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December 2012, Issue no. 199
ISSN: 1523-7893 © Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

I. IPM News

MAKING 'AREAWIDE' TRULY COMPLETE The implications of an "areawide approach" to managing a specific pest species is clear: to be fully effective there can be few, if any, non-participating fields, orchards, or even residential yards within the targeted region. That requirement need not force the use of pesticides as there are a range of other actions that can be deployed. Western Australia's (WA) team approach toward controlling the Mediterranean fruit fly is a case in point.

The full participation concept is not a radically new thrust. The WA Plant Diseases Act of 1914 plainly states that it is the responsibility of all property owners to take steps to prevent the spread of pests and diseases. In fact, under this act an order for the remov- al of unmanaged trees (in this case) can be issued. No excuses for non-compliance, even a century ago in this region where pest management is taken very seriously.

WA Dept. of Agriculture and Food industry liaison specialist A. McCarthy empha- sizes the present community approach in the campaign to combat medfly, a pest known to infest more than 200 types of fruit and vegetables at an annual cost of millions of dollars to the province's horticulture industry.

Mr. McCarthy explains that commercial "Growers are working hard to protect crops but this work can be compromised if fruit fly in nearby areas is not managed effectively." As such, "It is up to everyone, not just commercial growers, but anyone with a fruit tree or a vegetable patch in their backyard, to control fruit fly," he noted.

Several recommended steps, among others, can be taken to help control fruit fly in non- commercial settings: fully dispose of any excess fruit; do not allow fruit to rot on the ground; remove any unwanted or unmanaged trees; once fruit has formed on trees, begin weekly foliar baiting, or install liquid traps or exclusion netting.

A WA information document, Recommended Medfly Control, published in August 2012, is at tinyurl.com -> A. McCarthy, AMcCarthy@agric.wa.gov.au. excerpted, with thanks, from a WA media statement; thanks also to A. McCarthy, J. Thomson, L. Bertram, and S. Lloyd for information.


Ten individuals completed a year-long IPM Advocate training program in June 2012 and became certified and available to advise and assist retail stores (initially in California) with selecting and marketing less toxic products (pesticides) according to the December edition of Retail Nursery and Garden Center IPM News (vol. 2, no. 4, December 2012) tinyurl.com Since the 2011 launch of the IPM Advocate program, a co- operative effort between the Univ. of California Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM) and several other northern California groups, certified advocates have "trained 318 nursery and garden center managers, owners and employees in 30 stores and have helped more than 90 percent of these stores increase their displays of less toxic products," the article states. UC IPM will continue to support advocates with ongoing education and a collab- orative consultation network that links to expertise at UC. Advocates can also utilize UC research-based IPM educational materials, continuing training, an extensive website as well as other information. > A. Joseph, Annie.Joseph@ipmadvocates.com. excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated publication; thanks, also, to M.L. Flint for information.


* Multiple management optionsconventional tillage, inter-cropping (beans), and resist- ant varietiesreduced the severity of gray leaf spot in maize and increased crop yield. -> Lyimo, H.F., FLyimo_1999@yahoo.com.

* A recent survey matching publicly funded genetic engineering research projects against industry needs revealed that far less than half the funded research has focused on the most frequently identified pest threats. -> A.B. Bennett, ABBennett@ucdavis.edu.

* Experimental and theoretical modeling showed that pest species behavioral avoidance combined with low spray coverage can markedly reduced pesticide performance. -> X. Martini, Xavier.Martini@voila.fr.

* Fire was demonstrated to be an effective tool for controlling invasive Tamarix spp. seedlings. -> M.K. Ohrtman, Michelle.Ohrtman@sdstate.edu.

* A survey of growers in one Australian region revealed that weed species prevalence is not always an indication of the species’ economic concern to industry. -> C.P. Borger, Catherine.Borger@agric.wa.gov.au.

II. IPM Information Resources > Recently Published Information > Other Published Materials

= RECENTLY PUBLISHED INFORMATION = IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about websites, publications, CD/DVDs, or videos focused on, or related to, crop IPM, crop protection, or invasive species. Please send a review copy of the material to the postal address at the end of this file; or, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both.


The Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists hosted an international seminar (NJF Seminar 458) in Tallinn, ESTONIA, during 07-08 November 2012, entitled Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - National Action Plans in Nordic-Baltic Countries, and have posted a 51-page collection of presentation summaries (in English) at tinyurl.com Topics covered a wide variety of IPM-related aspects ranging from overviews to more focused elements. FIRST OF WELL KNOWN BCPC REFERENCES GOES ONLINE

A well known and reliable reference source, The Pesticide Manual from BCPC (British Crop Production Council), is now available in an online form as a complement to the hard copy version. The online manual contains all the information in the hard copy plus a larger dataset of product names, said to be over 10,000, [but who's counting], as well as more than 3,000 discontinued product names, and 710 supplementary entries. The newly inaugurated online version aims to be user friendly and accessible. Additionally, it offers a unique search engine with regular updates "to keep pace with industry changes." The manual not only provides for multiple searches, it allows users to customize and export information. Then there are the hyperlinks to related data sources. BCPC notes that it intends to launch online versions of several other of its manuals including: biocontrol agents and the more recent GM crop reference. For more information and subscription information either contact publications@bcpc.org, or check on www.bcpcdata.com. excerpted, with thanks, from a BCPC news release; thanks to M. Hart for information.


* A recent news release from Fresh Plaza: Global Fresh Produce and Banana News pro- vides information on "Drosophila suzukii, A New Invasive Pest for Small Fruits and Berries," www.freshplaza.com/news_detail.asp?id=102317 itself based on the research paper, "A Review of Drosophila suzukii in Europe and a Draft Research Agenda for Inte- grated Pest Management," by A. Cini, et al, Bull. of Insectology, 65(1), 149-180, 2012.

* Crop protection-related U.S. Agricultural Research Service articles appearing in recent issues of Agricultural Research, at www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/, in either html or pdf form, include: "Scientists Identify Insect-repelling Compounds in Jatropha," 05 November; and, "Spraying Insecticide? There's an App for That," 08 November.

III. IPM Medley > Equipment, Products, Processes, Services > Professional Opportunities > Sifting Through the "In" Box


Scientists (W.C. Hoffmann and B. Fritz) at the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture have devel- oped two mobile phone applications ("apps") to help with tuning and adjusting insecti- cide spraying equipment and application practices. The apps, usable with a smartphone, are designed to help ensure that both ground-based and aerial crews can accurately direct material to intended targets and minimize spray drift, all by keying in specifics on the type of equipment and pesticide being applied. The ground-based spraying app includes infor- mation for more that 50 sprayer models from 19 manufacturers. App users select the spray- ing device to be used, and are then guided through a process of selecting specific operational settings such as nozzle type, flow rate, and pressure setting. The app for aerial application guides users through the process of adjusting nozzles and settings to produce optimum size droplets, a critical element for on-target deposition and minimizing drift. Users specify a nozzle manufacturer from the app's menu and then draw information from a series of screens and prompts to select appropriate settings. The apps are available online by search- ing for "aerial sprays" or "vector sprays" through the Apple iTunes Store and the Google Play Android Marketplace. > W.C. Hoffmann, Clint.Hoffman@ars.usda.gov; B. Fritz, Brad.Fritz@ars.usda.gov. excerpted, with thanks, from USDA information; thanks also to D. O'Brien.


A revised URL for the ISPI Pest Information Wiki featured in IPMnet NEWS #198, November 2012, has been devised, and is: wiki.pestinfo.org thanks to B. Zelazny for information.

= PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES = IPM Extension Program Specialist, Overton, TX, USA. * Work with nursery and green- house growers to develop and implement IPM pract- ices; develop strong working relationships with clientele; conduct a robust applied research and demonstration program; conduct meetings, field days, workshops, and other training; produce educational materials; participate in professional improvement. * REQUIRES: MS in an IPM-related field; course work in statistics and research techniques; experience in pest management; experience in program management; excellent communation skills; ability to multi-task and to work cooperatively. * CONTACT: P. Lundstrom, P-Lundstrom@tamu.edu. Texas A&M Univ. Job: NOV #063319. For details, see: tinyurl.com

Plant Pathologist Research Associate, Corvallis, OR, USA. * Conduct research on the nematode Globodera ellingtonae; explore the biol- ogy and pathogenicity of this species; perform lab, greenhouse, and field research; delve into topics such as host range, hatching factors, non-chemical control methods, and comparative genomics. * REQUIRES: PhD; nematology and/or plant pathology background and experience; experience integrating molecular and biochemical approaches to applied research questions. Job #548. * CONTACT: I.A. Zasada, Fax: 1-541-738-4025. Voice: 1-541-738-4051. Inga.Zasada@ars.usda.gov. USDA-ARS, 3420 NW Orchard Ave., Corvallis, OR 97333, USA. OTHER OPPORTUNITIES

+ The Univ. of Cape Town (So. Africa) is has extended its invitation for applications to its Post Graduate Diploma in Pesticide Risk Management, with the latest two-year program slated to begin 25 February 2013. The curriculum is aimed at equipping partic- ipants with knowledge and skills enabling them to practice as a pesticide risk manager in line with the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides. The program is composed of a two-year mixed mode learning experience combining distance e-learning with a two-week residence at the Cape Town campus. There are additional options including enrolling as an occasional student with the possibility of later enrollment in the diploma course. The program is open to applicants with an undergraduate degree in agriculture, public health, toxicology, or other relevant fields. Experience with pesticides is an advantage but not a requirement. Costs have yet to be announced. For detail, see: www.oehru.uct.ac.za/docs/DPRM%20brochure%202013%20-%20version%203_1.pdf. -> C. Lewis, Cynthia.Lewis@uct.ac.za. excerpted, with thanks, from UCT information; thanks also to H-A. Rother.


// The August 2012 edition of What's New in Biological Control of Weeds from Landcare Research, NEW ZEALAND, includes an extensive summary of weed biocontrol status in the feature, "Who's Who in Biological Control of Weeds." -> L. Hayes, editor, HayesL@landcareresearch.co.nz.

// A "Symposium on Prospects for Enhancing Augmentative Releases of Beneficial Organisms Using Radiation" will occur during the 4th International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, scheduled for 04-08 March 2013, Pucon, CHILE. -> www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/ipc/index.html.

// CABI, a U.K.-based science development information organization, has begun providing technical agricultural information via mobile phones through "Sauti ya Mkulima" (Swahili for 'voice of the farmer') to "approximately 250,000 small-holder farmers in KENYA," according to a CABI webpage: www.cabi.org/?page=4980&site=170.

// The latest issue of the Giving a RATS newsletter (Summer 2012) focuses on weed resistance to herbicides, and glyphosate in particular. tinyurl.com

IV. IPM-Related Publications > Books, Other Longer Publications

IPMnet NEWS will gladly mention publications focused on, or related to, crop plant IPM, pest management, crop protection, or invasives. To facilitate review please send a copy of the publication, along with full details, to IPMnet NEWS (address at the end of this file). A {$} symbol indicates an item can be purchased or that there may be charges for handling, postage, or both. many thanks, ed.


They wrote the book on IPM. Literally. Scientists in California concerned with crop protection in the 1950s conceived a new approach that evolved into IPM. Over years their pioneering work has been refined and reported and, based on accumulated information, published in 2001 by the statewide IPM project created at the Univ. of California. IPM in Practice: Principles and Methods of Integrated Pest Management, likely the most com- prehensive and practically applicable guide to IPM at the time. Now, a decade later, a recently published second edition offers new material on invasive pests, pesticide resis- tance, and volatile organic compounds, plus updated information on policies and reg- ulations, all in addition to the critical fundamentals of IPM. The newer version sports more than 160 full color photos (not found in the first edition) plus 100 hand-drawn illustrations, all bursting from the manual's 304 pages. Author and long-time IPM special- ist/entomologist M.L. Flint has drawn on the collective knowledge of dozens of experts for IPM in field, tree crops, and numerous other settings. The softbound volume includes IPM strategies for the majority of economically important pest species (omitting rogue elephants stomping through indigenous crop fields), as well as step-by-step information for establishing sampling and monitoring programs in the field. With its reader-friendly design printed on high-quality paperstock, the new publication is not only a unique infor- mation source, but also a huge bargain find among crop protection publications. Pub. #3418. {$} > ANR, UC, Comm. Svcs., 1301 S. 46th St., Bldg. 478-MC 3580, Rich- mond, CA 94804-4600, USA. Fax: 1-510-665-3427. anrcatalog@ucdavis.edu. See: tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from the cited publication and website.


An April 2012 addition to the CSIRO list of publications is Controlling Invertebrate Pests in Agriculture, a discussion of pest management principles, especially as they relate to current and future directions. The 126-page monograph describes the concept of agri- cultural ecosystems, the role of both pesticides and the scope of cultural control options in light of current practices. Authors J. Page and P. Horne, both associated with IPM Technologies Pty. Ltd., not unexpectedly focus on the role of IPM approaches and ex- plain why the most ecologically sound methods are not always adopted, as well as how they can be deployed with success. A separate chapter of the softbound work covers bio- logical control and the ways it may be implemented. Examples of applying IPM, and the outcomes, are highlighted. The overall thrust is to set out the requirements to achieve successful invertebrate pest management in a sustainable manner. {$} >CSIRO Publishing, PO Box 1139, Collingwood, VIC 3066, AUSTRALIA. Fax: 61-3-9662-7555. publishing.sales@csiro.au. tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from CSIRO materials.

V. IPM-Related Research/Technical Articles > Special Issues > Selected Articles


A group at North Carolina State Univ. (USA) has published a three-part report on the Interactions of Agrochemicals Applied to Peanut [Arachis hypogaea]; 1. Effects on Herbicides; 2. Effects on Fungicides; and, 3. Effects on Insecticides and Prohexadione Calcium. See: CROP PROTECTION, vol. 41, 134-157, November 2012. Lead author is G.S. Chahal, c/o David_Jordan@ncsu.edu.


Phytopathology """"""""""""""" “One Fungus, One Name Promotes Progressive Plant Pathology,” Wingfield, M.J., et al. * MOLEC. PLANT PATH., 13 (6), 604-613, August 2012.

“Ability of Governments to Take Actions to Confront Incursions of Diseases – A Case Study: Citrus Canker in Florida,” Centner, T., and S. Ferreira. * PLANT PATH., 61(5), 821-828, October 2012.

Weed Science / Invasive Plants """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""" “Optimizing Control of an Agricultural Weed in Sheep-production Pastures," Chalak, M., and D.J. Pannell. * AGRIC. SYST., 109, 01-08, June 2012.

"Reduction in Weed Seedling Emergence by Pathogens Following the Incorporation of Green Crop Residue,” Mohler, C.H., et al. * WEED RSRCH., 52(5), 467-477, October 2012.

“Direct Control of Perennial Weeds Between Crops – Implications for Organic Farming,” Melander, B., et al. * CROP PROT., 40, 36-42, October 2012.

Entomology """"""""""""" “Paradigm Shifts in Research on Host Plant Resistance to Insect Pests,” Dhillon, M.K., and H.C. Sharma. * INDIAN JRNL. OF PLANT PROT., 40(1), 01-11, 2012.

“Drip Chemigation of Insecticides as a Pest Management Tool in Vegetable Production,” Ghidiu, G., et al. * JRNL. OF INTEG. PEST MGMT., 3(3), E1-5, 2012.

Transgenics """""""""""" “The Benefits of Herbicide-resistant Crops,” Green, J.M. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 68(10), 1324-1331, October 2012.

“Generation of Transgenic Plantain (Musa spp.) with Resistance to Plant Pathogenic Nematodes,” Roderick, H., et al. * MOLEC. PLANT PATH., 13(8), 842-851, October 2012.

General """"""""" “Assessing the Integrated Pest Management Practices of Southeastern US Ornamental Nursery Operations,” LeBude, A.V., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 68(9), 1278-1288, September 2012.

“Current Pesticide Practices and Environmental Issues in Vietnam: Management Challenges for Sustainable Use of Pesticides for Tropical Crops in (South-East) Asia to Avoid Environmental Pollution,” Thuy, P.T., et al. * JRNL. OF MATERIAL CYCLES AND WASTE MGMT., 14(4), 379-387, September 2012.

VI. U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) - Managing a Mango Menace


The tropical fruit Mangifera spp. (mango) crop ranks as an economically important crop in SENEGAL. Growing and harvesting mangoes accounts for more than 60 percent of the nation's fruit crop and is a primary source of livelihood for approximately 24,000 individuals who work in the industry. With arrival of Ceratitis cosyra (mango fruitfly), a devastating mango pest, production decreased creating a serious economic impact. A joint U.S.-Senegalese team of research scientists organized by the IPM CRSP investigated the situation and subsequently produced a 13-minute video SOS MANGUES (in French) that explores the problem, noting how the mango fruitfly attacks the crop, and describing the IPM program proposed by the team to combat the pest tinyurl.com excerpted, with thanks, from the indicated website and other sources.

VII. IPMnet CALENDARUpdate, 2012-2018, > (N)ew or [R]evised Entries for the IPMnet CALENDAR

NOTES: 1. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate , lists only: (N)ew events not previously cited in IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events presenting new information compared to a previous mention in IPMnet NEWS.

2. The IPMnet CALENDAR, Latest Complete Version, can be requested any time from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. It is also online at www.pestinfo.org/calendar.php3 courtesy of International Society for Pest Information (ISPI) executive director B. Zelazny. The latter site includes features designed for user convenience. The IPMnet CALENDARUpdate section appears in each IPMnet NEWS issue.

3. IPMnet NEWS welcomes information about future events, or revisions, emailed to IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDARUpdate was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation. Note: websites listed herein are current as of publication of this issue of IPMnet NEWS, but may be subject to change.

(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 15 December 2012


(N) 07-08 January * 72nd ANNUAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST INSECT MANAGE- MENT CONFERENCE, Portland, OR, USA. Info: tinyurl.com

03-05 February * ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED IPM ECOLOGISTS ANNUAL MEETING, Napa, CA, USA. Info: Director@aaie.net.

(N) 11 April * BIOPESTICIDE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES SYMPOSIUM, London, UK. Info: tinyurl.com R.J. Hillocks, R.J.Hillocks@gre.ac.uk.

(N) 21-25 April * 18th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES, Niagara Falls, ONT, CANADA. Info: www.icais.org.

(N) 21 May * 65th INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Ghent, BELGIUM. Info: www.iscp.ugent.be. iscp@ugent.be.

(N) 03-05 June * 6th MEETING, ECOLOGICAL IMPACT OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS, Berlin, GERMANY. Info: R. Wilhelm, Ralf.Wilhelm@jki.bund.de.

(N) 25-27 June * NORTH AMERICAN INVASIVE PLANT ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT SHORT COURSE, North Platte, NE, USA. Info: S. Young, SYoung4@unl.edu. ipscourse.unl.edu.


(N) 13-15 August * 2013 NEW ZEALAND PLANT PROTECTION SOCIETY CON- FERENCE, Napier, NEW ZEALAND. Info: www.nzpps.org/conference.php.

(N) 03-06 September * 2nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON PLUM POX VIRUS, Olomouc, CZECH REPUBLIC. Info: www.isppv2013.upol.cz/site/. J. Hybnerova, Jitka.Hybnerova@upol.cz.

(N) 09-12 September * 4th MEETING, IOBC-WPRS WORKING GROUP, INTE- GRATED CONTROL OF PLANT FEEDING MITES, Paphos, CYPRUS. Info: M. Stavrinides, M.Stavrinides@cut.ac.cy. www.cut.ac.cy/iobccy.

(N) 01-05 October * CONGRESO PERUANO Y LATINOAMERICANO DE FITOPATOLOGIA, Lambayeque, PERU. Info: www.apfred.org. O. Vallejo, OlgaVallejosVilchez@gmail.com.

(N) 08-11 October * IOBC-WPRS WORKING GROUP, INTEGRATED PROTEC- TION IN QUERCUS SPP. FORESTS, L'isle-sur-la-Sorgue, Avignon, FRANCE. Info: J-C. Martin, Jean-Claude.Martin@paca.inra.fr.

(N) 13-17 October * IOBC-WPRS WORKING GROUP, INTEGRATED PROTECTION AND PRODUCTION IN VITICULTURE, Ascona, SWITZERLAND. Info: www.agroscope.admin.ch/iobc-2013. A. Calonnec, Calonnec@bordeaux.inra.fr.

(N) 21-25 October * IOBC-WPRS GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Lucerne, SWITZERLAND. Info: P. Nicot, Philippe.Nicot@avignon.inra.fr.

(N) 08-12 November * 2nd GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON ENTOMOLOGY, Kuching Sarawak, MALAYSIA. Info: www.gce2013.com. info@gce2013.com.

(N) 17-20 November * 61st ANNUAL MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Austin, TX, USA. Info: esa@entsoc.org.

(N) 25-28 November * 19th AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY CONFER- ENCE, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND. Info: www.apps2013.co.nz


No (N)ew or [R]evised events to report in this listing for these years.


(N) 11-16 September * 20th AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Perth, SA, AUSTRALIA. Info: to be identified.

(N) 25-30 September * 25th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Orlando, FL, USA. Info: www.ice2016orlando.org.

(N) 25-30 September * 64th ANNUAL MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Orlando, FL, USA. Info: esa@entsoc.org. 2017

(N) 05-08 November * 65th ANNUAL MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Denver, CO, USA. Info: esa@entsoc.org. 2018

No (N)ew or [R]evised events to report in this listing for this year.

About IPMnet: IPMnet is a free, global, electronic IPM information service conducted in collaboration with the Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State Univ., USA, www.ipmnet.org, and underwritten by the U.S. Agency for International Development's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program tinyurl.com the Integrated Pest Management Information Platform for Extension and Education (IPM PIPE); www.ipmpipe.org, and IPPC. IPMnet maintains working relationships with the International Society for Pest Information www.pestinfo.org, and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences www.plantprotection.org.

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