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December 2009, Issue no. 175
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005


IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

Global Bt Resistance Analyzed

An international trio of experts systematically analyzed results from more than 40 studies, as conducted on five continents, that investigated insect reaction or resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) transgenic crops and concluded that existing theories and strategies can be used effectively to predict, monitor, and manage insect resistance to Bt crops.

Writing in the Journal of Economic Entomology (JEE), B.E. Tabashnick, et al, present insights gained from their analysis, information that in fact may help forestall the expansion of insect resistance and thus enhance the durability of transgenic insecticidal crops. The refuge strategythat is, growing an area of a non-Bt crop near the main Bt cropremains a valid procedure the authors advise and a useful means to increase potential for cross mating between resistant and non-resistant insects to produce non-resistant offspring thereby slowing evolution of insect resistance.

In their paper, “Field-Evolved Insect Resistance to Bt Crops: Definition, Theory, and Data," in the December 2009 issue of JEE, 102(6), 2011-2025, (www.entsoc.org/btcrops.pdf) the researchers found that, after more than a decade of commercial introduction of Bt crops, most pest insect populations are still susceptible, though there have been instances of field-evolved resistance. The data analysis also indicated that crops incorporating (pyramiding) two or more Bt toxins are better able to limit insect resistance when grown independently from single Bt toxin crops.

In effect considering 'to Bt or not to Bt, that is the question' (with profound apologies to W. Shakespeare ed.) Dr. Tabashnik and colleagues answer that through systematic analysis of the extensive data acquired for this study, "we can learn what accelerates resistance and what delays it, .... knowledge that can more effectively predict and thwart pest resistance." The team recommends continued use of the long-standing definition of 'resistance,' and encourages "discussions about which regulatory actions, if any, should be triggered by specific data on the magnitude, distribution, and impact of field-evolved resistance."

-> B.E. Tabashnik, Head, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Arizona, Forbes 410A, PO Box 2100, Tucson, AZ 85721-0036, USA. Voice: 1-520-621-1141. BruceT@ag.arizona.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from an Entom. Soc. of America press release and the ESA website at tinyurl.com and Jrnl. of Econ. Entom.; thanks also to B.E. Tabashnik, et al .

Canadian Agency Conducts Two Pesticide-Related Programs

In CANADA, the governmental agency responsible for two key pesticide-related national programs bears the title of Pest Management Centre (PMC) and, while compact staff-wise and inauspiciously tucked away amidst the folds of the sprawling parent Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) organization, produces a raft of useful information, importantly oversees initiatives to help increase grower competitiveness, and works to reduce risks associated with pesticide usage.

PMC comprises two main programs: Minor Use Pesticides; and the Pesticide Risk Reduction. In tandem, the two activities actively support AAFC's "Growing Forward: The New Agricultural Policy Framework" initiative focused on achieving results by building a profitable sector through programs that are "simple, more effective and tailored to local needs," according to the AAFC website.

Promoting risk reduction in pesticide usage is seen as applying to human health, biodiversity, and the environment. The PMC risk reduction effort is designed to create a framework through which growers develop and implement site specific risk reduction strategies focused on selected crops and issues prioritized according to national stakeholder consultations. PMC provides funding and regulatory input for strategy development. A series of Crop Profilescurrent information for crop production and pest management on specific cropsserves as a measure of status and progress. Nearly 30 profiles are available on line for crops ranging from apples to wheat.

The minor use activity, a parallel to and cooperator with the IR-4 Specialty Crops program in the U.S., works with growers, provinces, and manufacturers to establish pest management needs and match them with potential solutions, especially reduced risk products. The PMC arranges for field and greenhouse trials, commissions laboratory analyses, and drafts regulatory submissions. The PMC website tinyurl.com provides access to an archive of publications and documents including fact sheets, field and pest management guides, IPM guides, and other informative materials. The Centre also publishes a periodic newsletter in both English and French versions. The latest edition (vol. 2, no.2) features a profile of the new PMC executive director, M. Shethi. -> Pest Management Centre, AAFC, 960 Carling Ave., Bldg. 57, Ottawa, ONT K1A 0C6, CANADA. pmc.cla.info@agr.gc.ca. Fax: 1-613-759-1400. Voice: 1-613-694-2457. excerpted, with thanks, from the PMC and AAFC websites; thanks to C. Kora for information.

State Funds Support Old Pesticide Removal

In 2009 the U.S. state of Florida marks a decade of successful and expanding service with Operation Cleansweep, a statewide mobile pesticide collection and removal program that provides pesticide users a safe and effective way to dispose of canceled, outdated, and unusable materials. The 10-year old on-site pesticide pick-up service for the state's many growers, nurseries, and other users is free to all participants except pesticide dealer/sellers.

Interested individuals or enterprises are encouraged to contact Operation Cleansweep and provide detailed information about the amount and type of liquid or solid pesticide to be picked up so that arrangements can be made for annual removal during the month of December. State retained contractors travel to sites statewide to package, haul away, and dispose of the targeted materials.

Since 2000 the program has collected and disposed of well over 1 million pounds ( 450,000 kg) of pesticide from 1,900 requesting participants in 65 counties at a cost of approximately US$ 1.7 million, according to state of Florida information. A flyer and program sign-up form are online at: www.flaes.org/pdf/Flyer.pdf (Florida Dept. of Agric. and Consumer Services) while a program main page with details and historic information can be seen at the Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection site, tinyurl.com -> Operation Cleansweep, cleansweep@doacs.state.fl.us. excerpted, with thanks, from State of Florida websites; thanks to J.A. Jones Jr. for information.


* A study of irrigated rice agro-cosystems in sub-Saharan Africa estimates herbicide-resistant rice would generate a potential value increase of Euro 22-26 per hectare. -> M. Demont, M.Demont@cgiar.org.

* Results of surveys over 11 years suggest Bt hybrids are suppressing Ostrinia nubilalis (European corn borer) populations in midwestern U.S. maize. -> M.E. Gray, MEGray@uiuc.edu.

* Sowing Vicia faba (faba bean) early, compared to late, significantly reduced total virus incidence for one cultivar in at least one of three years of trials. -> H. Saucke, Hsaucke@wiz.uni-ssel.de.

* Sheep grazing on Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge) in early spring, plus beneficial insects, helped control this aggressive weed and allowed desirable forage grasses to again dominate. -> M. Rinella, Matt.Rinella@ars.usda.gov.

* A classical biocontrol program in French Polynesia successful utilized the host-specific egg parasitoid Gonatocerus ashmeadi against Homalodisca vitripennis (glassy-winged sharpshooter). -> J. Grandgirard, Julie@moorea.berkeley.edu.

* Indian NDTV recently reported that a herd of over 20 wild Asian elephants stormed into, browsed on, and trampled a tea "garden" in the Doars region of West Bengal state, defying human efforts at very large vertebrate IPM ("integrated pachyderm management").

II. IPM-RELATED INFORMATION RESOURCES - web, CD/DVD, video and shorter publications

IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.


The active Australasian Biological Control Association Inc. (ABC) not only facilitates cooperation and information exchange concerning beneficial arthropods amongst its 11-member group , it also is in process of activating an IPM accreditation scheme while conducting a vigorous information program. Since inception in 1992, ABC has published a number of brochures and posters, plus two editions of The Good Bug Book, a 110-page compilation of all the biocontrol organisms available through the member firms. The publication includes descriptions of each beneficial organism and its life cycle as shown in full color photos, as well as many other facts and details for the successful deployment of "good bugs." Copies of the book, in either hard copy or CD, are available from ABC members.

The Association has also published an informative and colorful web page at www.goodbugs.org.au where visitors can click on a drop-down menu describing biocontrol organisms by crop, or select the 'IPM notes' heading for a rational extended discussion of IPM fundamentals and the inter-relationship with biological control.

As described, the IPM accreditation scheme is aimed at crop consultants who, once gaining accreditation from experienced ABC members, can then nominate growers for accreditation allowing the grower to incorporate the Association's IPM logo into their product packaging. The logo is seen as "a high level of commitment to IPM and the need to reduce chemical inputs and minimise environmental and human health impacts," according to the ABC website which clearly sets forth the stringent accreditation criteria. excerpted, with thanks, from the ABC website.


A cooperative effort among several U.S. organizations produced the On-Farm Research Conference, "Using Research to Increase Yield," in 2009 as a means of providing practical information to growers, consultants, and others to assist them with developing their own research programs to improve crop production and protection, and to complete, recognize, and understand scientifically valid crop production research. The material presented at the event by experts, and now available on-line at tinyurl.com is divided into three sections: basic; data collection (including collecting plant disease data, and insect data); and improving the data. The initial presentation, "Planning an Experiment," is free; the additional 11 presentations can be accessed by staff and students of the The Plant Management Network's (PMN) partnering institutions and companies and by current PMN individual subscribers, or by those starting an annual PMN subscription tinyurl.com Free and {$}. excerpted, with thanks, from the PMN website; thanks to M. Wimer for information.


The plant Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) threatens primary agricultural production and biodiversity across Australia's New South Wales state. It negatively impacts the environment, water resources, infrastructure, tourism, and recreation. To actively manage existing A. philoxeroides infestations and prevent new incursions, Industry and Investment NSW has prepared and published the NSW ALLIGATOR WEED STRATEGY 2010-2015 in draft form (October 2009) to supersede the 2000-2005 version. The 22-page document at tinyurl.com is built around four goals: to exclude, contain, and effectively manage the weed, plus develop resources and improve capacity to manage alligator weed. Sections cover not only weed management strategies, but legislative components as well. The strategy also discusses monitoring, evaluation and reporting, plus establishes milestones. One appendix presents research priorities: a glossary is included. The NSW strategy is intended to complement the Australian national alligator weed strategy and framework. -> M. Freeman, Melissa.Freeman@industry.nsw.gov.au. Voice: 61-0-6640-1644. excerpted, with thanks, from the I & I NSW website.


The North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS) provides an umbrella structure for cooperation between 17 nations in the region and has developed a network of common databases on alien and invasive species including those considered currently invasive, as well as species that may become invasive. One NOBANIS goal involves establishing administrative tools for preventing unintentional dispersal of invasive alien species. The alien species database can be searched by nomenclature, habitat, group, country, or by multiple factors. The NOBANIS website www.nobanis.org includes nearly 60 invasive species fact sheets, most with full color photos. Another information set presents statistics for invasives in each NOBANIS country. National regulations covering invasive species in nine nations, plus global conventions and agreements also can be found at the website. -> nobanis@sns.dk. excerpted, with thanks, from the NOBANIS website.

CROP PROTECTION DATABASE Pest Genie is a freely accessed database for crop protection and animal health products available in AUSTRALIA. In addition to a product search feature that provides details concerning allowed usage searchable by either crop or product, the site, www.pestgenie.com.au, offers a news section, plus tools such as spray-boom output calculator and several conversion calculators (area, volume, weight). Another feature, Farm Minder, is a web-based compliance, quality control, and planning tool. Pest Genie is industry oriented with dozens of firms participating. excerpted, with thanks, from the Pest Genie website.

III. IPM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS - books, other longer publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at end of this file). many thanks, Ed.

A {$} symbol indicates a publication can be purchased, or that the publisher may charge for handling and postage, or both.


With a liberally expanded range of full color photos (289 in all, of which well over 70 percent have been newly added), the second edition of COMPENDIUM OF BEET DISEASES AND PESTS presents a panoramic yet highly specific synopsis of the numerous non-weed pest species attacking Beta vulgaris. Editors R.M. Harveson, et al, have drawn on the knowledge of 28 specialists affiliated with 14 institutions or organizations to assemble an informative reference covering pathogen-caused diseases, pest insect species, and abiotic disorders. One of the five main chapters discusses newly emerging issues affecting production, but the heart of this 2009, softbound work lies in the chapters on biotic disorders and major insect and arthropod pests. The 140-page volume, printed on coated paperstock and in the familiar, American Phytopathological Society's distinctive and reader-friendly compendia format, emphasizes sugarbeets, but also covers red table beets and other members of the Beta genus. For almost every one of the many problems included the softbound work discusses: description; causal organism; disease cycle and epidemiology; and, importantly, management options and recommendations. The clear color images of plant injury symptoms can readily serve as diagnostic aids for identifying crop problems in the field. An expanded introduction offers brief histories of beet production, botany, and breeding. A companion CD is also available, either alone or in combination with the printed version. {$} -> APSpress, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. APSPress@scisoc.org. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. www.shopapspress.org/coofbediandp.html. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated publication.


A 2009 publication from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) aimed at entomologists who have not used non-radioactive stable isotopes in their research previously presents a compelling case for using 'isoscapes' in tracing insect movement, feeding patterns, and other applications. From its introduction, to the discussions of isotope analysis and application the MANUAL FOR THE USE OF STABLE ISOTOPES IN ENTOMOLOGY covers numerous aspects in detail related to insect diet, mating studies, and all the techniques involved. The softbound, 77-page manual makes extensive use of both full color and black/white images, charts, and diagrams. The manual, by R. Hood-Nowotny, replaces a much earlier reference that was deemed outdated and no longer applicable due, in part, to massive changes in both technology and public attitudes. A definitive handbook on the sterile insect technique (SIT), an effective insect pest management method, was published in 2005 by IAEA. Stable isotopes, omnipresent in the environment and posing no health or environmental risks, have become an acceptable substitute for many earlier methodologies, notes the author. The new manual can be freely downloaded from tinyurl.com -> IAEA, Sales and Promotion, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA. sales.publications@iaea.org. Fax: 43-1-2600-29302. Voice: 43-1-2600-22529. www.iaea.org/books.

IV. IPM MEDLEY Professional Opportunities; Equipment, Products, Processes, & Services

ENTOMOLOGY RESEARCH SPECIALIST, Ames, IA, USA * Lead insecticide efficacy evaluations for field crops grown in Iowa and across the midwestern USA; select products and formulations; establish research plots; assist with all phases of plot production and insect sampling; maintain insect colonies and plants in growth chambers; summarize data and prepare reports; give presentations at professional and stakeholder meetings; work with diverse interest groups. * REQUIRES: BS in entomology or related science; applied field experience including pesticide application; excellent communication skills, both verbal and written; strong organizational ability; willingness to work extended hours outdoors in variable weather. Vacancy #090757. * CONTACT: E.W. Hodgson, EWH@iastate.edu, 103 Insectary, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011-3140, USA. Fax: 1-515-294-7406. See: www.iastatejobs.com/applicants/Central?quickFind=78013.

HORTICULTURAL WEED SCIENTIST, Gainesville, FL, USA * Design and publish weed management reccommendations for horticultural crops in the state of Florida; develop in-service extension education programs; plan, conduct, and publish weed manage- ment results for horticultural crops; serve as lead investigator for IR-4 at the North Florida Field Research Ctr.; direct residue trials at the Center; participate in all phases of graduate education; seek contract and grant funding. * REQUIRES: PhD in horticulture, agronomy, or related plant science; postdoctoral and/or previous extension experience and participation in interdisciplinary research programs. Req. #0803205. * CONTACT: C.A. Chase, Hort. Sci. Dept., Univ. of Florida, PO Box 11690, Gainesville, FL 32611-0690, USA. CAChase@fl.edu. Fax: 1-352-392-6479. See: www.hos.ufl.edu.


A product line of pheromone dispensers for mating disruption is said to incorporate technology that offers long-life performance combined with increased ease and lower cost of installation. "Cidetrak" dispensers are based on a protective physical shell to reduce the damaging impacts of UV light and oxygen that hasten decomposition and shorten the period of effective performance. The small "foot print" dispensers, designed to easily and securely snap onto tree branches with no scarring of branch tissue, are available with pheromones to disrupt mating of Cydia pomonella (codling moth) and Grapholita molesta (oriental fruit moth) among other pests. A companion line of dispensers utilizing the same physical technology, but with different pheromones, has been introduced for protecting stored commodities against species such as Plodia interpunctella (Indianmeal moth). Mating disruption and the insect pest population reduction it triggers helps reduce insecticide application requirements. -> Trece Inc., PO Box 129, Adair, OK 74330, USA. custserv@trece.com. Fax: 1-918-785-3063. Voice: 1-918-785-3061. www.trece.com. excerpted, with thanks, from the Trece website.

CORRECTION: In the article "BIOCONTROL PRODUCT SAMPLE OFFERED," published in the September/ October issue of IPMnet NEWS, #174, (IPM Medley section, Equipment, etc. subsection), the email address for S.K. Ghosh was incorrect, and should have been shown as Ghosh.SK@pcil.in. IPMnet regrets the error and any annoyance or inconvenience it may have caused. -Ed.


In its half-century of increasing acceptance, the acronym IPM has primarily been shorthand for integrated pest management, thought many other creative labels , e.g. "insect pest management," have been floated. A recent addition to the list, "informed pest management," proposed by S.J. Castle and S.E. Naranjo, arrives in the title of a paper amongst those published in PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE 65(12), December 2009, a special edition celebrating the 50th anniversary of IPM and how the concept has been applied to management of pest arthropods in food and fiber crops. This issue's special IPM "In Focus" collection contains seven contributions from leaders in the development and delivery of IPM programs as reviews, mini-reviews, and perspectives on the current status and challenges for insect oriented IPM reflecting the levels of adoption in fruit, vegetable, and cotton production systems in the western U.S. since 1959. thanks to R. Isaacs for information.

The November 2009 issue of BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 51(2), is a special issue focused on Trophic Ecology of the Coccinellidae, a family of wide ranging lady beetles that comprise a globally important group of pest species predators. Guest editors J.G. Lundgren and D.C. Weber present 11 refereed papers on a topic that emerged from a 2007 symposium. This highly diverse predator family incorporates diets spanning plants, fungi, mites, and various insects. Papers address the fragmentary knowledge of diets of most coccinellids, evolution of feeding habits, as well as reviews of lady beetles consuming scales, mealybugs, whiteflies, non-hemipterans, as well as non-prey foods such as pollen and nectar. thanks to D.G. Weber for information.

Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address and email, as available, for first authors of the following titles. Direct requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

Phytopathology """"""""""""""" “Field Evaluation of Biological Control of Fire Blight in the Eastern United States,” Sundin, G.W., et al . * PLANT DIS., 93(4), 386-394, April 2009.

“Genetic Resistance for the Sustainable Control of Plant Virus Diseases: Breeding, Mechanisms and Durability,” Gomez, P., et al. * EURO. JRNL. OF PLANT PATH., 125(1), 1-22, September 2009.

“Techniques for the Treatment, Removal and Dispolsal of Host Material During Programmes for Plant Pathogen Eradication,” Sosnowski, M.R., et al. * PLANT PATH., 58(4), 621-635, August 2009.

Weed Science """"""""""""""" “Efficacy of Herbicide Seed Treatments for Controlling Striga Infestation of Sorghum,” Tuinstra, M.R. * CROP SCI., 49(3), 923-929, May-June 2009.

“Site-specific Weed Control Technologies,” Christensen, S., et al. * WEED RESCH., 49(3), 233-241, June 2009.

“The Rationale for Monitoring Invasive Plant Populations as a Crucial Step for Management,” Maxwell, B.D., et al. * INVASIVE PLANT SCI. & MGMT., 2(1), 1-9, January-March 2009.

Entomology """""""""""""" “Comparative Studies of Predation Among Feral, Commercially-purchased, and Laboratory-reared Predators,” Hagler, J. * BIOCON., 54(3), 351-361, June 2009.

“Influence of Hop Yard Ground Flora on Invertebrate Pests of Hops and their Natural Enemies,” Grasswitz, T.R., and D.G. James. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 133(3), 210-221, April 2009.

“Parasitoid Control of Aphids in Organic and Conventional Farming Systems,” Macfadyen, S., et al. * AGRIC., ECOSYST. & ENVIRON., 133(1-2), 14-18, September 2009.

Transgenics """""""""""" “Insecticidal Activity of Cry3Bb1 Expressed in Bt Maize on Larvae of the Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata,” Meissle, M., and J. Romeis. * ENTOMO. EXPER. ET APPLI., 131(3), 308-319, June 2009.

Vertebrates """"""""""" “Short-term Evaluation of Two Integrated Pest Management Programs for Mountain Beaver (Aplodontia rufa) Control,” Arjo, W.M., et al. * CROP PROT., 28(8), 703-709, July 2009.

Nematology """"""""""""" “Perspectives in Applied Nematology,” Hague, N.G.M. * NEMATOL., 11(1), 1-10, 2009.

General """""""" “Ethnopathology: Local Knowledge of Plant Health Problems in Bangladesh, Uganda and Bolivia,” Bentley J.W., et al. * PLANT PATH, 58(4), 773-781, August 2009.


Indonesian Farmers Adopt IPM for Broccoli

Broccoli (a cultivar group of Brassica oleracea) farmers in Puncak, West Java, INDONESIA are now convinced about the advantages of IPM practices after carrying out hands-on farmer participatory field trials, a key element of an effort conducted by Bogor Agricultural Univ. in conjunction with the IPM-CRSP, that compared results against farmers’ usual practices on plots of 500 sq.m.

IPM tactics consisted of: 1.) Mixing Trichoderma harzianum with bokashi (an organic fertilizer); 2.) Dipping seedlings in mixtures of Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescence; 3.) Using lower rates of synthetic fertilizers; and, 4.) hand-picking and botanical extracts for the control of caterpillar pests.

Results from these field trials showed that the IPM practices offered a higher income for farmers while requiring significantly fewer chemical inputs. The benefit-to-cost ratio for IPM practices averaged 2.5 while it was 1.5 for farmers’ usual practices. -> R. Muniappan, Program Director, IPM-CRSP, OIRED, Virginia Tech, 26 Prices Fork Rd., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Voice: 1-540-231-3516. IPM-dir@vt.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from

VII. IPMnet CALENDARUPDATE - recent additions and revisions (only) to a global listing of forthcoming IPM-related events, 2009-2013.


1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate, lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events with new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) and B. Zelazny, ISPI's executive director. The latter site includes features intended for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS, at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 01 December 2009


(N) 10-14 January * U.S. NATIONAL INVASIVE SPECIES WEEK, “Invasive Species: Change and Dollars,” (all taxa), Washington, DC, USA. Info: www.nisaw.org.

(N) 11-12 January * 69TH ANNUAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST (USA) INSECT MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Portland, OR, USA. Info: tinyurl.com 28-31 March * 2010 INTERNATIONAL PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS 19TH BIENNIAL WORKSHOP, Clemson, SC, USA. Info: www.k-state.edu/ipri/.

(N) 11-13 May * BIOCONTROL IN THE AMERICASPAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE, Niagara Falls, ONT, CANADA. Info: S.T. Jaronski, USDA ARS NPARL, 1500 N. Central Ave., Sidney MT 59270, USA. Voice: 1-406-433-9486. Stefan.Jaronski@ars.usda.gov.

(N) 18 May * 62nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Ghent, BELGIUM. Info: P. Spanoghe, Fac. of Biosci. Engrg., Ghent Univ., Coupure Links 653, BE 9000 Ghent, BELGIUM. iscp@ugent.be. Fax: 32-0-9-264.6249. Voice: 32-0-9-264-6009. www.iscp.ugent.be,

(N) 31 May-18 June * TRAINING COURSE, “Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Food Safety,” Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Info: Wageningen International, PO Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. info.wi@wur.nl. Fax: 31-0-317-486805. Voice: 31-0-317-486800. www.wi.wur.nl/UK/.


(N) 12-17 September * SUSTAINABLE PROTECTION OF FRUIT CROPS IN THE MEDITERRA- NEAN AREA, IOBC/WRS Working and Study Groups, Tremiti Islands, ITALY. Info: C. Ioriatti, Plant Protection Dept., Research Ctr., Via Edmondo Mach 2, I-38010 S. Michele all’Adige (TN), ITALY. Claudio.Ioriatti@iasma.it. Fax: 39-0461-615500. Voice: 39-0461-615514. www.iobc-wprs.org/events/.

[R] 20-23 September * Corrected contact * IOBC WORKSHOP ON INTEGRATED SOFT FRUIT PRODUCTION, Budapest, HUNGARY. Info: C. Linder, Agroscope Changins-Wadenswil ACW, CP 1012, CH-1260 Nyon 1, SWITZERLAND. Christian.Linder@acw.admin.ch. Fax: 36-1-482-6072. Voice: 36-1-482-6518.

(N) 19-22 October * BLUEPRINT FOR THE FUTURE OF ARTHROPOD REARING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE, Vienna, AUSTRIA. Info: tinyurl.com 31 October-03 November * ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETIES OF CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 2010 JOINT ANNUAL MEETING, Vancouver, BC, CANADA. Info: Bill Riel, 506 W. Burnside Road, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, CANADA. Bill.Riel@nrcan.gc.ca.


(N) 15-20 May * INTEGRATED PROTECTION OF OLIVE CROPS, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Info: P.G. Weintraub, Entom. Unit, Gilat Resch. Stn., D.G. Negev 85280, ISRAEL. PhyllisW@agri.gov.il. Fax: 972-8-992-6485. Voice: 972-8-992-8678.


No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for these years.

## | IPMnet NEWS / December 2009 / Issue #175. | | Publication Frequency: | IPMnet NEWS is published every 6 weeks (8 issues per annum). | | Disclaimer: | Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in IPMnet NEWS implies | neither support nor criticism by the underwriting institutions nor any of their staff members. Views expressed | in IPMnet NEWS do not necessarily reflect those of the underwriters. | | Copyright and Reprinting: | Content is copyright protected; however, items appearing in the NEWS may be reprinted or quoted without | permission, provided IPMnet NEWS is fully identified as the source. ISSN: 1523-7893. | | Contributing material: | Notices of events, publications, materials, or processes are welcome, as are short articles describing research, | or other IPM-related information. | | To Subscribe or Unsubscribe: | Send the message "subscribe," or "unsubscribe" to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu, being sure to state | the specific e-mail address involved. | | Mailing List: | The NEWS' mailing list is a private list owned by IPMnet and strictly limited to use by IPMnet and is | neither rented, sold, nor authorized for use by any institution, organization, or individual for any other | purpose. IPMnet highly values the confidence and respects the privacy of its global readers. | | Editor/Coordinator: | A.E. Deutsch, IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. | | About IPMnet | IPMnet is a free, global, electronic IPM information resource service produced in collaboration with the | Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State Univ., USA, www.ipmnet.org, and underwritten | by the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program | tinyurl.com and IPPC. IPMnet maintains working relationships with the International | Society for Pest information www.pestinfo.org, and the International Association for the Plant Protection | Sciences www.plantprotection.org. | | Contact Information: | Email > IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu | Fax > 1-541-737-3080 Voice > 1-541-737-6275 | Postal > IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center | 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State Univ. | Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA ##
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