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September 2012, Issue no. 197
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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

[] IPMnet NEWS Issue #197 * September 2012 Global Principles, Local Practices Providing Integrated Pest Management and crop protection information internationally, 1993-2012. []

IN THIS ISSUE I. IPM News - Change and IPM: Scenario for the Future? - Clean Machines Reduce Weed Seed Dispersal > IPM Global Notes II. IPM Information Resources > Recently Published Information > Other Published Materials III. IPM Medley > Commentary > Equipment, Products, Processes, and Services > Professional Opportunities > Sifting Through the "In" Box IV. IPM-Related Publications > Books, Other Longer Publications V. IPM-Related Research/Technical Articles > Selected Articles VI. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) - Balancing IPM and Sustainability VII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate > (N)ew or [R]evised Entries for the IPMnet CALENDAR


I. IPM News

CHANGE AND IPM: SCENARIO FOR THE FUTURE? Are changes inevitable for current IPM practices? Several recent papers unquestion- ably avow that IPM change is in the wind that is drifting, albeit slowly and unevenly, across the entire globe.

Broad environmental concerns have forced all involved parties to view unfettered use of pesticides in a new light. Evolution of pesticide resistance in key pest organisms to once invisible products has become a burgeoning factor. Emergence of formerly benign organisms that have migrated to predator-free regions and evolved into major threats is triggering increased attention to invasives. Pressures for ever increasing food and other crop production is unrelenting with no reversal in sight.

Not surprisingly, after seven decades or more, IPM has matured to a plateau that is dead center at the intersection of societal views, physical science, technological devel- opments, economic realities, social awareness, and political impacts.

The deployment of areawide IPM programs has challenged growers to "reconcile the additional costs and risks" inherent in these programs "with benefits that are longer term and accrue to the broader community community" as well as the grower, observe entomologists M.J. Brewer and P.B. Goodell. In their paper, Approaches and Incentives to Implement Integrated Pest Management that Addresses Regional and Environmental Issues, published in the 2012 edition of Annual Review of Entomology. These scientistsand otherscontend that "successful linkage to IPM has been most apparent when risks are high, relevant IPM technologies are available, and financial incentives are flexible and reasonable." Solutions, they note, must address local issues that resonate with growers.

"Weed science has stopped at the 'field edge' in assembling the components [of weed management] into a truly integrated approach."

That is the underlying view of weed scientist S.L. Young expressed in his 2012 paper, True Integrated Weed Management, appearing in Weed Research. The goal remains elimi- nating weedy plants without compromising the environment nor upsetting a favorable economic outcome, and the individual components exist "for assembling a highly re- sponsive and integrated weed management system that can transcend spatiotemporal restrictions" and effectively adjust to field variability, notes Dr. Young. However, the reality of an efficient, economic "single platform for conducting real-time integrated weed management" is still futuristic today.

Biopesticides, once a staple of a simpler agriculture, are products based on living microbes and their bioactive compounds. Their history of earlier research and usage recorded a "lack of efficacy, inconsistent field performance, and high cost," relegating them to niche products, according to the article, Have Biopesticides Come of Age?, by T.R. Glare, et al. With the advent of scientific breakthroughs biopesticides have re-emerged to now become a rapidly expanding addition to the IPM toolbox. But while there has been "progress in the areas of activity, spectra, delivery options, persistence of effect and implementation," Dr. Glare asserts in a Trends in Biotechnology paper that "technolo- gies that are truly transformational and result in significant uptake are still lacking." excerpted, with thanks, from: * ANN. REV. OF ENTOM., 57, 41-59, 2012; * WEED RESRCH., 52(2), 107-111, April 2012; and, * TRENDS IN BIOTECH., 30(5), 241-300, 2012; also, thanks to all the authors.

CLEAN MACHINES REDUCE WEED SEED DISPERSAL If there ever was any question that AUSTRALIA takes weed prevention seriously establishment of the National Weed Spread Prevention Initiative (NWSPI) dispels any lingering doubt. NWSPI, launched in 2011 by the Australian Dept. of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, aims to reduce weed spread through early detection and rapid response by encouraging knowledge sharing. The initiative also urges adoption of nationally consistent approaches in weed management.

One key source of weed spread and infestation arises from unintentional dispersal of weed seed. Construction equipment with direct soil contact has capability for mas- sive weed seed dispersion from site to site. Working with national contractor organi- zations NWSPI aided in development of a construction industry-wide guide for machinery hygiene that details rationale and methods for detecting and removing contaminant plant parts, seeds, and soil from machinery.

The freely accessible A Guide for Machinery Hygiene for Civil Construction and an online e-learning tool were cooperatively formulated and can be downloaded from tinyurl.com The liberally illustrated, 38-page Guide offers logical, detailed procedures for how and when to clean equipment and thereby dramatically reduce potential for redepositing weed seeds at a new location. Many of the procedures also have applicability to agricultural equipment, including the vehicles of advisers, in- dustry representatives, or extension personnel driven into fields.

In addition, NWSPI endorses Ten Tips for Weed Spread Prevention at Construc- tion Sites (edited here for brevity):

1. Assess site for presence of noxious weeds or plant diseases; 2. Remove or treat weeds before construction begins; dispose of collected weed material in an appropriate manner; 3. Establish suitable 'clean-down' areas near entry/exit points; 4. If possible, plan work progress from least weedy area to weediest areas; 5. Aim to minimize disturbance of existing non-weedy vegetation; 6. Set up equipment inspection and cleaning areas; 7. Familiarize on-site personnel with machinery hygiene; 8. Avoid movement of people and machinery through weedy areas at times of high risk of seed dispersal, if possible; 9. Install removable screens over vehicle grills to prevent weed seed from lodging in internal parts (radiator, etc.); and, 10. Seek a declaration from suppliers that soil and machinery received at site is weed and disease free. excerpted, with thanks, from a July 2012 DAFF media release; thanks to M. Thomson, M. Sheehan, W. Huntley, and D. Whittock for information.


* A study in Malaysia determined that Cameron Highlands tomato growers who followed “good agricultural practices” spent less than half as much on pesticides as did smaller-scale conventional growers. -> G.M.N. Islam, GaziNurul236@gmail.com.

* UK scientists are investigating the impact of Wolbachia (bacteria) in enhancing suscepti- bility of certain insect pests to applied viruses. -> D. Grzywacz, D.Grzywacz@gre.ac.uk.

* Aphids in canola (Brassica spp.) attract a diversity of insect predators, but because of intensive insecticide use in some regions the crop may function as sink habitat for natural enemies in the landscape. -> S.L. Donelson, S.L.Donelson@okstate.edu.

* Integrating practical knowledge with evolutionary theory can potentially improve predictions of how pest insects respond to present and future challenges from changes in climate and land use. -> D. Mazzi, Dominique.Mazzi@ipw.ethz.ch.

* Easily constructed solar tents can be an effective in-field method for destroying unwanted weed plant propagative materials. -> J.J. Stapleton. Jim@uckac.edu.


II. IPM Information Resources > Recently Published Information > Other Published Materials

= RECENTLY PUBLISHED INFORMATION = IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, crop protection, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both.


A notable weed information source, first published in 2002, has been significantly ex- panded and otherwise tweaked for even greater usefulness in its recently released second iteration. A Global Compendium of Weeds, 2nd Edition, meticulously developed by biologist/weed profiler R.P. Randall, now contains information for over 33,000 species (about 13,000 more than the first edition). References have jumped from 288 to 1,285. In similar fashion the number of alternate names was bumped up over 7,000, though nearly half the listed species only have a single reference. The second edition is over 200 pages longer (now 1,115 pages) than its predecessor. Collection of data dates from 1996 with initiation of a database. The current culmination stands as a taxonomic dictionary, and a free resource tinyurl.com (note: big file) for all interested in those pesky, pernicious, sometimes poisonous plants humans deem to be weeds. -> R.P. Randall, Rod.Randall@agric.wa.gov.au. excerpted, with thanks, from information provided by the author.


The Pacific Pest Detector News is an online "quarterly newsletter for first detectors," that reports on a wide range of pests. The free colorful publication presents descriptions and full-color photos related to pests as well as their effect(s) on crops. Each issue also includes listings of key websites and contacts for pest information, primarily in the Pacific region. The News, sponsored by the U.S. national and western plant diagnostic networks, is edited by F. Brooks, BrooksF@hawaii.edu, and is found at tinyurl.com thanks to G. Jackson for information.


The PURE Project, first launched in FRANCE, focuses on IPM and related technol- ogies and counts active members in many European nations. The group recently pub- lished its 1st annual newsletter profiling selected activities performed during that period. The sectors reported include: wheat cropping system; maize cs; vegetable cs; pome fruit cs; grapevine cs; and, protected crops cs. The publication itself offers large, full color illustrations and concise text sections in an overall attractive, reader-friendly layout. The concluding section discusses the links between PURE and ENDURE, an earlier Euro initiative, noting that "PURE takes research work initiated in ENDURE one step further." PURE is designed to "develop field-tested practical solutions, new knowledge and a research toolbox for more sustainable approaches to crop protection." See: www.pure-ipm.eu. -> P. Delval, Philippe.Delval@acta.asso.fr. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated publication.


As an element to help mitigate the threat of wheat rusts (stem, leaf, and yellow rust) scientists at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (aka CIMMYT) and partners have developed RustTracker.org as a global wheat rust monitoring system and primary portal for global cereal rust surveillance and monitoring information, within the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative. Key features include: field surveys; incidence and severity of disease; pathogen monitoring of important races; resistant cultivar infor- mation; country-specific rust information; and a range of other tools. Specific country pages can be accessed from the website tinyurl.com The Rust Mapper feature is an interactive Google Earth-based application using GIS technology; informa- tion is updated every five days. An extensive table of resistant cultivars includes country, variety name, year, and "more information." -> D.Hodson, D.Hodson@cgiar.org. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated web site and from a CIMMYT news release.


UK-based CABI recently announced launch of Plantwise, a CABI-led initiative to "improve food security and the lives of the rural poor by reducing crop losses," per the Plantwise home page, www.plantwise.org. Key Plantwise elements include an extensive Knowledge Bank, an interactive source for pest information for dozens of countries, maps, fact sheets, diagnostic tools, and plant health news items. The stated goal is to reduce crop losses through gathering, organizing, and disseminating information via the knowledge bank and through a network of plant clinics in the developing world. Strangely, CABI chooses not to italicize organism scientific names, the global standard. CABI refers to weeds and insects as pests while treating diseases separately. The new and technically advanced site has reportedly endured some teething problems. -> plantwise@cabi.org.


* Staff at the Univ. of Tennessee announced release of IPM Lite, an app with various features such as alerts for the presence of insects and diseases; it also covers pruning and fertilizing and is primarily aimed at home gardeners. The app's information applies to 22 U.S. states, according to a news item. The app is for both Android and Apple products. {$} A. Fulcher, AFulcher@utk.edu.

* The Plant Management Network recently produced a 10 minute video on an impor- tant insect pest, Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) (BMSB), that can be freely viewed at tinyurl.com BMSB attacks a wide range of fruit and vegetable crops. Thanks to B. MacFarlane for information.

* The second issue of the lively free Australian newsletter, GIVING A RATS, reports on weed resistance to glyphosate, paraquat, and 2,4-D as well as other weed management topics at tinyurl.com Crop protection-related U.S. Agricultural Research Service articles appearing in recent issues of Agricultural Research, at www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/, in either html or pdf form, include:

"Newly Found Genes May Lead to Nematode-resistant Upland Cotton," 26 July 2012; "Using a Universal Pathway to Whack at Weeds," 16 August 2012; "Nematodes with Pest-fighting Potential Identified," 26 August 2012.


III. IPM Medley > Commentary > Equipment, Products, Processes, Services > Professional Opportunities > Sifting Through the "In" Box


Venturing into the (then) newer realm of electronic delivery of current information, issue number 1 of an email newsletter was published in November 1993. It was to be a key element of a newly launched initiative, initially dubbed Global IPM Information Service (GIPMIS), and seen as a conduit for providing accessible and timely periodic information about IPM and environmentally aware crop pest management to a worldwide readership.

While the concept clearly was notable, flying under the banner of "GIPMIS" was less than memorable. Within two issues, the effort's title had been tweaked to "IPMnet" and the IPMnet NEWS was in business with a readership of just under 300 recipients scattered across a handful of countries and regions.

Now, just under 200 issues and nearly 20 years later, and with regular service to an audience of over 8,500 spread across 157 countries, the fundamental concept of pro- viding a freely accessible information source via email is hardly novel, but the tight focus on IPM, crop pest management, and related topics remains a rock-solid foundation for the NEWS which still stands as the only known comparable, free, periodic information vehicle with a similar focus and global coverage.

The NEWS was originally conceived, launched, and sponsored by a group of visionary scientists who represented roughly a dozen U.S. educational institution members operating as the not-for-profit Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP), a pioneer in global implementation of environmentally responsible crop pest management. While the Consortium is no longer active, its historic legacy endures through the research and information outreach conducted by faculty and staff at its member institutions during its many active years.

Among the key CICP representatives who conceived, developed, and took a huge chance with IPMnet were M. Kogan, P.L. Adkisson, G. Schaefer, E. Glass, and R. Ford.

Current support for IPMnet now comes from the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP), the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Pest Information Platform for Extension and Education, (IPM-PIPE), and the Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State Uni- versity, with crucial support and guidance rendered by current IPPC Director P.C. Jepson.

The intent and hope is to continue production and distribution of IPMnet NEWS to you, your colleagues, and others who request a free subscription. Feedback suggests the effort remains an effective conduit for useful IPM infor- mation. That was, and still is, both the goal and guiding standard.

A.E. Deutsch, IPMnet NEWS Editor/Coordinator


To divert (and capture) those (usually) uninvited and unwanted visitors to idyllic outdoor barbeques and picnics there is a new, non-toxic system for trapping yellow- jackets and wasps. The simple device combines a potent lure, with a yellow, adhesive coated, rigid rectangular card. The system, with its disposable trapping cards, elim- inates having to handle liquids or the task of emptying spent liquid and dead bodies from trapping vessels and, according to the manufacturer, is said to be inexpensive. tinyurl.com REVISED APP FOR IPM The IPM Toolkit from the Univ. of Wisconsin (USA) has been revised to Version 1.2 with redesigned capability to download images and now includes new toolbars. The free app, for iPhones and iPads, is said to allow users "to read news articles, view videos, download publications, and access pictures which will aid ..... in adapting integrated pest management (IPM) to your agricultural operation." Others besides growers will find this app useful as well. Users can access and download images from the massive database www.IPMimages.org, repository for over 175,000 visuals. ipcm.wisc.edu/apps/ipmtoolkit/. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated website.


Weed Ecologist, College Park, MD, USA * Design, establish, and maintain field, green- house, or lab experiments; develop sampling protocols; supervise grad- uate students and student employees; communicate with various entities; analyze data; draft manuscripts for submission to peer reviewed publications; present research results at various gatherings. * REQUIRES: PhD in relevant field; authorship of published papers; experience with vegetable and field cropping systems; strong interpersonal and public speaking skills. * CONTACT: C.R.R. Hooks, 4144 Plant Sci. Bldg., Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4454, USA. CRRHooks@umd.edu. Voice: 1-301-405-4728. OTHER OPPORTUNITIES

+ The Univ. of Arizona (USA) Extension seeks an MS degree holder in a pest man- agement discipline for a professional position in "community IPM." See: tinyurl.com DuPont Pioneer seeks a research associate in general plant pathology. Requires a BS in plant pathology or a related discipline. See: tinyurl.com .

+ In Bozeman, MT, USA, Montana State Univ. invites applicants for post-doctoral and graduate positions in disease ecology and integrated management of vector- transmitted cereal viruses. tinyurl.com


// Defra (Dept. for Environment Food and Rural Affairs in the UK) has issued a draft plan outlining the country's future use of pesticides. tinyurl.com The Center for Plant Health Science and Technology is the scientific support division for the Plant Protection and Quarantine (group) within the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (gasp for breath) and has added several new identification sheets to it's growing collection. tinyurl.com -> Terrence.W.Walters@aphis.usda.gov.

// For recent information from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Pest Management Centre, see tinyurl.com The Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology produces a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries. www.isaaa.org. -> knowledge.center@isaaa.org.


IV. IPM-Related Publications > Books, Other Longer Publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection, or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at the end of this file). A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both. many thanks, ed.


"Plant diseases have changed human history and culture," observe G.L. Schuman and C.J. D'Arcy in the preface to their recently published title, Hungary Planet, "yet few people know much about plants or the pathogens that cause plant disease." The 2012 publication, under the subtitle, "Stories of Plant Diseases,"effectively explains how the science of plant pathology has important ties to human welfare. In 14 chapters and a straight-forward text style supported by copious black/white illustrations the authors relate the role of plant pathogens in historic events (European potato famine) as well as stressing the longevity of pathogens that still wreak havoc in today's mostly modern cropping systems. The softbound, 294-page work updates a 1991 version (Plant Diseases: Their Biology and Social Impact). Additionally, there are free materials to supplement the book such as podcasts, color images, suggested readings and more, all available online from www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/HungryPlanet. Instructors also can take advantage of supplemental teaching resources from the same site. {$} -> APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Voice: 1-651-454-7250. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated publication and APS information.


V. IPM-Related Research/Technical Articles > Selected Titles


Phytopathology """"""""""""""" “Impacts of Climate Change on Plant Diseases—Opinions and Trends,” Pautasso, M., et al. * EURO. JRNL. OF PLANT PATH., 133(1), 315-331, May 2012.

Weed Science / Invasive Plants """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""" “Using Precision Farming Technology to Quantify Yield Effects Attributed to Weed Competition and Herbicide Application,” Gerhards, R., et al. * WEED RESRCH., 52(1), 6-15, February 2012.

“An Integrated Approach for Management of Cyperus rotundus (Purple Nutsedge) in Soybean-Wheat Cropping System,” Kumar, M., et al. * CROP PROT., 33, 74-81, March 2012.

Entomology """"""""""""" “Microdot Technology for Individual Marking of Small Arthropods,” Whitehead, M.R., and R. Peakall. * AGRIC. AND FOREST ENTOM., 14(2), 171-175, May 2012.

“Comparing the Predatory Performance of Green Lacewing on Cotton Bollworm on Conventional and Bt Cotton,” Bahar, M.H., et al. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 136(4), 263-270, May 2012.

Nematology '"""""""""""" “Tritrophic Interactions Among Bt Maize, an Insect Pest and Entomopathogens: Effects on Development and Survival of Western Corn Rootworm,” Petzold- Maxwell, J.L., et al. * ANNS. OF APPLD. BIOL., 160(1), 43-55, January 2012.

“A Nematode, Fungus and Aphid Interact Via a Shared Host Plant: Implications for Soybean Management,” McCarville, M.T., et al. * ENTOMO. EXPER. ET APPLI., 143(1), 55-66, April 2012.

Transgenics """""""""""" “Transgenic Bt Maize: Farmers’ Perceptions, Refuge Compliance and Reports of Stem Borer Resistance in South Africa,” Kruger, M., et al. * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 136(1 / 2), 38-50, February 2012.

“Bt Rice Expressing Cry1Ab Does not Stimulate an Outbreak of its Non-target Herbivore, Nilaparvata lugens,” Chen, Y., et al. * TRANSGENE. RSCH., 21(2), 279-291, April 2012. General """"""""" “Weeds, Aphids, and Specialist Parasitoids and Predators Benefit Differently from Organic and Conventional Cropping of Winter Cereals,” Caballero-Lopez, B., et al. * JRNL. OF PEST SCI., 85(1), 81-88, March 2012.


VI. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) - Balancing IPM and Sustainability


Maximizing food crop production while striving to preserve biodiversity presents a unique situation, a challenging balance well recognized by the IPM-CRSP. As a participating scientist has remarked, "There is a need and urgency for proponents of IPM and biodiversity to work together, but they have rarely been considered as partners for a sustainable future."

Two forthcoming events co-sponsored by the Program aim to provide forums for bridging this interest divide through addressing and resolving, if possible, the intricate relationship of these sometimes competing concerns. While both events primarily focus on developing nations, guiding principles that emerge also can be applied to the more developed world.

During October 2012 the 13th International IPM Congress will convene in Teguci- galpa, HONDURAS, to address elements of "Sustainable and Healthy Agricultural Production." A July 2013 event to be held in INDONESIA, Conference on Biodiversity and IPM, will tackle the challenge head on as presenters and attendees seek answers to "Working Together for a Sustainable Future." (For more details and contact informa- tion on both events, see the IPMnet CALENDAR Update below). excerpted, with thanks, from the IPM-CRSP website.


VII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate > (N)ew or [R]evised Entries for the IPMnet CALENDAR

NOTES: 1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate , lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events presenting new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) executive director B. Zelazny. The latter site includes features designed for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about future events, or revisions, emailed to IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDARUpdate was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation. Note: websites listed herein are current as of publication of this issue of IPMnet NEWS, but may be subject to change.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 04 September 2012



17-19 October * 13th INTERNATIONAL IPM CONGRESS, "Sustainable and Healthy Agricultural Production," Tegucigalpa, HONDURAS. Info: congresomip2012@zamorano.edu. tinyurl.com 22-23 October * PATHOLUX 2012, "Impact of Plant Pathogens on the Quality of Crops and Wine," Mondorf-les-Bains, LUXEMBOURG. Info: tinyurl.com

19-22 November * 1st INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON HORTICUL- TURAL INSECTS MANAGEMENT, Amman, JORDAN. Info: cardne.org/Pages/ishim.htm.

[R] 03-06 December * new information * 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLANT DISEASES, Tours, FRANCE. Info: www.pure-ipm.eu/node/190.

(N) 16-18 December * BRITISH SOCIETY OF PLANT PATHOLOGY PRESIDEN- TIAL MEETING, "Fitness Costs and Trade-offs in Plant-Parasite Interactions," Norwich, UK. Info: www.bspp.org.uk/meetings/index.php.



(N) 04-07 July * CONFERENCE ON BIODIVERSITY AND IPM, "Working Together for a Sustainable Future," Manado, N. Sulawesi, INDONESIA. Info: tinyurl.com

28 July- 02 August * INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF CITRUS VIROLOGISTS CONFERENCE, Kruger National Park, SOUTH AFRICA. Info: G. Pietersen, Gerhard.Pietersen@up.ac.za.

(N) 06-08 November * 13th WORKSHOP, IOBC WORKING GROUP ON MASS REARING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE, Bangalore, INDIA. Info: P. De Clercq, Patrick.DeClerck@ugent.be.


(N) 11-13 March * 26th GERMAN CONFERENCE ON WEED BIOLOGY AND WEED CONTROL, Braunschweig, GERMANY. www.unkrauttagung.de/index.php?id=1.



No (N)ew or [R]evised events to report for these years (in this listing).

About IPMnet: IPMnet is a free, global, electronic IPM information service conducted in collaboration with the Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State Univ., USA, www.ipmnet.org, and underwritten by the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program tinyurl.com the Integrated Pest Management Information Platform for Extension and Education (IPM PIPE); www.ipmpipe.org, and IPPC. IPMnet maintains working relationships with the International Society for Pest Information www.pestinfo.org, and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences www.plantprotection.org.

Publication Frequency: IPMnet publishes IPMnet NEWS every 6 weeks (8 issues per annum).

To Subscribe (free) or Unsubscribe: Subscriptions to IPMnet NEWS are entirely free. To subscribe, send the message "subscribe," (or "unsubscribe") to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu, being sure to state the specific e-mail address involved.

Problems: Please advise IPMnet regarding: content errors; non-working websites cited in the NEWS; subscriptions to incorrect addresses; too many copies of the file being received (or a need for additional copies); or any other problem encountered so we can attempt to resolve it.

Contributing material: Notices of events, publications, materials, or processes are welcome, as are short articles describing research, or other IPM-related information.

IPMnet NEWS Mailing List: The NEWS' mailing list is a private list owned by IPMnet and strictly limited to use by IPMnet. It is neither rented, sold, nor authorized for use by any institution, organization, or individual for any other purpose. IPMnet highly values the confidence and respects the privacy of its global subscribers/readers.

Disclaimer: Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in IPMnet NEWS implies neither support nor criticism by the underwriting institutions nor any of their staff members. Views expressed in IPMnet NEWS do not necessarily reflect those of the underwriters.

Copyright and Reprinting: Content is copyright protected; however, items appearing in the NEWS may be reprinted or quoted without permission, provided IPMnet NEWS is clearly identified as the source. Of course, IPMnet appreciates being alerted to any instance referring to the NEWS. ISSN: 1523-7893. IPMnet is a registered and protected trademark.

Editor/Coordinator: A.E. Deutsch, IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

Contact Information: Email > IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu Fax >1-541-737-3080 Voice > 1-541-737-6275 Postal > IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley, Oregon State Univ. Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA
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