed management using multiple passes of a rotary hoe in post-plant Glycine max (soybean) reduced crop plant populations, limited crop canopy height, and suppressed crop yield. -> S.C. Reberg-Horton, Chris_Reberg-Horton@ncsu.edu.

* Prices for the widely used herbicide, Roundup (glyphosate) are expected to be greatly reduced in early 2010 in certain markets. -> CROP PROT. MONTHLY, 30 September 2009, cpmsubs@aol.com.

* Remnant woodland and planted shelter belts around vineyards were found to increase the presence and activity of natural invertebrate enemies of pest insects. -> L.J. Thomson, LThom@unimelb.edu.au.

* An international team of scientist has evolved new Cicer arietinum (chickpea) germplasm to develop Spodoptera frugiperda (armyworm) resistant cultivars for growers in the Indian- subcontinent. -> S.L. Clement, SLClement@wsu.edu.


II. IPM-RELATED INFORMATION RESOURCES - web, CD/DVD, video and shorter publications

IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.

PLANT VIRUS DISEASE IMAGE DATABASE AND TEACHING RESOURCE

In 2009 the American Phytopathological Society published a two-CD set based on an international collection of color images of plant virus symptoms plus many additional images relating to epidemiology, losses, and control/management matters. VIRUS DISEASES OF PLANTS: IMAGE DATABASE COLLECTION (CD-1) offers well over 1,200 images of symptoms, vectors, viruses, and viroids associated with more than 120 host plant species. Editor O.W. Barnett has included current classification information for each image. In a second CD, VIRUS DISEASES OF PLANTS: GRAPEVINE, POTATO, AND WHEAT IMAGE COLLECTION AND TEACHING RESOURCE, O.W. Barnett and J.L. Sherwood co-edited material for the three indicated crops including information concerning diagnosis and disease management. Additionally, there is a 40-minute audiovisual component with narration (English) synchronized to the displayed images. The images on both CDs can be searched by virus, virus genus or family, plant, symptom, vector, or other terms found in the image captions. An added feature is a program that allows users to create a customized image "slide show" and export it, such as for a PowerPoint (TM) presentation. This pair of unique CDs provides information on in-field identification that is reported to be currently unavailable from other sources. It should be noted that this product is not compatible with Macintosh computers and programs. The compilation, offered for either personal use or under a multiple user license, is said to be a potentially valuable resource for a wide range of disciplines and applications. See: tinyurl.com {$} -> APSpress, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Voice: 1-651-454-7250. APSPress@scisoc.org.

LATEST VERSION OF MASSIVE DATABASE

The 2009 version of the PEST DIRECTORY on CD provides an updated, expanded, and improved version of the massive global database from the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI). As with earlier versions, the 2009 Directory covers hundreds of institutions worldwide, lists personnel, publications, programs, pests, products, and more. The information in the Directory derives from responses to an annual survey sent out by ISPI, complemented by new information, or revisions and updating as necessary to existing files. Searches can be launched for a pest organism, an organization, or a person; the newest version produces almost instantaneous answers to querys. For example, click on a pest listed in the "index list for pests, diseases and weeds" then on the option for more details, and a box pops up listing natural enemies, from which the user can ask for literature of a highlighted beneficial organism, leading to a listing of the literature specifically concerning that organism. The weed listing is exhaustive backed by a huge literature base: 78 listings appear for Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife), all of which can be searched for a specific phrase in the title or abstract. The ISPI database stands as a one-of-a-kind extensive information resource with worldwide information of use and interest to just about any program concerned with crop pests (insects, weeds, pathogens, vertebrates, etc.) and their management. {$} B. Zelazny, ISPI, Eulerweg 3, D-64347 Griesheim, GERMANY. ISPI@pestinfo.org. Voice: 49-6155-880682.

SENEGAL GREEN MUSCLE(R) TRIALS REPORTED

A 2009 document describes large scale field trials and the outcomes of utilizing the biocontrol agent Green Muscle(R) against grasshoppers in SENEGAL. The illustrated, 102-page report, by W.C,. Mullie and Y. Gueye, "Efficacite du Green Muscle(R) Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum en dose reduit en lutte antiacridienne au Senegal en 2008 et sur la faune non-cible et sur la predation par les oiseaux," includes a summary and captions of figures, tables, and annexes in English. A key finding noted that, at application rates of 25 and 50 g/ha of the product, bird predation increased recovery times of grasshopper populations, but had no impact on African honey bees or grasshopper egg pod predators. A free PDF is available from the senior author. -> W.C Mullie, Wim_sen@yahoo.fr. thanks to W.C. Mullie for information.

PEST MANAGEMENT VIDEOS ON "YOU TUBE"

Scientists at the Univ. of Wisconsin (USA) have turned to "You Tube" to deliver IPM information to a diverse audience. Among the short videos produced in collaboration with the Integrated Pest and Crop Management program at the university, are "White Mold in Soybeans," "Western Bean Cutworm: A Pest of Field and Sweet Corn," and, "Tomato Late blight in Wisconsin." The videos can be found through the publication Wisconsin Crop Manager, See: tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from Wisconsin Crop Manager; thanks also to R. Schmidt and E. Cullen.

PERIODICAL GAINS NEW TITLE

The periodical formerly titled PFLANZENSCHUST-NACHRICHTEN BAYER has been retitled BAYER CROPSCIENCE JOURNAL as of vol. 61, number 2, 2008. The editor notes that the decision to change "was not an easy one" but was taken "to facilitate better communication with a global scientific audience." The former title dated from 1962 and was itself an extension of other earlier similar publications. The change also includes a slightly different cover design. -> M. Safferling, editor, Markus.Safferling@bayercropscience.com. BayerCropScience AG, Alfred-Novel-Str.50, D-40789 Monheim am Rhein, GERMANY.


III. IPM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS - books, other longer publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at end of this file). many thanks, Ed.

A {$} symbol indicates a publication can be purchased, or that the publisher may charge for handling and postage, or both.

TREE-FRUIT PEST MANAGEMENT

Coping with pest organisms in tree fruit ranks well up in the hierarchy of difficulty for integrated pest management: in many cases, the crop itself is consumed with no husk, peel, or other separating layer to act as buffer or removable protection, the targeted pest activity occurs several meters above ground level, and the individual fruit can easily suffer cosmetic damage that affects marketability. Hence, it is no surprise that management efforts developed to reduce reliance on sprayed or misted chemical application present growers and researcher with a huge challenge. Editors M. Aluja, et al, have produced a new 311-page monograph, Biorational Tree-Fruit Pest Management, that dwells on this knotty challenge and offers insights into various contributing elements that, when taken into consideration, help in devising novel and effective pest management tactics. A cadre of international experts have contributed wide ranging material and background that the editors hope "will represent a compendium of current theory, philosophy and innovative research in the area of biorational tree-fruit pest management." The 2009 hardbound publication arose from a 2005 special symposium held to honor R.J. Prokopy for the innovative tree-fruit IPM strategies he formulated, field tested in large scale experiments with grower cooperation, and refined into useful procedures. The hardbound work is intended as a lasting tribute to Dr. Prokopy as well as a valuable resource for the tree-fruit industry. For additional information, see: tinyurl.com {$} CABI, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxford OX10 8DE, UK. Cabi@cabi.org. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. Voice: 44-0-1491-832111.

IMPROVING PROTECTION FOR TARO CROPS

A 2008 publication from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) monograph series focuses on upgrading protection of Colocasia esculente (taro), a major food crop in the South Pacific region. Authors A. Carmichael, et al, have published TAROPEST: An Illustrated Guide to Pests and Diseases of Taro in the South Pacific, as a methodical and useful information manual comprised of 30 fact sheets that identify each pest organism, describe the symptoms and damage it can cause and how these appear in the field, and then offers suggested action for controlling the problem as well as noting specific IPM considerations. The 35-page work is indeed illustrated being filled with close-up and descriptive full-color photos. The manual can be freely downloaded from tinyurl.com A hard copy of the publication (Pub. #MN132), along with a companion CD, can be ordered from ACIAR. {$} -> Publications, ACIAR, GPO Box 1571, Canberra, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA. ACIAR@aciar.gov.au.

A TREE FUNGI FAMILY PROFILED

A new monograph, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Ecology of Bark- Inhabiting and Tree-Pathogenic Fungi in the Cryphonectriaceae, presents a summarization of numerous studies revising the taxonomy of Cryphonectria as well as reports on new hosts of these fungi, including a burgeoning selection of material published in the last decade. The softbound, extensively illustrated workboth full color (14 images) and black/white (38 images) by M. Gryzenhout, et al, was published by the American Phytopathological Society (APS). The volume pulls together a mass of relevant information and, according to A.Y. Rossman's foreword, "provides a wealth of information about these fungi causing canker and other tree diseases throughout the world." The 130-page work's information should materially enhance the ability of researchers and others to more effectively identify fungi in the target family and thus, notes Dr. Rossman, benefit forest pathologists worldwide and "hopefully help to curtail the spread of these fatal forest pathogens." {$} -> APSpress, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. tinyurl.com APSPress@scisoc.org. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated publication.


IV. IPM MEDLEY Professional Opportunities; Equipment, Products, Processes, & Services

PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

ENTOMOLOGISTARTHROPOD MANAGEMENT, Logan, UT, USA * Develop and implement education and training programs involving arthropod pests of economic importance; establish a complementary research program; supervise the Utah state cooperative agricultural pest survey; sustain an externally funded research program. * REQUIRES: PhD in entomology or related field; demonstrated expertise in arthropod pest management; experience in extension or outreach efforts; familiarity with the U.S. land-grant university system. * CONTACT: F.J. Messina, search committee chair, Frank.Messina@usu.edu. Apply online at: www.usu.edu/hr.

ASSOCIATE IN WEED SCIENCE, Kalispell, MT, USA * Support integrated weed management and small grain cultivar evaluation; participate in design, establishment, and maintenance of field studies; * REQUIRES: MS in weed science, agronomy, or related discipline, or BS and substantial experience; background in agronomic field plot techniques (design, data collection, and statistical analysis); computer literacy; knowledge of integrated weed management; established scientific publication record; ability to work cooperatively with other faculty, co-workers, and growers; self-motivated and able to work without close supervision. * CONTACT: B. Stougaard, Montana State Univ., Northwestern Ag. Research Center, 4570 MT 35, Kalispell, MT 59901, USA.

ENTOMOLOGIST / PROFESSOR, Gwangiu, SOUTH KOREA * Teach pest control and general entomology; conduct research on crop protection, insect-plant interactions, and insect-pathogen interactions; advise graduate and undergraduate students; work collaboratively with the public and key industry contacts. * REQUIRES: not stated. Both Korean nationals and foreign scientists are invited to apply. * CONTACT: Han Yeon Soo, Chonnam National Univ., Gwangiu, SOUTH KOREA. HanYS@chonnam.ac.kr. Voice: 82-62-530-2072.

EQUIPMENT, PRODUCTS, PROCESSES, & SERVICES

FIRST IPM TRAINING MODULE RELEASED

The IPM3 Training Consortium (IPM3TC), a group of U.S. federal and state entities dedicated to the efficient and timely delivery of practical integrated pest management information to people responsible for developing and implementing IPM, has announced release of the IPM Core Concepts Module, the first in a series of five planned modules designed to allow anyone interested in gaining proficiency in the principles and application of IPM to tailor their training efforts to their specific needs in pest management, notes R.M. Nowierski, IPM3TC co-chairman.

All the modules will be made available on line with a primary goal of offering practical information "that will help individuals, agencies and organizations utilize IPM principles in their day-to-day pest management decisions," according to IPM3TC information. Modules to be released (on demand) following the IPM Core Concepts module are: IPM for Facility Supervisors/Managers Module; Invasive Species Module; Pest BiologyArthropods Module; and, Pest BiologyPlant Disease/Pathology Module. [Weeds Module?? Ed.]

The initial module, intended to provide a strong understanding of the principles that underlay the development and implementation of any IPM program, will run from 02 November to 11 December 2009. Students can proceed at their own pace within the 6-week instructional period, based on their work schedule and learning style. The module involves a series of lessons utilizing multi-media learning techniques including text (English), videos, still photos, and case studies. Assessments are provided at the end of each lesson.

Detailed information is at: tinyurl.com {$} -> R.M. Nowierski, USDA-NIFA, Rm. 3460, Waterfront Ctr., 800 9th St., SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA. RNowierski@nifa.usda.gov. Fax: 1-202-401-4888. Voice: 1-202-401-4900. thanks to R. Hedlund for information.

BIOCONTROL PRODUCT SAMPLE OFFERED

A firm in India has developed an oil-based formulation that is reported to be an effective biocontrol agent against Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth) and other sucking pests, under tropical conditions. The commercialized product, marketed as Myco-Jaal, contains virulent live spores of Beauveria bassiana. Recommended use requires spray application of a product/water solution three to four times, at intervals of 4-6 days, during the crop growth cycle. Myco-Jaal is marketed by Pest Control India (PCI) who generously offers to provide a sample of Myco-Jaal to anyone interested in using it to conduct research. See: www.pciLindia.com/myco_jaal.html. -> S.K. Ghosh, PCI Ltd., P.B. No. 9060, Goregaon (East), Mumbai-400 063, Maharashtra, INDIA. Ghosh.SK@pci.in.


V. IPM-RELATED RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS - SELECTED TITLES

Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address and email, as available, for first authors of the following titles. Direct requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

Phytopathology """"""""""""""""""""" “Crop Traits and the Tolerance of Wheat and Barley to Foliar Disease,” Bingham, I.J., et al. * ANNS. OF APPLD. BIOL., 154(2), 159-173, April 2009.

“Managing Late Blight in Organically Produced Tomato,” McGrath, M.T. * NEW AGRIC. NET., tinyurl.com Science """"""""""""""""" “Forest Roads Facilitate the Spread of Invasive Plants,” Mortensen, D.A., et al. * INVASIVE PLANT SCI. & MGMT., 2(3), 191-200, July-September 2009.

“Weed Management in Wide-row Cropping Systems: A Review of Current Practices and Risks for Australian Farming Systems,” Peltzer, S.C., et al. * CROP & PAST. SCI., 60(5), 395-406, May 2009.

Entomology """""""""""""""" “A Review of Chemical Control Options for Invasive Social Insects in Island Ecosystems,” Gentz, M.C. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 133(4), 229-235, May 2009.

“Spatially Variable Insecticide Applications for Early Season Control of Cotton Insect Pests,” McKinion, J.M., et al. * COMPUTERS AND ELECT. IN AGRIC., 67(1-2), 71-79, June-July 2009.

“Targeted Insecticide Regimes Preform as Well as a Calendar Regime for Control of Aphids that Vector Viruses in Seed Potatoes in New Zealand,” van Toor, R.F., et al. * CROP PROT., 28(7), 599-607, July 2009.

Transgenics """"""""""""""" “Impact of 9 Years of Bt-maize Cultivation on the Distribution of Maize Viruses,” Achon, M.A., and N. Alonso-Duenas. * TRANSGENIC RESCH., 18(3), 387-397, June 2009.

Vertebrates """""""""""""" “Year of the Rat Ends - Time to Fight Hunger,” Meerburg, B.G., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 65(4), 351-352, April 2009.

General """""""""" “Conservation Biological Control and the Management of Biological Control Services: Are they the Same?” Coll, M. * PHYTOPARA., 37(3), 205-208, July 2009.


VI. U.S. AID's IPM-COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH SUPPORT PROGRAM (IPM-CRSP)

IPM Collaboration Wins A 5-Year Contract Extension

The IPM- Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP), with Virginia Tech (USA) in the lead as management entity, has parlayed a wide ranging slate of integrated pest management approaches and implementation in developing regions into successfully gaining a 5-year operating extension of cooperative agreement with the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Concerns over bio-security and the growing threat of invading species are worldwide issues underpinning the need for effective, environmentally sensitive, and economic pest management. The IPM-CRSP, through a combination of global theme and regional programs, will continue to collaboratively address the challenges of developing and helping to apply suitable integrated pest management strategies in selected world regions.

The IPM-CRSP will utilize the newly extended cooperative agreement to build on its IPM Excellence Award-winning activities with pest management practices that not only minimize risks to human health and adverse impacts on the environment, but concurrently produce economic benefits through adoption of IPM procedures. -> R. Muniappan, Program Director, IPM-CRSP, OIRED, Virginia Tech, 26 Prices Fork Rd., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Voice: 1-540-231-3516. IPM-dir@vt.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from the IPM-CRSP website tinyurl.com and other materials.

IPM Aid Provided to Asian Nations

Information from Asia reports success achieved with IPM technologies promulgated through the IPM-CRSP, according to recent documents. In several Indian states, IPM demonstrations provided small-plot farmers with hands-on exposure to pheromone traps, yellow sticky traps, and treated seed, as well as the importance of scouting.

Then, in on-farm trials, an IPM regime was compared to traditional methodology: despite high levels of nematode infestation, the population of other pest species was found to be lower under the IPM regime which was reported to have reduced the total pest complex.

A cost-benefit analysis revealed that the highest net profit per acre accrued to an IPM plot compared to the control site. Similar results were achieved at several sites across three southern Indian states, and with four important crops: tomato, okra, eggplant, and cucurbits during the cropping span of 2008-2009. -> N. Kaushik, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Dabari Seth Block, Habitat Place, Lodhi Rd., New Delhi 110003, INDIA. Kaushikn@teri.res.in. Fax: 91-11-246-82144. Voice: 91-11-246-82100. The arrival of Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) (PMB) in Asia threatens a key crop. In Sri Lanka, recommended cultural and chemical control methods provide only temporary or partial suppression of PMB. The situation provided an opportunity for IPM-CRSP scientists to prescribe a trio of biocontrol organisms and help arrange for their importation.

The biocontrol agents were released at 42 Sri Lankan sites during various times in early 2009. Follow-up surveys found that the parasitoids had established at all sites, and even at some non-release sites indicating natural spread. A report by M. Gilkey and I. Wahundeniya concludes that, currently, PMB populations are under control in most regions of the nation. India has now asked Sri Lanka for a supply of PMB of the same effective biocontrol parasitoids. -> J. Rabindra, RJRabindra@rediffmail.com. excerpted, with thanks, from a TERI report, and information from the Horticultural Crops Research and Development Institute, SRI LANKA, and from R. Muniappan.


VII. IPMnet CALENDARUPDATE - recent additions and revisions (only) to a global listing of forthcoming IPM-related events, 2009-2013.

NOTES:

1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate, lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events with new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) and B. Zelazny, ISPI's executive director. The latter site includes features intended for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section also appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS, at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 14 October 2009

2009

(N) 21-22 October * 5TH INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION SYMPOSIUM AT DEBRECEN UNIV., Debrecen, HUNGARY. Info: G.J. Kovics, DU CAS, Dept. Of Plant Prot., Debrecen, POB 36, H-4015, HUNGARY. Fax: 36-52-508459. Kovics@agr.unideb.hu. Voice: 36-52-508378. tinyurl.com

26-28 October * INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: IMPACT OF RODENT OUTBREAKS ON FOOD SECURITY IN ASIA, Los Banos, PHILIPPINES. Info: G. Singleton, IRRI, DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, PHILIPPINES. G.Singleton@cgiar.org. tinyurl.com

26-30 October * 10TH ARAB CONGRESS OF PLANT PROTECTION, Beirut, LEBANON. Info: ASPP, PO Box 113-6057, Beirut, LEBANON. acpp2009@cnrs.edu.lb. Fax/voice: 961-1-809173. www.asplantprotection.org.

(N) 15-20 November * SEMIO-CHEMICALS WITHOUT BORDERS (IOBC working groups joint conference), Budapest, HUNGARY. Info: M. Toth, Plant Prot. Inst., HAS, POB 102, Budapest H-1525, HUNGARY. H2371tot@ella.hu. Fax: 36-1-391-8655. Voice: 36-1-391-8639. tinyurl.com

07-09 December * 2009 NATIONAL (USA) FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT FORUM, Orlando, FL, USA. Info: S. Canty, USWBSI, 380 Plant-Soil Sci., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824-1325, USA. Scabusa@scabusa.org. Fax: 1-517-353-3955. Voice: 1-517-355-0271 ext. 183, www.scabusa.org/forum09.html.

2010

(N) 17-21 January * 7TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON GRAPEVINE TRUNK DISEASES, Santa Cruz, CHILE. Info: www.icgtd.org/7IWGTD.html.

(N) 01-03 March * INTEGRATED CONTROL IN CITRUS FRUIT CROPS, IOBC/WPRS Working Group, Agadir, MOROCCO. Info: A. Mazih, Plant Prot. Dept., IAV Hassan II, Agadir, MOROCCO. Mazih@iavcha.ac.ma. Fax: 212-52-824-2243. Voice: 212-66-133-5351. tinyurl.com

(N) 03-05 March * 9TH FUMIGANTS & PHEROMONES INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, Valencia, SPAIN. Info: D. Mueller, K.Stocker@insectslimited.com. tinyurl.com

25-27 May * SYMPOSIUM ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PLANT PROTECTION, Guelph, ONT, CANADA. Info: Open Learning, 160 Johnson Hall, Univ. of Guelph, ONT N1G 2W1, CANADA. info@open.uoguelph.ca. Voice: 1-519-767-5000. www.cropprotection.open.uoguelph.ca.

(N) 07-11 June * BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF FUNGAL AND BACTERIAL PLANT PATHOGENS, IOBC/WPRS Working Group, “Climate change: Challenge or threat to biocontrol,” Graz, AUSTRIA. Info: I. Pertot, Ilaria.Pertot@iasma.it. tinyurl.com

20-24 June * INTERNATIONAL PLANT VIRUS EPIDEMIOLOGY SYMPOSIUM, Ithaca, New York, USA. Info: www.isppweb.org/ICPVE, A. Fereres, AFereres@ccma.csic.es.

(N) 08-09 July * AGRIGENOMICS WORLD CONGRESS, Brussels, BELGIUM. Info: A. Woodley, Select Biosciences, voice: 44-(0)-1787-315129. A.Woodley@selectbiosciences.com. tinyurl.com

14-15 September * 3RD SYMPOSIUM ON POTATO CYST NEMATODES, Newport, UK. Info: Carol, AAB, Enterprise Park, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK. Carol@aab.org.uk. Voice: 44-(0)-1789-472020. www.aab.org.uk.

(N) 26-30 September * 17th AUSTRALASIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, ‘New Frontiers in New Zealand,’ Christchurch, NEW ZEALAND. Info: 17th AWC Secretariat, PDC, PO Box 84, Lincoln Univ., Canterbury 7647, NEW ZEALAND. Fax: 64-0-3-325-3685. Voice: 64-0-3-325-3661. Info@17awc.org. www.17awc.org.

2011

(N) 07-10 February * WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Portland, OR, USA. Info: K. Counter, KCounter@allenpress.com. www.wssa.net.

2012

(N) 06-09 February * WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Big Island, HI, USA. Info: K. Counter, KCounter@allenpress.com. www.wssa.net.

(N) 11-14 November,* ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING Knoxville, TN, USA. Info: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4538. Meet@entsoc.org. www.entsoc.org.

2013 (N) 04-07 February * WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Baltimore, MD, USA. Info: K. Counter, KCounter@allenpress.com. www.wssa.net.

(N) 17-21 November * ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Austin, TX, USA. Info: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4538. Meet@entsoc.org. www.entsoc.org.



##IPMnet NEWS October/November 2009 Issue #174 ISSN: 1523-7893
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