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INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION CENTER

IPMnet NEWS


January 2010, Issue no. 176
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005


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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

Global Principles, Local Practices Providing global Integrated Pest Management information, 1993-2010

THIS ISSUE:

I. News about IPM - Biocontrol, Rights, Regulation and the Future > Global IPM Notes
II. IPM Information Resources
III. IPM Medley - Guest Commentary > Equipment, Products, Processes, & Services
IV. IPM-Related Publications V. IPM-Related Research/Technical Articles > Journal Special Issues > Featured Article > Selected Titles
VI. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) - Collaborating on IPM in Central Asia
VII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate > IPMnet CALENDAR (N)ew or [R]evised Entries

I. NEWS ABOUT IPM

Biocontrol, Rights, Regulation and the Future

"International cooperation and regulation intended to preserve species diversity," notes biocontrol scientist K. Hoelmer, quoted in a recent issue of IOBC-Global Newsletter, www.iobc-global.org "is coming into conflict with technology for reaping benefits of this diversity, and biological control (BC) is unexpectedly caught in between these two forces," leading to widespread concern. The opposing interests are rooted in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on the one hand and the protocol for Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) on the other.

In view of the increasingly tense and seemingly intractable situation and looming threat to future development and application of BC, the International Organization for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC) established a Global Commission on Biological Control and Access and Benefit-Sharing to specifically "provide scientific advice to oversee and advise the design of an Access and Benefit-Sharing protocol that ensures practical and effective arrangements for the collection and use of biological control agents," according to a statement by IOBC president J. Brodeur. The IOBC Commission was charged with the challenging task of seeking a rational solution that both serves research and the furtherance of biocontrol while fully protecting national rights to genetic resources.

The Commission's resulting report, "The Exchange of Biological Control Agents for Food and Agriculture," prepared by a 10-person international team of experts and delivered to the Food and Agriculture Organization in late 2009 and cataloged as Background Study Paper No. 47, minimized politics and focused on a factual summary by providing a credible and well-documented analysis (no less than 28 international case studies) that clarifies numerous physical, natural, and economic aspects of BC tinyurl.com Boiled down to the "bottom line," the 90+ page report suggests that ABS regulations should recognize the multiple unique factors of biocontrol, not least of which are that BC: 1) primarily involves agriculture and food security, a global concern; 2) biocontrol agents are not patented, so can be utilized by anyone at any time; and 3) the process is global in nature and not limited to just developed or developing nations. A list of seven substantive recommendations for resolving friction encourage: fair and equitable benefit sharing, as well as access; exchange of BC agents; establishment of a single national contact point for all BC-related activities; sharing of non-monetary benefits (capacity building, training, technology transfer); preparation and dissemination of a document setting out 'best practices' for ABS related to BC; and, cooperation through FAO in instances of humanitarian or emergency situations.

The same report authoring group also prepared and published a forum paper, "Do New Access and Benefit Sharing Procedures Under the Convention on Biological Diversity Threaten the Future of Biological Control?" in the journal BIOCONTROL, tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from various materials; thanks to J.C. van Lenteren for information (Joop.vanLenteren@wur.nl).

GLOBAL IPM NOTES

* Trials in BENIN that added a “food product spray” (made from local ingredients) to neem and other bioinsecticides increased organic cotton production to match yields achieved for cotton crops managed with synthetic insecticides. -> R.K. Mensah, Robert.Mensah@industry.nsw.gov.au.

* A recent study demonstrated that carefully controlled laboratory tests can accurately detect potential toxicological risks of transgenic insecticidal Bt crops that might emerge in the field, thus reducing need for more expensive, time-consuming tests. -> M. Marvier, MMarvier@scu.edu.

* A 2-year trial in California showed that planting a mixed cover crop during winter suppressed weeds, added organic matter, and improved nutrient cycling in the organic vegetable system that followed. -> E.B. Brennan, Eric.Brennan@ars.usda.gov.

* Findings of a litterbag-based study in SOUTH AFRICA suggest that residues of Bt-maize degrade at a rate similar to other maize cultivars, with little persistent free Cry1Ab protein in the soil. -> P. Muchaonyerwa, PMuchaonyerwa@ufh.ac.za.

* Results from two years of pest insect scouting found that emergence of mealybug damage is likely to reduce cotton yield by 1.3M bales in PAKISTAN, the world’s fifth largest producer. -> A. Abdullah, Ahsan1010@yahoo.com.

II. IPM INFORMATION RESOURCES - web, CD/DVD, video and shorter publications

IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage, or both.

IPM DISCUSSION AND FREE POSTERS

The British Columbia (CANADA) Ministry of Agriculture and Lands has published a concise "definition and elements" of IPM discussion on its website www.al.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/ipm2.htm, as well as three full color and freely downloadable posters for IPM of: blueberry (Vaccinium sp.); raspberry (Rubus sp.); and, strawberry (Fragaria sp.). Additionally, the site offers a listing of "internet resources on IPM for school teachers."

SP-IPM UNVEILS A WEBSITE MAKEOVER

The CGIAR* Systemwide Program on Integrated Pest Management (SP-IPM) has developed and launched a revamped and expanded website at www.spipm.cgiar.org. The Program itself focuses, in order, on: climate change; food, feed and environmental safety; agro-ecosystem resilience; and, training and capacity building. From the site users can learn extensive detail about the SP-IPM, who the members of the SP-IPM are, note a disparate (if incomplete) list of IPM-related publications, and gain other information. The site states that the "SP-IPM Secretariate has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of information on this website," but that may be a bit of a stretch since one of the cited links lists a journal that expired in 2002. -> SP-IPM Secretariate, c/o IITA, Ibadan, NIGERIA. SP-IPM@cgiar.org. * Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT NEWSLETTER

The most recent issue of the no nonsense, straight ahead biannual Resistant Pest Management Newsletter is vol 19, no. 1, Fall 2009 (U.S.), completing 20 years of publishing and global sharing of well over 500 included articles. The periodical's clear goal is to inform involved personnel and agencies worldwide regarding ongoing change and advances in the all important realm of pesticide resistant management. The effort is a product of collaboration between the Center for Integrated Plant Systems (CIPS) at Michigan State Univ. (USA) and two concerned committees, with input and coordination form the Dept of Entomology at Michigan State Univ. The file for the current issue, as well as several years of archival issues, can be freely downloaded from tinyurl.com -> CIPS, B-11, MSU, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Whalon@msu.edu. Fax: 1-517-353-5598.

WEED BIOCONTROL NEWSLETTER UPDATED With issue #50, the quarterly newsletter What's New in Biological Control of Weeds (WNIBCOW), produced by Landcare Research in NEW ZEALAND, gains a graphically attractive physical makeover while retaining its refreshingly informative presentation. The latest issue announces a successful funding bid for a "Beating Weeds II" proposal, leading to a 6-year long collaboration between numerous entities and institutions in NEW ZEALAND and continuation of a previous program. That new effort will be divided into two components: targeting of weeds; and, improved environmental weed management. The 'targeting' aspect focuses on containing and reducing weeds before they become widespread and more difficult and expensive to control. The second thrust envisions improved weed management tools that will improve cost-effectiveness, increase efficiency, and reduce non-target impacts. Biocontrol is slated to play a major role in progress toward these objectives. The newsletter, in addition to its hardcopy version, also can be obtained as a PDF file, or directly downloaded from tinyurl.com -> L. Hayes, HayesL@landcareresearch.co.nz. excerpted, with thanks, from WNIBCOW #50, November 2009.

ANNUAL IPM REPORT ISSUED

The New York State (USA) IPM Program has published 2008-2009, The Year In Review, a colorful, glossy brochure highlighting the program's achievements, collaboration, and breadth. In addition to the state's agriculture, which is among the top 10 nationwide in fruit, vegetables, and ornamental plants, the IPM effort ranges far beyond to include community, recreation, and food safety. The review blends concise text with color photos, maps, and charts. In one instance, video was used to show how to scout for a pest insect in vineyards. The bulk of program funding was directed toward agriculture with nearly 70 percent of those funds devoted to "demonstration/education" and 17 percent to research. The brochure, Pub. no. 508, is also online at tinyurl.com -> NYSIPM@cornell.edu.

MALEZAS DE MEXICO

El proyecto sitio web Malezas de Mexico en espanol inicio en al ano 2000. La primera version se publico en Abrile de 2006 en www.malezasdemexico.net con fotografias y fichas informativas de 450 especies; otras 400 especies se anadieron hasta octubre de 2007. While primarily intended for Spanish speakers, the site does include an English language introduction expressing the hope of becoming fully bilingual in the future. -> malezasdemexico@yahoo.com.mx.

III. IPM MEDLEY Equipment; Products; Processes; Services; Professional Opportunities

= GUEST COMMENTARY =

P. Gredig is a U.S.-based grower who also writes cogent commentaries about agricultural topics "From the Fencerow," published by Farms.com, (www.farms.com) who have generously given IPMnet NEWS permission to reprint Gredig's latest observations which have relevance to IPM and crop protection. The views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of IPMnet nor its underwriters.

Sometimes we dig in our heels to our own detriment. January is the time of year when people renew their commitment to eat healthier and take better care of themselves and their families. As we entered the New Year, mainstream media seemed to be fixated on the benefits of a diet that favors local and organic production. This is also the time of year when farmers get together with their urban friends and family and rehash the debate on organic food versus conventional crop production methods, most of which now include biotech enhanced seed products. The debate is getting tired and I’ve had my fill of all the rhetoric from both sides. Let’s wipe the slate clean and look at this objectively. Surely we can all agree that biotechnology is about a lot more than herbicide tolerance. It is about maximizing the resources available to produce safe, nutritious food. These goals mirror the objectives of all farmers, including organic producers. Is it that crazy to suggest that a potential partnership between the science of biotechnology and the organic philosophy could trigger a new era in food production that could potentially benefit consumers, the environment, developing nations, and the entire planet? If organic food is to grow beyond its elitist market niche with urban foodies, the production systems must become more efficient and sustainable, especially when it comes to fertility. Relying on composted manure is problematic and represents a constraint to significant expansion of organic crop production. Crop genetics that require lower amounts of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium would seem to be a natural fit for organic systems. Same goes for water utilization. On the weed front, nature has provided examples of allelopathic traits (walnut trees for example) where plants exude chemistry that prevents competition from weeds. Imagine how much less fuel organic producers would burn if weed control came with the seed in the form of an allelopathic trait instead of using iron, flames, etc. to beat back the weeds. Could biotechnology make organic production systems the default method of farming? I say dare to dream, but if these two camps continue work in isolation from each other, we all lose. Over the history of agriculture, it has been common for like minded individuals to come together to strengthen their knowledge base and find community and solidarity. This can be good – no-tillers talk to no-tillers, share experiences and learn together. But the downside becomes apparent when these groups become insulated and start to sink deeper into the ruts they drive in. No one is served if biotech researchers and progressive organic producers refuse to consider the common goals and objectives they share. Both sides have a responsibility to explore partnerships. My gut tells me that the anti-biotech sentiment that has been a cornerstone of the organic farm culture has less to do with the science than the entities who design, develop and deliver the tools. Would it be more palatable for organic producers to consider biotech advances if the science did not come from multinational companies? If a nitrogen efficiency trait fell from the sky would organic producers walk away from it? Don’t think so. Surely we are mature enough to get beyond these silly thought patterns. Think about the potential of a global food production revolution that could arise from the merger of organic stewardship philosophies and cutting edge biotechnology. As a conventional producer without super-strong binds to either organic or biotech dogma, I welcome the possibilities. Would you? -> P. Gredig, Peter.Gredig@farms.com.



= EQUIPMENT, PRODUCTS, PROCESSES, & SERVICES =

Attracting Helicoverpa Spp.

A research group in AUSTRALIA has developed Magnet, a product to aid in control of Helicoverpa spp. The insect attractant technology is a blend of six plant volatiles and feeding stimulants that mimic the type of odors that moths rely on to locate nectar-rich flowers that provide an energy source. Magnet can be formulated to include a toxicant said to be capable of providing 4 to 6 days of control at levels of up to 95 percent reduction. The product has virtually no impact on beneficial species and can be applied to less than 2 percent of the crop thereby reducing application cost and environmental impact. > Ag Biotech Australia, PO Box 537, Richmond, NSW 2753, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-02-4588-5704. www.agbiotech.com.au/magnet.php. excerpted, with thanks, from the Magnet website.

Another application of Magnet,as reported by S.J. Addison, is to increase effectiveness of refuges established for cotton with Bollgard II(R) traits. Writing in the journal AGRICULTURE, ECOSYSTEMS, AND ENVIRONMENT, in a paper entitled "Enhancement of Refuges for Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Used in the Resistance Management Plan for Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Containing Bollgard II(R) Traits," Dr. Addison reports results of trials with and without Magnet in which Helcoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) egg density detected was far greater in the refuge rows where the attractant had been applied, suggesting avenues for improving refuge effectiveness for management of Bt resistance in H. armigera. -> S.J. Addison, Monsanto Australia, PO Box 93, Harlaxton, QLD 4350, AUSTALIA. SJAddi@gmail.com. excerpted, with thanks from AGRIC., ECOSYS., AND ENVIRON, 135, 328-335, 2010.

Trapping A Pest of Potato

The pest Circulifer tennellus (beet leafhopper, or BLH) spreads the beet leafhopper-transmitted viresence agent (BLTVA) disease phytoplasma to potatoes. An effective method for monitoring the presence of BLH and for following its populations is to place simple, adhesive coated yellow cards near potato growing areas. The Washington State (USA) Potato Commission (WSPC) suggests a basic trapping kit: double-sided 10x15 cm (4"x6") yellow sticky cards, approximately 38 cm (15") long pointed stakes, clips to affix the cards to the stakes, and a magnifying lens for correctly identifying BLH from among the many insects that can become trapped on the cards. The cards should be kept close to the ground surface as BLH travel close to the ground. Traps should be placed outside the potato growing area, and multiple traps are recommended as BLH populations can be spotty. Traps should be checked every few days during the first eight weeks after crop emergence. A key to success is being able to recognize BLH from among all the species that may become trapped. The Commission sells information cards for the BLH (in English or Spanish) as well as other pest organisms, diseases, and beneficial organisms (see www.potatoes.com). -> A. Jensen, WSPC, 108 Interlake Rd., Moses Lake, WA 98837, USA. Fax: 1-509-765-4853. AJensen@potatoes.com. Voice: 1-509-765-8845. excerpted, with thanks, from WSPC materials; thanks to A. Jensen for information.

IV. IPM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS - books, other longer publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at end of this file). many thanks, Ed.

A {$} symbol indicates a publication can be purchased, or that the publisher may charge for handling and postage, or both.

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENTOMOPATHOGENS

A 2009 monograph delves into four broad aspects of the organisms that, when harnessed and used appropriately, constitute a rapidly increasing body of insect control methods. In INSECT PATHOGENS, Molecular Approaches and Techniques, editors S.P. Stock, et al, have grouped the contributions from a 36-person international contingent of experts under: Identification and Diagnosis; Evolutionary Relationships and Population Genetics; Host-pathogen Interactions; and, Genomics and Genetic Engineering. The hardbound work is said to be "especially timely as it provides current methods and approaches for diagnosis and identification of entomopathogens." Most of the methodologies set out in this volume's 433 pages are expected to remain as classic molecular approaches and a solid foundation for future studies. The editors evoke their hope that the body of contemporary knowledge presented will act as a stimulant for additional research leading to greater efficacy and development of entomopathogens and broadened use of their unique capabilities in pest management. tinyurl.com {$} -> CABI, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxford OX 10 8DE, UK. Cabi@cabi.org. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. Voice: 44-0-1491-832111.

V. IPM-RELATED RESEARCH/TECHNICAL ARTICLES

JOURNAL SPECIAL ISSUES The November 2009 issue of WEED RESEARCH, 49(s1), includes nine papers comprising a special issue focused on parasitic weeds. Additionally, the journal marks its 50th volume in 2010 with a new front cover and a relatively high Impact Factor ranking among agronomy periodicals, according to editor E.J.P. Marshall's editorial, and is, Dr. Marshall points out, a credit to publisher European Weed Research Society and all the journal's staff, editorial board members, and reviewers. A number of review articles are on the drawing board for this year's volume.

Editors J.C. Lundgren and D.C. Weber have devoted the November 2009 issue 51(2) of BIOLOGICAL CONTROL to the “Trophic Ecology of Coccinellidae” containing 11 titles in its 137 pages.

FEATURED ARTICLE From the perspective that "the evolution of insect resistance is an ongoing concern" to the entire crop protection community, analyst S.C. Macintosh observes that, while durable insect resistance management (IRM) plans and appropriate stewardship are viewed as essential with the global spread and adoption of transgenic crops, the elements of IRM can be combined and in fact need to be creatively tailored to local conditions to gain acceptance. In her paper, "Managing the Risk of Insect Resistance to Transgenic Insect Control Traits: Practical Approaches in Local Environments," PEST MANAGEMENT SCI., 66(1), 100-106, January 2010, Dr. Macintosh states that IRM "must be a key consideration" especially when introducing Bt crops into new agricultural environments. IRM plans adapted to extensive monoculture production systems are quite unlikely to appropriately fit small, diverse agriculture. The clearly presented paper discusses elements that require attention and evaluation to avoid rapid resistance build-up. For IRM approaches to be widely accepted, accumulated technical data and results from practical experience can be thoughtfully drawn upon to devise robust, science-based IRM practices with a higher probability of acceptance and which are in the best interests of all stakeholders. -> S.C. Macintosh, Macintosh-associates@comcast.net. excerpted, with thanks, from PEST MGMT. SCI. SELECTED TITLES

Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address and email, as available, for first authors of the following titles. Direct requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

Phytopathology """"""""""""""""" “Aggressiveness and its Role in the Adaptation of Plant Pathogens,” Pariaud, B., et al. * PLANT PATH., 58(3), 409-424, June 2009.

“Biological Control of Coffee Rust by Antagonistic Bacteria Under Field Conditions in Brazil,” Haddad, F., et al. * BIOL. CONT., 49(2), 114-119, May 2009.

“Integrated Control of Cotton Root Rot Disease by Mixing Fungal Biocontrol Agents and Resistance Inducers,” Abo-Elyousr, K.A., et al. * CROP PROT., 28(4), 295-301, April 2009.

Weed Science """"""""""""""" “Predictive Models of Weed Population Dynamics,” Freckleton, R.P., and P.A. Stephens. * WEED RESCH., 49(3), 225-232, June 2009.

“The Life History and Host Range of the Japanese Knotweed Psyllid, Aphalara itadori Shinji: Potentially the First Classical Biological Weed Control Agent for the European Union,” Shaw, R.H., et al. * BIOL. CONT., 49(2), 105-113, May 2009.

“Weed Infestation of Wheat Fields by Sheep Grazing Stubble in the Mediterranean Semi-arid Region,” Schoenbaum, I., et al. * CROP AND PASTURE SCI., 60(7), 675-681, July 2009.

Entomology """""""""""""" “Direct Induced Resistance in Oryza sativa to Spodoptera frugiperda,” Stout, M.J., et al . * ENVIRON. ENTOMOL., 38(4), 1174-1181, August 2009.

“Effects of Cereal Cover Crops on the Main Insect Pests in Spanish Olive Orchards,” Rodriguez, E., et al . * JRNL. OF PEST SCI., 82(2), 179-185, May 2009.

"Is Preventative, Concurrent Management of the Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Possible?," Johnson, K.D., et al. * JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 101(3), June 2008.

Transgenics """""""""""" “Low Crop Plant Population Densities Promote Pollen-mediated Gene Flow in Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Willenborg, C.J., et al. * TRANSGENIC RSCH., 18(6), 841-854, December 2009.

Nematology """"""""""""" “Perspectives in Applied Nematology,” Hague, N.G.M. * NEMATOL., 11(1), 1-10, 2009.

"Plant-parasitic Nematodes Attacking Chickpea and their In Planta Interactions with Rhizobia and Phytopathogenic Fungi," Castillo, P., et al. * PLANT DIS., 92(6), 840-853, June 2008.

VI. U.S. AID's IPM-COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH SUPPORT PROGRAM (IPM-CRSP)

Collaborating on IPM in Central Asia

One of the key regional programs activated through the IPM-CRSP focuses on addressing pest management challenges in Central Asia, specifically in KYRGYZSTAN, TAJIKISTAN, and UZBEKISTAN, through efforts of specialists at Michigan State Univ. and the Univ. of California-Davis in collaboration with the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) and a number of governmental, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and local universities in the region.

The Central Asia IPM Collaborative Research and Capacity Building Support Program focuses on three elements, originating as result of a regional stakeholders forum, which are: (1) Collaborative research to expand efficiency and product lines of biolaboratories; (2) A collaborative research program to enhance biological control of pests through landscape ecology/habitat management; and, (3) Strengthening of outreach and educational programs in ecologically based IPM (EB-IPM).

A three member post-doctoral research and outreach program team was trained in EB-IPM approaches and is currently engaged in implementing IPM project activities in the project region. The team’s work is said to have increased awareness and use of EB- IPM at multiple levels (farmers, agricultural advisors/educators, university educators, and national research institutes).

A method for rearing the predatory mite Amblyseius cucumeris, a biocontrol agent found effective in controlling the spider mites in vegetable fields and whitefly in tomato fields, was designed and developed in UZBEKISTAN. In other work, over 120 wheat samples were screened for cereal leaf beetle resistance.

The project conducted regional IPM forums in each of the three targeted countries with total attendance of over 150 stakeholders. The project team has produced more than 50 research publications and extension bulletins in English and Russian language versions and distributed them widely in the project region.

Beyond field work there have been over a dozen presentations at regional, national, and international scientific meetings, workshops. and forums. The IPM education and outreach team assembled a directory of more than 60 regional IPM experts. Through various training programs, 92 farmers (35 per cent women) were trained in IPM through farmer fields schools in TAJIKISTAN and KYRGYZSTAN. An additional six students received IPM training through a first ever student field school established by the project in collaboration with a local university in KYRGYZSTAN.

The activities implemented under this project are seen to have had significant impacts in the region, particularly breaking down isolation between the trio of host countries and the international community, creating awareness about IPM issues, and introducing the concepts of EB- IPM in crop pest management programs. -> K.M. Maredia, 416 Plant/Soil Sci. Bldg., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. KMaredia@msu.edu. Fax: 1-517-432-1982. Voice: 1-517-353-5262. ipm.msu.edu –excerpted, with thanks, from material prepared by K.M. Maredia; thanks also to R. Muniappan for information.

VII. IPMnet CALENDARUPDATE - recent additions and revisions (only) to a global listing of forthcoming IPM-related events, 2010-2013.

NOTES:

1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate, lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events with new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of the International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) and B. Zelazny, ISPI's executive director. The latter site includes features intended for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS, at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 15 January 2010

2010

(N) 31 January-02 February * ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED IPM ECOLOGISTS, ECOLOGICAL PEST MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Napa, CA, USA. Info: AAIE, PO Box 12181, Fresno, CA 93776, USA. Director@aaie.net. Voice: 1-559-761-1064. www.aaie.net.

(N) 23-25 February * NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATIONS IN NEMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH FOR AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY, “Challenges and a Roadmap Ahead,” Coimbatore, INDIA. Info: S. Ganguly, Nat. Organizing Secty., Div. of Nematology, IARI, New Delhi-110012, INDIA. SG_nema@yahoo.com. www.nemaindia.com.

(N) 04-05 March * NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON PARADIGM SHIFTS IN RESEARCH ON CROP RESISTANCE TO PESTS, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. Info: crpworkshop.au@gmail.com. V. Selvanarayanan, Fac. of Agric., Annamalai Univ., 608002, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. Fax: 91- 4144 - 238080.

(N) 23-25 March * SLUG AND SNAIL CONTROL IN THE 21ST CENTURY, Cardiff, UK. Info: W.O.C. Symondson, School of Biosci., Cardiff Univ., Museum Ave., Cardiff CF10 3AX, UK. Symondson@cardiff.ac.uk. Voice: 44-0-29-208-75151. tinyurl.com 13-14 May * 2010 SE-USA ORNAMENTAL ENTOMOLOGIST WORKSHOP, Apopka, FL. USA. Info: S. Arthurs, MREC , 2725 Binion Rd, Apopka, FL 32703, USA. Voice: 1-407-884-2034. Fax: 407-814-6186. SPA@ufl.edu.

(N) 01-04 June * WEEDS ACROSS BORDERS CONFERENCE / CONGRESO MALEZAS SIN FRONTERAS / MAUVAISES HERBES SANS FRONTIERES, “Plant Invasions: Policies, Politics, and Practices,” Shepherdstown, WV, USA. Info: E. Rindos, voice: 1-406-994-7862. Emily.Rindos@montana.edu. www.weedcenter.org/wab2010.

(N) 21-22 June * 12th INTERNATIONAL FRESENIUS AGRO CONFERENCE, “Behaviour of Pesticides in Air, Soil and Water,” Mainz, GERMANY. Info: Die Akademie Fresenius GmbH, Alter Hellweg 46, Dortmund, GERMANY. SMummenbrauer@akademie-fresenius.de. Fax: 49-231-75896-53. Voice: 49-231-75896-81. www.akademie-fresenius.de.

(N) 29 June -01 July * IOBC WORKSHOP ON LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT FOR FUNCTIONAL BIODIVERSITY, Cambridge, UK. Info: J. Holland, Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust, Fordingbridge, Hampshire SP6 1EF, UK. JHolland@gwct.org.uk. Fax: 44-1425-651026. Voice: 44-1425-651035. www.iobc-wprs.org/events/index.html.

(N) 11-15 July * 10th INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM ON INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIAL CONTROL and 43rd ANNUAL MEETING, SOCIETY FOR INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY, Trabzon, TURKEY. Info: www.sip2010.org.

(N) 21-23 July * NETS2010, NEW ZEALAND BIOSECURITY INSTITUTE ANNUAL CONFERENCE, Blenheim, NEW ZEALAND. Info: C. Lewis, CL.sb@xtra.co.nz.

[R] 02-06 August * New website * 2nd INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP, INVASIVE PLANTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN TYPE REGIONS OF THE WORLD, Trabzon, TURKEY. Info S. Brunel, Brunel@eppo.fr. tinyurl.com 12-17 September * IOBC/WRS Working Group INTEGRATED PROTECTION OF FRUIT CROPS, Tremiti Islands, ITALY. Info: C. Ioriatti, Istituto Agrario San Michele all’Adige, Plant Protection Dept., Via Edmondo Mach, 2, I-38010 S. Michele all'Adige (TN), ITALY. Fax: 39-0461-615 500. Voice: 39-0461-615 514. Claudio.Ioriatti@iasma.it.

(N) 03-07 October * BIOLOGICAL CONTROL FOR NATURE CONFERENCE, Northampton, MA, USA. Info: MHoddle@ucr.edu. Voice: 1-951-827-4714. www.biocontrolfornature.ucr.edu.

[R] 01-05 November * New information * 8th INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF Chromolaena odorata AND OTHER EUPATORIEAE; and 1st IOBC INTERNATIOAL WORKSHOP ON MANAGEMENT OF Parthenium hysterophorus, Nairobi, KENYA. Info: C. Zachariades, ARC-PPRI, Private Bag X6006, Hilton, 3245, SOUTH AFRICA. Fax: 27-33-355-9423. ZachariadesC@arc.agric.za.

2011

No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for this year.

2012

(N) March * 7th INTERNATIONAL IPM SYMPOSIUM, USA , in planning phase. Info: E. Wolff, Wolff1@illinois.edu.

2013


No (N)ew or [R]evised listings to report for this year.

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