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April 2011, Issue no. 186
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM News


C ABI, a UK-based not for profit organization, has launched Plantwise , a new global initiative aimed at improving food security and the lives of the rural poor by reducing crop losses. The program is broadly composed of a network of plant clinics to be established internationally, and a knowledge bank comprised of worldwide data on crops and crop pests (including insects, weeds, pathogens/diseases).

Partial funding will be provided by the Swiss Agency for Development and Co- operation to the tune of US.3 million over a five-year period.

Plantwise is designed to generate immediate positive impacts for the globe's smallholder farmers said to be "the backbone of rural economies," and to fill current production voids until additional scientific pest management researc becomes available.

The clinics will be patterned as "doctor's style clinics for plants," according to CABI information materials. Establishment of hundreds of community-based clinics in developing regions is envisioned. Currently there are clinics operating in 14 countries while the goal anticipates expansion to 40 nations during the next three years. The clinics, operated by trained local personnel, advise farmers on pests in a manner similar to the way a health center does for humans.

The Plantwise knowledge banka prototype is set for launch in May 2011will be a repository for high-quality information, both historical and current, and is seen as an underpinning for the plant clinics. A wide range of international sources will provide material, augmented by validated observations from the clinics. The gathered information is to be digitized, aggregated, structured, updated, and made searchable, CABI documents explain, thus "providing a level of detail that has simply not been available before." It is hoped that the bank will become a "com- prehensive source of plant health intelligence." -> CABI, Plantwise, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxforshire, OX10 8DE, UK. enquiries@cabi.org. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. Voice: 44-0-1491-832111. www.cabi.org. excerpted, with thanks, from CABI Ezine, April 2011. NEW JOURNAL FOCUSES ON IPM

T he Entomological Society of America has launched a new peer reviewed periodical, Journal of Integrated Pest Management (J-IPM). The publication is an open-access, extension oriented journal singularly devoted to the practice and application of IPM.

J-IPM covers the full array of disciplines involved in nearly all aspects of pest management and is directed to a readership of individuals engaged in all sectors of IPM including, but not limited to, those producing crops, or working in various areas of crop protection such as advising, retailing, manufacturing, supplying, and educating.

Two veteran academicians with extensive IPM experience, M.E. Rice and K.L. Steffey (both entomologists), serve as dual editors-in-chief and work with more than 20 subject editors representing a variety of public and private entities.

Articles for J-IPM are welcome, written for any of three categories: profiles, issues, or recommendations. Specifics for each category and other detailed information is at entsoc.org The same site offers online access to the first published issue (vol. 1, no. 1, October 2010) as well as other information pertinent to J-IPM.

The new journal picks up the torch first wielded by the quarterly Integrated Pest Management Reviews published in 16 issues and 5 volumes during 1995- 2000, which represented a more international overview but succumbed to lack of submitted material and monetary asphyxiation. -> R. Levine, Communica- tions, ESA, Derekwood Lane, Ste. 100, Lanham, MD 20706-4876, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4583. RLevine@entsoc.org. Voice: 1-301-731-4535, ext. 3009. thanks to R. Levine for information; also, information excerpted, with thanks, from the ESA website.

Special Section: Pests and Natural Disasters

Increasing attention is being paid to the effects of climate change on crops and crop pests. Papers have been prepared, and the world is becoming familiar with projections of pest species "moving up (or down) the slope" in response to shifts in habitat elements. For example, on 07-09 June 2011 the University of Guelph (CANADA) will host a symposium entirely devoted to Climate Change and the Implications for Plant Science.

A subject receiving less attention is the impact on and behavior of pests in response to natural disasters. Cyclonic air movement (hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.), floods, mass- ive fire storms, droughts and earthquakes all have the power and capability to alter the status quo of pest insects, pest diseases, and pest plants as well as beneficial species and thereby create implications for post-disaster pest management.

There are doubtlessly papers and data on the topic and IPMnet NEWS would welcome learning about them. Thus, consider this an invitation to either alert the NEWS to material on the topic that can be readily accessed, or please send along a copy of such material (our address particulars are at the end of this file). The NEWS will compile and share informa- tion received.

For starters:

* The 1999 publication Handbook of Pest Management , edited by J.R. Ruberson, devotes chapters to weather influences on pest populations including flooding and fire , and the dispersal and disruption that may follow.

* C. Rosenzweig et al published the paper "Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events, Implications for Food Production, Plant Diseases, and Pests," in vol. 2, no. 2, December 2001, of Global Change & Human Health (discontinued). - -thanks to P.C. Jepson for information.

= IPM GLOBAL NOTES = * Flaming as an alternative weed management practice in organic wheat was found to be impractical due to causing unacceptable yield loss. -> S.Z. Knezevic, SKnezevic2@unl.edu.

* Lab and greenhouse assays found that reduced risk pesticides were moderately to slightly harmful to arthropod biocontrol agents introduced after pesticide applica- tion. -> C.D. Scott-Dupree, CScottDu@uoguelph.ca.

* In glasshouse trials, an application of spinosad, followed by releases of predatory mites, significantly reduced thrips numbers on some strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) cultivars. -> M.T. Rahman, M.Touhidur.Rahman@gmail.com.

* Adding biochar (a product of biomass pyrolysis) to soils helped induce systemic resistance to Botrytis cinerea (gray mold) and Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew). Y. Elad, EladY@volcani.agri.gov.il.

* Populations of two highly destructive rice planthoppers were significantly reduced by planting a mosaic pattern of chili pepper, ginger, maize, and peanut among rice paddy control plots. -> M.S. You, MSYou@fjau.edu.cn.

* A recent study demonstrates farming methods for augmenting ecosystemic elements that can enhance beneficial carabid species activity. -> M.A. Nash, MANash@unimelb.edu.au.

II. IPM Information Resources > Recently Published Information > Other Published Materials


IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, crop protection, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both.


The New South Wales (AUSTRALIA) Weed Risk Management System was developed to assist weed managers to determine priorities for weeding action at the state, regional, and local levels. The NSW-WRM uses a series of questions to calculate a score for weed risk (invasiveness, impacts, and potential distribution) and the feasibility of coordinated control (management costs, persistence, and current distribution). Once scores are deter- mined, a table comparing those scores leads to recommended management priorities. All the detail and background can be found at tinyurl.com While specific to NSW, the system may be useful, as a model if nothing else, in other locales. excerpted, with thanks, from the NSW-WRM website; thanks also to L. Thomas for information.


An influx of foliar fungicide products and usage recommendations has helped create confusion about their active ingredients, registered usage, and comparative capability. Univ. of Illinois (US) plant pathologist C.A. Bradley examined the field and delivers straight-forward information via a recent short article, "Providing Some Clarity on Fungicide Products," appearing in the 08 April 2011 issue of the U. of I's The Bulletin tinyurl.com Dr. Bradley presents a table of products, their typical use rate, their active ingredients, class, nomenclature, and the crops registered for treatment. He notes that in some cases foliar fungicides can affect plants in other ways beyond disease control. In conclusion Bradley provides a key advisory note on how to achieve consistent economic benefits with fungicides. -> C.A. Bradley, CarlBrad@illinois.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from The Bulletin .


The NIGERIA-based Systemwide IPM program (SP-IPM) recently published SP-IPM Technical Innovation Brief #11 focused on cereal cyst nematodes, the SP-IPM Quarterly Newsletter #6 , plus the program's Biennial Report for 2009-2010 , "Crossing Borders for IPM." All three items can be found on, and freely downloaded from, the program's website at www.spipm.cgiar.org. -> SP-IPM Secretariat, PMB 5320, Ibadan, NIGERIA. SP-IPM@cgiar.org. Voice: 234-2-751-7472, ext. 2293.


Scouting for, and identification of, weeds is an essential first step in developing an effective integrated weed management plan. To facilitate the process and aid in iden- tification, the IPM program at Michigan State University (U.S.) has published An IPM Pocket Guide for Weed Identification in Field Crops that helps users by listing weeds by: (1) identifying characteristics, (2) scientific name, or (3) common (U.S.) name. The Guide was prepared by W. J. Everman, et al, and includes a glossary as well as listings of broadleaf and grass characteristics. The 2011 publication is design- ed for field use, but is also freely available on the web at tinyurl.com . MSUE #E-3081. {$} -> J.N. Landis, MSU-IPM Program, B18 Food Safety & Tox- icology, MSU, East Lansing, MI 48824-1302, USA. LandisJ@msu.edu. Fax: 1-517-353-4995. excerpted, with thanks, from the MSU-IPM website; thanks also to J.N. Landis for information.


As world conditions evolve, management of pests in forestry settings, as well as preventing their spread (potentially including to agricultural crops in certain instances), has gained increased importance and urgency. A 2011 publication from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), Guide to Implementation of Phytosanitary Standards in Forestry , addresses the challenge by providing clear and concise guidance on forest health practices. The 100+ page manual offers plain language descriptions, as well as suggestions for improved national implementation, of international standards for phytosanitary measures (ISPMs). Sections cover IPM for forestry including nurseries, assessing pest risks, and tactics for pest spread prevention, among others. Material for the Guide was provided by an international group of experts with coordination and development at FAO by G. Allard, et al. The English language version of the Guide, FAO Forestry Paper #164, is freely available online at tinyurl.com with Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish editions to follow. thanks to G. Allard for information.


Well before the events of March-April 2011 in JAPAN, officials in Washington State (US), with its several nuclear-based power plants, considered the prospect of the almost unthinkable "what if" scenario of a nuclear emergency. In response, a concise 20-page handbook was prepared . The mid-2007 publication is Radio- logical Emergency Information for Farmers, Food Processors and Distributors freely available online at tinyurl.com While specific to Washing- ton state, the information has far broader geographical applicability and could be readily adapted to other areas or jurisdictions. thanks to P.C. Jepson for information.


* Crop protection related U.S. Agricultural Research Service articles appearing in recent issues of the journal Agricultural Research , at www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/, in either html or pdf format, include:

"USDA Study Confirms Links Between Longer Ragweed Season and Climate Change," February 2011. "Combating Cucurbit Yellow Stunting Disorder," March 2011. "Alternatives Eyed for Methyl Bromide," March 2011. "Researchers Collect 'Signals Intelligence' on Insect Pests," March 2011. "Getting Closer to a Better Biocontrol for Garden Pests," March 2011. excerpted, with thanks, from the USDA-ARS website.

III. IPM Medley > Equipment, Products, Processes, Services > Professional Opportunities > Sorting Through the "In" Box

= EQUIPMENT, PRODUCTS, PROCESSES, SERVICES = An Aid to Selecting the Right Refuge

Refuges have become an integral element for preserving the effectiveness of maize hybrids containing one or more Bt -based traits. The arrival of multi-trait hybrids, with "stacked" genes, along with what providers term "refuge-in-a-bag," have complicated the process of selecting the appropriate refuge, both in terms of refuge percentage re- quired and optimum physical shape. As an answer to these questions in the U.S., the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) has "joined forces with agribusiness to develop a next-generation insect resistance management calculator that helps growers select and install the right system" for refuge compliance. The NCGA IRM Refuge Calculator can be freely downloaded from tinyurl.com Users enter various information including the type of hybrid to be planted, field size, and seeding rate. The calculator then produces specifics as to planting needs, and offers a visual of options for refuge configuration. NCGA warns that the calculator does not supersede manufacturer's information and that growers bear ultimately re- sponsibility for meeting established refuge requirements. excerpted, with thanks, from the NCGA website and from Wisconsin Crop Man- ager, 12 April 2011; thanks also to E.M. Cullen for information.

A Variety of IPM Products

A UK-based firm produces a variety of pheromones, traps, and biorational products (naturally occurring components derived from plant extracts). The latter category includes biopesticides, a bionematicide, and a dual insecticide-fungicide. Also offered is a product that mass captures one sex of a pest population thereby upsetting natural balance leading to decline. Traps range from classic delta trap to weather proof, translucent polypropylene McPhail traps designed to use either solid or liquid lures. -> Russell IPM, Unit 68, 3rd. Ave., Industrial Pk., Deeside, Flintshire CH5 2LA, UK. www.russellipm.com. Fax: 44-0-1244-28-1878. info@russellipm.com. Voice: 44-0-1244-28-1333. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated website.

= PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES = Outreach SpecialistFruit Tree Integrator, E. Lansing, MI, USA * Help fruit growers and processors with pest management and encourage adoption of IPM; serve as liaison between fruit industry and Michigan State Univ. personnel; prioritize IPM needs; conduct research and education programs; help produce information materials and scholarly papers. * REQUIRES: PhD in a relevant discipline; practical knowledge and field experience in fruit production and IPM theory and application. * Pos. # 4564, see: tinyurl.com * Contact: M. Grieshop, Search Chm., 205 CIPS, MSU, E. Lansing, MI 48824-1311, USA. Grieshop@msu.edu. Endowed Chair, Weed Science (Small Grains), Pullman, WA, USA * Develop and lead outreach and re- search programs that integrate chemical, cultural, and mechanical weed control measures with new or novel approaches for weed management in small grains sys- tems of eastern Washington (U.S.); ensure delivery of cutting edge knowledge and technology information; conduct research; lead state-wide weed science extension team; engage in classroom and lab teaching. * REQUIRES: PhD in weed science or related discipline; extension knowledge of weed management; outstanding commun- ication skills; record of training graduate students; record of successful grant acqui- sition; ability to work effectively with diverse cultures and backgrounds. See: tinyurl.com CONTACT: I.C. Burke, ICBurke@wsu.edu. Voice: 1-509-335-2858.


// The 7th International IPM Symposium (March 2012) is soliciting program proposals. See: tinyurl.com Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Pest Management Centre regularly posts information on its website tinyurl.com in English and French de- scribing various implementation projects in process or recently completed.

// DENMARK is considering replacement of its current treatment frequency index with a pesticide impact tax (PIT) that would place the highest tax on the "potentially most harmful products," [harmful to what: weeds? pest insects? humans? ed.] according to the ENDURE Network of Advisers Newsletter #2 at tinyurl.com European Union proposals to allow EU countries to reject genetically- modified crop technology to prevent civil unrest could themselves encourage vio- lence and crop vandalism, warned a UK governmental official, according to a recent report in Farmers Weekly [UK], 22 March 2011, tinyurl.com An April 2011 "Issue Announcement" from Ag Professional focuses on herbicide resistant weeds. tinyurl.com

IV. IPM -Related Publications > Books, Other Longer Publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection, or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at the end of this file). A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both. many thanks, Ed.


A 2009 monograph explores recent discoveries in the area of Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions focused on the mechanisms controlling plant disease resistance. The hardbound work discusses the "cross talk among the signaling pathways involved, and the strategies used by fungi and viruses to suppress these defenses." Editors K. Bouarab, et al, have distilled the contributions of 45 authors into 13 chapters ranging across the main topic and related subjects; and in the process coined the term "omics" as in "burgeoning omics" in reference to genomics and proteomics. The 352 pages of informative text is thoroughly technical backed up by numerous black/white illustrations and 2 pages of full color diagrams. {$} -> CABI, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8DE, UK. cabi@cabi.org. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. www.cabi.org. excerpted, with thanks, from the cited publication.


The sterile insect technique (SIT) has developed into a key item in the IPM tool box. An obviously important facet of SIT is the necessary production of the sterile insects of the species targeted. A highly useful 2010 publication from the Food and Agricul- ture Organization of the United Nations in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency is Rearing Codling Moth for the Sterile Insect Technique , a step-by- step manual aimed at Cydia pomonella (codling moth), one of the most damaging pest insects in the world's temperate regions. Dozens of full color photos in this softbound document supplement a clearly presented text that author V.A. Dyck organized in a logical, minutely detailed progression in 23 chapters, with references, a glossary, and annexes. From concept and design of a facility right through to program management and product quality control, this 209-page reference will be a valuable resource for entities either considering establishment of a C. pomonella SIT program, upgrading an existing operation, or planning involvement with just about any SIT effort. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper #199. Available in printed form, or as a free PDF file at www.fao.org -> FAO, Sales and Marketing, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, ITALY. publication-sales@fao.org. Fax: 39-06-570-53360. www.fao.org.

V. IPM -Related Research/Technical Articles > Special Issues > Selected Titles

= SPECIAL ISSUES = * The British Society for Plant Pathology’s journal Plant Pathology has published its February 2011 edition (vol. 60, no. 1) as a special issue, “Climate Change and Plant Diseases,” as edited by S. Chakraborty, featuring 12 articles, plus an editorial.

* Boletin de la SEA has published a numero especial "Resultado del primer Censo de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina (SEA), by F. Agrain and G. San Blas at tinyurl.com

* A special issue of the European Journal of Plant Pathology (vol. 129, no. 2, Feb- ruary 2011) contains 16 articles focusing on “The Downy Mildews–Biology, Mech- anism of Resistance, Population Ecology,” guest edited by A. Lebeda, et al. * Selected papers from the 10th conference on Ecology and Management of Alien Plant Invasions have been published as “Plant Invasions: Theoretical and Practical Challenges” in a special issue (vol. 12, no. 12, December 2010) of Biological In- vasions .


Phytopathology """"""""""""" “Potato Virus Y, an Evolving Concern for Potato Crops in the United States and Canada,” Gray, S., et al. * Plant Dis. , 94(12), 1384-1397, December 2010.

“Dynamics of Soybean Rust Epidemics in Sequential Plantings of Soybean Cultivars in Nigeria,” Twizeyimana, M., et al. * Plant Dis ., 95(1), 43-50, January 2011.

“Multiple Mid-Atlantic Field Experiments Show No Economic Benefit to Fungicide Application when Fungal Disease is Absent in Winter Wheat,” Weisz, R., et al. * Phytopath ., 101(3), 323-333, March 2011.

Weed Science / Invasives """""""""""""""""""""""""" “Improving Weed Management in Organic Spring Barley: Physical Weed Control vs. Interspecific Competition,” Kolb, L.N., et al. * Weed Resch ., 50(6), 597-605, December 2010.

“Herbivorous Insects Reduce Growth and Reproduction of Big Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata),” Takahashi, M., and N. Huntly. * Arthro.-Plant Interact ., 4(4), 257-266, December 2010.

Entomology """"""""""""" "Impact of Neonicotinoid Insecticides on Natural Enemies in Greenhouse and Interiorscape Environments,” Cloyd, R.A., and J.A. Bethke. * Pest Mgmt. Sci ., 67(1), 3–9, January 2011.

“IPM of Mirids in Australian Cotton: Why and When Pest Managers Spray for Mirids,” Whitehouse, M.E.A. * Agric. Syst ., 104(1), 30-41, January 2011. Transgenics """""""""" “Recommendations for the Design of Laboratory Studies on Non-target Arthro- pods for Risk Assessment of Genetically Engineered Plants,” Romeis, J., et al. * Transgenic Resch ., 20(1), 01-22, February 2011.

Nematology """""""""" “Long-term Stability of Entomopathogenic Nematode Spatial Patterns in Soil as Measured by Sentinel Insects and Real-time PCR Assays,” Campos-Herrera, R., et al. * Anns. Appld. Biol. , 158(1), 55-68, January 2011.

General """"""""" “Effects of Intercropping with Aromatic Plants on the Diversity and Structure of an Arthropod Community in a Pear Orchard,” Song, B.Z., et al . * Biocont ., 55(6), 741-751, December 2010. “The Impact of Global Warming on Plant Diseases and Insect Vectors in Sweden,” Roos, J., et al . * Euro. Jrnl. of Plant Path ., 129(1), 09-19, January 2011.

VI. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP)

IPM-CRSP Gains New Assistant Program Director

The IPM CRSP has appointed virologist A. Fayad as assistant program director beginning 01 March 2011. Dr. Fayad has been involved with plant virology research including identification, epidemiology, biological and molecular diversity of viruses, virus movement, and interactions between viruses and plant resistance genes. He holds a BS in agricultural sciences and an MS in crop protection from the American University of Beirut, and a PhD in plant pathology from Virginia Tech. In LEBA- NON he identified two new plant viruses and worked on IPM programs for control of cucurbit viruses. In the latter effort, conducted in collaboration with the Institut National de Rescherches Agronomiques (FRANCE), he helped devise a mix of using cross-resistance to Zucchini yellow mosaic virus combined with mulches, altering field planting times, and use of insecticides to control virus vectoring insects. Previous to his appointment he was an assistant professor of biology at Notre Dame University, Louaize, LEBANON. ->R. (Muni) Muniappan, Program Director, IPM CRSP,Virginia Tech, 526 Prices Fork Rd., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. RMuni@vt.edu. Voice: 1-540-231-3516. www.oired.vt.edu/ipmcrsp. excerpted, with thanks, from an IPM-CRSP news release.

VII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate > (N)ew or [R]evised Entries for the IPMnet CALENDAR


1. The IPMnet CALENDAR Update , lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS ; and, [R]evised events with new information compared to previous mention in IPMnet NEWS .

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version , can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) executive director, B. Zelazny . The latter site includes features designed for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS , at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the I PMnet CALENDARUpdate was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation. Note: websites listed herein are current as of publication of this issue of IPMnet NEWS , but may be subject to change.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 20 April 2011


(N) 10-14 July * HEMIPTERAN-PLANT INTERACTIONS SYMPOSIUM, Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL. Info: Joao Lopes, hemipteran@terra.com.br. www.infobibos.com

27-29 July * 38TH CONGRESO SOCOLEN (Colombian Society of Entomol- ogy), Manizales, COLOMBIA. Info: M. Jaramillo, secretaria@socolen2011.com. Voice: 57-3-2034-76387. www.socolen2011.com.


(N) 01-04 April * INTERNATIONAL PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS 20th BIENNIAL WORKSHOP, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Info: L.S. Hesler, Louis.Hesler@ars.usda.gov. Fax: 1-605-693-5240. Voice: 1-605-693-5228.

(N) 21-25 May * 4th INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON OOMYCETES: PHYTOPHTHORA, PYTHIUM, AND PHYTOPYTHIUM, College Park, MD, USA. Info: G.Abad, Gloria.Abad@aphis.usda.gov. tinyurl.com

26-30 June * BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF FUNGAL AND BACTERIAL PLANT PATHOGENS, IOBC Working Group Meeting, Reims, FRANCE. Info: I. Pertot, Ilaria.Pertot@iasma.it.


[R] 10-14 August * location corrected * AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGI- CAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Austin, TX, USA. Info: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. BFord@scisoc.org. Fax: 1-651-454-0755. Voice: 1-651-454-3848. www.apsnet.org.


(N) 09-13 August * AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Info: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. BFord@scisoc.org. Fax: 1-651-454-0755. Voice: 1-651-454-3848. www.apsnet.org.

(N) 16-19 November * ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Portland, OR, USA. Info: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4538. Meet@entsoc.org. www.entsoc.org.


(N) 14-18 November * ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Info: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4538. Meet@entsoc.org. www.entsoc.org.


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