Codling Moth Information Support System (CMISS)
Codling Moth Life Cycle

This site has a collection of databases and knowledge-bases on Codling Moth (Cydia pomonella L.) developed at Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) of Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon in collaboration with Agricultural Research Service of  United State Department of Agriculture (USDA).   This site is still under construction.

Objectives and Scope of CMISS

The Codling Moth (CM), Cydia pomonella L. is a cosmopolitan insect pest of deciduous fruits. A successful pest management of this insect depends heavily on accurate and timely information, demanding quick transmission of information from scientists to clientele. At the same time, researchers and extension specialists need current reviewed information to design new projects and set their future research goals/directions.  As such, like other IPM programs, codling moth management requires development of improved methods of accessing and disseminating information.

Currently, various informational methods are being used, such as printed paper hard copies, archiving material on CD-ROM, web sites on the Internet, etc.  Printed material, although a standard method of providing information is bulky, making transmission to remote locations expensive.  Archiving material on CD-ROM, although it can be randomly accessed and is easy to store and ship, is time-consuming to update.  The Internet, a powerful information delivery and exchange tool, provides a significant improvement over other information systems.  Publication of information on the Internet offers numerous advantages over paper or CD-ROM archiving.   Information on the Internet is immediately available from all around the globe.  In addition to the wide geographic availability of material, the Internet offers immediate delivery, insuring material itself  is as current as possible.  Also, the Internet provides a contact point for scientists/researchers involved with similar problems.  As general awareness of the Internet increases, more and more people are informed electronically than by hard-copy publications.

There are some Internet resources on codling moth scattered all across the globe. While these resources are useful, they generally focus on site-specific information on pest control, lacking coverage of important aspects such as biology, ecology, phenology, modeling, etc.  A sound knowledge of these areas is the basis for a successful integrated pest management of this pest.  To fill this gap, Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC), in collaboration with Agricultural Research Service, is developing the Codling Moth Information Support System (CMISS)
CMISS is an Internet-based information retrieval system based on latest World-Wide Web (WWW) technologies.  This system is an expanding Internet-site of various informational and bibliographic databases, knowledge bases, and bibliographies on different aspects of the codling moth. It also provides links to worldwide Internet resources on the codling moth through a searchable database and highly customized subject-oriented directories.  CMISS currently hosts knowledge-bases on Codling Moth Bionomics (CMB), Control Strategies (CMC), Sex Pheromones (CMP, "the Codling Moth Pherobase"),  Guide to Historical Codling Moth Events and Quick Facts (CMQF).  These knowledge-bases contain both current and archival information, providing an up-to-date review of the subject matter.  Various sections of these knowledge-bases are still under construction, updated as new information is gained.

The knowledge-base on bionomics (CMB) contains information on taxonomy, phylogeny, zoogeography, biology, ecology and ecological adaptation.  The knowledge-base on control strategies (CMC) covers a wide array of topics on integrated codling moth management including biological, chemical, cultural, microbial and  semiochemical controls.  It also provides information on application of Geographical Information System (GIS) and areawide pest management concept to integrated management of codling moth.

The Codling Moth Pherobase (CMP), which is still under construction, will provide an overview of basic pheromonology and uses of sex pheromones in codling moth management.  The section on pheromonology will cover aspects such as pheromone chemistry, exo- and endocrinology, olfaction (including perception and mechanisms of pheromonal communication), effect of pheromone on sexual behavior, synergists and antagonist (antipheromones, inhibitors, masking agents, etc.), disruption of pheromonal communication, effects of environmental cues (temperature, light, etc.) on female calling and male response, etc. The section on uses of sex pheromones in codling moth management will include codling moth monitoring and pheromonal control.  The knowledge-base on Quick Facts will provide a swift access to biological and ecological parameters required for codling moth modeling, forecasting and risk assessment, zoogeography, bibliographic information, phenology modeling information, etc.  This knowledge-base information will be extracted and presented in tabular and graphic format with appropriate bibliographic citations.
This site also hosts a number of bibliographic databases. These bibliographic databases contain references from journal/review articles, book chapters, conference papers, technical reports, and abstracts as available.  These database are designed to allow convenient searches by author, year of publication, title, publication (journal/book title),and keywords with and without use of logical (Boolean) operators "AND", "OR" and "NOT".  Among these databases, the Codling Moth Index (CMI) is a general bibliographic database of worldwide codling moth literature.  Containing approximately 6,000 references, it provides nearly complete coverage of codling moth literature from 1700 - 1998.  CMISS also presents some specialty bibliographic databases, which cover topics like Sex Pheromones of Codling MothChemical Control of Codling Moth (1850 - 1950)Biological Control of Codling Moth (1846 - 1998) and Systems Analysis and Modeling of Codling Moth Phenology and Population Dynamics.   These searchable databases are formatted similar to the  CMI.  The database on Systems Analysis and Modeling of Codling Moth Phenology and Population Dynamics contains up-to-date information and bibliography on modeling parameters extracted from worldwide archival and current codling moth literature.